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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 1994
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 1994
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 1994
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 1994
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 1994
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 1994
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 1994
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 1994
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 1994
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 1994
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 1994
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 1994
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A Modelling of magnetization reversal characteristics in magneto-optic memory system
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1849~1860
Domain wall dynamics in thin film of amorphous Rare Earth-Transistion Metal alloys were investigated using numerical integration of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. The thin film was divided into a two-dimensional square lattice (
) of dipoles. Nearest-neighbor exchange interaction magnetic anisotropy, applied magnetic field, and demagnetiing field of interacting anisotropy, applied magnetic field, and demagnetizing field of interacting dipoles were considered. It was assumed that the film had perfect uniaxial anisotropy in the perpendicular direction and the magnetization reversal existed in the film. The time of domain wall creation and the thickness of the wall were investigated. Also the motion of domain walls under an applied field was considered. Simulation results showed that the time of domain wall creation was decreased significantly and the average velocity of domain wall was increased somewhat when the demagnetizing field was considered.
EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATION OF GRAYSCALE MORPHOLOGICAL OPERATORS
Go, Seong Je ; Lee, Gyeong Hun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1860~1860
EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATION OF GRAYSCALE MORPHOLOGICAL OPERATORS
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1861~1871
This paper presents efficient real time software implementation methods for the grayscale morphological composite function processing (FP) system. The proposed method is based on a matrix representation of the composite FP system using a basis matrix composed of structuring elements. We propose a procedure to derive the basis matrix for composite FP systems with any grayscale structuring element (GSE). It is shown that composite FP operations including morphological opening and closing are more efficiently accomplished by a local matrix operation with the basis matrix rather than cascade operations, eliminating delays and requiring less memory storage. In the second part of this paper, a VLSI implementation architecture for grayscale morphological operators is presented. The proposed implementation architecture employs a bit-serial approach which allows grayscale morphological operations to be decomposed into bit-level binary operation unit for the p-bit grayscale singnal. It is shown that this realization is simple and modular structure and thus is suitable for VLSI implementation.
A Study on the Design and Implementation of Ku-Band Frequency Synthesizer by using PLL
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1872~1879
The design and implementation of Ku-Band frequency synthesizer was accomplished by the use of PLL and frquency multiple method. Design procedure and operation characteristics of PLL circuit were analyzed on the basis of control theory to synthesize about 1 GHz frequency which should be stable. By connecting frequency doubler and frequency eighth multiplier to the designed PLL circuit in series, Ku-Band frequency was synthesized. The validity of design method of Ku-Band frequency synthesizer was verified through experimental results.
Shape form Shading Using Surface Approximation by Orthogonal Polynomials
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1880~1893
In this paper, we propose a new shape from shading algorithm which reconstructs object shapes from a single image. In the proposed intative algorithm, given 3D surfaces are approximated by orthogonal polynomials and the relationships between the given surface and its derivatives are constructed ad matrix forms in terms of polynomial coefficients, Also the relative depth and its derivatives are obtained by updating them iteratively. Performance of the propose shape from shading algorithm is evaluated in terms of brightness error, orientation error, and height error, and the performance comparison of the proposed and conventional algorithms is shown.
The Identification of Digitally Modulated Signal Formats using a Self-Organized Neural Network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1894~1899
In this paper, a new identification method is proposed for unknown digitally modulated input signals. The proposed identification method is implemented using a self-organized neural network which is based on the characteristic features of the symbol magnitude; the number of symbol magnitude levels, amplitude probability density and adjacent symbol magnitude ratio. The proposed method was performed for 5 QAM signals. The simulation results show that the self-organized neural network can accurately recognize all kinds of patterns even at SNR 8dB. The proposed method can be applied to the intelligent communication system on ISDN and multi-point polling networks.
Interlace to Progressive Conversion Method Using the Pseudomedian Filters
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1900~1909
Although the existing NTSC TV standard is highly sophisticated, it has some inherent problems. One of these problems is interlaced scanning, which yields a poor result in terms of the vertical picture resolution. In this paper, we have proposed the interlace to progressive conversion method using the pseudomedian filters. Since the proposed method is processed in the intra field is different from the conventional method using the median filter, it is implemented without using field memory and its performance is same or nearly the same as the corresponding performance of the median filtering method. The performance of the proposed method has been compared with that of conventional methods through computer simulation.
