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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 1994
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 1994
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 1994
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 1994
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 1994
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 1994
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 1994
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 1994
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 1994
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 1994
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 1994
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 1994
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The Design for AAF and SMF Integrated Circuits of SCF System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 781~786
In this paper, we have proposed the AAF and the SMF design method that consist of continuous time active RC filter to prevent aliasing distortion by the limitation of SCF input signal, and to smooth the output signal wave of it. The designed AAF and SMF using continuous active RC filter are fabricated by ORBIT 2 m CMOS n-well process. And then the experiment characteristics of the integrated AAF and SMF are compared with SPICE simulation results.
Circuit Design for Digital Random Bit Synchronization
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 787~795
In this paper, we have proposed a bit synchronization algorithm which extracts the synchronized clock for random NRZ signal and designed a circuit followed by its performance analysis. The synchronization circuit consists of the Data Transition Detector and Mod 64 Counter, Phase Comparison and Controller, 64 Divider. The data input rate and master clock rate are 16 Kbps and 4.096MHz, respectively. The phase is compensated by 1/64 of the data signal period for every data bit. Through a series of experiments, the maximum immunity of phase jiter for input signal and the deviation of the recovered clock are measured 23.8% and 1.6%, respectively. The fully digital synchronization circuit is simple to implement into signal IC chip and also effective for the low speed digital mobile communications.
Imaging an Unknown Velocity Target in Inverse SAR
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 796~804
This paper presents Inverse SAR imaging algorithm for a unknown velocity target and a real ISAR data is processed and applied to the algorithm. The real ISAR data is obtained by transmitting a number of pulse modulated by a stepped-frequency method and the received data are undersampled. We present a method applicable for the case of a undersampled data base. In this method, the original echoed signal is mixed with a reference signal to make it unaliased, followed by being interpolated. Target`s velocity required for the algorithm is estimated via subaperture processing and after the coordinate transformation into squint-mode SAR with the estimated velocity, a recently proposed SAR/ISAR imaging algorithm derived without any approximation is utilized to produce the output image. We also propose an ISAR image scheme that is usable when a target changes its velocity during ISAR data acquisition time.
On the Analysis of DS/CDMA Multi-hop Packet Radio Network with Auxiliary Markov Transient Matrix.
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 805~814
In this paper, we introduce a new method which is available for analyzing the throughput of the packet radio network by using the auxiliary Markov transient matrix with a failure state and a success state. And we consider the effect of symbol error for the network state(X, R) consisted of the number of transmitting PRU X and receiving PRU R. We examine the packet radio network of a continuous time Markov chain model, and the direct sequence binary phase shift keying CDMA radio channel with hard decision Viterbi decoding and bit-by-bit changing spreading code. For the unslotted distributed multi-hop packet radio network, we assume that the packet error due to a symbol error of radio channel has Poisson process, and the time period of an error occurrence is exponentially distributed. Through the throughputs which are found as a function of radio channel parameters, such as the received signal to noise ratio and chips of spreading code per symbol, and of network parameters, such as the number of PRU and offered traffic rate, it is shown that this composite analysis enables us to combine the Markovian packet radio network model with a coded DS/BPSK CDMA radio channel.
Short-term Fading Characteristics for Mobile Radio Signal in Built-up Areas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 815~821
Short-term fading in a mobile radio channel is mainly caused by multipath reflected wave by local scatterers or natural obstacles surrounding a mobile unit. In this paper, we analyze probability density function(PDF), level crossing rate(LCR) and widths and depths of fades for the measured field strength data in Seoul and Daejeon areas. As a result, the satatistical distribution of signal variations within any small area with the constant mean value becomes the Rayleigh distribution The variation of fade depths is small regardless of the environment such as urban, suburban. etc. However, the variation of fade widths is large with the change of circumstantial structures and environment. the maximum level crossing rate is obtained near the mean value.
HDTV Image Compression Algorithm Using Leak Factor and Human Visual System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 822~832
DSC-HDTV image compression algorithm removes spatial, temporal, and amplitude redundancies of an image by using transform coding, motion-compensated predictive coding, and adaptive quantization, respectively. In this paper, leak processing method which is used to recover image quality quickly from scene change and transmission error and adaptive quantization using perceptual weighting factor obtained by HVS are proposed. Perceptual weighting factor is calculated by contrast sensitivity, spatio-temporal masking and frequency sensitivity. Adaptive quantization uses the perceptual weighting factor and global distortion level from buffer history state. Redundant bits according to adaptation of HVS are used for the next image coding. In the case of scene change, DFD using motion compensated predictive coding has high value, large bit rate and unstabilized buffer states since reconstructed image has large quantization noise. Thus, leak factor is set to 0 for scene change frame and leak factor to 15/16 for next frame, and global distortion level is calculated by using standard deviation. Experimental results show that image quality of the proposed method is recovered after several frames and then buffer status is stabilized.
