Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 12 - Dec 1993
Volume 18, Issue 11 - Nov 1993
Volume 18, Issue 10 - Oct 1993
Volume 18, Issue 9 - Sep 1993
Volume 18, Issue 8 - Aug 1993
Volume 18, Issue 7 - Jul 1993
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Jun 1993
Volume 18, Issue 5 - May 1993
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Apr 1993
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Mar 1993
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Feb 1993
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 1993
Selecting the target year
On the Interpolation Using Neural Network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 907~912
In this Paper we have proposed a new method to implement the interpolation of the functions, using a neural network. The architecture of neural network is a three-layer perceptron and the training algorithm is a modified error back propagation algorithm adding neurons to hidden layer. The interpolated functions are sin(7 X), 3rd order polynomial 0.5
2+X+2.5 and rectangular pulse 0.99 U (X-0.2) -0.99 U(X-0.8) +0.01, where U(X) is the unit step. The root mean squred errors of the interpolated functions are 0.00258, 0.00164 and 0.00116 respectively.
A Study on the Facial Image Synthesis Using Texture Mapping and Shading Effect
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 913~921
Texture mapping is mostly used as an image synthesis method in the model-based coding system. An image synthesis using this method uses only the texture information of a front face-view. Therefore, when the model is rotated, texture mapping may produce an awkward image in point of shading. In this paper. a new texture mapping method considering shading effect is studied, and also the ear's wireframe and changes of hair are suplemented for the relation. The experimental results show that the proposed method yields the synthesized images with reasonably natural quality.
Adaptive Directional Filtering Techniques for Image Sequences
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 922~934
In this paper, statistical properties of the spatiotemporal center weighted median(CWM) filter for image sequences are investigated. It is statistically shown that the CWM filter preserves image structures under motion at the expense of noise suppression. To improve the CWM filter, a filter which can be effectively used in image sequence processing, the adaptive directional center weighted median filter (ADCWM), is proposed. This filter utilizes a multistage filtering structure based on adaptive symmetric order statistic(ASOS) operators which produce a pall of order statistics symmetric about the median. The ASOS's are selected by using adaptive parameters adjusted by local image statistics. It is shown experimentally that the proposed filter can preserve image structures while attenuating noise without the use of motion estimation.
A Study on the Improvement of the Facial Image Recognition by Extraction of Tilted Angle
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 935~943
In this paper, robust recognition system for tilted facial image was developed. At first, standard facial image and lilted facial image are captured by CCTV camera and then transformed into binary image. The binary image is processed in order to obtain contour image by Laplacian edge operator. We trace and delete outermost edge line and use inner contour lines. We label four inner contour lines in order among the inner lines, and then we extract left and right eye with known distance relationship and with two eyes coordinates, and calculate slope information. At last, we rotate the tilted image in accordance with slope information and then calculate the ten distance features between element and element. In order to make the system invariant to image scale, we normalize these features with distance between left and righ eye. Experimental results show 88% recognition rate for twenty five face images when tilted degree is considered and 60% recognition rate when tilted degree is not considered.
A Study on the Design of Ku-band Mixer Using a HEMT
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 944~950
Diodes and GaAs have been commonly used in a mixer design until recently. However, diodes are not preferred to use at the front-end of DBS receiver due to the conversion loss large noise. HEMT has larger conversion gain and better noise characteristics comparing with GaAs MESFET. This paper describes the design procedure, structure, and performance of a mixer, utilizaing HEMT designed by OKI Co. . A mixer configuration in which the local oscillator(LO) signal is applied to the gate is used. When the LO power is 0.01 dBm, the conversion gain of 3.7dB is obtained at IF and the 3 dB bandwidth is 400MMz.
A Study on the Characteristics of Directional Coupler by BPM
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 951~958
The coupling length is very important factor for the study of directional coupler and other intergrated-optic devices. And the calculation of coupling length is the fundamental process of studing various types of intergrated optical devices. But the calculation of coupling length, requires coupling coefficient n. and the evaluation of coupling coefficient f is very tedious because it requires the calculation of overlap intergral of the two modes. Because of above reason, we suggest the use of beam propagation method, We suggest the basic configuration of directional coupler, which has three different types of longitudinal to vertical ratio, and calculate the coupling length of sugested configuration by both coupled mode thery and beam propagation method and compare the results of each method.
Performacne Analysis of DS/SS DPSK Communication Systems over Fading Dispersive Channels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 959~969
In this paper, the performance of DS/SS DPSK communications is analysed over fading dispersive channels considering the spreads of the channel in time and in frequency. The two spreads mentioned above are represented with multipath spread and Doppler spread, respectively. The bit error probabilities of DS/SS DPSK systems are derived in terms of channel and system parameters, and an approximation method is presented for computational efficiency. And the numerical results are given for various chip numbers in Rayleigh and Rician fading channels using the approximation method.
A Study on the Multi-function Processor Unit Implementation for Binary Image Processing
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 970~979
In this paper, a multi-function processor unit is implemented for binary image processing. This unit consists of a set of address generatior, window pipeline register, look up table, control unit, and two local memories .The merits of multi-function processor unit are more simpler than basic SAP and improved disposal speed. A simple software selection give the various choices of image sizes and it can process the function of smoothing, thinning, feature extraction, and edge detection, selectively or sequentially.
