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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Determination and Analysis Sea Surface Topography for Unification Vertical Datum in East-Asia Area
Huang, He ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Lee, Dong-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 207~217
The SSTop (Sea Surface Topography) provides an estimate of the large scale structure of the deviations between the geoid height and the mean sea surface in terms of a normalized surface spherical harmonic series. The SSTop is the key information which has been used to determine the shape of earth, geoid, current and tide etc. Also, the SSTop is a basic source for the unification of vertical datums at the different height systems which were established according to the their respective purposes. In order to unify the vertical datum around the East-Asian (E-A) region (covers the area:
), we estimated the value of SSTop in the E-A region using the predicted values of mean sea surface (from KMSS04) and geoid height (from EGM96 and EIGEN-GL04C) and analyzed to aspect of SSTop at 5 tidal stations (InCheon, JeJu, QingDao, Aburatsubo, KeeLung) with the estimated values of each station previously. The result from this study indicates that the SSTop in the E-A region is relatively stable except for the area around the Japanese and Ryukyu deep, and also shows that the distribution of values of SSTop is ranged from 40 to 60 cm at tidal stations except InCheon station.
The Analysis of Sea Surface Temperature Distribution Using Atmospheric Corrected Landsat Imagery
Kim, Gi-Hong ; Hong, Sung-Chang ; Youn, Jun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 219~225
There are many problems in monitering environmental change around of nuclear power station, because interesting area is coastal and relatively large. The ground resolution of Landsat ETM+ imagery is high (30 m), but this imagery does not have enough informations for conducting atmospheric correction in evaluating sea surface temperatures. On the other hand, while it is possible to conduct atmospheric correction using MODIS imagery with it's two infrared bands, it's resolution is relatively low (1 km). Therefore, atmospheric corrected high resolution temperature information can be obtained from these two satellite images. In this study, digital numbers of Landsat ETM+ data in interesting area are georeferenced, converted to effective temperatures based on radiance value, and then the atmospheric correction is conducted using MODIS data. As a result, about
temperature differences were detected in comparing sea surface temperature of the surrounding area of Uljin nuclear power station with it of the same area located 5km far east.
Utilizing Airborne LiDAR Data for Building Extraction and Superstructure Analysis for Modeling
Jung, Hyung-Sup ; Lim, Sae-Bom ; Lee, Dong-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 227~239
Processing LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data obtained from ALS (Airborne Laser Scanning) systems mainly involves organization and segmentation of the data for 3D object modeling and mapping purposes. The ALS systems are viable and becoming more mature technology in various applications. ALS technology requires complex integration of optics, opto-mechanics and electronics in the multi-sensor components, Le. data captured from GPS, INS and laser scanner. In this study, digital image processing techniques mainly were implemented to gray level coded image of the LiDAR data for building extraction and superstructures segmentation. One of the advantages to use gray level image is easy to apply various existing digital image processing algorithms. Gridding and quantization of the raw LiDAR data into limited gray level might introduce smoothing effect and loss of the detail information. However, smoothed surface data that are more suitable for surface patch segmentation and modeling could be obtained by the quantization of the height values. The building boundaries were precisely extracted by the robust edge detection operator and regularized with shape constraints. As for segmentation of the roof structures, basically region growing based and gap filling segmentation methods were implemented. The results present that various image processing methods are applicable to extract buildings and to segment surface patches of the superstructures on the roofs. Finally, conceptual methodology for extracting characteristic information to reconstruct roof shapes was proposed. Statistical and geometric properties were utilized to segment and model superstructures. The simulation results show that segmentation of the roof surface patches and modeling were possible with the proposed method.
Producing True Orthophoto Using Multi-Dimensional Spatial Information
Lee, Hyun-Jik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 241~253
Recently, it is appearing that new paradigm of urban planning that ubiquitous concept such as the u-City, uECO-City is introduced while is rising necessity about third dimensional geo-spatial information of high quality for urban area. Orthophoto can manufacture by expense and time that is less easily than digital map using personal computer even if is not highly technician and according as position relation between manmade feature and natural feature is equal, can get information of distance, angle, horizontal and vertical position coordinate of topographic, area etc.. directly through orthophoto. Also, visual effect is good that orthophoto is expressed by image and interpretation is easy to detailed part of topographic. Manufacture and practical use are consisting in various field, for it is having advantage that can recognize information effectively than digital map. Therefore, this study presents a way of generating a detailed DSM for producing a true-orthphoto of the urban area, and this study also presents a way to produce an optimum true-orthophoto for an urban area by investigating through experiment the optimum variable for the geometric and radiometric correction of the orthophoto. This study also examined the potentials of the thesis by building a 3-dimensional city model of the model region with the above thesis on optimum generating method.
