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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Bicycle Road Route Selection which Considers the Slope Standard of the Bicycle Road
Baik, Seung-Heon ; Han, Dong-Yeob ; Jin, Hong-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 553~559
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.553
The bicycle use activation plan reduces a greenhouse gas exhaust, and economic convenience, movement timely shortening, health effect will be able to expect but the bicycle user is few. The nationwide bicycle road projects is advanced by the countermeasure for a bicycle use activation. It is advanced a bicycle road basic plan even from each local government. The research against a route selection is advanced actively. But the research against a data process is not coming out the accurate research method. It follows a financial one bicycle road design standard from ministry of land, Transport and maritime affairs. But vertical grade in bicycle road design standard is exception becoming that about unavoidable case with geomorphic environments. From the research which it sees the existing bicycle road consider should have to make the terrain situation of yeosu, slope standard connection about under considering it presented the bicycle road route selection which is possible. It included a lane and road width with additional element and establishment in the bicycle road was produced suitable bicycle road route. The area where the mountain district is many when selecting bicycle road, will be used with application plan of slope standard.
Vibration Displacements Measurement of Slope Models using Close Range Photogrammetry
Jung, Sung-Heuk ; Lee, Jae-Young ; Choi, Suk-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 561~568
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.561
The purpose of this study is to measure displacements that occurs on a surface and interior of slope model and the shape when the slope is destroyed at vibration experiment of the slope model using close range photogrammetry. The circle targets and sphere targets are installed on a chamber and a slope model, while the earthquake wave are applied in regular time interval. The close range photogrammetric images are acquired in each displacements step until the slope model is destroyed. Those photos are processed by image processing method and the center points of targets are automatically extracted. Furthermore, the three-dimensional coordinates of targets are calculated by image orientation and bundle adjustment processing. As a result, amount of displacement at each level is precisely measured and provided the basic information for assessing the slope stability using three-dimensional measurement of the target movement and slope destruction.
Case Study of Civil-BIM & 3D Geographical Information
Park, Jae-Sun ; Pyeon, Mu-Wook ; Jo, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Gun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 569~576
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.569
Recently the establishment of high accuracy 3D spatial information has been largely stimulated according to the increase in need of such 3D spatial information. In the fields of constructions and civil works, studies on increasing the productivity in these fields through converging them with other fields using the established 3D spatial information have been conducted. In such a tendency, BIM (Building Information Modeling) technologies have been rapidly applied to the fields of constructions and civil works. In particular, in the fields of constructions and civil works that represent a life span of plan-design-construction-maintenance, some BIM application methods and plans for the characteristics in each step have been proposed. Thus, the objective of this study is to simulate a project that is reasonable and can be optimized in connection with 3D spatial information and BIM technologies escaped from the conventional civil construction process that is based on empirical, statistical DB, and 2D information. For achieving this objective, 3D terrain data for the subject area engaged in this study using aerial photographs and airborne LiDAR was established. Also, a counter plan for the issues, which cannot be solved in the conventional methods for managing civil work projects, is applied through implementing bridge-based civil structure BIM by combining them with objective information.
A Worldview-2 satellite imagery pansharpening algorithm for minimizing the effects of local displacement
Choi, Jae-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 577~582
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.577
In remote sensing, spatial/spectral distortions are recognized as two of the main problems in the pansharpening algorithm. Most pansharpening methodologies show a tendency to distort spatial information from objects such as buildings and vehicles because there are local spatial dissimilarities among multispectral bands in Worldview-2 satellite imagery. In this paper, we propose a new pansharpening algorithm in order to minimize the effects of the local displacement of spatial information in the pansharpening process. In experiments using Worldview-2 images, our method provided better spectral and spatial quality than pre-existing pansharpening methods.
Displacement Analysis of Structures using RTK-GPS/Accelerometer Integration Methods
Hwang, Jin-Sang ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Lee, Dong-Ha ; Hong, Sung-Nam ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 583~591
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.583
Accurate observation results of dynamic displacements are essential to the protection of civil structures. In this study, we evaluated the optimal methods of the RTK/GPS Accelerometer integration through comparison and analysis of several experiments results. Two methods will be used to calculate the dynamic displacements from the results of the acceleration data as well as two integration methods for measuring the dynamic, static, and quasi-static displacements by incorporating the displacement results from the RTK-GPS and Accelerometer. By using a Cantilever Beam and LVDT measurement, we were able to ensure that the different displacement comparisons would be reliable and accurate. As a results from experiments, the accelerometer processing method applied by use of accelerometers data was filtering with the double integral using FIR band-pass filter which is most optimal for assessing the dynamic displacements. Also, the integrated method using extracting substitution displacements is suitable for measuring synthetically the dynamic static and quasi-static displacements of civil structures with RTK-GPS and accelerometer.