Approximate Queue Length Distribution of General Queues: Application to The M+
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 833~841
In this paper we develop an approximation formalism for the queue length distribution of general queueing models. Our formalism is based on two steps of analytic approximation employing both the lower and upper bound techniques. It is favorable to a fast numerical calcuation for the queue length distribution of a superposition of a superposition of arbitary type traffic sources. In the application. M+ N D /M/1 is considered. The calculated result for queue length distribution measured by arriving or leaving customers show a good agreement with the direct simulation of the system. Especially, we demonstrate that our formula for M/M/1 is equivalent to the exact solution, while that D/M/1 is simplified in an analytic form.
Performance Evaluation of Multiplexing Algorithms with Both Delay and Loss Priorities in ATM Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 842~856
The various services that a broadband integrated services digital network (B-ISDN) carries, have a wide range of delay, delay jitter and cell loss probability requirements. Design of appropriate control schemes for B-ISDN is an extremely important and challenging problem. In this paper, we proposed multiplexing algorithm with both delay and loss priorities in order to satisfy the diverse requirements. For the implementation of cell lose priority, we assumed that voice cells are generated as non-discardable(i.e., high priority) and discardable (i.e., low priotity)cells. The low priority voice cell may be discarded inside the network if congestion occurs. The cell dropping scheme is shown to reduce cell losses as well as delays for both voice and data. Such a load shedding scheme is expected to improve significantly utilization of B-ISDN.
Analysis and Design of a Spiral Antenna using Moment Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 857~871
In this paper, six kinds of spiral antenna, a combination of two types of spiral arm-width and three types of spiral curvature are analyzed by using moment method. Dividing spiral arms into N sections, the current distribution is calculated by Galerkin`s method. The radiation pattern and the antenna gain are derived from antenna currents. All os the six spiral antenna have amni-dirctional and wide-band characteristics, although the antenna gain changes within +_ 5dB bound for operating range(600MHz-2GHz). The variation of antenna`s gain is caused by the return loss in connection the Balun to the antenna. Simulation and experimental results on the radiation pattern also show spiral antennas have omni-directional and wide-band characteristics.
Design of Ku-Band Low Noise Amplifiers including Band Pass Filter Characteristics for Communication Satellite Transponders
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 872~882
In this paper, the Low Noise Amplifier(LNA) is designed and fabricated to include a band pass filter characteristics considering the antenna system characteristics according to the transmitting and receiving signal level of communication satellite transponder. As an example, a 2-stage low noise amplifier and a 4-stage amplifier and designed, fabricated and measured at 14,0~14.5GHz of receiving frequency band. This fabricated LNA has shown the gain with very good flatness within pass-band, and its gain decreases rapidly out of band resulting in supperssion of the transmitting signal power leakage. It has shown the 20.3dB +- 0.1dB of pass-band gain, the 1.44dB +-0.04dB of noise figure and the 14dB rejection out of band(12.25~12.75GHz). The gain flatness, noise figure and group delay of this 2-stage LNA satisfactorily met the simulation results. And the fabricated 4-stage amplifier has shown the more than 42dB of pass-band gain, the +-0.25dB of flatness and the 28dB of the rejection effect for transmitting power leakage. The 2-stage LNA and 4-stage amplifier, in this paper, will bring a design margin for the input filter and also result in the system cost reduction.
A Study on the Performance Improvement of Thinning Algorithm for Handwritten Korean Character
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 883~891
In this paper, we introduce new thinning algorithm which is useful for handwritten Korean character by using pixel directivity. At first, the directivity detection is performed before thinning. Each pixel is classified into the straight line of the oblique line based on its directivity. The algorithm using Rutovitz corossing number is applied to the straight line. And the algorithm using Hilditch crossing number is applied to the oblique line. The proposed algorithm is compared with six convention algorithms. Comparison criteria are similarity, noisy branch, and phoneme segmentation rate. Experiments with 570 characters have been conducted. Experimental result shows that the proposed algorithm is superior to six conventional algorithm with respect to similarity and phoneme segmentation rate.
Performance Analysis of the SSCOP in B-ISDN
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 892~900
Recently, ITU-TSS recommends a service specific connection oriented protocol (SSCOP) which assures the successful transmission of signalling information for B-ISDN. In the SSCOP, there is a mechanism to exchange periodically status informations for both error and flow controls. In this paper, we analyze the SSCOP with a discrete-time queueing model. We consider two cases for link-by-link and end-to-end controls. As the performance measures, we investigate delay, throughput, and buffer size of the receiver. The average values of these measures are analyzed with respect to the loss probability of messages, the traffic load, and the exchange period of status information. We also verify the accuracy of this model with simulations.
