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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Mapping Inundation Areas Using SWMM
Don Gon, Choi ; Jinmu, Choi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 335~342
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.335
In this study, data linking module called GeoSWMM was developed using a typical secondary flooding model SWMM in order to improve the accuracy of the input data of SWMM and to map hourly inundation estimation areas that were not represented in the conventional inundation map. GeoSWMM is a data linking module of GIS and SWMM, which can generate a SWMM project file directly from sewer network GIS data. Utilizing the GeoSWMM the project file of SWMM model was constructed in the study area, Seocho 2-dong, Seoul. The actual flooding has occurred September 21, 2010 and the actual rainfall data were used for flood simulation. As a result, the outflow started from 2 PM due to the lack of water flow capacity of the sewage system. Based on the results, hourly inundation estimation maps were produced and compared with flood train map in 2010. The comparison showed about 66% matching in the overlap of inundation areas. By utilizing GeoSWMM that was developed in this study, it is easy to build the sewer network data for SWMM. In addition, the creation of hourly inundation estimation map using SWMM will be much help to flood disaster prevention plan.
Preliminary Analysis of Network-RTK for Navigation
Min-Ho, Kim ; Tae-Suk, Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 343~351
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.343
It is well-known that even the DGNSS (Differential Global Navigation Satellite System) technique in navigation for ground vehicles can only provide several meters of accuracy, such that it is suitable for simple guidance. On the other hand, centimeter to millimeter level accuracy can be obtained by using carrier phase observables in the field of precision geodesy/surveying. In this study, a preliminary study was conducted to apply NRTK (Network-RTK) by NGII (National Geographic Information Institute) to ground vehicle navigation. Onboard GNSS receivers were used for NRTK throughout the country, and the applicability of NRTK on navigation was analyzed based on NRTK surveying results. The analysis shows that the overall ambiguity fixing rate of NRTK is high and is therefore possible to apply it for navigation. In urban areas, however, the fixing rate decreases sharply, therefore, it needs to employ a method to minimize the effect of the float solutions, which can reach up to 10 meters. It is still feasible to obtain a centimeter level of accuracy in some area using NRTK under certain conditions. But, the ambiguity fixing rate of FKP falls down to 55% for high speed vehicles, and so the surveying accuracy should be determined by considering various factors of surveying environments. In addition, it is difficult to fix ambiguities using single-frequency GPS receivers. Finally, several suspicious NRTK(FKP) connection problems occurred during atmospheric disturbances (phase two or up), which should be investigated further in upcoming research.
Analysis of Red Tide Hot Spots in the South Sea of Gyeongnam Province Using the GOCI Images of COMS
Kim, Dong Gyu ; Jung, Yong Han ; Yoo, Hwan Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 353~361
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.353
The area of red tides occurences, which brings enormous damages every year, have been expanded to the coastal waters across the nation. Regarding to this trend, the development of red tide detection technology by using the GOCI (Geostationary Ocean Color Imager) of COMS lauched in 2010 has been drawn attentions of researchers. This study purposed on analyzing the frequency and density of red tides occurence by using the GOCI for detecting the southern sea, whereas targeted area. The observation has brought over the last three years (2012, 2013, and 2014) before the analysis was conducted. Followingly, the study could be resulted in extracting and revealing the hot spots of the red tides from two of analysis in the overlay and density. The distribution patterns of red tide occurrences according to those observed years has been shown in irregular characteristics and various changes. However, the analysis of hot spots, based on the frequency of the red tide occurrence, has revealed that the frequency of red tide occurences is continuously increased in the specific sea area. Therefore, it is concluded in that the continuous monitoring can contribute to predict accurate movements of red tides, so as establish systematic plans for preventing disasters.
