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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 1994
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 1994
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 1994
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 1994
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 1994
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 1994
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 1994
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 1994
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 1994
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 1994
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 1994
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 1994
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Optimum BPF Bandwidth of Noncoherent Tau-Dither Loops for PN Code Tracking
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1421~1432
The optimum design and performance of noncoherent TDL considering the effect of distortions due to the IF bandpasss filters are described. NRZ data and ideal filter is presumed in the simulation. The optimum filter bandwidth is calculated in the sense of minimizing the loop's squaring loss, which is equivalent to minimizing the loop's tracking jitter for a given data rate and data signal-to-noise ratio. As a result, the optimum filter bandwidth depends on the signal-to-noise ratio, and is obtained in the range of about 1-2 times of the data rate.
The Characteristics and Optical Implementation of OA-pSDF BPOF
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1433~1445
In this paper, an coherent optical correlator system based on the off-axis projection synthetic discriminant funtion (OA-pSDF) was analyzed and implemented optically. The filter was synthesized by combining conventional pSDF with single reference plane wave multiplexing. Synthesized pSDF were transformed to binary phase only filters (BPOFs) and fabricated as computer generated holograms(CGHs), which was used in the real time optical correlator system instead of using expensive spatial light modulators(SLMs). From the characteristic test, it was found that OA-pSDF showed distortion invariance and good performances in discrminating subset images. The proposed OA-pSDF BPOF could overcome the limitations of conventional BPOFs : that is distortion variance such as acale and rotation, especially out of plane variance.
A Study on the Lifetime Prediction of Device by the Method of Bayesian Estimate
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1446~1452
In this paper, Weibull distribution is applied to the lifetme distribution of a device. The method of Bayesian estimate used to estimate requiring parameter in order to predict lifetime of device using accelerated lifetime test data, namely failure time of device. The method of Bayesian estimate needs prior information in order to estimate parameter. But this paper proposed the method of parameter estimate without prior information. As stress is temperature, Arrhenius model is applied and the method of linear estimate is applied to predict lifetime of device at the state of normal operation.
The Tool Coordinate Adjustment Algorithm for Robot Manipulators with Visual Sensor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1453~1463
Recently many robot manipulators are used for various areas of industriesand factories. It has been frequently observed that the robot manipulator fails to complete the function when the object changes its original position, Due to the unexpected impacts and vibrations the center and direction of the object would be shifted in many real application. In this study, a visual sensing algorithm for the robot manipulator is proposed. The algorithm consists of two parts : Detection of the object migration and adjustments of the orobot manipulators Tool Coordinate System. The image filtering technique with visual sensor is applied for the first part of the algorithm. The change of illumination intensity indicates the object migration. Once the object migration is detected, the second part of the algorithm calculates the current position of the object. Then it adjusts the robot manipulators Tool Coordinate System. The robot manipulator and the Visual sensor communicate each other using interrupt technique via proposed algorithm. It has been observed that the proposed algorithm reduces the malfunction of a robot manipulator significantly. Thus it can provide better line balance-up of the manufacturing processes and prevent industrial accidents efficiently.
The Circuit Design and Analysis of the Digital Delay-Lock Loop in GPS Receiver System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1464~1474
GPS(Global Positioning System)is a satellite-based navigation system that we can survey where we are, anywhere and anytime. In this paper, delay-lock loop of the receiver which detects the navigation data is theoretically analyzed, and designed using the digital logic circuit. Also logic operations for the synchronization are analyzed. The designed system consists of the correlator which correlates the received C/A code and the generated C/A code in the receiver, the C/A code generator which generates C/A code of selected satellite, and the direct digital clock syntheizer which generates the clock of the C/A code generator to control the C/A code phase and clock rate. From the analyses results of the proposed digital delay-lock loop system, the system has the detection propertied over 90% when its input signal power is above-113.98dB. The influence of input signal variation of digital delay loop, which is the input of A/D converter, is investigated and the performance is analyzed with the variation of threshold level via the computer simulation. The logic simulation results show that the designed system detects precisely the GPS navigation data.
