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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Determination of Precise Coordinates and Velocities of 142 International GNSS Service Stations to Realize Terrestrial Reference System
Baek, Jeong-Ho ; Jung, Sung-Wook ; Shin, Young-Hong ; Cho, Jung-Ho ; Park, Pil-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 303~310
We processed seven years data of 142 IGS(International GNSS Service) stations were processed, which have been selected with an optimal network algorithm, to realize terrestrial reference system. To verify the result, a comparison with the ITRF2005 was given both in positions and velocities with transformation parameters estimation. The transformation parameters are within 4.3 mm in length, while the RMS(root mean square) difference of positions and velocities are 6.7 mm and 1.3 mm/yr in horizontal and 13.3 mm and 2.4 mm/yr in vertical, respectively, which represent good coincidences with ITRF2005. This research would help developing our own geodetic reference frame and may be applied for the global earth observations such as the global tectonics. A further improved TRF would be expected by applying various data processing strategies and with extension of data in number and observation period.
The Research on scheme for revitalization of Conversion into World Geodetic Reference System
Sohn, Duk-Jae ; Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Yu, Young-Geol ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 311~321
The Nation Geodetic Reference System which presents a consistent location standard used in creating a map or developing national land is defined and managed by the law in a nation. Each nation had used its own geodetic system created by astronomical surveying until recently, when Geodetic Reference System(World Geodetic Reference System) has been developed and used to progress in space and satellite geodetic technologies. Korea also amended its geodetic law in December 2001, converting its national geodetic system whose reference an oval figure is Bessel ellipsoid into the World Geodetic Reference System which uses GRS80 ellipsoid as reference ellipsoid. Accordingly, the National Geography Information Institute improved law and systems related to the change for the effective conversion from its national geodetic system into the World Geodetic Reference System. In addition National geographic information institute of the results of various studies is drawn to the World Geodetic Reference System for switching technology-met some of the institutional foundation Despite of accordance with formalities, National geographic information institute, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs and some local government of the World Geodetic Reference System, and local government has or has not spread in public institutions. Therefore, in order to promote the switch to the World Geodetic Reference System, it is required to analyze current technical and institutional problems and obstacles of the switch to the World Geodetic Reference System and to present the resolutions and to establish policy to achieve them. Accordingly, for the promotion of the switch to the World Geodetic Reference System, this study analyzed the results of previous studies, the current state of the switch to the World Geodetic Reference System and the problems of the switch, and then offered technological and institutional supplements. Furthermore, it standardized the subject and type of the conversion, defined the scope of the tasks of the National Geographic Information Institute and its related organizations, and presented the policy direction for the overall use of the World Geodetic Reference System by 2010.
The Fish-eye Lens Distortion Correction of Facilities Monitoring CCTV
Kang, Jin-A ; Nam, Sang-Kwan ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Oh, Yoon-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 323~330
The demand that we are monitoring security and crime of the urban facilities is increasing recently, but the using CCTV devices are expensive. In this research, we enlarge the angle of view using the Fish-eye Lens and the Photogrammetry, the efficiency of monitoring enhance. First, we carry out the calibration of the Fish-eye Lens indoors, we calculate the correction parameters, and then covert the original image-point to new image-point correcting distortion. Second, the correction program with the correction parameters can obtain the real-time correcting image. Lastly, for authorization the developed program we compare correcting-image with scanning-imge, it is showed the RMSE is 3.2pixel.
A Study on the Process management Methodology of Spatial Database Standard Construction
Choi, Byoung-Gil ; No, Young-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 331~345
This study aims to standardize the work classification system in spatial data. Up to now, a systematic standard for constructing process and quality management has not yet been established in Korea, thus, it is possible for the national budget to be wasted. The regulations related to constructing spatial data are also obscure, and absurd for feasible application to reality, which results in a lack of reliability of the quality of spatial data. This study was conducted by investigating and analyzing regulations related to spatial data quality and various literature, including studies on spatial data quality conducted by the NGII. And also, the study was conducted by investigating and analyzing the constructing processes and working methods of major firms that have experience in constructing a GIS for a local governing body. Based on the analyzed data, we standardized work classification and management methodology for control point surveying using GPS, leveling, aerial photographing, digital mapping, topographic mapping, digital elevation modeling, aerial photographic DB construction, digital orthophotomap.
The Reflected Property Analysis of 3D Laser Scanning System as Object Surface Materials
Um, Dae-Yong ; Kim, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 347~356
Recently many kind of industry request 3D Modeling and visualize for object. So application of 3D laser scanning system is improved for 3D modeling and survey. But although application of scanner is steady improved, there are variety of caution error is contained in the result. There is request high quality survey for it is restricted by when field. To analysis what is consider major factor of reflect ratio about surface specification as ratio and characteristics accidental error. So this research use 3D laer scanning system what is adopted method of laser measurement for improvement accuracy 3D scan data. As a result we can check reflect volume will be improve as specification of survey object if it has high reflect ratio. It able to improve accuracy how laser scan data is revised by reflect volume.