A Study on the Performance Analysis of Broadband ISDN Traffic
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 980~988
In this paper, performance of 8-ISDN traffic for the buffer size which is requested of important parameters in switch/multiplexer of B-ISDN with multimedia traffic is analyzed. Multimedia traffic is modeled as a traffic, which is composed of poisson distribution traffic and burst traffic with exponential/geometric ON time duration(Burst duration) Performance of traffic which is modeled as a multimedia traffic is analysed and buffer size, can provide the high quality service, is presented for the cell loss probability. It is simulated using event scheduling approach method which is provided by simulation package, PC SIMSCRIPT II.5. Simulation program is composed of PREAMBLE, MAIN, INITIAL, ARRIVAL, DEPARTURE and STOP·SIM modules. Specially, in case of mixed traffic simulation, ARRIVAL module is composed of ARRIVAL I and ARRIVAL II, and cells are generated independently by each module.
Throughput Performance of Slotted ALOHA Communication System with Guard Time and Capture Effect
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 989~998
In a bursty user traffic mode, ALOHA random multiple access protocol achieves higher performance than any conventional fixed assignment technique. One of central problems in slotted ALOHA is synchronization. Because of the long propagation delay in satellite mobile communication, packet may be spilt over into adjacent slots and thus guard time may be included between packet intervals. In conventional ALOHA channels, simultaneous transmission by two or more users results in a collision : the unsuccessful packets have to be retransmitted according to some retransmission algorithm. However, in a radio environment, users are often at different distances from the receiver : therefore, their received signals have substantially different power levels. The packet arriving with the highest energy now has a good chance of being detected accurately. Similarly, in some spread-spectrum random access systems, the earliest arriving packet dominates later arriving packets and thus captures the channel. In this paper slotted ALOHA channel with non zero guard time and capture probability is studied. Using the Markovian model, the performance of slotted ALOHA with guard time and capture effects is derived and compared with that of the conventional ALOHA via numerical analysis.
A Study on the Optimum Design of Noncoherent Delay-Locked Loops for PN Code Tracking
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 999~1008
A Design of Robust Adaptive Servo Controller in the Presence of Bounded Parameter Perturbation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 1009~1017
The Robust Adaptive Servo Controller in this paper has an error-corrected and robust structure which guarantees asymptotic regulation and tracking in the presence of bounded parameter perturbations. The adaptive mechanism tunes the controller parameters such that a quadratic performance index is minimized. Through the speed and position control of the DC servo model with computer simulations, the minimum variance controller parameters are robust with respect to finite parameter perturbation and bounded disturbance.
Performance Evaluation of ISDN Subscriber Subsystem in TDX-1B/ISDN Switching System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 1018~1027
In this thesis, we evaluate the performance of the TDX-IB/ISDN Switching System ISS (ISDN Subscriber Subsystem) which is the ISDN user-network interface module. For this evaluation, performance indices are established and major performance parameters which influence message processing are extracted by studying the ISS structure and mechanism. To reflect these parameters, simulation model is developed and simulated. From the result of maximum throughput, message delay time, etc. , ISS message processing capability is evaluated and several method to enhance the system performance is proposed, by analyzing the system bottleneck element.
On the Behavior of the Signed Regressor Least Mean Squares Adaptation with Gaussian Inputs
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 1028~1035
The signed regressor (SR) algorithm employs one bit quantization on the input regressor (or tap input) in such a way that the quantized input sequences become +1 or -1. The algorithm is computationally more efficient by nature than the popular least mean square (LMS) algorithm. The behavior of the SR algorithm unfortunately is heavily dependent on the characteristics of the input signal, and there are some Inputs for which the SR algorithm becomes unstable. It is known, however, that such a stability problem does not take place with the SR algorithm when the input signal is Gaussian, such as in the case of speech processing. In this paper, we explore a statistical analysis of the SR algorithm. Under the assumption that signals involved are zero-mean and Gaussian, and further employing the commonly used independence assumption, we derive a set of nonlinear evolution equations that characterizes the mean and mean-squared behavior of the SR algorithm. Experimental results that show very good agreement with our theoretical derivations are also presented.
A Study on the MOCVD Growth and Characterization of Resonant Tunneling Structures
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 1036~1043
GaAs/AIGaAs resonant tunneling structures have been grown by atmospheric pressure MOCVD. Resonant tunneling diodes fabricated with the structure grown at 650t showed a high peak-to-valley (P/V) current ratio of 2.35 at room temperature. P/V current ratio increased to 15.3 at 77K. Numerically calculated peak current agrees well with the experimental result. Resonant tunneling diodes with AIGaAs as a barrier and InGaAs as a quantum well and a spacer layer yielded a high P/V current ratio of 4.0 and a peak current density of 8.6KA/c# at room temperature because of increased carrier supply.
On the Effects of Multi Path Fading in B-CDMA Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 18, issue 7, 1993, Pages 1044~1049
In this paper, it is shown that B-CDMA systems inherently reduce the effects of Multi Path fading phenomena which causes to degrade the performance of mobile communication systems. B-COMA systems use PN codes of high chip rates ( > 10 Mbps) and evaluate autocorrelation with the same code in the receiver. Therefore, it is possible that multipath signals, whose delay time is longer than one chip duration compared to the first signal, are removed. We model the wideband fading channel as a suitable linear filter, and perform computer simulation of signal transmission and reception. Graphic comparison of eye diagrams between the narrowband and wideband systems is shown.