Traffic Control with Double Threshold in ATM Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1475~1484
In this paper, a priority scheduling algorithm with double threshold and a traffic control mechanism with hysteresis effect are proposed. The double threshold priority scheduling is studied based on HOL and QLT. The hysteresis effect traffic control is specified by hysteresis effect QLT and traffic rate control. According to the simulation results, it can be shown that the proposed dynamic priority scheduling brings better processing performance than the existing QLT algorithm. And the results demonstrate that QLT and traffic rate control with hysteresis effect enhance the performance in comparison with those of single threshold.
Design and Implementation of the Combline Bandpass Filter for the Satellite Transponder using Least-squares Curve-fitting Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1485~1492
In this paper, we design and implement the Combline Bandpass Filters for the satellite transponder by using the least-squares curve-fitting method. The Combline Bandpass Filters are located front of the mixer and behind of it, which is the component of down converter. Comparing with the filters which have
/4 resonance length. Combline Filter has wide range of stop-band by using
/8. So, it is useful to the satellite transponder owing to its low mass and small size. The filters described are realized as coupled rectangular coaxial transmission lines. The choice of this type is due to the ease of machining and wide variations in coupling coefficients rather than the use of the round rod resonators. We determine 800 MHz bandwidths for the combline bandpass filters. By using Chebyshev filter function, we design and implement 4-pole combline filters.
Wideband Channel Simulation Algorithm for the Suzuki Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1493~1502
In this paper we propose a new wideband channel simulation algorithm which exactly simulates the Suzuki fading channel, a mixture of short term and long term fading. Proposed algorithm generates the incoming reflected waves as Suzuki distributed random signals and is possible to arbitrarily adjust the correlations among long term fading components of the incoming waves by using the Gaussian-to-lognormal transformation. Proposed algorithm can be applied to the simulation of the system performance.
Intelligent Motion Planning System for an Autonomous Mobil Robot
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1503~1517
Intelligent Motion Planning System(IMPS) is presented for a robot to achieve an efficient path toward the given target point in two dimensional unknown environment is constructed with unrestricted obstacle shapes. IMPS consists of three components for making intelligent motion. These components are real-time motion planning algorithm based on a discontinous boundary method, fuzzy neural network decision system for heuristic knowledge representation, and world modeling with forgetting and reinforcing memory cells. First of all, in real-time motion planning algorithm, the behavior-based architectural method is used to generate subgoal. A behavior generates a subgoal independently by using the method of discontinuous boundary in sensed area. The discontinuous boundary method is a new proposed fast obstacle avoidance algorithm. The second component is fuzzy neural network decision system for accomplishing the subgoal. The heuristic rules are imbedded on the fuzzy neural network to make an intelligent decision. The last one is a forgetting, reinforcing memory technique for the construction of external world map. The activation values of all activated memory cells in grid space are decreased monotonically and after all they are burned out. Therefore, after sufficient journey, robot can have a stationary world map even if the dynaic obstacles exist. Using the IMPS, several simulations show the efficient achievement of target point in unknown enviroment with obstcles of various shapes.
An Algorithm for BPSK Demodulation by Microprocessor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1518~1527
An algorithm for BPSK demodulation of which channel is an electric distribution line is developed, and realized in this paper. To realize the BPSK demodulation by microprocessor, BPSK signal that is received through the distribution line must be converted to digital signal. A hardware which converts BPSK signal to digital one has been designed in this paper, and an algorithm for BPSK demoduation of which channel is distribution line has been also developed in algorithm for BPSK demoduation of which channel is distribution line has been also developed in this paper by paying the attention to the fact that a modulated point appears up and down according to the rising edge and falling edge of the modulated binary signal if the carrier frequency is even times to the modulated binary signal, and by paying the attention to the fact that the signal duration or modulated point is twice of the other point. The microprocessor demodulation system with the algorithm has been realized. The system proved to have 0.02%(or less) bit error rate in real BPSK demodulation.
A Filtered-X LMS Algorithm by New Error Path Identification Method for Adaptive Active Noise Control
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1528~1535
In this paper, a filtered-X LMS algorithm by new error path identification method is proposed for active noise control system. The proposed algorithm identifies accurately the error path transfer function using three microphones and the control of error signal through double loop scheme with on-line. In the computer simulation using the sinusoidal and the practical duct noise, the proposed algorithm reduces noise level about 29.1dB and 10.4dB, respectively. We can observe the improvement of about 0.5dB and 2.5dB in noise level compared with that obtained using the filtered-X LMS algorithm of Eriksson model.