A Study on the Recognition of Curved Objects Using Range Data
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1910~1924
Curved 3D objects represented by range data contain large amounts of information compared with planar objects, but do not have distinct features for matching to those of object models. This makes it difficult to represent and identify a general 3D curved object. This paper introduces a new view-point independent approach to recognizing general 3D curved objects using range data. Our approach makes use of the relative geometric differences between particular points on the object surface and some model points. The model points are prespecified arbitrarily and keeping the task in mind so that the following task can be easily described using the model points. Our approach has several advantages. Since model points are specified arbitrarily and task dependently, further processing can be reduced in application by locating the model points at places which are useful for further operations in the task. The knowledge base is simple with less storage requirement. And, it is easy to compensate the uncertainties of positions estimation caused by noise and quantization error.
A Study on the Performance Improvement of Trellis coded 4-ary Continuous Phase FSK with Nonconstant Frequency Space
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1925~1934
In this paper, it was studied the method of performance improvement of trellis encoded 4-ray continuous phase FSK with nonconstant frequency space when permitted complexity. It was used the nonconstant mapper in order to produce nonconstant frequency, fixed maximum symbol values 3, -3 for comparision in similar bandwidth, changed symbol values 1, -1 from 0.5 to 3.0 as symmetry. Free Euclidean distance evaluation of all encoder/nonconstant mapper combinations, which is the parameter of performance of error probability, was performed with the trellis-based algorithm, we analyzed the characteristics of those.
Object-Oriented Database for Integrated Control of Distributed FMS
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1935~1944
FMS is a distributed system composed of various programmable manufacturing hardware such as robots and NC machines. For the autonomous operation of such a system, an integrated software layer for the control and monitoring in needed on top of the manufacturing hardware. However, constructing and maintaining such a software layer is difficult due to the complexity of a underlying FMS and its frequently changing nature. To cope with this problem, this paper proposes an object-oriented FMS integration model, in which objects acting as virtual manufacturing cells are instantiated for each physical cell in the underlying object-oriented database. Various other entities involved in manufacturing processes and their relationship to the cell objects are also captured in the database. This paper describes the structure of this object-oriented FMS database on our prototype implementation called FREE.
Performance Analysis of An Optimal Access Control Protocol
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1945~1956
In this paper, a multiaccess network protocol for high-speed communication is proposed, which enables multimedia sevices with integrating the existing networks. We examine the traffic control mechanisms and configurations for the network architecture and compare with various protocols which are suitable to high speed LAN/MAN and propose an adaptive access control mechanism. ATMR has low channel utilization due to window size reset time, and that MetaRing is very sensitive over the change of traffic load. This suggested protocol, however, has quite a good performance for that situation by adding adaptive parameter condition. This mechanism may introduce a model of small-scaled Broadband Integrated Service Network and be used as an internetworking system for the ATM network.
A Study on the Synthetic Aperture Radar Processor using AOD/CCD
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1957~1964
In this thesis, a Synthetic Aperture Rarar Processor that is possible real-time handling is implemented using CW(Continuose Wave) laser as a light source, CCD(charge Coupled Device) as a time integrator, and AOD(Acousto-Optic Device) as the space integrator. One of the advantages of the proposed system is that it does not require driving circuits of the light source. To implement the system, the linear frequency modulation(chirp) technique has been used for radar signal. The received data for the unit target was processed using 7.80 board and accompanying electronic circuits. In order to reduce the smear effect of the focused chirp signal which occurs Bragg diffrection angle of the AOD has been utilized to make sharp pulses of the laser source, and the pulse made synchronized with the chirp signal. Experiment and analysis results of the data and images detected from CCD of the proposed SAR system demonstrated that detection effect is degrated as the unit target distance increases, and the resolving power is improved as the bandwidth of the chirp signal increases. Also, as the pulse width of the light source decreases, the smear effect has been reduced. The experimental results assured that the proposed system in this papre can be used as a real time SAR processor.
