Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 1994
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 1994
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 1994
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 1994
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 1994
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 1994
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 1994
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 1994
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 1994
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 1994
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 1994
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 1994
Selecting the target year
Blind Equalization Using a Decision-Directed Algorithm for Partial Response Signals
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 597~604
In this paper, the "Stop-and-GO" algorithm is applied to the PRS(Partial Response Signal) type signaling. Stop-and-GO blind equalizer has a property of stopping the adaptation of its tab coefficients by means of a simples flag telling the equalizer whether the current output error with respect to decided symbol is sufficiently reliable to be used. PRS has the rule os level transition, which makes it possible that the level of currently received symbol is in the adjacent levels of the previously received symbol. New nonlinear estimators for PRS, based on the rule of level transition, is proposed. The computer simulation results show the improvement in performance achievable with proposed nonlinear estimators.stimators.
A Study on the performance improvement of CSMA in the distributed wireless communication network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 605~613
In this paper, we evaluate performance of multiple access for distributed wireless communication network by CSMA protocol. It is envident that the existence of hidden node in an environment degrades the performance of CSMA. In order to improve performance due to the problem of hidden node, the previous paper used random multiple access protocols a as such as ISMA, BTMA, BCMA. In this paper, We propose a protocol that we can improve performance by allowing node to sense the carrier of any other transmission on the channel in the distributed wireless communication networks The probability of transmission success was obtained by steady stats analysis under given assumptions. We confirmed that hidden node problem be virtually elimated by using a new protocol.
Lip Shape Synthesis of the Korean Syllable for Human Interface
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 614~623
Synthesizing speech and facial images is necessary for human interface that man and machine converse naturally as human do. The target of this paper is synthesizing the facial images. In synthesis of the facial images a three-dimensional (3-D) shape model of the face is used for realizating the facial expression variations and the lip shape variations. The various facial expressions and lip shapes harmonized with the syllables are synthesized by deforming the three-dimensional model on the basis of the facial muscular actions. Combications with the consonants and the vowels make 14.364 syllables. The vowels dominate most lip shapes but the consonants do a part of them. For determining the lip shapes, this paper investigates all the syllables and classifies the lip shapes pattern according to the vowels and the consonants. As the results, the lip shapes are classified into 8 patterns for the vowels and 2patterns for the consonants. In advance, the paper determines the synthesis rules for the classified lip shape patterns. This method permits us to obtain the natural facial image with the various facial expressions and lip shape patterns.
Modulator Design in the 64 QAM RF MODEM(155Mbps) for Microwave Digital Radio STM-1
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 624~632
In this paper, we implement modulator of 155Mbps 64QAM RF MODEM, CCITT G. 707 SDH(Synchronous Digital Hierachy) 1 level, for DMR(DIgital Microwave Radio) STM-1 transmission, PSF(Pulse Shaping Filter) plays an important role to analyze modulator. We use 7 orders elliptic filter instead of Chebychev filter(roll-off facter a=0.5)in this paper. we obtain that roll-off factor, a is 0.33, group delay is less than 10nsec using this filter. Also we get -20dBm output level after passing the PSF, and 0dBm output level after passing the IF amplifier.
Performance Analysis of an ATM Multiplexer Loaded by CBR and Bursty Traffic Sources
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 633~638
Asynchronous Transfer Model(ATM) has a fixed-length packet transport scheme. It is one of promising proposals in Broadband ISDN(B-ISDN). Since the packet length is fixed, it can be potentially to perform the various service to user. In this paper, a queueing model for an ATM Multiplexer loaded by the Continuous Bit Rate(CBR) traffic and the bursty traffic sources is analyzed. The queueing system has a finite buffer size. The cell loss probabilities with the simple and recurcive form for a performance measures of ATM multiplexer are derived, and are also evaluated through numerical examples. The results of this study may be used as guidelines in buffer design problems and performance analysis of ATM multiplexing system.
A Study on Variable Block Matching Algorithm Using Edge Information of Differential Image
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 639~648
This paper presents a new block matching algorithm in estimation of motion information that is important technology in compressing interframe. In estimation of motion information, we find differential image using two successive frame image in order to find required real time processing and accurate moving vector, the binary image is made of edge and find more accurate moving vectors by application quadtree method to parts including many moving according to this activity. The computer simulation results show that increased PSNR and reduced computation time.
Estimate of Channel Capacity for M-ary PSK Signal in Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 649~659
The channel capacity of fadingchannel becomes less than that of Gaussian noise channel. Moreover, the channel capacity of system with modulated signal is expected to be much less than that of system with nonmodulated signal. It is very difficult to evaluate the capacity in fading channel with modulated signal. The channel capacity for M-ary PSK signal has already been derived in Gaussian noise channel but it is very complicate form composed of complex integral formula. In this paper, we have derived the simple form of channel capacity with M-ary PSK signal by using the average symbol error rate. And we also evaluate the capacity in Rician and m-distribution fading channels as well as Gaussian noise channel. We have verified that the channel capacity obtained are almost the same as in other literature. As a results, we show that the channel capacity of M-art PSK signal increases to converge to the number of bits per symbol (log M) as signal to-noise power ratio increases.
