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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
3D Wetlands Classification Mapping of Eulsukdo Area Using LiDAR Data
Lee, Jae-One ; Yi, Gi-Chul ; Kim, Yong-Suk ; We, Kwang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 639~647
In line with the rapid settlement of information society, the demand for geospatial information and its applications are dramatically increasing. The Project of National Geographic Information System(NGIS) is actively on going to meet up-to-dateness and accuracy of geospatial data. It is fact that the public interest in environmental issues is increasing than ever in accordance with the restoration of the four major rivers, core project of Green New Deal Policy, and the event of the Ramsar General Meeting. Because the Nakdong River Estuary is a place of great importance in both aspects of wetland and environment conservation, a variety of researches related to this area are progressing. Although artificial developments and natural phenomena are rapidly changing the topography and ecosystem of this area, the effort to build topographic DB for change monitoring is very slow. This study describes a Lidar surveying project over the restored wetland Eulsukdo, the southermost part of the Nakdong River, to establish precise topographic DB throughout producing 3D topographical maps and wetland classification maps. The results of this study will make a large contribution to the systematic maintenance and management for the restored Eulsukdo wetland.
Developing A Multi-dimensional Spatio-visual Information System
Kim, Mi-Yun ; Yeo, Wook-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 649~658
The recent emergence of the paradigm of new urban planning for building intelligent urban spaces, such as U-City and U-Eco City, of which the concept of ubiquitous technology is applied, requires high quality three-dimensional spatial information of the urban area. The aim of this study is to build a multi-dimensional spatio-visual information system that includes the solution for visualization, spatial information search, analysis, and evaluation by integrating various types of 3D-modeled spatial information concerning the large urban-size area based on the latest GIS application technology. The range of this study is the integration, visualization, and utilization of spatial information with the goal of building 3D virtual urban environment of high-quality and high-resolution by increasing the utilization of the systematic urban facilities in order to fully reflect the actual user's needs, using the aerial LiDAR data as the plan to overcome the limitations of the existing 3D urban modeling. By reproducing the virtual urban environment the most similar to the actual world through the mash-up of satellite images and aerial photos on the standard format of spatial information constituted of properties and signs, the system will be built with many analysis and utilization functions that support the view and sunlight analysis, various administrative tasks, as well as the decision making process of the city.
Development and Validation of an Integrated GNSS Simulator Using 3D Spatial Information
Kim, Hye-In ; Park, Kwan-Dong ; Lee, Ho-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 659~667
In this study, an integrated GNSS Simulator called Inha GNSS Simulation System (IGSS) using 3D spatial information was developed and validated. Also positioning availability and accuracy improvement were evaluated under the integrated GNSS environment using IGSS. GPS and GLONASS satellite visibility predictions were compared with real observations, and their frequency of error were 6.4% and 7.5%, respectively. To evaluate positioning availability and accuracy improvement under the integrated GNSS environment, the Daejeon government complex area was selected to be the test site because the area has high-rise buildings and thus is susceptible to signal blockages. The test consists of three parts: the first is when only GPS was used; the second is when both GPS and GLONASS were simulated; and the last is when GPS, GLONASS, and Galileo were used all together. In each case, the number of visible satellites and Dilution Of Precision were calculated and compared.
A Sequential AT Algorithm based on Combined Adjustment
Choi, Kyoung-Ah ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 669~678
Real-time image georeferencing technologies are required to generate spatial information promptly from the image sequences acquired by a multi-sensor system. We thus derive a sequential adjustment algorithm based on the combined adjustment model. By adopting the sequential adjustment model, we develop a sequential AT(Aerial Triangulation) algorithm to georeference image sequences in real-time. The proposed algorithm enables to perform AT rapidly with the minimum computation at the current stage by using the results computed at the previous stage whenever a new image is added. Experiments with simulated data were conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The results of the experiments show that the georeferencing of each image took very short time and its accuracy was determined within
on the ground control points comparing to the results of the existing simultaneous AT.
