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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Building Construction
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Development of a Flash-based Schedule Management Tool for Smart Devices
Jang, Myunghoun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 558~565
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.558
Schedule management of construction work is critical to completing construction projects within a given period of time. Many efforts have been made and multiple tools have been developed to support the management of construction projects using smart devices such as smartphones and tablet PCs. This study proposed a method for managing construction schedules via a smart device using Flash. The interactive and graphic properties of Flash enable the development of an app that can allow a field manager to manage schedules easily and efficiently. A prototype was implemented using Adobe Flex Builder, and a sample network was applied in a smartphone. It is convenient for a construction manager to manage construction schedules using the tool because Flash controls graphic components easily. In further studies, network diagrams such as CPM (Critical Path Method) should be developed and applied to the app.
Improvement of the Early Age Strength of Low Cement Concrete Using High Volume Mineral Admixture
Park, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Ro ; Song, Young-Chan ; Song, Dong Yub ; Kim, Gyu-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 566~574
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.566
To address the problem of global warming, consumption of cement, the main material of concrete, should be decreased. Unfortunately, when industrial by-products are used in large quantities as admixture, the early age strength of concrete will be decreased, reducing its viability for use in concrete structures. Therefore, in this study, the application of an ionization accelerator and alkaline activator as addition agent of superplasticizer were investigated to secure a similar early age strength to that of normal concrete, thus increasing the viability of low cement concrete. Through the investigation, it was found that specimens that used a combination of Alkaline-activator (Na2Sio3) and ionization accelerator (Amine) had the highest early and long-age compressive strength. From this, we can determine an appropriate range of application of superplasticizer to improve early-age compressive strength of low cement concrete.
Evaluation of Sound Insulation Performance of Extruded Cement Panel with a-Hemihydrate Gypsum
Kim, Jin-Man ; Choi, Duck-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 575~585
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.575
The extruded cement panel, which has many advantages as a prefabricated method, has been limited in its application due to its low fire-resistance. However, an extruded cement panel produced by mixing a-hemihydrate gypsum offers dramatically improved fire-resistance and is expected to have wide-ranging applications in the construction sector as an interior material or partition wall between housing units. Sound insulation performance is very important for the partition wall between housing units. In this study, the sound insulation performance of the extruded cement panel produced through the mixture of a-hemihydrate gypsum is reviewed in order to determine its usability for a partition wall between housing units and for interior materials. Through the review it was found that the wall formed using the extruded cement panels produced by mixing the a-hemihydrate gypsum have ★★★ class in sound insulation test, equal or superior compared with the other two types of extruded cement panel walls currently available in the market.
Safety Evaluation of Fire Resistant Extruded Panel for Partition Wall System
Choi, Duck-Jin ; Kim, Jin-Man ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 586~595
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.586
While the extruded cement panel has many advantages compared to drywall, it has limited applicability in buildings due to its low fire resistance. However, an extruded panel in which the fire resistance has been dramatically enhanced through the addition of a-hemihydrate gypsum is expected to become widely applied as a partition wall or interior material for buildings. To ensure its applicability, certain safety requirements for use, such as the leaning load by residents, the impact by indoor articles, and the fire, need to be taken into consideration. The purpose of this study is to review the impact load resistance, horizontal load resistance, and fire resistance as required safety properties for the partition wall and interior materials of the extruded panel that includes a-hemihydrate gypsum. The results of this study show that the impact load resistance of the extruded panel that includes a-hemihydrate gypsum achieves SD grade for industrial buildings, and the horizontal impact load resistance achieves HD grade for public buildings. In addition, it provides fire-resistance for approximately 7 minutes longer than the existing extruded cement panel. Based on this result, it is confirmed the extruded panel incorporating a-hemihydrate gypsum has adequate safety properties for use as partition wall or interior material.
Analysis of the Impact LEED-NC Criteria on Appraised Unit Land Value
Son, Kiyoung ; Kim, Gwang-Hee ; Park, Young Jun ; Kim, Sun-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 596~606
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.596
In recent years, LEED-NC (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for New Construction) has become one of the most widely adopted environmental certification systems in the United States. However, according to some researchers, the adoption of the LEED-NC is perceived to add to construction cost and duration compared to conventional building standards. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the economic benefits of LEED-NC to consider how it can be applied worldwide. This study focuses on the impact of LEED-NC on the appraised unit value of parcels in San Francisco County based on the number of LEED-NC Public Transportation Access (PTA) qualified buses, light rail and commuter rail stops, distance to the closest bus, light rail and commuter rail stops, zoning class and parcel size. As a population of interest, San Francisco County was chosen since it is known as a region with well-organized transportation systems including bus, light rail and commuter rail systems. According to the correlation results, this study shows that the appraised land value is significantly affected by LEED-NC PTA, and is correlated to a higher appraised unit value of land parcels.