A Study on the Feature Extraction Using Spectral Indices from WorldView-2 Satellite Image
Hyejin, Kim ; Yongil, Kim ; Byungkil, Lee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 363~371
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.363
Feature extraction is one of the main goals in many remote sensing analyses. After high-resolution imagery became more available, it became possible to extract more detailed and specific features. Thus, considerable image segmentation algorithms have been developed, because traditional pixel-based analysis proved insufficient for high-resolution imagery due to its inability to handle the internal variability of complex scenes. However, the individual segmentation method, which simply uses color layers, is limited in its ability to extract various target features with different spectral and shape characteristics. Spectral indices can be used to support effective feature extraction by helping to identify abundant surface materials. This study aims to evaluate a feature extraction method based on a segmentation technique with spectral indices. We tested the extraction of diverse target features-such as buildings, vegetation, water, and shadows from eight band WorldView-2 satellite image using decision tree classification and used the result to draw the appropriate spectral indices for each specific feature extraction. From the results, We identified that spectral band ratios can be applied to distinguish feature classes simply and effectively.
A Study on the Reorganization of the National Spatial Information System
Kim, Jeong Hyun ; Kim, Soon Han ; Kim, Sun Kyu ; Kim, Sang Min ; Jung, Jae Hoon ; Heo, Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 373~383
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.373
Spatial information has been widely used for efficient land use and management, disaster management, environment management, infrastructure management, corporate marketing, and cultural assets management, and the need for spatial information is expected to be increased. For this reason, central government, local government and public institutions must establish a National Spatial Information System (Fifteen systems related to spatial information managed by National Spatial Data Infrastructure Policy office, NSIS) framework that guarantees high accuracy and quality. The NSIS will provide convenience usage of spatial information in the field of decision-making or civil support. However the current National Spatial Information System is mainly established with separate processes, which causes data redundancy, deterioration of information, passive opening, and sharing of the spatial data. This study suggests 4 standards, which has been derived by applying value-chain model to NSIS data flow, and they are ‘Production and Establishment’, ‘Integration and Sharing’, ‘Application and Fusion’ and ‘Release and Opening’. Based on these standards, the 15 NSIS were analyzed to draw out implications and reforming directions were suggested. By following these suggestions we expect more recent, consist, accurate, and connected National Spatial Information Service which will be more open to public and then satisfy the demands.
A Study on the Selection of Core Services for Geo-Spatial Big Data
Lee, Myeong Ho ; Park, Joon Min ; Shin, Dong bin ; Ahn, Jong Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 385~396
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.385
The purpose of this study are in selecting a core service and drawing an analysis functions and service sector, based on contents of geo-spatial big data. For the study, the demand survey in the methodology has to be done by reviewing of preceding geo-spatial big data service. The survey has conducted by targeting on those experts in Industry-Academy-Research cooperation. From the survey, we could draw out requirements for the analysis function and the geo-spatial big data service sector. Also, order of priorities in service of four fields(Society, Environment, Economy, Humanities) has been utilized by a QFD(Quality Function Deployment). With the data, the first two priorities and required sectors for each field were selected for the analysis functions. From the result, we could suggest the core service model(plan), and also expect developments following each sectoral core service in the future.
Digital Map Updates with UAV Photogrammetric Methods
Lim, Soo Bong ; Seo, Choon Wook ; Yun, Hee Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 397~405
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.397
Currently, Korea's digital maps are being produced through traditional aerial photogrammetry methods. Aerial photogrammetry is the most economical way to produce a map of a wide area. However, timely survey is not allowed depends on weather condition and it is inefficient for small area surveying in economic point of view. Therefore, it costs too much and needs long time to produce a map for various small areas where are terrestrial changes for updating the map. In contrast, UAV photogrammetry is possible to work even in cloudy weather because of shooting at low altitude below the clouds. It also has excellent mobility and shoot quickly and well suited for small-scale mapping in several places by low cost. In this study, we produced an ortho-photo and digital map with the UAV photogrammetry method using SIFT and SfM algorithm and verified its accuracy to evaluate the applicability for future digital map updates. The accuracy was verified by comparing the results of the ground survey for check points selected on the digital map. Test results show small errors at ±2.6cm in X coordinates, ±2.8cm in Y coordinates and ±5.8cm in height and we could find a possibility that UAV photogrammetry would be fully applicable for digital map updating.