Standard of Terminal Coupling Loss of ISDN Telephone
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1965~1972
A standard on talker echo for ISDN telophone, mainly consisting of those on sending and receiving loudness ratings and terminal coupling loss(TCL), is necessary. Accordingly, if sending and receiving loudness ratings are pre-determined, we need a standard on TCL providing echo-free telephone communications to telephone users, and the standard can be classified into that weighted TCL(
) and that on stability loss. In this paper, in order to make a national standard on TCL, based on users' perceived quality on a talker echo, we conducted user opinion tests on talker echo. From the results of correlation between echo and user opinion on quality and measurement on TCL of telephones, we proposed the standard as follows; we must preserve TCL_w of at least 40dB and stability loss of at least 10dB when overall loudness rating for ISDN telephone, sum of sending and receiving loudness ratings, is normalized to 10dB.
A Design and Construction of Phase-locked Dielectric Resonator Oscillator for VSAT
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1973~1981
A PLDRO(Phase Locked Dielectric Resonator Oscillator) in Ku-band(10.95-11.70GHz) is designed with the concept of the feedback property of PLL(Phase Locked Loop). A series feedback type DRO is developed, and VCDRO(Voltage Controlled Dielectric Resonator Oscillator) using a varactor diode as a voltage-variable capacitor is implemented to tune oscillating frequency electrically. Then, PLDRO is designed by using a SPD(Sampling Phase Detector). This PLDRO is phase-locked voltage controlled DRO to reference source(VHF band) by SPD at 10.00 GHz for European FSS(Fixed Satellite Service). The PLDRO generates output power greater than 10dBm at 10.00 GHz and has phase noise of -80 dBc/Hz at 10 KHz offset from carrier. This PLDRO achieves much better frequency stability than conventional VCDRO.
A Study on the Phase-looked Dielectric Resonator Oscillator using Bias Tuning
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1982~1990
We implemented a PLDRO(Phase Locked Dielectric Resonator Oscillator) using the concept of the feedback property of PLL(Phase Locked Loop) for Ku-band(10.95-11.70 GHz). The conventional approaches to a PLDRO design use varactor diode tuning method.. But in theis paper, the PLDRO has the advantage of the frequency sensitivity to changes in the supple voltage of the oscillating device without the frequency-variable part by varactor diode voltage-control. and uses a SPD(Sampling Phase Detector) for phase-comparision. The PLDRO is composed of the DRO phase-locked to the reference signal of UHF band by using a SPD for high frequency stability and can be available for European FSS(Fixed Satellite Service) at 10.00GHz. The PLDRO generates the output power of 8.67 dBm at 10.00 GHz and has a phase noise of -81 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset from carrier. The hamonic and spurious characteristics have -42.33 dBc and -65dBc respectively. This PLDRO has much better frequency stability, lower phase noise, and more economical effect for a satellite system than conventional DRO.
A Study on the Classification of Hand-written Korean Character Types using Hough Transform
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 1991~2000
In this paper, an alagorithm with six types of classification is suggested for the recognition system of hand-written Korean characters. After thinning process and truncating process for noise redection. The input images are used generalized by
$64\times64$ size. The six type classification is composed of preliminary and secondary classification process by using the learning algoritm of multi-layer perceptron. Subblock Hough transform is used as local feature and sampling Hough transform is used as global feature. Experiment is conducted for 1800 characters which is written 31 times per each type by 10 persons. The 90% recognition rate is resulted by the preliminary classification of detection the final consonant and by the secondary classification of detecting the vowels.
A Study of optimal algorithm for high-speed process of image signal
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 2001~2013
In this paper, the method of processing a blurred noisy image has been researched. The conventional method of processing signal has faluts which are slow convergence speed and long time-consuming process at the singular point and or in the ill condition. There is the process, the Gauss Seidel's method to remove these faults, but it takes too much time because it processed singnal repeatedly. For overcoming the faults, this paper shows a image restoration method which takes shorter than the Gauss-Seidel's by comparing the Gauss Seidel's with proposed alogorithm and accelerating convergence speed at the singular point and/or in the ill condition. In this paper, the conventional process method(Gauss-Seidel) and proposed optimal algorithm were used to get a standard image(
). and then the results are simulated and compared each other in order to examine the variance of MSE(Mean Square Error) by the acceleration parameter in the proposed image restoration. The result of the signal process and the process time was measured at all change of acceleration parameter in order to verify the effectveness of the proposed algorithm.
