Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 32, Issue spc4_2 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 4_1 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
6DOF Simulation of a Floating Structure Model Using a Single Video
Trieu, Hang Thi ; Han, Dongyeob ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 563~570
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.563
This paper purposes on stimulating the dynamic behavior of a floating structure model with the image processing and the close-range photogrammetry, instead of the contact sensors. Previously, the movement of structures was presented by the exterior orientation estimation from a single camera following the space resection. The inverse resection yields to 6 orientation parameters of the floating structure, with respect to the camera coordinates system. The single camera solution of interest in applications is characterized by the restriction in terms of costs, unfavorable observation conditions, or synchronization demands when using multiple cameras. This paper discusses the theoretical determinations of camera exterior orientation by using the least squares adjustment, applied of the values from the DLT (Direct Linear Transformation) and the photogrammetric resection. This proposed method is applied to monitor motions of a floating model. The results of 6DOF (Six Degrees of Freedom) from the inverse resection were signified that applying appropriate initial values from DLT in the least square adjustment is effective in obtaining precise exterior orientation parameters. Therefore, the proposed method can be concluded as an efficient solution to simulate movements of the floating structure.
Effects of Spatial Distribution on Change Detection in Animated Choropleth Maps
Moon, Seonggook ; Kim, Eun-Kyeong ; Hwang, Chul-Sue ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 571~580
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.571
To address unsolved issues of change detection in animated choropleth maps, we proposed the concept of 'gross change detection' and performed an experiment that empirically verifies the incidence of change blindness stems from the 'magnitude of change (MOC)', spatial distribution in animated choropleth maps. We generated experimental materials using the change-characterization arrays and the global Moran's I. Participants had 108 cases of changing maps with time duration (1 to 3 sec) and had questions. The results showed that MOC and duration affect gross change detection, but the most interesting result from our experiment was that different spatial distributions between two adjacent choropleth maps may lead the map reader to under- or over-estimate the level of gross change in the map. It implies that we should consider spatial distribution of change when we design animated choropleth maps.
Extraction of Spatial Characteristics of Cadastral Land Category from RapidEye Satellite Images
La, Phu Hien ; Huh, Yong ; Eo, Yang Dam ; Lee, Soo Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 581~590
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.581
With rapid land development, land category should be updated on a regular basis. However, manual field surveys have certain limitations. In this study, attempts were made to extract a feature vector considering spectral signature by parcel, PIMP (Percent Imperviousness), texture, and VIs (Vegetation Indices) based on RapidEye satellite image and cadastral map. A total of nine land categories in which feature vectors were significantly extracted from the images were selected and classified using SVM (Support Vector Machine). According to accuracy assessment, by comparing the cadastral map and classification result, the overall accuracy was 0.74. In the paddy-field category, in particular, PO acc. (producer's accuracy) and US acc. (user's accuracy) were highest at 0.85 and 0.86, respectively.
Setting of the Operating Conditions of Stereo CCTV Cameras by Weather Condition
Moon, Kwang ; Pyeon, Mu Wook ; Lee, Soo Bong ; Lee, Do Rim ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 591~597
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.591
A wide variety of image application methods, such as aerial image, terrestrial image, terrestrial laser, and stereo image point are currently under investigation to develop three-dimensional 3D geospatial information. In this study, matching points, which are needed to build a 3D model, were examined under diverse weather conditions by analyzing the stereo images recorded by closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras installed in the U-City. The tests on illuminance and precipitation conditions showed that the changes in the number of matching points were very sensitively correlated with the changes in the illuminance levels. Based on the performances of the CCTV cameras used in the test, this study was able to identify the optimal values of the shutter speed and iris. As a result, compared to an automatic control mode, improved matching points may be obtained for images filmed using the data obtained through this test in relation to different weather and illuminance conditions.
Analysis of Factors Affecting Performance of Integrated INS/SPR Positioning during GPS Signal Blockage
Kang, Beom Yeon ; Han, Joong-hee ; Kwon, Jay Hyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 599~606
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.599
Since the accuracy of Global Positioning System (GPS)-based vehicle positioning system is significantly degraded or does not work appropriately in the urban canyon, the integration techniques of GPS with Inertial Navigation System (INS) have intensively been developed to improve the continuity and reliability of positioning. However, its accuracy is degraded as INS errors are not properly corrected due to the GPS signal blockage. Recently, the image-based positioning techniques have been started to apply for the vehicle positioning for the advanced in processing techniques as well as the increased the number of cars installing the camera. In this study, Single Photo Resection (SPR), which calculates the camera exterior orientation parameters using the Ground Control Points (GCPs,) has been integrated with the INS/GPS for continuous and stable positioning. The INS/GPS/SPR integration was implemented in both of a loosely and a tightly coupled modes, based on the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). In order to analyze the performance of INS/SPR integration during the GPS outage, the simulation tests were conducted with a consideration of factors affecting SPR performance. The results demonstrate that the accuracy of INS/SPR integration is depended on magnitudes of the GCP errors and SPR processing intervals. Additionally, the simulation results suggest some required conditions to achieve accurate and continuous positioning, used the INS/SPR integration.
Comparative Analysis of the Multispectral Vegetation Indices and the Radar Vegetation Index
Kim, Yong-Hyun ; Oh, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 607~615
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.607
RVI (Radar Vegetation Index) has shown some promise in the vegetation fields, but its relationship with MVI (Multispectral Vegetation Index) is not known in the context of various land covers. Presented herein is a comparative analysis of the MVI values derived from the LANDSAT-8 and RVI values originating from the RADARSAT-2 quad-polarimetric SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data. Among the various multispectral vegetation indices, NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and SAVI (Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index) were used for comparison with RVI. Four land covers (urban, forest, water, and paddy field) were compared, and the patterns were investigated. The experiment results demonstrated that the RVI patterns of the four land covers are very similar to those of NDVI and SAVI. Thus, during bad weather conditions and at night, the RVI data could serve as an alternative to the MVI data in various application fields.