Estimation of Nonlinear Distortion in Communication Systems Using Random Digital Signals
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 660~668
In this paper, a new approach to estimate nonmlinear distortions (second-harmonic, second-intermodulation, third-harmonic, and third-intermodulation) in digital communication systems is proposed. In contrast to the relatively common sine-wave input approach which requires repetition of the same experiments by changing frequencies of oscillators and filters over the band of frequencies of interest, the proposed approach uses digital random input (transmitted signal in digital communication system) to adaptively estimate parameters of a nonlinear channel in time-domain. Nonlinear distortion of the channel is estimated on line by transforming the estimated parameters into frequency-domain. Comparison between the classical two-tone input approach and the proposed approach is made through computer simulation.
An Adaptive Data Predistorter with Memory for Compensation of Nonlinearities in High Power Amplifiers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 669~678
This paper presents a new data predistortion technique with memory to compensate for the nonlinearities of high-power amplifiers (HPA`s) in digital radio systems employing QAM signal formats. In contrast with the conventional data predistortion technique which is designed to reduce nonlinearity of memoryless HPA`s, the proposed technique in this paper compensates not only for nonlinear warping of the signal constellation but also for clustering of the signal points caused by transmitter pulse sharping filter with memory. A practical implementation method which can reduce the size of memory at the predistortion stage is described by utilizing symmetry of QAM constellation format and Modulo-4 operation.
Progressive transmission using optimum bit-ordering of DCT coded image
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 679~684
Progressive transmission using optimum bit-ordering of discrete cosine transform(DCT) coded image is proposed to reconstruct a better image in a few bits among all the coded bits at the receiver. It is to transmit the bit gradually to reduce the distrotion of the reconstructed image most by transmitting one more bit. To do this, the power transfer factor(PTF) which is the squared value of difference between the reconstruction level of embedded quantizer and another reconstruction level made by transmitting one more bit is defined. And then, the transmission order of bits is obtained by sorting the PTFs of the coded bits. As a results, the proposed method can reconstruct image having less distortion and better quality at the same bit rate than the conventional zig-zag scan.
Fast VQ Encoding Algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 685~690
A problem associated with vector quantization(VQ) is the computational complexity incurred in searching for a codevector with the closet to a given input vector, where the complexity increases exponentionally with proportion to codebook size and then limits practical application. In this paper, a simple and fast, but efficient, VQ encoding algorithm is presented using a reference codevector as start codevector of premature exit condition, which eliminates distance claculation of unlikely codevectors. The algorithm is to find reference codevector having the possibility to be the nearest vector to input vector first and then to incorporate premature exit condition. The proposed algorithm needs only 10~15% of mathematical operations compared with the conventional full search VQ. Algorithm the number of additions and comparsions of the proposed algorithm is not reduced greatly, the number of multiplication is reduced up to 70~80% compared with other fast VQ encoding methods.
Dimming Control Signal Transmisson of Electronic Ballast on the Power Line and Characteristics Measurement
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 691~700
A power line in not so good in characteristics for communication, because it is a media to transfer the commercial electrical power, and its load noise and high frequency noise are so much. Thus, a simple method to transfer a remote control signal on the power line is studied. The already-existing method is that two signals with upper part eliminated is transmitted every N step. But the method is investigated which the transmitter sends a period signal eliminated in arbitrary phase. Thus the transmission power loss due to elimination of signal can be reduced to the minimum. To implement it, a timer calculating the time from zero-crossing point to the phase is required. The micro-controller, 87C51, precisely calculates the phase using one of two built-in timers. As a result, a remote control signal tramsmitter and receiver using a partially eliminated signal, which is better than the conventional technique using half-eliminated signal in a efficiency of power transmission, is realized, and its characteristics are analyzed.
A Study on the Wavelet Matched Filter Design and Correlation Properties in the Optical Correlator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 701~711
In this paper, we design wavelet matched filters using Wavelet Transform available in the field of time-frequency analysis, for the optical patter recognition, and study optical correlation properites according to variations of the dilation factor of wavelet functions, which were compared with conventional matched filter and POF. We have found that the wavelet matched filters depend upon the shapes if used input patterns and dilation factors of the wavelet function in order to have the best dicriminability. Also, we show the edge enhanced effects of 2-D image, which is one of the properities of the wavelet transform. If has been found that the wavelet matched filter can discriminate better than the conventional matched filter and POF owing to their bandpass properties, and found that the proposed wavelet matched filters have more sensitive correlation response than POF.