A discrete Time Priority Queueing Model with Bursty Arrivals
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 2014~2027
A queueing model with two input streams of different service priorities is studied. Specifically, IBP+BP/D/1 with head-of-line priority is analyzed. IBP and BP stand for Interrupted Bernoulli Process and Bernoulli Process respectively. The BP-stream customers have the higher service priority over the IBP-stream customers. An exact analysis of this priority queue is presented to derive the distributions of the state of the system at steady state, the waiting time distributions for each class of customers, and the interdeparture time distributions. The numerical results of the analysis are presented to show how the various parameters of the low and high priority arrival processes affect the performance of the system.
A Coupled-ART Neural Network Capable of Modularized Categorization of Patterns
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 2028~2042
Properly defining signal and noise in a self-organizing system like ART(Adaptive Resonance Theory) neural network model raises a number of subtle issues. Pattern context must enter the definition so that input features, treated as irrelevant noise when they are embedded in a given input pattern, may be treated as informative signals when they are embedded in a different input pattern. The ATR automatically self-scales their computational units to embody context and learning dependent definitions of a signal and noise and there is no problem in categorizing input pattern that have features similar in nature. However, when we have imput patterns that have features that are different in size and nature, the use of only one vigilance parameter is not enough to differentiate a signal from noise for a good categorization. For example, if the value fo vigilance parameter is large, then noise may be processed as an informative signal and unnecessary categories are generated: and if the value of vigilance parameter is small, an informative signal may be ignored and treated as noise. Hence it is no easy to achieve a good pattern categorization. To overcome such problems, a Coupled-ART neural network capable of modularized categorization of patterns is proposed. The Coupled-ART has two layer of tightly coupled modules. the upper and the lower. The lower layer processes the global features of a pattern and the structural features, separately in parallel. The upper layer combines the categorized outputs from the lower layer and categorizes the combined output, Hence, due to the modularized categorization of patterns, the Coupled-ART classifies patterns more efficiently than the ART1 model.
Design of an Image Processing ASIC Architecture using Parallel Approach with Zero or Little
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 2043~2052
This paper proposes a new parallel ASIC architecture for real-time image processing to reduce inter-processing element (inter-PE) communication overhead, called a Sliding Memory Plane (SliM) Image Processor. The Slim Image Processor consists of
processing elements (PEs) connected by a mesh topology. With easy scalability due to the topology. a set of SliM Image Processors can form a mesh-connected SIMD parallel architecture. called the SliM Array Processor. The idea of sliding means that all pixels are slided into all neighboring PEs without interrupting PEs and without a coprocessor or a DMA controller. Since the inter-PE communication and computation occur simultaneously. the inter-PE communication overhead, significant disadvantage of existing machines greatly diminishes. Two I/O planes provide a buffering capability and reduce the date I/O overhead. In addition, using the by-passing path provides eight-way connectivity even with four links. with these salient features. SliM shows a significant performance improvement. This paper presents architectures of a PE and the SliM Image Processor, and describes the design of an instruction set.
On the NTSC Cochannel Interference Rejection System Using Adaptive Notch Filter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 10, 1994, Pages 2053~2063
Recently, there has been much interest in the terrestrial broadcasting of the HDTV signal. However, in the Simulcast where the NTSC and HDTV signal are transmitted using the same channel, the cochannel interference occurs which degrade the transmission performance. Recently, the GA(Grand Alliance) proposed the cochannel interference rejection system which use comb filter. However, this method shows poor performance for the NTSC carrier variation . In this paper we propose a novel NTSC cochannel interference rejection system which shows improved performance for the NTSC carrier variation. In the proposed scheme, the adaptive notch filter is employed along with adaptive channel equalizer. In this paper, we also present some analytical results on the NTSC rejection performance of the GA and proposed scheme. Computer simulation results reveal that the proposed scheme outperforms order outperforms order of 10 in the BER(bit error rate) sense for the normal condition.