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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6_2 - Dec 2013
Volume 31, Issue 6_1 - Dec 2013
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Topological Analysis in Indoor Shopping Mall using Ontology
Lee, Kangjae ; Kang, Hye-Young ; Lee, Jiyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 511~520
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.511
Recently, human activities have expanded from outdoor spaces to indoor spaces since a lot of complex buildings were constructed over the world. Especially, visitors in a shopping mall would like to receive specific information of interest regarding various shopping-related activities as well as shopping itself. However, when it comes to providing the information, existing guide services have some drawbacks. Firstly, the existing services cannot provide visitors with the information of other stores simply and promptly on the current location. Secondly, the services have difficulties in representation and share of the shopping-related knowledge, and in providing inferred information. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop a method that allows topological analysis utilizing ontology technique around the current position in such shopping mall in order to provide shopping-related information. For this, the shopping activity ontology model is designed, and based on the ontology model, inferencing rules are defined in order to extract the information of interest efficiently through semantic queries. Also, a geocoding method in indoor spaces is used regarding the current location, and optimal routing analysis, which is one of topological analysis, is applied with the result from the semantic queries. As a result, an Android application is developed for 3D visualization and user interface.
Rule set of object-oriented classification using Landsat imagery in Donganh, Hanoi, Vietnam
Thu, Trinh Thi Hoai ; Lan, Pham Thi ; Ai, Tong Thi Huyen ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 521~527
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.521
Rule set is an important step which impacts significantly on accuracy of object-oriented classification result. Therefore, this paper proposes a rule set to extract land cover from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery acquired in Donganh, Hanoi, Vietnam. The rules were generated to distinguish five classes, namely river, pond, residential areas, vegetation and paddy. These classes were classified not only based on spectral characteristics of features, but also indices of water, soil, vegetation, and urban. The study selected five indices, including largest difference index max.diff; length/width; hue, saturation and intensity (HSI); normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and ratio vegetation index (RVI) based on membership functions of objects. Overall accuracy of classification result is 0.84% as the rule set is used in classification process.
Application of Remote Sensing and GIS technology for monitoring coastal changes in estuary area of the Red river system, Vietnam
Lan, Pham Thi ; Son, Tong Si ; Gunasekara, Kavinda ; Nhan, Nguyen Thi ; Hien, La Phu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 529~538
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.529
Coastline is the most dynamic part of seascape since its shape is affected by various factors. Coastal zone is an area with immense geological, geomorphological and ecological interest. Monitoring coastal change is very important for safe navigation, coastal resource management. This paper shows a result of monitoring coastal morphological changes using Remote Sensing and GIS. Study was carried out to obtain intensity of erosion, deposition and sand bar movement in the Red River Delta. Satellite images of ALOS/AVNIR-2 and Landsat were used for the monitoring of coastal morphological changes over the period of 1975 to 2009. Band rationing and threshold technique was used for the coastline extraction. Tidal levels at the time of image acquisition varied from -0.89m to 2.87m. Therefore, coastline from another image at a different tidal level in the same year was considered to get the corrected coastline by interpolation technique. A series of points were generated along the coastal line from 1975 image and were established as reference points to see the change in later periods. The changes were measured in Euclidean distances from these reference points. Positive values represented deposition to the sea and negative values are erosion. The result showed that the Red river delta area expanded to the sea 3500m in Red river mouth, and 2873m in Thai Binh river mouth from 1975 to 2009. The erosion process occurred continuously from 1975 up to now with the average magnitude 23.77m/year from 1975 to 1989 and 7.85m/year from 2001 to 2009 in Giao Thuy area. From 1975 to 2009, total 1095.2ha of settlement area was eroded by sea. On the other hand, land expanded to the sea in 4786.24ha of mangrove and 1673.98ha of aquaculture.
The Suggestion of Effective Measurement Techniques for Positioning Under Poor GPS Reference Network Condition
Park, Joon-Kyu ; Jung, Kap-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 539~547
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.539
This research is suggesting the most effective positioning method for GPS based positioning when no GPS reference point is available in the neighborhood. For this purpose, we carried out positioning of the IGS realtime observatories in Australia in various conditions. According to the research, we were certainly assured the one reference point with a short baseline length is more effective for differential positioning than multiple reference points with a long baseline distance beyond 1,000km and suggested the precise point positioning based positioning method can be an excellent substitute when no reference point is available around an unknown point. The research result may be used as the basic data for accurate positioning in poor reference point environments, especially in Antarctica.