Experiment of 3D LOS Analysis of Gridded Terrestrial LiDAR Data
Hong, Tae-Min ; Pyeon, Mu-Wook ; Kang, Nam-Gi ; Lee, Byoung-Kil ; Kim, Chang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 357~365
RTLS(Real-Time location system) for Location tracking of personnel and equipment of a construction site is now in development, among these techniques the wireless LAN-based techniques are being considered. To introduce these techniques to the construction site, the 3-dimensional visibility analysis prior to the installation location of AP must be simulated. At this time, three-dimensional visibility analysis considering the propagation distance of RTLS signal of AP(Access Point) should be performed. In this research, two processing methods LOS boundary are tested to various grid size of gridded terrestrial LiDAR data, and the results were compared. In evaluations of visible area, the Scanline Fill-Method shows approximately 7.4% more visible area than the Shadow Clipping-Method, but the Shadow Clipping-Method shows stable results for the grid size. About the processing time, the Scanline Fill-Method is about 2 times faster compared to the Shadow Clipping-Method.
Program Construction of slope Spatial Information Acquistion in Mobile Environment
Kang, In-Joon ; Kang, Ho-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 367~374
Every year there are great socio-economic loss and damage caused by landslides in steep slopes. According to recent statistics, the percentage of casualty due to breakdown in steep slopes was 27.3% of all natural disasters occurring over the past decade(
). Therefore, the nationwide scale survey on the landslide susceptibility was made to recognize the status quo for appropriate troubleshooting measure against the collapse of steep slopes. Nevertheless, few dent that the data collected is not sufficient to grasp the overall understanding of the onsite situation due to lack of spatial information. As a result, the study aims to develop a program enabling to send on site topological data and prefixed data-gather criteria directly to the central management server in real-time basis. It will be conducted through mobile devices and portable GPS system, accordingly. This program is expected to be implemented as an efficient application tool of slope spatial information acquisition.
Analysis of Water Storage Variation in Yangtze River Basin and Three Gorges Dam Area using GRACE Monthly Gravity Field Model
Huang, He ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Lee, Dong-Ha ; Jeong, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 375~384
The GRACE satellite, Launched in March 2002, is applied to research on glacial melt of polar regions, glacial isostatic adjustment(GIA), sea level change, terrestrial water storage(TWS) variation of river basin and large-scale earthquake etc. In this research, the TWS variation of Yangtze river basin from August, 2002 to January, 2009 is analyzed using Level-2 GRACE monthly gravity field model. Particularly, gravity changes of the Three Gorges Dam during the impoundment process in 2003, 2006 and 2008 is observed by estimating equivalent water thickness(EWT). The research results show the distinct annual and seasonal changes of Yangtze river basin, and its amplitude of annual variation is 2.3cm. In addition, we compare the results with water resource statistics and hydrologic observation data to confirm the possibility of research of TWS variation of river basin using GRACE observation data, and also the satellite gravity data is of great help for the research on the movement and periodic changes of river basin.
A Study on the Configuration Management System of Long Span Bridge Using Multi GPS Sensor
Choi, Byoung-Gil ; No, Young-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 385~392
This study aims to methodology a system which is able to monitor and configuration management of long span bridge in real time using multi GPS. Through setting up many GPS at the important points of long span bridge and measuring displacement in real time, over all 3D configuration of bridge could be analyzed. Behavior analyzing system developed in this study is able to digitize and visualize the overall and points displacement of bridge and deal with events actively. Also it is able to calculate statistical data related to analyze behavior through the constricting database of measuring data.
Geospatial Data Modeling for 3D Digital Mapping
Lee, Dong-Cheon ; Bae, Kyoung-Ho ; Ryu, Keun-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 393~400
Recently demand for the 3D modeling technology to reconstruct real world is getting increasing. However, existing geospatial data are mainly based on the 2D space. In addition, most of the geospatial data provide geometric information only. In consequence, there are limits in various applications to utilize information from those data and to reconstruct the real world in 3D space. Therefore, it is required to develop efficient 3D mapping methodology and data for- mat to establish geospatial database. Especially digital elevation model(DEM) is one of the essential geospatial data, however, DEM provides only spatially distributed 3D coordinates of the natural and artificial surfaces. Moreover, most of DEMs are generated without considering terrain properties such as surface roughness, terrain type, spatial resolution, feature and so on. This paper suggests adaptive and flexible geospatial data format that has possibility to include various information such as terrain characteristics, multiple resolutions, interpolation methods, break line information, model keypoints, and other physical property. The study area was categorized into mountainous area, gently rolling area, and flat area by taking the terrain characteristics into account with respect to terrain roughness. Different resolutions and interpolation methods were applied to each area. Finally, a 3D digital map derived from aerial photographs was integrated with the geospatial data and visualized.
A Study on Efficient Storage Method for High Density Raster Data
JunJang, Young-Woon ; Choi, Yun-Woong ; Lee, Hyo-Jong ; Cho, Gi-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 3, 2009, Pages 401~408
A study for 3D-reconstruction and providing the geospatial information is in progress to many fields recently. For efficient providing the geospatial information, the present information has to be updated and be revised and then the latest geospatial information needs to be acquired economically. Especially, LiDAR system utilized in many study has a advantage to collect the 3D spacial data easily and densely that is possible to supply to the geospatial information. The 3D data of LiDAR is very suitable as a data for presenting 3D space, but in case of using the data without converting, the high performance processor is needed for presenting 2D forms from point data composed by 3D data. In comparison, basically the raster data structure of 2D form is more efficient than vector structure in cheap devices because of a simple structure and process speed. The purpose of this study, in case of supplying LiDAR data as 3D data, present the method that reconstructs to 2D raster data and convert to compression data applied by th tree construction in detail.