A Study on the Diversity Reception Performance of Spread Spectrum Signals in Interference and Fading Environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 901~911
The error performance of M-ary differential phase shift keying (MDPSK) through m-distribution fading channel in hybrid direct sequence/slow frequency hopped spread spectrum multiple access (DS/SFH-SSMA) systems has been evaluated, and also the error probability has been evaluate when adopting diversity technique and coding technique. From the results, we know that the error performance more deteriorates as depth of fading becomes deeper. In Rayleigh fading environment (m=1), increasing of the number of frequency hopping (q) reduces the effect of multiple access interference, because it decreases the probability a hit. When q is much larger than the number of user (K), the probability of error in high E/N region is dominated by the multipath interference while the multiple access interference is negligible. In lower E/N region, the probability of error is independent of q because the effect of gaussian noise becomes dominat.
An Error Control Line Code Based on an Extended Hamming Code
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 912~919
A new error control line code based on an extended Hamming code is proposed and its performance is analyzed in this paper. The proposed code is capable of single error correction and double error detection since its minimum Hamming distance is 4. In addition, the error detection capability can be oncreased due to the redundancy bit used for line coding. As a result, the proposed code shows lower code rate, but better spectral characteristics in low frequency region and lower residual bit error rate than the conventional error correction line code using Hamming (7, 4) code.
Design of 14.0-14.5 GHz 3Watt SSPA for VSAT Applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 920~927
A development of an efficient 14.0~14.5GHz 3 Watt SSPA is described in this paper, which is applicable to the very small aperture terminal(VSAT) for bidirectional data and voice signal transmission in low cost and with small size. The SSPA consists of two stages of low noise amplifiers using the low noise GaAs FETs. two stages of medium power amplifiers using the medium power GaAs FETs, and three stages of power amplifiers including a balanced amplifier using an internally matched power GaAs FET. The achieved with this seven stage amplifiers are 42dB signal power gain, 7dB noise figure, 35dBm output power at 1dB gain compression point and 2.0 and 1.5 input and output VSWR respectively.
Implementation of Decision Feedback Equalizer for 64 QAM RF MODEM in SDH Radio Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 928~938
We designed and implemented (3.3) tap Decision Feedback Equalizer using Zero Forcing algorithm for 64 QAM RF MODEM (155Mbps) in SDH STM-1, Before we designed DFE, simulate 11 tap linear equalizer and (3.3) tap DFE. Then we get results that performance of DFE is better than linear equalizer by 5dB in fading. Practically, implemented DFE have good performance equalizing signal in 20dB fading depth.
Modification of the Reference Signal for Fast Convergence in LMS-based Adaptive Equalizers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 939~951
In adaptive equalizers based on least mean squares (LMS) algorithms, the convergence rate is determined by the convariance matrix of an input signal. When the eigenvalue spread of the convariance matrix is close to unity, the convergence rate is quite fast. In this paper, for fast convergence of LMS-based adaptive equalizers we propose a modified reference signal pertinent to the statistical channel. From the theoretical analysis and computer simulation, it is shown that the proposed modification method is quite effective for fast convergence of LMS-based adaptive equalizers.
Periodic Binary Sequence Time Offset Calculation Based on Number Theoretic Approach for CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 952~958
In this paper a method calculates the time offset between a binary sequence and its shifted sequence based on the number theoretic approach is presented. Using this method the time offset between a binary sequence and its shifted sequence can be calculated. It has been recongnized that the defining the reference (zero-offset) sequence is important in synchronous code division multiple access(CDMA) system since the same spreading sequence are used by the all base station. The time offset of the sequence with respect to the zero offset sequence are used to distinguish signal received at a mobile station from different base stations. This paper also discusses a method that defines the reference sequence.
A Study of Printed Score Recognition and its Parallel Algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 959~970
In this thesis, a printed score is read by using handy scanner and the recognition process is excuted in parallel, finally, on Mesh-Connected Computer. What is read is classified into certain patterns and is recognized, based on knowledge. The preprocessing steps are minimized and simple operations are used in the algorithm proposed in this thesis. The score symbols on a printed score can be recognized irrespective of their sizes but their diversity males it difficult to recognize them all, so it is programmed so as to recognize some symbols that is used necessarily and frequently. The recognized result is transformed into the MIDI standard file format. It is required to use a parallel processing system with multiprocessors because the high speed image processing is required. A digitized two-dimensional image is appropriate in processing on the SIMD Mesh-Connected Computer(MCC). Therefore, we explain this architecture and present parallel algorithm using SIMD MCC with n processors that achieves time complexity0(n).
Analysis for Time Offset of PN Sequence in CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 5, 1994, Pages 971~980
The need increased capacity in the cellular system has resulted in the adoption of digital technology with CDMA as the channel access method. It has been recognized that the distinction of the base station is important for its performance in CDMA, since the same spreading sequences are used by the all base stations. Time offset of the pseudo-random noise binary code are used to distinguish signals received at a mobile station from different base station. But the start of the zero offset PN sequence is chosen arbitrary without the background of the systematic and mathematical elaboration. This paper proposes a mothed that define the start of the zero offset PN sequence mathematically. This paper also discusses a method that can easily calculate the time offset of the received spreading sequence with respect to the zero offset PN sequence.