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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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Deformation Measurements of Dam using Terrestrial Laser Scanner
Park, Sae-Hoon ; Choi, Duk-Hwa ; Han, Dong-Yeob ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 645~655
Deformations of the dam have been monitored by control points buried in the upper and lower dam of Samrangjin pumped storage power plant. The horizontal and vertical deformation observations performed in 1997, 2002, 2007 are to identity movements of the dam body by comparing and analyzing control points. For that reason, it was difficult to analyze movements of the dam in detail. Therefore, this research has observed surface of the dam using terrestrial laser scanner and estimate movements of the dam by comparing and analyzing scanned and designed surfaces of the dam since building completion. Vertical deformation of upper dam took place in the middle of ridge of dam, maximum cross section, up to 1.5m. In the middle and middle bottom of the downstream slope, vertical deformation was produced 0.75m around SP4-2 point and 0.5m around SP4-4 point. The maximum subsidence of vertical deformation in the lower dam took place in the middle of ridge of dam and upper part of upstream slope and subsidence was analyzed from -0.4 to -1.0m respectively. The result of this research can be used as initial observation to analyze whole movement of the dam in the future.
A study on building outline simplifications considering digital map generalizations
Park, Woo-Jin ; Park, Seung-Yong ; Jo, Seong-Hwan ; Yu, Ki-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 657~666
In GIS area, many line simplification algorithms are studied among generalization methods used for making the building data in the form of digital map from the original line data. On the other hand, there are few studies on the simplification algorithm considering the drawing rules of the digital map in Korea. In this paper, the line simplification algorithm based on the drawing rules is proposed as the methodology to create or update the building data of digital map by extracting the building outline from the CAD data used in construction. To confirm the usefulness of the algorithm, this algorithm and four other effective and general line simplification algorithms (e.g., Douglas-Peucker algorithm) are applied to the same building outlines. Then, the five algorithms are compared on five criteria, the satisfaction degree of the drawing rules, shape similarity, the change rate of the number of points, total length of lines, and the area of polygon. As a result, the proposed algorithm shows the 100% of satisfaction degree to the drawing rules. Also, there is little loss in four other mentioned criteria. Thus, the proposed algorithm in this paper is judged to be effective in updating the building data in digital map with construction drawings.
Improving the Accuracy of Image Matching using Various Outlier Removal Algorithms
Lee, Yong-Il ; Kim, Jun-Chul ; Lee, Young-Ran ; Shin, Sung-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 667~675
Image matching is widely applied in image application areas, such as remote sensing and GIS. In general, the initial set of matching points always includes outlier which affect the accuracy of image matching. The purpose of this paper is to develop a robust approach for outlier detection and removal in order to keep accuracy in image matching applications. In this paper we use three automatic outlier detection techniques of backward matching and affine transformation, and RANSAC(RANdom SAmple Consensus) algorithm. Moreover, we calculate overlapping apply and steps block-based processing for fast and efficient image matching in pre-processing steps. The suggested approach in this paper has been applied to real frame image pairs and the results have been analyzed in terms of the robustness and the efficiency.
A study on the coordinates conversion procedures to activate the transformation of local into world geodetic reference system
Hong, Chang-Ki ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ; Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Lee, Won-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 677~682
According to the revised law of survey, all the geographic information data including 1/1,000 digital topographic maps have to be converted to world geodetic reference system by the end of 2009. National Geographic Information Institute (NGII) formulated the policy to promote the conversion from local geodetic reference system to world geodetic reference system. However, the current conversion rate is lower than planned due to some impeding factors. Therefore, in this paper, those impeding factors are investigated and then efficient conversion strategies are established and provided. The research involves the validation of affine transformation, the determination of critical value for outlier detection and optimal number of common control points for coordinate conversion, and the treatment of old and new control points.
The Availability Examination for Vegetation Measurement of The SLR Digital Camera
Kim, Jong-Hwan ; Kim, Eung-Nam ; Jun, Byung-Dug ; K., Sugiyama ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 683~692
On-site remote sensing technique by using single lens reflex(SLR) digital camera will be expected as the useful tool for the vegetation measurement field such as a crop growth management, the monitoring of revegetation slope and the evaluation of environment. We reviewed the availability of the vegetation measurement using a digital camera which is sailed for general-purpose. As a result, we could analysis relationship with the illuminance of image plane and incidence energy of multitemporal observation images by doing gamma correction and exposure compensation. And also, we proposed the model formulas for the correction of influences of capturing angle and illuminance. In addition, we obtained high correlation of normalized difference vegetation index(NDVI) between digital camera and spectral photometer.
A Preliminary Study of Near Real-time Precision Satellite Orbit Determination
Bae, Tae-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 693~700
For real-time precise GPS data processing such as a long baseline network RTK (Real-Time Kinematic) survey, PPP (Precise Point Positioning) and monitoring of ionospheric/tropospheric delays, it is necessary to guarantee accuracy comparable to IGS (International GNSS Service) precise orbit with no latency. As a preliminary study for determining near real-time satellite orbits, the general procedures of satellite orbit determination, especially the dynamic approach, were studied. In addition, the transformation between terrestrial and inertial reference frames was tested to integrate acceleration. The IAU 1976/1980 precession/nutation model showed a consistency of 0.05 mas with IAU 2000A model. Since the IAU 2000A model has a large number of nutation components, it took more time to compute the transformation matrix. The classical method with IAU 2000A model was two times faster than the NRO (non-rotating origin) approach, while there is no practical difference between two transformation matrices.