Evaluation on Tie Point Extraction Methods of WorldView-2 Stereo Images to Analyze Height Information of Buildings
Yeji, Kim ; Yongil, Kim ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 407~414
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.407
Interest points are generally located at the pixels where height changes occur. So, interest points can be the significant pixels for DSM generation, and these have the important role to generate accurate and reliable matching results. Manual operation is widely used to extract the interest points and to match stereo satellite images using these for generating height information, but it causes economic and time consuming problems. Thus, a tie point extraction method using Harris-affine technique and SIFT(Scale Invariant Feature Transform) descriptors was suggested to analyze height information of buildings in this study. Interest points on buildings were extracted by Harris-affine technique, and tie points were collected efficiently by SIFT descriptors, which is invariant for scale. Searching window for each interest points was used, and direction of tie points pairs were considered for more efficient tie point extraction method. Tie point pairs estimated by proposed method was used to analyze height information of buildings. The result had RMSE values less than 2m comparing to the height information estimated by manual method.
Evaluation of Clear Sky Models to Estimate Solar Radiation over the Korean Peninsula
Song, Ahram ; Choi, Wonseok ; Yun, Changyeol ; Kim, Yongil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 415~426
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.415
Solar radiation under a clear sky is a important factor in the process by which meteorological satellite images are converted into solar radiation maps, and the quality of estimations depends on the accuracy of clear sky models. Therefore, it is important to select models appropriate to the purpose of the study and the study area. In this instance, complex models were applied using Linke turbidity, including ESRA, Dumortier, and MODTRAN, in addition to simple models such as Bourges and PdBV, which consider only the solar elevation angles. The presence of cloud was identified using the Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite and the Meteorological imager (COMS MI), and reference data were then selected. In order to calculate the accuracy of the clear sky models, the concepts of RMSE and MBE were applied. The results show that Bourges and PdBV produced low RMSE values, while PdBV had relatively steady RMSE values. Also, simple models tend to underestimate global solar irradiation during spring and early summer. Conversely, in the winter season, complex methods often overestimate irradiation. In future work, the cause of overestimation and other factors will be analyzed and the clear sky models will be adjusted in order to make them suitable for the Korean Peninsula.
A Method of Site Selection for the Artificial Recharge of Groundwater Using Geospatial Data
Lee, Jae One ; Seo, Minho ; Han, Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 427~436
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.427
This study aims to select an optimal site for the development of small-scaled artificial ground water recharge system with the purpose of 50ton/day pumping in dry season. First of all, the topography shape satisfying the numerous factors of a hydraulic model experiment is defined and an appropriate pumping efficiency is calculated through the model experiment of injection and pumping scenario. In next step, GIS(Geographic Information System) database are constructed by processing several geospatial data to explore the optimal site. In detail, watershed images are generated from DEM(Digital Elevation Model) with 5m cell size, which is set for the minimum area of the optimal site selection. Slope maps are made from DEM to determine the optimal hydraulic gradient to procure the proper aquifer undercurrent period. Finally, the suitable site for artificial recharge system is selected using an integration of overall data, such as an alluvial map, DEM, orthoimages, slope map, and watershed images.
Improving Performance of File-referring Octree Based on Point Reallocation of Point Cloud File
Han, Soohee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 437~442
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.437
Recently, the size of point cloud is increasing rapidly with the high advancement of 3D terrestrial laser scanners. The study aimed for improving a file-referring octree, introduced in the preceding study, which had been intended to generate an octree and to query points from a large point cloud, gathered by 3D terrestrial laser scanners. To the end, every leaf node of the octree was designed to store only one file-pointer of its first point. Also, the point cloud file was re-constructed to store points sequentially, which belongs to a same leaf node. An octree was generated from a point cloud, composed of about 300 million points, while time was measured during querying proximate points within a given distance with series of points. Consequently, the present method performed better than the preceding one from every aspect of generating, storing and restoring octree, so as querying points and memorizing usage. In fact, the query speed increased by 2 times, and the memory efficiency by 4 times. Therefore, this method has explicitly improved from the preceding one. It also can be concluded in that an octree can be generated, as points can be queried from a huge point cloud, of which larger than the main memory.