Cycling: An Efficient Solution to Rising Transportation Problems in Kathmandu
Yang, In Tae ; Acharya, Tri Dev ; Shin, Moon Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 617~623
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.617
The rapid urbanization in developing countries has caused trasportation problems that need to be solved. For that reason, the study evaluates the potential of cycling in the densely populated part of Kathmandu valley. Slopes and existing roads have been applied as the input cost rasters for finding the shortest cost routes between stations. By taking the average cycling velocity, time to travel from station to destination were compared with the average commuting time in the public transportation. The result comes out as similar time with the public transportation. Although the cycling seems potential replacement for public transportation commuters, in fact, there are some setbacks needed to be supported by the government to make it reality in future.
Strip Adjustment of Airborne Laser Scanner Data Using Area-based Surface Matching
Lee, Dae Geon ; Yoo, Eun Jin ; Yom, Jae-Hong ; Lee, Dong-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 625~635
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.625
Multiple strips are required for large area mapping using ALS (Airborne Laser Scanner) system. LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data collected from the ALS system has discrepancies between strips due to systematic errors of on-board laser scanner and GPS/INS, inaccurate processing of the system calibration as well as boresight misalignments. Such discrepancies deteriorate the overall geometric quality of the end products such as DEM (Digital Elevation Model), building models, and digital maps. Therefore, strip adjustment for minimizing discrepancies between overlapping strips is one of the most essential tasks to create seamless point cloud data. This study implemented area-based matching (ABM) to determine conjugate features for computing 3D transformation parameters. ABM is a well-known method and easily implemented for this purpose. It is obvious that the exact same LiDAR points do not exist in the overlapping strips. Therefore, the term "conjugate point" means that the location of occurring maximum similarity within the overlapping strips. Coordinates of the conjugate locations were determined with sub-pixel accuracy. The major drawbacks of the ABM are sensitive to scale change and rotation. However, there is almost no scale change and the rotation angles are quite small between adjacent strips to apply AMB. Experimental results from this study using both simulated and real datasets demonstrate validity of the proposed scheme.
Spatiotemporal Routing Analysis for Emergency Response in Indoor Space
Lee, Jiyeong ; Kwan, Mei-Po ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 637~650
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.637
Geospatial research on emergency response in multi-level micro-spatial environments (e.g., multi-story buildings) that aims at understanding and analyzing human movements at the micro level has increased considerably since 9/11. Past research has shown that reducing the time rescuers needed to reach a disaster site within a building (e.g., a particular room) can have a significant impact on evacuation and rescue outcomes in this kind of disaster situations. With the purpose developing emergency response systems that are capable of using complex real-time geospatial information to generate fast-changing scenarios, this study develops a Spatiotemporal Optimal Route Algorithm (SORA) for guiding rescuers to move quickly from various entrances of a building to the disaster site (room) within the building. It identifies the optimal route and building evacuation bottlenecks within the network in real-time emergency situations. It is integrated with a Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN) based tracking system in order to monitor dynamic geospatial entities, including the dynamic capacities and flow rates of hallways per time period. Because of the limited scope of this study, the simulated data were used to implement the SORA and evaluate its effectiveness for performing 3D topological analysis. The study shows that capabilities to take into account detailed dynamic geospatial data about emergency situations, including changes in evacuation status over time, are essential for emergency response systems.
The Big Data Analytics Regarding the Cadastral Resurvey News Articles
Joo, Yong-Jin ; Kim, Duck-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 32, issue 6, 2014, Pages 651~659
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2014.32.6.651
With the popularization of big data environment, big data have been highlighted as a key information strategy to establish national spatial data infrastructure for a scientific land policy and the extension of the creative economy. Especially interesting from our point of view is the cadastral information is a core national information source that forms the basis of spatial information that leads to people's daily life including the production and consumption of information related to real estate. The purpose of our paper is to suggest the scheme of big data analytics with respect to the articles of cadastral resurvey project in order to approach cadastral information in terms of spatial data integration. As specific research method, the TM (Text Mining) package from R was used to read various formats of news reports as texts, and nouns were extracted by using the KoNLP package. That is, we searched the main keywords regarding cadastral resurvey, performing extraction of compound noun and data mining analysis. And visualization of the results was presented. In addition, new reports related to cadastral resurvey between 2012 and 2014 were searched in newspapers, and nouns were extracted from the searched data for the data mining analysis of cadastral information. Furthermore, the approval rating, reliability, and improvement of rules were presented through correlation analyses among the extracted compound nouns. As a result of the correlation analysis among the most frequently used ones of the extracted nouns, five groups of data consisting of 133 keywords were generated. The most frequently appeared words were "cadastral resurvey," "civil complaint," "dispute," "cadastral survey," "lawsuit," "settlement," "mediation," "discrepant land," and "parcel." In Conclusions, the cadastral resurvey performed in some local governments has been proceeding smoothly as positive results. On the other hands, disputes from owner of land have been provoking a stream of complaints from parcel surveying for the cadastral resurvey. Through such keyword analysis, various public opinion and the types of civil complaints related to the cadastral resurvey project can be identified to prevent them through pre-emptive responses for direct call centre on the cadastral surveying, Electronic civil service and customer counseling, and high quality services about cadastral information can be provided. This study, therefore, provides a stepping stones for developing an account of big data analytics which is able to comprehensively examine and visualize a variety of news report and opinions in cadastral resurvey project promotion. Henceforth, this will contribute to establish the foundation for a framework of the information utilization, enabling scientific decision making with speediness and correctness.