Effective 3D Inner Model Visualization for GIS Web Service
Jeong, Jang-Yoon ; Yom, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 701~711
The inner space of building is increasingly becoming complex as urban activities increase in variety, and the actual space size also increases. This trend necessitate the utilization of three dimensional position information within the inner space of buildings. Standard GIS web service technology and visualization technology are applied to 3D inner space building data to share these information for better decision making in building related applications such as fire evacuation, facilities management and market analysis. This study aims to effectively model and visualize the three dimensional space of building interiors in the GIS aspect, and to be able to share the information through standard GIS web service. The various elements of inner model was assigned and stored into pre-designed spatial database tables respectively. GIS web server was then configured to service the database which was populated with 3D inner model data. On the client side, 3D visualization modules was developed using a 3D graphic rendering S/W engine.
Research for Gravity Measurements Using CG-5 Autograv System and Network Adjustment
He, Huang ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Lee, Dong-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 713~722
Gravity measurement can determine the earth gravitational field, also is the fundamental to the research of earth gravitational field, geodesy and geodynamic, vertical movement of the crust, geoid surface, sea level and climate etc. Recently, National Geographic Information Institute (NGII) introduced FG-5 absolute gravity meter in order to lay a foundation for establishment of Absolute Gravity Network, and furthermore NGII plan to construct about 1,200 multi dimensional and function Unified Control Points(UCP) in nationwide. It will play an important role in development of high accuracy geoid model in South Korea. This paper explains the fundamental theory and method of relative gravity measurement, surveys the relative gravity of 21 stations using latest Scintrex CG-5 relative gravimeter. In addition, it calculates gravity values, compare and analysis gravity survey results using datum-free adjustment and weighted constraint adjustment. The results indicate show that datum-free and weighted constraint adjustment methods are available to determine high accuracy gravity achievement, datum-free method is more advantage than weighted constraint adjustment.
Extraction of Geometric Components of Buildings with Gradients-driven Properties
Seo, Su-Young ; Kim, Byung-Guk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 723~733
This study proposes a sequence of procedures to extract building boundaries and planar patches through segmentation of rasterized lidar data. Although previous approaches to building extraction have been shown satisfactory, there still exist needs to increase the degree of automation. The methodologies proposed in this study are as follows: Firstly, lidar data are rasterized into grid form in order to exploit its rapid access to neighboring elevations and image operations. Secondly, propagation of errors in raw data is taken into account for in assessing the quality of gradients-driven properties and further in choosing suitable parameters. Thirdly, extraction of planar patches is conducted through a sequence of processes: histogram analysis, least squares fitting, and region merging. Experimental results show that the geometric components of building models could be extracted by the proposed approach in a streamlined way.
The criterion Decision of Map Generalization for building by Human Vision
Park, Kyeong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 735~742
National Geographic Institute recently has produced a national paper map by means of a computer aided editing system using a national digital map 2.0. However, the map generalization should be made due to the portrayal difference between the digital map and the paper one and the criterion of the map generalization should be determined by the visual image. The tolerance limit of the map generalization has to be decided based on human vision. For this purpose, this study attempts to measure the size of the building on various scale map and then analyze its result. As a consequence, this study shows us that the building size eligible for human vision should be over 0.4mm in the short side of building on the map. The tolerance limit of an isolated building, a reduced building and a densely built-up area for the map generalization is based on the criterion mentioned above.
3D Positioning Accuracy Estimation of DMC in Compliance with Introducing High Resolution Digital Aerial Camera
Hahm, Chang-Hahk ; Chang, Hwi-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 743~750
Since aerial photogrammetry by analog camera began in 1972, recently, high resolution digital camera is actively introduced to improve efficiency of aerial photogrammetry. This study investigated the 3D positioning accuracy of DMC(Digital Mapping Camera) among various high resolution aerial digital cameras to be developed for photogrammetry. For the research, we installed control points in test field around Incheon, and acquired analog and digital aerial photographs. By comparing 3D positioning accuracies of analog and digital photographs, there are few difference between two cameras, and the 3D positioning accuracies of two cameras was somewhat increased in case of aerotriangulation using additional control points based on GPS/IMU EO data.
Automatic Matching of Digital Aerial Images using LIDAR DATA
Min, Seong-Hong ; Yoo, Byoung-Min ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 751~760
This research aims to develop the strategy and method to enhance the reliability of image matching results and improve the efficiency of the matching process by utilizing LIDAR data in the main image matching processes. In this work, we present the methods to utilize LIDAR data in the selection of matching entities, the search for the matched entities and the evaluation of the matching results. The proposed method has been applied to medium-resolution digital aerial images and LIDAR data acquired at the same time. The results have been analyzed in comparison with an existing method using a virtual horizontal surface rather than LIDAR DEM. This analysis indicates that the proposed method can show significantly more improved performance than the existing method. The results of this study can contribute to the improvement of the currently available commercial image matching software and the enhancement of the DEM derived from LIDAR data and matching results.