A Study on Road Extraction for Improving the Quality in Conflation between Aerial Image and Road Map
Yang, Sung-Chul ; Lee, Won-Hee ; Yu, Ki-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 593~599
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.593
With increasing user applicability of geospatial data, user demand for manifold and accurate information has increased. The usefulness of these services derives from their combination of the advantages of as-built geospatial data in making new content. There is a spatial inconsistency and shape disagreement in fusing heterogeneous data. Conflation, defined as the combining of information from diverse sources so as to reconcile spatial inconsistencies and shape disagreement, is possible solution to the problem. In this research, we developed the technique for removing shape disagreement between aerial image and road map removed spatial inconsistency in advanced research. The process includes four processes: producing of a road candidate image, extraction of vertices, and generation of a graph by connecting the vertices. We could remove the shape disagreement using the extracted road that was derived from finding the road possible path.
Study on Applying 3D Display Device for Effective Update of Spatial Information Based on Stereovision
Choi, Sun-Ok ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Deok-In ; Wie, Gwang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 601~611
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.601
The paper deals with the selection of 3D display devices in accordance with the user`s conveniences and accuracy of spatial information by applying 3D display devices to Spatial Information Update System (SIUS) which generate edit and update digital thematic maps. After applying different manufacturer`s 3D display devices to SIUS, aerial images acquired from the stereo images were displayed through the devices and spatial information was extracted from the displayed 3D images. Assessment of 3D display devices were based on quantitative and qualitative analysis on accuracy of spatial information and user`s conveniences. Planar`s PL2020 and Redrover`s Tru3Di 3D monitor has expressed outstanding display environment in 3D related tasks for the generation of spatial information compared to other 3D display devices. System improvement is expected regarding accuracy of spatial information, work efficiency and user`s conveniences.
Construction of Hydrographic Pump Dredge Process Management System Based on Beacon DGPS
Lee, Jin-Duk ; Lee, Jae-Bin ; Kim, Hyun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 613~620
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.613
In order to perform scientific evaluation of dredge results, it is needed to construct the system which is able to manage and evaluate the work process by monitoring in real-time the dredge process such as dredge ship position, dredge depth and dredge volume. This research aims to develop the hydrographic dredge surveying system adding water depth measurement method to both precise positioning and navigation methods using GPS, which allows a high rate of measurement and long distances between the control point and dredging points, operate in all weather conditions, and does not require line of sight to points. We constructed Beacon DGPS-based hydrographic dredger guidance and position management system and developed the operation program which makes the dredge operation perform as monitoring work situation in real-time. It is expected that this developed system will be able to contributes to reducing ultimately the cost in hydrographic dredging or hydrographic construction industries.
Generation of the Building Layer of Large-scale Digital Map Using Multi-Oblique Images
Song, Jai-Youl ; Lee, Byoung-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 621~629
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.621
According to the development of technologies for generating the 3D spatial information, the needs for producing and updating the precise 3D objects with LoD 4 level are increased. On the other hand, the needs for real-time updating of 2D digital maps are expanded, based on the execution of various GIS projects. These 2D informations can be extracted from precisely constructed 3D spatial information, to do this the feasibility studies on extraction of the 2D information from the 3D spatial information is needed. In this study, 3D objects are modeled using multi-oblique images, and the objects are stereo-plotted using digital airborne images, as well. Then the two data sets are compared and analyzed. The results show that the accuracy assessments fulfill the 1/1,000 digital map accuracy standard of regulations for photogrametric surveying of National Geographic Information Institute, but the shapes and the areas of building objects are different between two data sets because of the portrayal standards. Consequently, researchers can conclude that it is possible to generate the building layer of large scale topographic map using multi-oblique images, but additional researches is needed to resolve the problems on differences of the portrayal standards.
Accuracy Assessment of Fishery Map Conversion to World Geodetic System
Lee, Seung-Yeol ; Lee, Byoung-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 631~639
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.631
There are problems in using existing fisheries maps, because of deterioration of paper maps, as well as various coordinate systems. In this study, accuracy of fishery maps in World Geodetic System are evaluated. Materials on fishery rights in the Jeollanam-do Province, a study area, used many kind of coordinate systems. During digitization, these coordinate systems have been converted and unified in one World Geodetic System, and one projection origin. In this research, the accuracy of the products of digitization is verified using DGPS surveying. The RMSEs are minimum of 4.62m(at the Younggwang Seas) to maximum of 17.47m(at the Jangheung Seas), and average of 11.97m. The results shows that the digitized fishery maps meet the accuracy standard of 1/25,000 digital topographic maps.
Comparative Analysis and Accuracy Improvement on Ground Point Filtering of Airborne LIDAR Data for Forest Terrain Modeling
Hwang, Se-Ran ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 641~650
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.641
Airborne LIDAR system, utilized in various forest studies, provides efficiently spatial information about vertical structures of forest areas. The tree height is one of the most essential measurements to derive forest information such as biomass, which can be estimated from the forest terrain model. As the terrain model is generated by the interpolation of ground points extracted from LIDAR data, filtering methods with high reliability to classify reliably the ground points are required. In this paper, we applied three representative filtering methods to forest LIDAR data with diverse characteristics, measured the errors and performance of these methods, and analyzed the causes of the errors. Based on their complementary characteristics derived from the analysis results, we have attempted to combine the results and checked the performance improvement. In most test areas, the convergence method showed the satisfactory results, where the filtering performance were improved more than 10% in maximum. Also, we have generated DTM using the classified ground points and compared with the verification data. The DTM retains about 17cm RMSE, which can be sufficiently utilized for the derivation of forest information.