Efficient Registration Plan of Place Names for Reinforcement of Active Region in Antarctica
Yun, Hee Cheon ; Park, Joon Kyu ; Lee, Jong Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 549~557
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.549
The Antarctica continent does not belong to any countries so that a place in the region has some different place names between countries. Korea gave Korean place names to the places around the King Sejong Station, and the names have since been used by Korean researchers on the Antarctic. However, they have yet to be registered officially at CGA(Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica) by November 2010. Therefore, to prepare for the possible disputes over territorial claims in Antarctica and to expand and specify activity areas, this research tries to analyze the present condition of advanced countries' committees on place names of Antarctica, their procedures of registering names and their registration criteria, and thereby suggest an efficient plan for registering place names of Antarctica. If the plan suggested in this research is actively reviewed and applied, it will be able to make a great contribution to advancing the place names of Antarctica and research on the Antarctic.
Increasing Spatial Resolution of Remotely Sensed Image using HNN Super-resolution Mapping Combined with a Forward Model
Minh, Nguyen Quang ; Huong, Nguyen Thi Thu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 559~565
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.559
Spatial resolution of land covers from remotely sensed images can be increased using super-resolution mapping techniques for soft-classified land cover proportions. A further development of super-resolution mapping technique is downscaling the original remotely sensed image using super-resolution mapping techniques with a forward model. In this paper, the model for increasing spatial resolution of remote sensing multispectral image is tested with real SPOT 5 imagery at 10m spatial resolution for an area in Bac Giang Province, Vietnam in order to evaluate the feasibility of application of this model to the real imagery. The soft-classified land cover proportions obtained using a fuzzy c-means classification are then used as input data for a Hopfield neural network (HNN) to predict the multispectral images at sub-pixel spatial resolution. The 10m SPOT multispectral image was improved to 5m, 3,3m and 2.5m and compared with SPOT Panchromatic image at 2.5m resolution for assessment.Visually, the resulted image is compared with a SPOT 5 panchromatic image acquired at the same time with the multispectral data. The predicted image is apparently sharper than the original coarse spatial resolution image.
Geoid Determination in South Korea from a Combination of Terrestrial and Airborne Gravity Anomaly Data
Jekeli, Christopher ; Yang, Hyo Jin ; Kwon, Jay Hyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 567~576
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.567
The determination of the geoid in South Korea is a national imperative for the modernization of height datums, specifically the orthometric height and the dynamic height, that are used to monitor hydrological systems and environments with accuracy and easy revision, if necessary. The geometric heights above a reference ellipsoid, routinely obtained by GPS, lead immediately to vertical control with respect to the geoid for hydrological purposes if the geoid height above the ellipsoid is known accurately. The geoid height is determined from gravimetric data, traditionally ground data, but in recent times also from airborne data. This paper illustrates the basic concepts for combining these two types of data and gives a preliminary performance assessment of either set or their combination for the determination of the geoid in South Korea. It is shown that the most critical aspect of the combination is the gravitational effect of the topographic masses above the geoid, which, if not properly taken into account, introduces a significant bias of about 8 mgal in the gravity anomalies, and which can lead to geoid height bias errors of up to 10 cm. It is further confirmed and concluded that achieving better than 5 cm precision in geoid heights from gravimetry remains a challenge that can be surmounted only with the proper combination of terrestrial and airborne data, thus realizing higher data resolution over most of South Korea than currently available solely from the airborne data.
Effective Determination of Optimal Regularization Parameter in Rational Polynomial Coefficients Derivation
Youn, Junhee ; Hong, Changhee ; Kim, TaeHoon ; Kim, Gihong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 577~583
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.577
Recently, massive archives of ground information imagery from new sensors have become available. To establish a functional relationship between the image and the ground space, sensor models are required. The rational functional model (RFM), which is used as an alternative to the rigorous sensor model, is an attractive option owing to its generality and simplicity. To determine the rational polynomial coefficients (RPC) in RFM, however, we encounter the problem of obtaining a stable solution. The design matrix for solutions is usually ill-conditioned in the experiments. To solve this unstable solution problem, regularization techniques are generally used. In this paper, we describe the effective determination of the optimal regularization parameter in the regularization technique during RPC derivation. A brief mathematical background of RFM is presented, followed by numerical approaches for effective determination of the optimal regularization parameter using the Euler Method. Experiments are performed assuming that a tilted aerial image is taken with a known rigorous sensor. To show the effectiveness, calculation time and RMSE between L-curve method and proposed method is compared.
