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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 32, Issue spc4_2 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 4_1 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Revision of 1/1,000 digital Map for Application of 3Dimensional Geospatial Data
Lee, Hyunjik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 77~86
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.77
As raster-based high quality and resolution spatial information has appeared, 1/1,000 digital map lost either its recognition or uses because of insufficient new modified and updated information. Therefore, this study analyzed the linkage between three-dimensional spatial information and 1/1,000 digital map, and also suggested a modification plan of 1/1,000 digital map, made by three-dimensional spatial information. In fact, some area of Incheon and Busan were presented with the modification plan of 1/1,000 digital map as three-dimensional trial models. These trials reflected possibilities of modification by qualitative and quantitative analysis of 1/1,000 digital map, using three-dimensional object model.
Detecting Uncertain Boundary Algorithm using Constrained Delaunay Triangulation
Cho, Sunghwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 87~93
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.87
Cadastral parcel objects as polygons are fundamental dataset which represent land administration and management of the real world. Thus it is necessary to assure topological seamlessness of cadastral datasets which means no overlaps or gaps between adjacent parcels. However, the problem of overlaps or gaps are frequently found due to non-coinciding edges between adjacent parcels. These erroneous edges are called uncertain edges, and polygons containing at least one uncertain edge are called uncertain polygons. In this paper, we proposed a new algorithm to efficiently search parcels of uncertain polygons between two adjacent cadastral datasets. The algorithm first selects points and polylines around adjacent datasets. Then the Constrained Delaunay Triangulation (CDT) is applied to extract triangles. These triangles are tagged by the number of the original cadastral datasets which intersected with the triangles. If the tagging value is zero, the area of triangles mean gaps, meanwhile, the value is two, the area means overlaps. Merging these triangles with the same tagging values according to adjacency analysis, uncertain edges and uncertain polygons could be found. We have performed experimental application of this automated derivation of partitioned boundary from a real land-cadastral dataset.
Implementation of WebGIS for Integration of GIS Spatial Analysis and Social Network Analysis
Choi, Hyo-Seok ; Yom, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 95~107
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.95
In general, topographical phenomena are represented graphically by data in the spatial domain, while attributes of the non-spatial domain are expressed by alpha-numeric texts. GIS functions for analysis of attributes in the non-spatial domain remain quite simple, such as search methods and simple statistical analysis. Recently, graph modeling and network analysis of social phenomena are commonly used for understanding various social events and phenomena. In this study, we applied the network analysis functions to the non-spatial domain data of GIS to enhance the overall spatial analysis. For this purpose, a novel design was presented to integrate the spatial database and the graph database, and this design was then implemented into a WebGIS system for better decision makings. The developed WebGIS with underlying synchronized databases, was tested in a simulated application about the selection of water supply households during an epidemic of the foot-and-mouse disease. The results of this test indicate that the developed WebGIS can contribute to improved decisions by taking into account the social proximity factors as well as geospatial factors.
Implementation of File-referring Octree for Huge 3D Point Clouds
Han, Soohee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 109~115
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.109
The aim of the study is to present a method to build an octree and to query from it for huge 3D point clouds of which volumes correspond or surpass the main memory, based on the memory-efficient octree developed by Han(2013). To the end, the method directly refers to 3D point cloud stored in a file on a hard disk drive instead of referring to that duplicated in the main memory. In addition, the method can save time to rebuild octree by storing and restoring it from a file. The memory-referring method and the present file-referring one are analyzed using a dataset composed of 18 million points surveyed in a tunnel. In results, the memory-referring method enormously exceeded the speed of the file-referring one when generating octree and querying points. Meanwhile, it is remarkable that a still bigger dataset composed of over 300 million points could be queried by the file-referring method, which would not be possible by the memory-referring one, though an optimal octree destination level could not be reached. Furthermore, the octree rebuilding method proved itself to be very efficient by diminishing the restoration time to about 3% of the generation time.
The comparative analysis of image fusion results by using KOMPSAT-2/3 images
Oh, Kwan Young ; Jung, Hyung Sup ; Jeong, Nam Ki ; Lee, Kwang Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 117~132
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.117
This paper had a purpose on analyzing result data from pan-sharpening, which have applied on the KOMPSAT-2 and -3 image. Particularly, the study focused on comparing each relative spectral response functions, which considers to cause color distortions of fused image. Two images from same time and location have been collected by KOMPSAT-2 and -3 to apply in the experiment. State-of-the-art algorithms of GIHS, GS1, GSA and GSA-CA were employed for analyzing the results in quantitatively and qualitatively. Following analysis of previous studies, GSA and GSA-CA methods resulted excellent quality in both of KOMPSAT-2/3 results, since they minimize spectral discordances between intensity and PAN image by the linear regression algorithm. It is notable that performances from KOMPSAT-2 and- 3 are not equal under same circumstances because of different spectral characteristics. In fact, KOMPSAT-2 is known as over-injection of low spatial resolution components of blue and green band, are greater than that of the PAN band. KOMPSAT-3, however, has been advanced in most of misperformances and weaknesses comparing from the KOMPSAT-2.
