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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6_2 - Dec 2012
Volume 30, Issue 6_1 - Dec 2012
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Comparative Analysis between Rigorous and Approximate Approaches for LiDAR System Calibration
Kersting, Ana Paula ; Habib, Ayman ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 593~605
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.593
LiDAR systems provide dense and accurate topographic information. A pre-requisite to achieving the potential accuracy of LiDAR is having a proper system calibration, which aims at estimating all the systematic errors in the system measurements and the mounting parameters relating the different components. This paper presents a rigorous and two approximate methods for LiDAR system calibration. The rigorous approach makes use of the LiDAR equation and the system raw measurements. The approximate approaches utilize simplified LiDAR equations using some assumptions, which allow for less strict requirements regarding the raw measurements. The first presented approximate method, denoted as quasi-rigorous, assumes that we are dealing with a vertical platform (i.e., small pitch and roll angles). This method requires time-tagged point cloud and trajectory position data. The second approximate method, denoted as simplified, assumes that we are dealing with parallel strips, vertical platform, and minor terrain elevation variations compared to the flying height above ground. Such method can be performed using the LiDAR point cloud only. Experimental results using a real dataset, whose characteristics deviate to some extent from the utilized assumptions in the approximate methods, are presented to provide a comparative analysis of the outcome from the introduced methods.
MEASUREMENT AND SIMULATION OF EQUATORIAL IONOSPHERIC PLASMA BUBBLES TO ASSESS THEIR IMPACT ON GNSS PERFORMANCE
Tsujii, Toshiaki ; Fujiwara, Takeshi ; Kubota, Tetsunari ; Satirapod, Chalermchon ; Supnithi, Pornchai ; Tsugawa, Takuya ; Lee, Hungkyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 607~613
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.607
Ionospheric anomaly is one of the major error sources which deteriorate the GNSS performance. In the equatorial region, effects of the ionospheric plasma bubbles are of great interest because they are pretty common phenomena, especially in the period of the high solar activity. In order to evaluate the GNSS performance under circumstance of the bubbles, an ionospheric scintillation monitor has been developed and installed in Bangkok, Thailand. Furthermore, a model simulating the ionospheric delay and scintillation due to the bubbles has been developed. Based on these developments, the effects of the simulated plasma bubbles are analyzed and their agreement with the real observation is demonstrated. An availability degradation of the GPS ground based augmentation system (GBAS) caused by the bubbles is exampled in details. Finally, an integrated GPS/INS approach based on the Doppler frequency is proposed to remedy the deterioration.
Determination of Algerian Weighted Mean Temperature Model for forthcoming GNSS Meteorology Application in Algeria
Song, Dong-Seob ; Boutiouta, Seddik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 615~622
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.615
Since the accuracy of precipitable/integrated water vapor estimates from GNSS measurements is proportional to the accuracy of water vapor Weighted Mean Temperature Model (WMTM), the WMTM is a significant formulation in the retrieval of precipitable water vapor from zenith wet delay of GNSS signal. The purpose of this paper is to develop available the WMTM to apply for GNSS meteorology in the region of Algeria, by using the Algerian radiosonde network in the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). It can be concluded that the available GNSS precipitable water vapor which is retrieved by the developed Algerian Weighted Mean Temperature Equation (AWMTE) can be useful technique for sensing of water vapor in the Algeria, after Algerian Continuously Operating Reference System (CORS) will be constructed.
Deformation Monitoring and Prediction Technique of Existing Subway Tunnel: A Case Study of Guangzhou Subway in China
Qiu, Dongwei ; Huang, He ; Song, Dong-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 623~629
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.623
During the construction of crossing engineering one of the important measures to ensure the safety of subway operation is the implementation of deformation surveying to the existing subway tunnel. Guangzhou new subway line 2 engineering which crosses the existing tunnel is taken as the background. How to achieve intelligent and automatic deformation surveying forecast during the subway tunnel construction process is studied. Because large amount of surveying data exists in the subway construction, deformation analysis is difficult and prediction has low accuracy, a subway intelligent deformation prediction model based on the PBIL and support vector machine is proposed. The PBIL algorithm is used to optimize the exact key parameters combination of support vector machine though probability analysis and thereby the predictive ability of the model deformation is greatly improved. Through applications on the Guangzhou subway across deformation surveying deformation engineering the prediction method's predictive ability has high accuracy and the method has high practicality. It can support effective solution to the implementation of the comprehensive and accurate surveying and early warning under subway operation conditions with the environmental interference and complex deformation.
Flood Simulation of Upriver District Considering an Influence of Backwater
Um, Dae Yong ; Song, Yong Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 631~642
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.631
This study aims to predict inundation and flood-stricken areas more accurately by simulating flood damage caused by reversible flow of rain water in the upper water system through precise 3D terrain model and backwater output. For the upstream of the South Han-River, precise 3D terrain model was established by using aerial LiDAR data and backwater by area was output by applying the storm events of 2002 including the history of flood damage. The 3D flood simulation was also performed by using GIS Tool and for occurrence of related rainfall events, inundation events of the upriver region of water system was analyzed. In addition, the results of flood simulation using backwater were verified by making the inundation damage map for the relevant area and comparing it with flood simulation's results. When comparing with the results of the flood simulation applying uniformly the gauging station's water surface elevation used for the existing flood simulation, it is found that the results of the flood simulation using backwater are close to the actual inundation damage status. Accordingly, the causes of flood occurred in downstream of water system and upstream that has different topographic characteristics could be investigated and applying the simulation with backwater is proved more proper in order to procure accuracy of the flood simulation for the upriver region.