Processing Underwater Images for Information Extraction of Deep Seabed Manganese Nodules as New Energy Resource
Lee, Dong-Cheon ; Yun, Seong-Goo ; Lee, Young-Wook ; Ko, Young-Tak ; Park, Cheong-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 679~688
Worldwide exploring and research for manganese nodules, as new energy resource, distributed on the deep seabed have progressed recently. Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute(KORDI) is a central organization to exploit the manganese nodules in the Pacific Ocean with 5,000m depth. Precise exploration is required for estimating amount of recoverable deposit, and this task could be accomplished by processing digital image processing techniques to the images taken by underwater camera system. Image processing and analysis provide information about characteristics of distribution of the manganese nodules. This study proposed effective methods to remove vignetting effect to improve image quality and to extract information. The results show more reliable information could be obtained by removing the vignetting and feasibility of utilizing image processing techniques for exploring the manganese nodules.
Spatial OLAP Implementation for GIS Decision-Making - With emphasis on Urban Planning -
Kyung, Min-Ju ; Yom, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 689~698
SOLAP system integrates and complements the functions of both OLAP and GIS systems. This enables users not only to easily access geospatial data but also to analyze and extract information for decision making. In this study a SOLAP system was designed and implemented to provide urban planners with GIS information when making urban planning decisions. Rapid urbanization in Korea has brought about ill-balanced urban structure as the result of development without detailed analysis of urban plans. Systematic urban planning procedures and automated systems are crucial for detail analysis of future development plans. Data regarding the development regulations and current status of land use need to be assessed precisely and instantly. Multi-dimensional aspects of a suggested plan must be formulated instantly and examined thoroughly using 'what if' scenarios to come up with a best possible plan. The SOLAP system presented in this study designed the dimension tables and the fact tables for supplying timely geospatial information to the planners when making decisions regarding urban planning. The database was implemented using open source DBMS and was populated with necessary attribute data which was freely available from the Statistics Korea bureau homepage. It is anticipated the SOLAP system presented in this study will contribute to better urban planning decisions in Korea through more timely and accurate provision of geospatial information.
A Study on Geoid Model Development Method in Philipphines
Lee, Suk-Bae ; Pena, Bonifasio Dela ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 699~710
If a country has her geoid model, it could be determine accurate orthometric height because the geoid model could provide continuous equi-gravity potential surface. And it is possible to improve the coordinates accuracy of national control points through geodetic network adjustment considering geoidal heights. This study aims to find the best way to develop geoid model in Philippines which have similar topographic conditions as like Malaysia and Indonesia in Eastsouth asia. So, in this study, it is surveyed the general theories of geoid determination and development cases of geoid model in Asia and it is computed that the geoidal heights and gravity anomalies by spherical harmonic analysis using EGM2008, the latest earth geopotential model. The results show that first, the development of gravimetric geoid model based on airborne gravimetry is needed and second, about 200 GPS surveying data at national benchmark is needed. It is concluded that it is the most reasonable way to develop the hybrid geoid model through fitting geometric geoid by GPS/leveling data to gravimetric geoid. Also, it is proposed that four band spherical Fast fourier transformation(FFT) method for evaluation of Stokes integration and remove and restore technique using EGM2008 and SRTM for calculation of gravimetric geoid model and least square collocation algorithm for calculation of hybrid geoid model.
Deformation Measurement of I-Plate-Girder Bridge of Railroad Using Digital Photogrammetry
Lee, Hyo-Seong ; Cho, Hee-Jin ; Ahn, Ki-Weon ; Park, Byung-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 711~721
This study proposed digital close-range photogrammetric technique to measure deformation of I-plate-girder bridge. To compare deformation-measurement using the proposed method, a loading tester is used in the same time. As results, deviations of measuring values between the two methods range from 1mm to 2mm, and we could find-out simultaneously deflection and torsion of I-plate girder by repeated load of train. Then this study verified a measuring feasibility of I-plate-girder deformation by the proposed method. This may be alternative method of precise-stability inspection and manpower inspection.
Analysis of the Vulnerable Area about Inundation on the Upriver Basin of Dam by Flood Simulation Using GIS
Um, Dae-Yong ; Kim, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 723~731
Recently, it has been strangely increasing rainfall and rainfall meter by global warming. so flood damage is being increase. It has happened there are so many damaged by influence by backwater of dam. However, the alleviative solutions of flood damages are focused on the lower river basin where the density of population is higher than upper river basin. This research proceeds based on design and build 3D topography model and reflects the topographical factors of upper river basin. It also simulated the circumstances of flooding by investigation of factors of outflow, hence, as a result, we would find out the vulnerable area for flooding and scale of damages effectively. This research suggests the solution and method of flooding for vulnerable area of the flooding to reduce the damages by predicting flooding. Thus, the suggestion may support to make a decision efficiently to prevent the damage of flooding.