An Approach for the Cross Modality Content-Based Image Retrieval between Different Image Modalities
Jeong, Inseong ; Kim, Gihong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 585~592
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.585
CBIR is an effective tool to search and extract image contents in a large remote sensing image database queried by an operator or end user. However, as imaging principles are different by sensors, their visual representation thus varies among image modality type. Considering images of various modalities archived in the database, image modality difference has to be tackled for the successful CBIR implementation. However, this topic has been seldom dealt with and thus still poses a practical challenge. This study suggests a cross modality CBIR (termed as the CM-CBIR) method that transforms given query feature vector by a supervised procedure in order to link between modalities. This procedure leverages the skill of analyst in training steps after which the transformed query vector is created for the use of searching in target images with different modalities. Current initial results show the potential of the proposed CM-CBIR method by delivering the image content of interest from different modality images. Despite its retrieval capability is outperformed by that of same modality CBIR (abbreviated as the SM-CBIR), the lack of retrieval performance can be compensated by employing the user's relevancy feedback, a conventional technique for retrieval enhancement.
Image Fusion and Evaluation by using Mapping Satellite-1 Data
Huang, He ; Hu, Yafei ; Feng, Yi ; Zhang, Meng ; Song, DongSeob ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 593~599
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.593
China's Mapping Satellite-1, developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), was launched in three years ago. The data from Mapping Satellite-1 are able to use for efficient surveying and geometric mapping application field. In this paper, we fuse the panchromatic and multispectral images of Changchun area, which are obtained from the Mapping Satellite-1, the one that is the Chinese first transmission-type three-dimensional mapping satellite. The four traditional image fusion methods, which are HPF, Mod.IHS, Panshar and wavelet transform, were used to approach for effectively fusing Mapping Satellite-1 remote sensing data. Subsequently we assess the results with some commonly used methods, which are known a subjective qualitative evaluation and quantitative statistical analysis approach. Consequently, we found that the wavelet transform remote sensing image fusion is the optimal in the degree of distortion, the ability of performance of details and image information availability among four methods. To further understand the optimal methods to fuse Mapping Satellite-1 images, an additional study is necessary.
Assessing the Appropriateness of the Spatial Distribution of Standard Lots Using the L-index
Lee, Sang-Kyeong ; Lee, Byoungkil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 601~609
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.601
Standard lots, which are used to assess values of individual lots in Korea, have been criticized for their improper distribution. However, there has been very little evaluation for the spatial distribution of standard lots, and an evaluation method has never been developed. In order to overcome this situation, we attempt to assess the appropriateness of the spatial distribution of standard lots using the L-index and Monte Carlo simulation. The L-index is a well-known indicator of the complete spatial randomness (CSR) of points in spatial statistics. If the L-index of standard lots is similar to that of individual lots, the former is considered to be randomly distributed according to the latter. By analyzing L-indices of two study areas, Gangnam and Seongdong, we find a statistically significant difference in Gangnam area and a relatively small difference in Seongdong area. We confirm that the spatial distribution of standard lots is not CSR and that the L-index is useful as an evaluation method. These results suggest that the standard lot selection and management guidelines need to be modified to apply the spatial distribution of individual lots to the standard lot selection process.
Correction of Erroneous Model Key Points Extracted from Segmented Laser Scanner Data and Accuracy Evaluation
Yoo, Eun Jin ; Park, So Young ; Yom, Jae-Hong ; Lee, Dong-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 31, issue 6_2, 2013, Pages 611~623
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2013.31.6-2.611
Point cloud data (i.e., LiDAR; Light Detection and Ranging) collected by Airborne Laser Scanner (ALS) system is one of the major sources for surface reconstruction including DEM generation, topographic mapping and object modeling. Recently, demand and requirement of the accurate and realistic Digital Building Model (DBM) increase for geospatial platforms and spatial data infrastructure. The main issues in the object modeling such as building and city modeling are efficiency of the methodology and quality of the final products. Efficiency and quality are associated with automation and accuracy, respectively. However, these two factors are often opposite each other. This paper aims to introduce correction scheme of incorrectly determined Model Key Points (MKPs) regardless of the segmentation method. Planimetric and height locations of the MKPs were refined by surface patch fitting based on the Least-Squares Solution (LESS). The proposed methods were applied to the synthetic and real LiDAR data. Finally, the results were analyzed by comparing adjusted MKPs with the true building model data.