3D Shape Descriptor for Segmenting Point Cloud Data
Park, So Young ; Yoo, Eun Jin ; Lee, Dong-Cheon ; Lee, Yong Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 643~651
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.643
Object recognition belongs to high-level processing that is one of the difficult and challenging tasks in computer vision. Digital photogrammetry based on the computer vision paradigm has begun to emerge in the middle of 1980s. However, the ultimate goal of digital photogrammetry - intelligent and autonomous processing of surface reconstruction - is not achieved yet. Object recognition requires a robust shape description about objects. However, most of the shape descriptors aim to apply 2D space for image data. Therefore, such descriptors have to be extended to deal with 3D data such as LiDAR(Light Detection and Ranging) data obtained from ALS(Airborne Laser Scanner) system. This paper introduces extension of chain code to 3D object space with hierarchical approach for segmenting point cloud data. The experiment demonstrates effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method for shape description and point cloud data segmentation. Geometric characteristics of various roof types are well described that will be eventually base for the object modeling. Segmentation accuracy of the simulated data was evaluated by measuring coordinates of the corners on the segmented patch boundaries. The overall RMSE(Root Mean Square Error) is equivalent to the average distance between points, i.e., GSD(Ground Sampling Distance).
Land Cover Super-resolution Mapping using Hopfield Neural Network for Simulated SPOT Image
Nguyen, Quang Minh ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 653~663
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.653
Using soft classification, it is possible to obtain the land cover proportions from the remotely sensed image. These land cover proportions are then used as input data for a procedure called "super-resolution mapping" to produce the predicted hard land cover layers at higher resolution than the original remotely sensed image. Superresolution mapping can be implemented using a number of algorithms in which the Hopfield Neural Network (HNN) has showed some advantages. The HNN has improved the land cover classification through superresolution mapping greatly with the high resolution data. However, the super-resolution mapping is based on the spatial dependence assumption, therefore it is predicted that the accuracy of resulted land cover classes depends on the relative size of spatial features and the spatial resolution of the remotely sensed image. This research is to evaluate the capability of HNN to implement the super-resolution mapping for SPOT image to create higher resolution land cover classes with different zoom factor.
An approach for improving the performance of the Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR)
Jeong, Inseong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 665~672
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.665
Amid rapidly increasing imagery inputs and their volume in a remote sensing imagery database, Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) is an effective tool to search for an image feature or image content of interest a user wants to retrieve. It seeks to capture salient features from a 'query' image, and then to locate other instances of image region having similar features elsewhere in the image database. For a CBIR approach that uses texture as a primary feature primitive, designing a texture descriptor to better represent image contents is a key to improve CBIR results. For this purpose, an extended feature vector combining the Gabor filter and co-occurrence histogram method is suggested and evaluated for quantitywise and qualitywise retrieval performance criterion. For the better CBIR performance, assessing similarity between high dimensional feature vectors is also a challenging issue. Therefore a number of distance metrics (i.e. L1 and L2 norm) is tried to measure closeness between two feature vectors, and its impact on retrieval result is analyzed. In this paper, experimental results are presented with several CBIR samples. The current results show that 1) the overall retrieval quantity and quality is improved by combining two types of feature vectors, 2) some feature is better retrieved by a specific feature vector, and 3) retrieval result quality (i.e. ranking of retrieved image tiles) is sensitive to an adopted similarity metric when the extended feature vector is employed.
Long-term analysis of tropospheric delay and ambiguity resolution rate of GPS data
Kim, Su-Kyung ; Bae, Tae-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 30, issue 6_2, 2012, Pages 673~680
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2012.30.6-2.673
Long-term GPS data analysis was performed in order to analyze the seasonal variation of tropospheric delay and the success rate of the ambiguity resolution. For this analysis, a total of 57 stations including 10 IGS stations in East Asia were processed together with double-differenced observables using Bernese GPS Software V5.0. The time span for this study ranges from 2002.0 to 2012.5 (10.5 years). The average baseline length is 339.0 km and the maximum reaches up to 2,000 km. The analysis is focused on two things: the annual variation of the tropospheric delay and the ambiguity resolution rate. The tropospheric delay is closely related to the weather condition, especially relative humidity, therefore it was estimated that the maximum would be in summer, while reaching its minimum in winter with the apparent seasonal variations. On the contrary, however, the success rate of the ambiguity resolution shows the opposite pattern: its maximum was in winter and minimum in summer. The fact seems to be induced by the surrounding conditions; that is, the trees thick with leaves near the GPS antenna interfere with GPS signals in summer. This seems to confirm partly that there is a distinct trend in the decreasing success rate since 2006 because the trees are growing every year. It is necessary to eliminate the factors that degrade the GPS quality and the tropospheric modeling for Korea needs to be studied further.