Practical use of LiDAR data for Environment-friendly Road Design
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Park, Eun-Gwan ; Ru, Ji-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 255~262
Value of natural environment and the importance of conservation are augmented gradually, and collision of environment conservation and development are caused in various construction industries. In this study, Presented practical use way to ecological road design using vegetation information and high precision 3-dimensional geo-spatial data for minimizing pollution. Also, analyzed freezing danger of road surface in winter and direct ray of light danger through simulation of completed road and surrounding environment. And presented road design support way through view analysis.
A Comparison on the Positioning Accuracy from Different Filtering Strategies in IMU/Ranging System
Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ; Lee, Jong-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 263~273
The precision of sensors' position is particularly important in the application of road extraction or digital map generation. In general, the various ranging solution systems such as GPS, Total Station, and Laser Ranger have been employed for the position of the sensor. Basically, the ranging solution system has problems that the signal may be blocked or degraded by various environmental circumstances and has low temporal resolution. To overcome those limitations a IMU/range integrated system could be introduced. In this paper, after pointing out the limitation of extended Kalman filter which has been used for workhorse in navigation and geodetic community, the two sampling based nonlinear filters which are sigma point Kalman filter using nonlinear transformation and carefully chosen sigma points and particle filter using the non-gaussian assumption are implemented and compared with extended Kalman filter in a simulation test. For the ranging solution system, the GPS and Total station was selected and the three levels of IMUs(IMU400C, HG1700, LN100) are chosen for the simulation. For all ranging solution system and IMUs the sampling based nonlinear filter yield improved position result and it is more noticeable that the superiority of nonlinear filter in low temporal resolution such as 5 sec. Therefore, it is recommended to apply non-linear filter to determine the sensor's position with low degree position sensors.
An Efficient Update for Attribute Data of the Digital Map using Building Registers : Focused on Building Numbers of the New Address
Kim, Jung-Ok ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Bae, Young-Eun ; Yu, Ki-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 275~284
The digital map needs efficiently updating. Because it is a base map at each local government and several geographic information systems and that is the key to enhancing to use spatial data. We suggest the linking method of building registers to the building layers of digital map, to update attribute data of the building layers. To conduct that, it is very important that each building in two data is linked by one-to-one matching. In this paper, we generate the strategy for renewing attribute data of the building layers based on identifier by using identifier of the new address system.
Development of Calculation System of the Sediment for Efficient Management of the Reservoir
Park, Joon-Kyu ; Kang, Joon-Mook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 285~292
The establishment of the scheme which could be managed the national reservoir efficiently and consideration of a variable management scheme by the application of a new technique for it is very important for the improvement of national service quality and application of related techniques. In this study, sediment information which was accumulated in the reservoir for a long time and occasioned the decrease of pondage and increase of water pollution was constructed rapidly and accurately using GPS, sub bottom profiler and echo sounder. And the calculation system of sediment was efficiently designed through the applications of 2D and 3D spatial information processing techniques. As a results, the calculation system of sediment which was accomplished a various functions was developed and a basic information of management for the reservoir which was constructed quite a while ago was presented.
A Study on the Price Determination for Korea Land Information System
Lee, Yong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 293~301
The purpose of this study is price determination for KLIS (Korea Land Information System) which Korea government established. For this purpose, I analyzed cost accounting and made the KLIS selling price according to selling amount, recovery rate and information volume. In case of recovery rate, the cost was expensive but, in case of information volume the cost was cheap. So, the price determination for KLIS should be resonable according to information volume considering GIS revitalization.
A Study on the Quality Checking for Landcover Map
Lee, Yong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 303~309
Landcover map can use to establish basic national environment policy as main data predicting living place, counting pollution like a atmosphere, water and forest part. During the 1998-2005 years, Korean government made landcover maps using satellite image for part of south Korea. Landcover maps are offered free for public purpose to university and institute. So, it used basic data for policy and research parts. There are some problems for application parts because of inconsistency. So, in this study, to estimate accuracy of source data by quality checking for landcover maps. As a result, there are some errors like classification inconsistencies. So, it need verification process for landcover maps.
Geometric Modeling and Data Simulation of an Airborne LIDAR System
Kim, Seong-Joon ; Min, Seong-Hong ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ; Choi, Kyung-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 311~320
A LIDAR can rapidly generate 3D points by densely sampling the surfaces of targets using laser pulses, which has been efficiently utilized to reconstruct 3D models of the targets automatically. Due to this advantage, LIDARs are increasingly applied to the fields of Defense and Security, for examples, being employed to intelligently guided missiles and manned/unmanned reconnaissance planes. For the prior verification of the LIDAR applicability, this study aims at generating simulated LIDAR data. Here, we derived the sensor equation by modelling the geometric relationships between the LIDAR sub-modules, such as GPS, IMU, LS and the systematic errors associated with them. Based on this equation, we developed a program to generate simulated data with the system parameters, the systematic errors, the flight trajectories and attitudes, and the reference terrain model given. This program had been applied to generating simulated LIDAR data for urban areas. By analyzing these simulated data, we verified the accuracy and usefulness of the simulation. The simulator developed in this study will provide economically various test data required for the development of application algorithms and contribute to the optimal establishment of the flight and system parameters.