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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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A Study on The Geomagnetic Survey in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~15
This paper is to aim to review the basic theory of geomagnetic survey and analize the field observation data (1980-1989) measured by Korea G S I. The magnetic Chart of Korea is mapped with use of the analized results and the principal scheme about Korea geomagnetic survey is furthermore proposed
A Study on the Prediction of Risk Degree of Side Collapes Due to Excavation
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 17~25
A foundation excavation is necessarily included in construction works of structures. Involving the dangers of collapse, large-scaled excavation walls require periodic deformation measurements. As only relative displacements and acquired and surface measurements can not be made with the conventional measuring methods, the up-to-date method which can overcome these weaknesses is required urgently. Terrestrial photogrammetry is the method by which absolute deformation amounts of many points can be taken out at a distance from object in short time. The objective of this study is to suggest application propriety of terrestrial photogrammetry to the measurement of excavation walls. For it, we devised same position photography(S.P.P) and possibility of SPP proved through basic experiment. SPP was very speedy photographing method. We found out the fact that as the degree of overlap increase, accuracies of results increase. As a result of applying to excavation side-wall, we detected consistent displacement in 3 dimension each direction within the limits expectional accuracy. If control surveying could be carried out more quickly and accurately, the deformation displacement could be analyzed more effectively.
Accuracy Comparison of horizontal position by combination of the geodetic networks.
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~35
The total station which is able to measure angles and distances simultaneously, and G.P.S., 3-dimensional satellite surveying system will be employed as important equipments for establishing and re-adjusting large geodetic networks. The objective of this study is to suggest possibilities of application of combination adjustment by means of studying characteristics of networks adjusted according to detection gross errors included in angles and distances by least square method. It is expected that the results of this study were used for determination of national geodetic networks but also large or small construction site.
A Study on the Establishment of Geodetic Control Points for GPS
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 37~45
The purpose of this study is to establish the geodetic control points of GPS in Korea and estimate a measurment ability of GPS for the long baseline. For this, we performed the simultaneous GPS observations at two points in Korea and one point in Japan, and analized the precision of GPS survey according to the data process methods. As the results, three dimensional coordinates of two points in Korea are precisely established on basis of WGS 84 coordinate system and it is demonstrated that the measurement ability of GPS is 0.1 ppm for long baseline. We expect that in the future this result will be used as the basic data for securing the geodetic control points of GPS in Korea.
A STUDY ON THE GROSS ERROR DETECTION AND ELIMINATION IN BUNDLE BLOCK ADJUSTMENT
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 47~54
In this study, the accuracy of three dimensional location was improved by self calibration bundle method with additional parameter, which is to correct systematic error through detection and elimination of the gross error from updated reference variance for observation values in photogram-metry. In this study, with the result of comparing accuracy of each method, correcting systematic error is more effective after gross error detection and when observation values are contained more than two gross error the point with maximum correlation value is detected by masking effect of least square adjustment.
The Influence of Eccentric Error in Horizontal Angle Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 55~61
The accidential errors of horizontal angles are influenced by sighting, reading and eccentric errors etc. This paper deals with the influence of eccentric error by the formula of theory and evaluation, and actually testing measurement. The results show that the eccentric error is calculated through the sighting distance, observed angle, eccentric distance and angle. And then, three repeating method is of practical use, and also, eccentric error is able to evaluate through the sighting distance and observed angle in according to performance of each instrument.
The Hierarchical Interpolation of the Coastal Echo Sounding Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 63~73
The data type of the echo sounding for the contouring of coastal chart is continuous profiles, and there are no data between the profiles. In this study, at first, the depths of the regular grid along the sounding line were interpolated by linear equation. After that the depths of the regular grid located between the profiles were interpolated by kriging. The semivariogram contributes to the weight of interpolation. After comparison with the conventional Moving Average and Kriging, it turns out that this algorithm shows merits in the field of the accuracy and computing time.
DETERMINATION OF OPTIMAL ROBUST ESTIMATION IN SELF CALIBRATING BUNDLE ADJUSTMENT
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 75~82
The objective of this paper is to investigate the optimal Robust estimation and scale estimator that could be used to treat the gross errors in a self calibrating bundle adjustment. In order to test the variability in performance of the different weighting schemes in accurately detecting gross error, five robust estimation methods and three types of scale estimators were used. And also, two difference control point patterns(high density control, sparse density control) and three types of gross errors(4
) were used for comparison analysis. As a result, Anscombe's robust estimation produced the best results in accuracy among the robust estimation methods considered. when considering the scale estimator about control point patterns, It can be seen that Type II scale estimator provided the best accuracy in high density control pattern. On the other hand, In the case of sparse density control pattern, Type III scale estimator showed the best results in accuracy. Therefore it is expected to apply to robustified bundle adjustment using the optimal scale estimator which can be used for eliminating the gross error in precise structure analysis.
A Study on the Analysis of Accuracy of SPOT Photos According to the Preprocessing Level
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 83~96
The use of SPOT Imagery is a growing trend in the field of small and middle scale mapping, as well as in establishing topographic database. This study is about 3-D positioning using the SPOT Imagery, where the accuracy and the gemetric characteristics of SPOT photos are analysed according to the preprocessing level (level 1AP,1B). As a result of this study the following could be determined, i. e 1) the geometric characteristics of SPOT Imagery according to the preprocessing level, 2) the optimal polynomial type for exterior orientations of each preprocessing level, and 3) the type of significant additional parameters. It was found that both the geometric precision and accuracy of level 1AP is higher than those of level 1B, which implies that level 1AP is more suitable for precise 3-D positioning and map production.
A Study on the Application Technique and Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System
Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography, volume 9, issue 1, 1991, Pages 97~107
This paper was suggested the detailed methods on the integration of Remote Sensing and GIS for various application of two functions at the one system with making the most use of respective merits rather than make use of independent systems. It developed of algorithm about simultaneous overlay of raster and vector data for remote sensing and GIS for these objects. For test application on integration of remote sensing and GIS, it used of remote sensing data of satellite and used to topographic map of the same area for vector data acquisition of GIS application. For the practical application, it proved of effective value of integration of raster and vector data by present of useful technique with multilateral approach method through data conversion about thematic application for major application fields of remote sensing and GIS and it suggested that new application technique for integrated application of remote sensing GIS through synthetic situation analysis.