Investigation of Setting Process of Cementitious Materials Using Electromechanical Impedance of Embedded Piezoelectric Patch
Lee, Chang Joon ; Lee, Jun Cheol ; Shin, Sung Woo ; Kim, Wha Jung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 607~614
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.607
In this study, the evolution of the electro-mechanical impedance (EMI) of a piezoelectric (PZT) patch embedded in fresh cement paste was investigated to discuss the possibility of monitoring the setting process of cement-based materials using an EMI sensing technique. A tailored thin square PZT patch was embedded in cement paste before casting, and EMI signatures of the embedded patch were continuously measured from casting up to 12 hours. A standard penetration resistance test was performed to compare and correlate the evolution of EMI during the setting process. The results showed that EMI responses differ according to the age of the cement paste, and that the behavior of the EMI resonance peak has a clear correlation with the penetration resistance of the cement paste. Based on the results, it is concluded that an EMI sensing technique using embedded PZT patch can be effectively applied to monitor the setting process of cement-based materials.
A Basic Study to Measure the Effectiveness of the Korean Green Building Certification System in Terms of Sustainability
Park, Young Jun ; Son, Kiyoung ; Ahn, Sungjin ; Kim, Sunkuk ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 615~623
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.615
Humanity is facing a number of serious issues associated with increased energy consumption and environmental pollution. Various studies/guidelines concerning sustainable building construction have suggested solutions to these disastrous problems, including: net-zero energy buildings, the green building certification system, and others. Sustainability pursues three expected effects: environmental, social, and economic merits. Korean Green Building Council (K-GBC) has also announced the Korean Green Building Certification System (K-GBCS) since 2003 based on sustainability. Some positive social and environmental aspects of the K-GBCS have already been reported. However, it is somewhat difficult to verify its economic merits, which are crucial to ensuring the validity of the K-GBCS. This research aims to verify the economic merits of the eco-friendly Korean-style condominiums accredited by K-GBCS. Following this, the expected economic effectiveness of K-GBCS will be examined in terms of sustainability. The underlying assumption is that the potential economic effect should reflect the actual economic merits, and should reflect the value of the housing in particular. According to the analysis of the variance, it can be concluded the value of green certified buildings is statistically higher than the value of non-certified buildings. Furthermore, it was also observed that this tendency was more dominant in Gyeonggi Province than in the City of Seoul. This may be caused by one of the variables: the proximity to downtown. In future studies, this variable should be studied in greater detail.
Analysis of Construction Cost Fluctuation Trends and Features on Apartment Housing
Park, Wonyoung ; Kang, Tai-Kyung ; Baek, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Yoo-Sub ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 624~635
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.624
Construction projects, including housing, are carried out over long periods of time. According to changes to the construction period, the cost of input materials and wages also changes. Therefore appropriate management is important in order to minimize cost risks caused by fluctuations in prices. In Korea, housing units are usually sold in lots prior to construction completion. Therefore, careful management of input elements such as materials and equipment that are sensitive to price fluctuations is very important. This study deals with how the price fluctuation of materials, labor, and equipment influences the change of housing cost and seeks a way for cost management through identifying key resources sensitive to price fluctuation. As a result, a change to the housing cost index multiplies depending on cost changes of materials and labor together. Labor costs are a major factor on the housing cost index. In addition, certain types of materials and labor input to housing construction greatly influence price fluctuations. Thus, it is found that managing those main cost factors is the key for effective cost management.