Fully Automated Generation of Cloud-free Imagery Using Landsat-8
Kim, Byeong Hee ; Kim, Yong ; Han, You Kyung ; Choi, Won Seok ; Kim, Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 133~142
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.133
Landsat is one of the popular satellites for observing land surface that is used in various areas including monitoring, detecting and classifying changes in land surface. However, shades, which cloud itself and its shadow, interrupted often clear observation and analysis of ground surface. For this reason, the process of removing shades and restoring original ground surfaces are critical for geospatial users. This study is planned to recommend a methodology for more accurate and clear images of Landsat-8 sensor, which provided two additional bands of costal/aerosol and cirrus. In fact, those bands are known as functioned effectively in detecting and restoring shades. Otsu`s thresholding technique to detect clouds, we replaced those detective shades by using experimental and reference images. In accurate assessment, the overall accuracy and kappa coefficients were about 85% and 0.7128, respectively. This indicates that the proposed technique is effective for recovering the original land surface.
A Study on the LOD(Level of Detail) Model for Applications based on Indoor Space Data
Kang, Hye-Young ; Lee, Jiyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 143~151
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.143
As the interest in indoor space increases, the demands for various services based on indoor space is increasing. With the demands, to construct spatial information for indoor space is also required, but there is not defined the LOD(Level of Detail) for indoor spatial data. Therefore, in this paper we classified data for indoor space data construction, and then we defined the accuracy and detail about the level of detail to provide suitable application services according to the type and representation method of each data. Most previous researches are focus on the geometrical representation, but in this paper we define a indoor LOD model based on type and representation method of data. In addition, we present applicable services with proposed LOD model and suggest a guideline for construction and application of indoor space.
Quantitative Evaluation on Surveillance Performance of CCTV Systems Based on Camera Modeling and 3D Spatial Analysis
Choi, Kyoungah ; Lee, Impyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 153~162
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.153
As CCTVs are widely utilized in diverse fields, many researchers have continuously studied to improve the surveillance performances of a CCTV system. However, an quantitative evaluation approach about the surveillance performance has rarely been researched. Therefore, we set up the research for suggesting a quantitative evaluation approach to determine the effectiveness of CCTV coverages. We firstly defined the surveillance resolution as that varies according to object`s positions and orientations. Based on the definition, we computed surveillance resolution values at all three-dimensional positions with the orientations of interests in the specified space. By comparing these values to the required reasonable resolution, we determined the surveillance performance index indicating how well a CCTV system monitor a target space for specific surveillance objectives. This proposed approach evaluates the surveillance performance of a CCTV system quantitatively, so as examines the CCTV system design before its installation based on precise 3D spatial analysis.
Development of GPS/IMU/SPR Integrated Algorithm and Performance Analysis for Determination of Precise Car Positioning
Han, Joong-Hee ; Kang, Beom Yeon ; Kwon, Jay Hyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 163~171
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.163
Based on the GPS/IMU integration, the car navigation has unstable conditions as well as drastically reduces accuracies in urban region. Nowadays, many cars mounted the camera to record driving states. If the ground coordinates of street furniture are known, the position and attitude of camera can be determined through SPR(Single Photo Resection). Therefore, an estimated position and attitude from SPR can be applied measurements in Kalman filter for updating errors of navigation solutions from GPS/IMU integration. In this study, the GPS/IMU/SPR integration algorithm was developed in loosely coupled modes through extended Kalman filters. Also, in order to analyze performances of GPS/IMU/SPR, simulation tests were conducted in GPS signal reception environments and the GCPs (Ground Control Points) distributions. In fact, the position and attitude gathered from GPS/IMU/SPR integration are more precise than the position and attitude from GPS/IMU integration. When IPs (image points), corresponded to GCPs, were concentrated in the center of image, the position error in the optical axis respectively increased. To understand effects from SPR, we plan to carry additional test on the magnitude of GCP, IP and initial exterior orientation errors.
Evaluation of the Applicability of Solution Methods for 3D Conversion from Cartesian to Geodetic Coordinates
Lee, Yong Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 2, 2014, Pages 173~180
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.2.173
The methods for implementing geocentric to geodetic coordinates conversion could be classified into two, which are respectively the closed-form and the iterative-form solutions. Essential conditions to achieve performances are accuracy, speed of convergence and/or simplicity of it`s algorithm. Also, the algorithm must be valid at any of inner and outer points in the Earth, including center of Earth, the equatorial plane and the polar axis that are known as `special regions`. This research planned for evaluating the feasibility of coordinates conversion in special regions, and comparing the accuracy of conversion solutions by using 10 methods for conversions from geocentric to geodetic coordinates. By comparing performances of statistical tests(with accuracy and solving success in special regions), Vermeille(2011) and Karney(2011) methods brought out more satisfied and finer results than other methods.