A Study on the Development of Field Management System for Underground utility using Self-levelling marker and DGPS.
Kim, In-Seup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 733~739
Recently it is being increased rapidly to install magnetic marker and RFID tag on the underground utility lines before backfilling to ensure effective it's management. However, due to changes an attitude and damages of sensors. By pressure and vibration during soil compacting, detecting rate is significantly reduced as well as it allows to use only one line of various pipes since it has an unique frequency. Also it is required too long time to reach to target point with an non-accurate navigational GPS receiver and hard to update existing data base with a manual input of new data in the field. To improve these problems, the researcher developed the field management system that apply with ball typed self-levelling marker which is free from the changes of attitude for sensors during compaction as well as has various radio frequency applicable to many kind of pipes and ensure fast positioning to target point using an incorporated system with PDA based DGPS receiver which allows loading a field GIS software and RFID detector. Further, it provides with viewing all of RFID data on the DGPS receiver screen directly and also input new data to existing data base in the field automatically.
Analysis of the Accuracy of the UAV Photogrammetric Method using Digital Camera
Jung, Sung-Heuk ; Lim, Hyeong-Min ; Lee, Jae-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 741~747
For construction of 3D virtual city models, airborne digital cameras, laser scanners, multi-oblique photograph systems and other devices are currently being used. With such advanced techniques, precise 3D spatial information can be collected and high quality 3D city models can be built in a considerably large area. The 3D spatial information to be built has to provide the latest information that quickly reflects the causes of any change due to urban development. In this study, a UAV photogrammetric method using low cost UAV and digital camera was proposed to acquire and update 3D spatial information effectively on small areas where information continuously change. In the proposed UAV photogrammetric method, the elements of interior orientation were acquired through camera calibration and the vertical and oblique photographs were taken at 9 points and the 3D drawing of ground control points and buildings was performed using 20 images among the pictured images. This study also analyzed the accuracy of the proposed method comparing with ground survey data and digital map in order to examine whether the method can be used in on-demand 3D spatial information update on relatively small areas.
A Study on the Acquisition Scheme of North Korea Geospatial Information
Park, Hong-Gi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 749~760
For the economic cooperation and exchange between south and north korea, the reference information of natural and environment resources is indispensable. It will require to collect the comprehensive geospatial information of whole country of the north korea for the unification as well as important areas in commercial purposes. The geospatial information of the south and north korea are based on korean peninsula geospatial information infrastructure linking the NSDI. In this study, through the research of the digital map coordinate systems and map grid systems in our and other countries, I suggested the coordinates system and presented the map grid and index system on behalf of the integration of south and north ones as the reference information for korean peninsula geospatial information infrastructure.
Analysis of GPS Data between Precise Ephemeris and Broadcast Ephemeris Using GAMIT and LGO
Joo, Hyun-Seung ; Han, Choon-Deuk ; Yeu, Yeon ; Choi, Seung-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 761~768
GPS data acquired at CORS are widely and rapidly used in many application such as information technology industries. In acquisition of GPS data the establishment of standards of reliability and tolerance error range is necessary. This standards is regarded to contain the requirements of selection of using softwares, precise and broadcast ephemeris, duration of data acquisition, and etc. This study focused to present above standards of tolerance error. In long baseline GPS observation network the RMSE analysed in this study resulted little change when data acquired in 6-hour duration, but the less observation duration resulted less accuracy. Especially in 3-hour observation the accuracy of GPS data decreased rapidly. After analyses of data accuracy in the same observation condition using different computer program between academic and commercial purpose software, the RMSE of academic software resulted less than 1cm compared to 3 to 10cm from commercial software. RMSE analysis between precise ephemeris and broadcast ephemeris resulted similar quantity. Therefore this study regarded to present the reliable establishment of standards of error which can be used in required accuracy in GPS data observation.