A Design of Viterbi Decoder by State Transition Double Detection Method for Mobile Communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 712~720
In digital mobile communication systems, the convolutional coding is considered as the optimum error correcting scheme. Recently, the Viterbi algorithm is widely used for the decoding of convolutional code. Most Viterbi decoder has been proposed in conde rate R=1/2 or 2/3 with memory components (m) less than 3. which degrades the error correcting capability because of small code constraints (K). We consider the design method for typical code rate R=1/2, K=7(171,133) convolutional code with memory components, m=6. In this paper, a novel construction method is presented which combines maximum likelihood decoding with a state transition double detection and comparison method. And the designed circuit has the error-correcting capability of random 2 bit error. As the results of logic simulation, it is shown that the proposed Viterbi decoder exactly corrects 1 bit and 2 bit error signal.
Performance Analysis of the FH/CPFSK System with the Linear-Diversity under the Partial-band Jamming Noise
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 721~728
In this paper, we analyzed the performances of system considering diversity for FH/CPFSK system with limiter-discrimicator detection and integrate-and-dump post-detection filtering. And, we considered thermal noise and partial-band jamming noise, intersymbol interference for all eight of the possible adjacent bit data patterns, FM noise clicks for evaluation systems. In result, the performance of FH/CPFSK system with diversity under the worst-case partial band jamming noise degraded about 5dB rather than that of without diversity when we considered the thermal noise but improved about 16dB rather than of without diversity when we ignored the thermal noise.
Random Assignment-Transmitter-Based Protocol for Centralized Stread-Spectrum Packet Radio Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 729~739
In a centralized spread-spectrum packet radio network, a random assignment -transmitter-based spreading code protocol(RA-T) is proposed which permits the contention mode only in the trasmission of a preamble while avoiding collision during the data packet transmission by assigning near-orthogonal spreading codes to each user. Compared to the conventional transmitter-based code scheme, this scheme allows reduction in receiver complexity when only a small number of distinct spreading codes are employed for the preamble transmission. Throughout theoretical and simulation results, it is shown that the use of the RA-T scheme with just two or three distinct codes for the preamble packet achieves most of the performance gain.
A Study on Improving Voice Quality and Pitch Searching of the VSELP Coder
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 740~749
This paper presents method for improving the performance of the VSELP speech coder. The hybrid method is employed for pitch period searching. Pitch searching time is reduced and pitch detection error, caused by quantization error of excitation signal of encoder in VSELP coder, is reduced by this method. This paper also adopts a pitch period enhancement filter and an adaptive first order filter. In this result, pitch period searching time is reduced to 26%, and MOS of reconstructed speech signal is increased by 3.19 to 4.04.
A Study on Real Time and Non-real Time Traffic Multiplexing with Congestion Control
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 750~760
In this paper we proposed a multiplexing scheme of real time and non-real traffics in which a congestion control is embedded. Real time traffics are assumed to be nonqueuable and have preemptive priority over non-real time traffics in seizing the common output link, whereas the non-real time traffics wait in the common buffer if the output link is not available for transmission. Real time traffics are encoded according to the bandwidth reduction strategy, paticularly when congestion occurs among non-real time traffics. This scheme provides us an efficient way for utilizing the costly bandwidth resources, by accommodation as many real time traffics as possible with gauranteeing its mimimum bandwidth requirements, and also resloving the congestion encountered among non-real time traffics. We describe the system as a Markov queueing system, provide the analysis by exploiting the matrix geometric method, and present the performance for various performance measures of interest. Some numerical results are also provided.
Spectrum Representation Based on LPC Cepstral VQ for Low Bit Rate CELP Coder
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 761~771
This paper focuses on how spectrum information can be represented efficiently in a very low bit rate CELP speech coder. To achieve the goal, an LPC cepstral coefficients VQ scheme representing the spectrum information in a CELP coder is proposed. To represent the spectrum information using LPC cepstrums, three different cepstral distance measures having different spectral meanings in the frequency domain are considered, and their performances are compared and analyzed. The experimental results show that spectrum information in low bit rate CELP coders can be represented very efficiently using the proposed LPC cepstral vector quantization scheme.
Image Coding Using LOT and FSVQ with Two-Channel Conjugate Codebooks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 4, 1994, Pages 772~780
Vector quantization with two-channel conjugate codebook has been researched as an efficient coding technique that can reduce the computational complexity and codebook storage. This paper proposes FSVQ using two-channel conjugate codebook in order to reduce the number of state codebooks. Input vector in the two-channel conjugate FSVQ is coded with state codebook of a seperated state according to each codebook. In addition, LOT is adopted to obtain to obtain a high coding gain and to reduce blocking effect which appears in the block coding. As a result, although FSVQ can achieve higher data compression ratio than general vector quantization, it has a disadvantage of having a very large number of state codebooks. However FSVQ with two-channel conjugate codebooks can employ a significantly reduced number of state codebooks, even though it has a small loss in the PSNR compared with the conventional FSVQ using one codebook. Moreover FSVQ in the LOT domain can reduce blocking effect and high coding gain compared with FSVQ in the spatial domain.