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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Optimized model of Land survey for Digital Cadastre
Lee, Joung-Bin ; HwangBo, Sang-Won ; Kim, Kam-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 395~402
According to increasing the value of real estate and various land use by urbanization and industrialization, the importance of land use has enhanced regardless of above or below the surface. Therefore the changes into Digital Cadastre using high-technical surveying methods has tried to find a solution in the purpose of providing accurate land information to End-users in real time. However Korean cadastral system was established for a short time through the Land & Forest project and it has been used for cadastral surveying until now. Land devastation by the Korean war and the indiscreet land use by unplanned land development of industrialization has raised failures to construct correct cadastral records. So it has occurred that it becomes one of social problems due to the current unmatched areas between adjacent parcels. Therefore government has tried to make an effort to solve the problems such as reducing unmatched areas and introducing a Case study for Cadastral resurvey. And also it is necessary to adopt a suitable Korean model for Cadastral resurvey. In this study, the current Korean situation of cadastral surveying was investigated and the optimized models for various patterns of Land surveying was offered.
Open Standard Based 3D Urban Visualization and Video Fusion
Enkhbaatar, Lkhagva ; Kim, Seong-Sam ; Sohn, Hong-Gyoo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 403~411
This research demonstrates a 3D virtual visualization of urban environment and video fusion for effective damage prevention and surveillance system using open standard. We present the visualization and interaction simulation method to increase the situational awareness and optimize the realization of environmental monitoring through the CCTV video and 3D virtual environment. New camera prototype was designed based on the camera frustum view model to project recorded video prospectively onto the virtual 3D environment. The demonstration was developed by the X3D, which is royalty-free open standard and run-time architecture, and it offers abilities to represent, control and share 3D spatial information via the internet browsers.
Comparison of Real-Time Ionospheric Delay Correction Models for Single-Frequency GNSS Receivers : Klobuchar Model and NeQuick Model
Lee, Chang-Moon ; Park, Kwan-Dong ; Lee, Sang-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 413~420
The ionospheric delay is currently one of the most significant error sources in precise GNSS surveys. The users of single-frequency receivers should apply some kind of ionospheric correction algorithms to remove or model the ionospheric delay. For real-time correction of the ionospheric delay, one can use Klobuchar or NeQuick model provided by navigation messages of GPS and Galileo, respectively. We evaluated the performance of those models by comparing their effectiveness at different seasons and latitudes. For the first test, we computed the vertical total electron content (VTEC) at the permanent GPS site SUWN for four different seasons. As the second test, we picked three sites in Korea (CHLW, SUWN, JEJU) with high, medium, and low latitudes and evaluated the dependency of VTEC on the site latitude. Computed VTEC values were compared with those from the IRI model and Global Ionosphere Maps (GIM). The root-mean-square (RMS) differences of Klobuchar and NeQuick with respect to IRI and GIM were analyzed. As a result, without regard to season and latitude, the RMS differences of NeQuick models were smaller than that of Klobuchar by about 0.01~3.50 TECU.
High Resolution Satellite Image Segmentation Algorithm Development Using Seed-based region growing
Byun, Young-Gi ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 421~430
Image segmentation technique is becoming increasingly important in the field of remote sensing image analysis in areas such as object oriented image classification to extract object regions of interest within images. This paper presents a new method for image segmentation in High Resolution Remote Sensing Image based on Improved Seeded Region Growing (ISRG) and Region merging. Firstly, multi-spectral edge detection was done using an entropy operator in pan-sharpened QuickBird imagery. Then, the initial seeds were automatically selected from the obtained multi-spectral edge map. After automatic selection of significant seeds, an initial segmentation was achieved by applying ISRG to consider spectral and edge information. Finally the region merging process, integrating region texture and spectral information, was carried out to get the final segmentation result. The accuracy assesment was done using the unsupervised objective evaluation method for evaluating the effectiveness of the proposed method. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method has good potential for application in the segmentation of high resolution satellite images.
A Study on High-Precision DEM Generation Using ERS-Envisat SAR Cross-Interferometry
Lee, Won-Jin ; Jung, Hyung-Sup ; Lu, Zhong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 431~439
Cross-interferometic synthetic aperture radar (CInSAR) technique from ERS-2 and Envisat images is capable of generating submeter-accuracy digital elevation model (DEM). However, it is very difficult to produce high-quality CInSAR-derived DEM due to the difference in the azimuth and range pixel size between ERS-2 and Envisat images as well as the small height ambiguity of CInSAR interferogram. In this study, we have proposed an efficient method to overcome the problems, produced a high-quality DEM over northern Alaska, and compared the CInSAR-derived DEM with the national elevation dataset (NED) DEM from U.S. Geological Survey. In the proposed method, azimuth common band filtering is applied in the radar raw data processing to mitigate the mis-registation due to the difference in the azimuth and range pixel size, and differential SAR interferogram (DInSAR) is used for reducing the unwrapping error occurred by the high fringe rate of CInSAR interferogram. Using the CInSAR DEM, we have identified and corrected man-made artifacts in the NED DEM. The wave number analysis further confirms that the CInSAR DEM has valid Signal in the high frequency of more than 0.08 radians/m (about 40m) while the NED DEM does not. Our results indicate that the CInSAR DEM is superior to the NED DEM in terms of both height precision and ground resolution.