Quantified Impact Analysis of Construction Delay Factors on Steel Staircase Systems
Kim, Hyun-Mi ; Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Shin, Young-Keun ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Han, Seungwoo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 636~647
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.636
Construction projects have become so large, complicated and incredibly high-tech that process management is currently considered one of the most important issues. Unlike typical manufacturing industries, most major construction activities are performed in the open air and thus are exposed to various environmental factors. Many studies have been conducted with the goal of establishing efficient techniques and tools for overcoming these limitations. Productivity analysis and prediction, one of the related research subjects, must be considered when evaluating approaches to reducing construction duration and costs. The aim of this research is to present a quantified impact analysis of construction delay factors on construction productivity of a steel staircase system, which has been widely applied to high rise building construction. It is also expected to improve the process by managing the factors, ultimately achieving an improvement in construction productivity. To achieve the research objectives, this paper analyzed different delay factors affecting construction duration by means of multiple regression analysis focusing on steel staircase systems, which have critical effects on the preceding and subsequent processes in structure construction. Statistical analysis on the multiple linear regression model indicated that the environment, labor and material delay factors were statistically significant, with 0.293, 0.491, and 0.203 as the respective quantified impacts on productivity.
Basic Study on the Assembly Process Design of Curtain-wall System for Minimization of Carbon Emission
Yi, June-Seong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 648~663
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.648
With recent attempts to improve quality and productivity, the prefabrication manufacturing system has been occupying an increasing share of the construction area. To minimize site work, material is more frequently being produced and partially assembled at a plant, and then installed at a site. For this reason, the production process is being divided and the materials are being delivered to the site after passing through multiple plants. With these changes in the production process, the materials delivery plan is becoming an important management point. In particular, as road transportation using trucks has a 71 percent share of the domestic transportation market, selecting the proper transportation path is important when delivering materials and equipment to a site. But the management system at the project design phase to calculate the delivery cost by considering the production process of the pre-fab material and the
emission at the material delivery phase is currently lacking. This study suggests a process design model for assembly production of the pre-fab material and transportation logistics based on carbon emission. The suggested model can be helpful to optimize the location of the intermediate plant. It is expected to be utilized as a basic model at the project plan and design phase when subcontractors make decisions on items such as materials procurement, selecting the production method, and choosing the location of the assembly plant.
Optimization Algorithms for Site Facility Layout Problems Using Self-Organizing Maps
Park, U-Yeol ; An, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 664~673
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.664
Determining the layout of temporary facilities that support construction activities at a site is an important planning activity, as layout can significantly affect cost, quality of work, safety, and other aspects of the project. The construction site layout problem involves difficult combinatorial optimization. Recently, various artificial intelligence(AI)-based algorithms have been applied to solving many complex optimization problems, including neural networks(NN), genetic algorithms(GA), and swarm intelligence(SI) which relates to the collective behavior of social systems such as honey bees and birds. This study proposes a site facility layout optimization algorithm based on self-organizing maps(SOM). Computational experiments are carried out to justify the efficiency of the proposed method and compare it with particle swarm optimization(PSO). The results show that the proposed algorithm can be efficiently employed to solve the problem of site layout.
Knowledge and Perception Level on Building Equipment Required of CMrs at the Project Design Stage
Jang, Young-Jun ; Kim, Jin-Dong ; Kim, Gwang-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 674~681
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.674
With the rise in the functions required in modern building structures, the role of the building equipment that maintains the functions of a building has been emphasized and increased. Effective management in this area is only possible when the construction manager (CMr) is qualified and has the knowledge of building equipment that is needed. Therefore, in this study, a questionnaire survey was carried out on equipment engineers and CMrs, in order to determine the level of building equipment knowledge required, and to identify the perception level of CMrs about the building equipment in the construction project at the project design stage. The results of this study revealed that the CMrs surveyed had a lower level of knowledge on the building equipment than the level that was desired by the equipment engineers. This indicates that CMrs currently have a weak capacity for the management of building equipment. It is thus necessary for CMrs to undergo systematic training in order learn more about building equipment and thus be able to manage construction projects more efficiently.
Whole Life Performance Bid Evaluation in the Korean Public Sector
Park, Kenneth Sungho ; Lim, Hyoung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction, volume 12, issue 6, 2012, Pages 682~700
DOI : 10.5345/JKIBC.2012.12.6.682
Over the last several years, Korea has increasingly adopted design-build for public construction projects. There is a much greater awareness of the need to change to a system based on 'Value for Money', which is high on the government's agenda. A whole life performance bid evaluation model is proposed to aid decision makers in the selection of a design-builder. This is based on the integration of a framework using an analytic hierarchy process, as the bid awarding system is being changed from one based on the lowest price to one based on best value over the life-cycle. Key criteria such as whole life cost, service life planning and design quality are important through the key stages of the evaluation process. The model uses a systematic and holistic approach, which enables the public sector client to make better decisions in design-builder selection, which will deliver whole life benefits based on long-term cost-effectiveness.