Accuracy Improvement of the ICP DEM Matching
Lee, Hyoseong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 443~451
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.443
In photogrammetry, GCPs (Ground Control Points) have traditionally been used to determine EOPs (Exterior Orientation Parameters) and to produce DEM (Digital Elevation Model). The existing DEM can be used as GCPs, where the observer’s approach is a difficult area, because it is very restrictive to survey in the field. For this, DEM matching should be performed. This study proposed the fusion method using ICP (Iterative Closest Point) and RT (proposed method by Rosenholm and Torlegard, 1988) in order to improve accuracy of the DEM matching. The proposed method was compared to the ICP method to evaluate its usefulness. Pseudo reference DEM with resolution 10m, and modified DEM (random-numbers are added from 0 to 2 at height; scale is 0.9; translation is 100 meters in 3-D axes; rotation is from 10° to 50° from the reference DEM) were used in the experiment. The results proposed accuracy was highest in the matching and absolute orientation. In the case of ICP, according to rotation of the modified DEM being increased, absolute orientation error is increased, while the proposed method generally showed consistent results without increasing the error. The proposed method would be applied to matching when the DEM is modified up to 30° rotation, compared to the reference DEM, based on the results of experiments. In addition when we use Drone, this method can be utilized to identify EOPs or detect 3-D surface deformation from the existing DEM of the inaccessible area.
A Study on Application of GPS for Deflection Management of Curved PCT Girder Bridge under Construction
Kyu Dal, Lee ; Jin Duk, Lee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 453~461
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.453
In order to manage the deflection of a curved PCT girder bridge during construction, a GPS receiver was installed at the spot predicted to be the weak point during the incremental launching so as to measure the deflection at each construction stage. The deflections obtained in the experiment were compared with those derived from the monitoring of stress, temperature and inclination. The comparative analysis of the GPS measurement and analytical values obtained from finite element modeling with respect to the launching distance showed that the measured values differ by 0.6 to 1.6 times to the analytical results. This difference could be significantly reduced by thermal calibration. From the analysis of the behavioral pattern of the bridge, deflection occurred during construction in the concrete tip due to the deflection at the head of the nose at the 95m and 75m-spots, and compression and tension developed respectively at the compression weak zone and tension weak zone. The application of GPS appeared to enable more efficient management of the deflection during the erection of the curved PCT girder bridge and is expected to be helpful for the prediction and management of the behavior in future ILM construction sites.
Solar Irradiance Estimation in Korea by Using Modified Heliosat-II Method and COMS-MI Imagery
Won Seok, Choi ; Ah Ram, Song ; Il, Kim Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 33, issue 5, 2015, Pages 463~472
DOI : 10.7848/ksgpc.2015.33.5.463
Solar radiation data are important data that can be used as basic research data in diverse areas. In particular, solar radiation data are essential for diverse studies that have been recently conducted in South Korea including those for new and renewable energy resource map making and crop yield forecasting. So purpose of this study is modification of Heliosat-II method to estimate solar irradiance in Korea by using COMS-MI imagery. For this purpose, in this study, errors appearing in ground albedo images were corrected through linear transformation. And method of producing background albedo map which is used in Heliosat-II method is modified to get more finely tuned one. Through the study, ground albedo correction could be successfully performed and background albedo maps could be successfully derived. Lastly, In this study, solar irradiance was estimated by using modified Heliostat-II method. And it was compared with actually measured values to verify the accuracy of the methods. Accuracy of estimated solar irradiance was 30.8% RMSE(%). And this accuracy level means that solar irradiance was estimated on 10% higher level than previous Heliosat-II method.