Estimation of Tree Heights from Seasonal Airborne LiDAR Data
Jeon, Min-Cheol ; Jung, Tae-Woong ; Eo, Yang-Dam ; Kim, Jin-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 441~448
This paper estimates the tree height using Airborne LiDAR that is obtained for each season to analyze its influence based on a canopyclosure and data fusion. The tree height was estimated by extracting the First Return (RF) from the tree and the Last Return (LR) from the surface of earth to assume each tree via image segmentation and to obtain the height of each tree. Each data on tree height that is collected from seasonal data and the result of tree height acquired from the data fusion were compared. A tree height measuring device was used to measure on site and its accuracy was compared. Also, its applicability on the result of fused data that is obtained through the Airborne LiDAR is examined. As a result of the experiment, the result of image segmentation for an individual tree was closer to the result of site study for 1 meter interval when compared to the 0.5 meter interval of point cloud. In case of the tree height, the application of fused data enables a closer site measurement result than the application of data for each season.
Accuracy Analysis of Medium Format CCD Camera RCD105
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Won, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Chung-Pyeong ; So, Jae-Kyeong ; Yun, Hee-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 449~454
Lately, airborne digital camera and airborne laser scanner in field of airborne surveying are used to build geography information such as digital ortho photo map and DEM(Digital Elevation Model). In this study, 3D position accuracy is compared medium format CCD camera RCD105 with airborne digital camera DMC. For this, test area was decided for aerial photograph. And using 1/1,000 scale digital map, ground control points were selected for aerial triangulation and check points were selected for horizontal/vertical accuracy analysis using softcopy stereoplotter. Accuracy of RCD105 and DMC was estimated by result of aerial triangulation and result of check points measurement of using softcopy stereoplotter. In result of aerial triangulation, RMSE(Root Mean Square Error) X, Y, Z of RCD105 is 2.1, 2.2, 1.3 times larger than DMC. In result of check point measurement using softcopy stereoplotter, horizontal/ vertical RMSE of RCD105 is 2.5, 4.3 times larger than DMC. Even though accuracy of RCD105 is lower than DMC, it is maybe possible to make digital map and ortho photo using RCD105.
The Application of Pictometry for Efficient Digital Change Detection in Urban Area
Kim, Won-Dae ; Song, Yeong-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 455~461
It is one among very important works to detect change in urban area for effectively maintaining city. But, recently it is become more difficult to extract various changes using traditional method based on orthophotos because objects in urban area get higher and become more complex. To resolve these problems, we introduce new digital imagining system Pictometry which can acquire images of five directions (oblique and nadir). In this study, we compared the digital interpretation results based on Pictometry to the results from traditional method. As a result, Pictometry showed the good results in change detection of urban area.
Area based image matching with MOC-NA imagery
Youn, Jun-Hee ; Park, Choung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 463~469
Since MOLA(Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter) data, which provides altimetry data for Mars, does not cover the whole Mars area, image matching with MOC imagery should be implemented for the generation of DEM. However, automatic image matching is difficult because of insufficient features and low contrast. In this paper, we present the area based semi-automatic image matching algorithm with MOC-NA(Mars Orbiter Camera ? Narrow Angle) imagery. To accomplish this, seed points describing conjugate points are manually added for the stereo imagery, and interesting points are automatically produced by using such seed points. Produced interesting points being used as initial conjugate points, area based image matching is implemented. For the points which fail to match, the locations of initial conjugate points are recalculated by using matched six points and image matching process is re-implemented. The quality assessment by reversing the role of target and search image shows 97.5 % of points were laid within one pixel absolute difference.
Detection of Land Cover Change Using Landsat Image Data in Desert Area
M, Erdenechimeg ; Choi, Byoung-Gil ; Na, Young-Woo ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 471~476
This study aimed at monitoring, mapping, and assessing the land degradation in the desert area. In this research, the Landsat TM and ETM+ imageries to assess the extent of land degradation for study area during the period from 1991 to 2007. Were used to study supervized, unsupervized classfication and NDVI land cover changes in the desert area in Mongolia. The classified map consists of five classes of water, vegetation, slight desertification, middle desertification and sever desertification. It shows that for determination classfication methods and NDVI, desertification map of the study area are prepared. The result showed accounting for a clear deterioration in vegetative cover, an increase of sever desertification and a decrease in middle desertification and slight desertification respectively of the total study area.