Effects of ionospheric disturbances caused by solar storm on rapid-static positioning accuracy
Hong, Chang-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 651~657
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.651
There exists a high correlation between the ionospheric delays and the integer ambiguity in GPS observation equation, so that the sufficient time span is required to revolve the integer ambiguity. This means that the ambiguity resolution plays a key role especially in rapid-static positioning mode. To analyze the effect of ionospheric disturbances on the positioning accuracy, 02/19/2011 day of dataset was selected processed in rapid-static positioning mode. The total of 141 30-minute sessions were processed, i.e., the estimation procedure started every 10 minutes, and the time-to-fix information of each data interval is obtained. In this study, the analysis is performed by comparing the time-to-fix with the magnitudes of ionospheric delays. The computed correlation coefficient between the time-to-fix and the magnitudes of ionospheric delays is 0.31, which indicates the ionospheric disturbances affect the positioning accuracy in rapid-static positioning mode. Therefore, it is required to collect and process sufficient data when the GPS surveying is performed in unfavorable ionospheric conditions.
Analysis on the Present Condition of National Framework Data for the Disaster GIS
Park, Hong-Gi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 659~666
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.659
The absence of present accurate geospatial information can cause us to undergo severe problems in controlling the complicate and multiplicate disaster. Our country is trying to build the Disaster Spatial Data Infrastructure (DSDI), and the key information is the national framework data. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of disaster spatial data, and analyze the present conditions and problems of national framework data, and suggest the way to improve for the GIS application system. In order to provide a wide range of services through the national geospatial data integration system, the data management authority should be established to maintain the consistency of quality and data accuracy of the entire national spatial data infrastructure. In addition, the step-by-step update plan of the national geospatial data should be determined by means of the framework data. And the basic data (lowest common denominator) should be formulated to maintain the data consistency of national spatial information infrastructure.
Automatic Registration Between KOMPSAT-2 and TerraSAR-X Images
Han, You-Kyung ; Byun, Young-Gi ; Chae, Tae-Byeong ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 667~675
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.667
In this paper, we propose an automatic image-to-image registration between high resolution multi-sensor images. To do this, TerraSAR-X image was shifted according to the initial translation differences of the x and y directions between images estimated using Mutual Information method. After that, the Canny edge operator was applied to both images to extract linear features. These features were used to design a cost function that finds matching points based on the similarities of their locations and gradient orientations. For extracting large number of evenly distributed matching points, only one point within each regular grid constructed throughout the image was extracted to the final matching point pair. The model, which combined the piecewise linear function with the global affine transformation, was applied to increase the accuracy of the geometric correction, and the proposed method showed RMSE lower than 5m in all study sites.
Evaluation Scheme of the GPS Positional Accuracy for Dynamic Bus Route Information using SMB(Single Buffering Method)
Park, Hong-Gi ; Joo, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 677~685
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.677
In order to enhance public transportation and to maintain information credibility, improvement of accuracy regarding route and positional information of public transport is very significant. There have been a variety of methods using GPS to measure accuracy of location-based services. However, the researches of evaluation regarding kinematic position of linear objects measured by vehicle/kinematic GPS are still insufficient. That`s why our paper aims to suggest method of evaluation accuracy on a real-time bus route surveyed by GPS by SBM(Single Buffering Method). To make it come true, we compared the findings on the static and dynamic positioning by using PP(Point Positioning), DGPS and GPS/INS integrated systems and analyzed the accuracy and error effects among them, focusing on Anyang city. Consequently, we can find out that in case of P.P. comparing positioning accuracy between RTK DGPS and GPS/INS, both of them have survey result within a margin of error of 5m. More importantly, we can evaluate positional accuracy of each GPS system based on the work provision of a public survey such as error for P.P.(14.5m, 18.1m), DGPS(16.9m, 18.5m), and GPS/INS(18.4m, 18.5m). We are expecting that proposed method in our paper can be utilized in a wide range of categories such as feasibility testing of GPS field survey and high accuracy of positioning for Bus Information System.
Correction of Geometric Distortion of Internet Aerial Imagery and Photo-Realistic 3D Building Modeling
Lee, Dong-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 29, issue 6, 2011, Pages 687~695
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2011.29.6.687
Many internet portals provide maps with spatial information services. Recently, various images including aerial, satellite, street view, and photo-realistic 3D city models are provided as well as maps. This study suggested a method for geometric correction of the panoramic aerial images in the internet portal and 3D building modeling using information which is available in the internet. The key of this study is to obtain all necessary data easily from internet without restrictions. Practically, the ground control coordinates could be available from geo-referenced internet maps, and stereo pairs of the aerial images and close-range photographs for photo-realistic object modeling are provided by the internet service. However, the ground control points are not suitable for accurate mapping. RMSE of the plotting was about 9 meters and reduced upto 4 meters after coordinate transformation. The proposed methods would be applicable to various applications of photo-realistic object modeling which do not require high accuracy.