A Study on the Implementation of Wireless Modem for Packet Transmission
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1536~1547
This paper presented the implementation and design of narrowband wireless MODEM for packet transmission. The MODEM consists of transmitter, receiver, and the control unit. The BPSK modulation with narrowband filtering is used. The receiver consists of functional modules such as carrier recovery, bit synchronization, lock detector, etc. We evaluated the performance of packet transmission with three MODEM sets implemented in distributed packet radio network. We confirmed the transmission of packetized data through RS232C port of PC. Also, we presented results of experimental data by using measuring instruments. The implemented MODEM in this paper is expected to be useful for the design of wireless LAN system.
An Efficient CPM Adaptive Decoding Technique over the Burst Error Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1548~1557
In this paper, the dual mode error correcting adaptive decoding algorithm which is adapted to the continuous phase frequency shift keying(CPFSK) modulation is presented as a technique for overcoming the distortion that reveals from the Rayleigh fading channel. The dual mode adaptive decoder nominally operates as a Viterbi decoder and switches to the burst error correcting mode, whenever the decoder detects an uncorrectable burst error pattern. Under the fading channel environment and when the usable memory quantity is restricted, the dual mode adaptive decoding algorithm shows an advantage in the BER performance over the interleaving technique, and also obtains the merit of not needing the large time delay that the interleaving technique requires. The experimental results from the computer simulation demonstrate the performance of the algorithm and verify the theoretical results.
Accumulation of Jitter in a Chain of Stuffing Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1558~1570
The ideal stuffing jitter in a chain of stuffing systems is analyzed. The great jitter is generated when stuffing system operates with a stuffing ratio close to a simple rational number. The rms amplitude and probability density function of the accumulated jitter on the output of the chain is calculated and experimentally analyzed with a help of a hardware stuffing simulator.
Consideration of IMR for Bias and Lo signal at the simplifed GaAs MESFET Mixer
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1571~1577
This paper is designed and implemented mixer of 12GHz/14GHz as up-conversion. Observation that harmonics and intermodulation power level varied by two signal power level and bias obtained operation points of mixer. Finally, optimum operation points shows that
(radio signal frequency power level).
(local oscillation power level) is below -30[dBm], -2[dBm] respectively. Simultaneously
Overload Control of the Distributed Architecture Switching System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1578~1586
In this paper, a new overload control scheme is proposed for a stored program control system. The proposed control scheme is fit for a distributed architecture. In a distributed architecture, most of the call control functions are distributed to many subscriber control processors(SP) and some functions as number translation and routing control are centralized to central processors(CP). Therefore the performance of the CP is critical to the switching system. We needed a control scheme that ensures the proper operation of the CP in overload condition. We conducted lots of simulation experiments to evaluate the performance of the proposed overload control scheme and concluded that the proposed overload control scheme is very effective for a distributed architecture.
Robust Backward Adaptive Pitch Prediction for Tree Coding
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1587~1594
The pitch predictor is one of the most important part for the robust tree coder. The hybrid backward pitch adapation which is a combination of a block adaptation and a recursive adaptation is used for the pitch predictor. In order to improve the error performance and track the pitch period change of the input speech, it is proposed to smooth the input of the pitch predictor. The smoother with three taps can have fixed coefficients or variable coefficients depending on the estimated autocorrelation function of the output of the pitch synthesizer. The inclusion of a variable smoother can track the pitch period change within a block and reduce the effect of channel errors.
A Study on the Numerical Wave Propagation Properties of the Finite Difference-Time Domain(FD-TD) Method for EM Wave Problems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1595~1611
In this paper, the numerical wave propagation properties of the finite difference-time domain(FD-TD) method is investigated as a discrete model describing electromagnetic(EM) wave propagation phenomena. The leap-frog approximation of Maxwell's curl equations in time-space simulates EM wave propagation in terms of the numerical characteristic and the domain of dependence. A geometrical interpretation of the FD-TD numerical procedure is presented. The numerical dispersion error due to the leap-frog approximation and its dependence on the stability factor are illustrated. The FD-TD method using the leap-frog approximation is inherently a descriptive model. Thus, not only any physical picture about EM wave propagation phenomena can be drawn through this model, but also physical or engineering parameters in the frequency domain can be extracted from descriptive results. E-plane filter characteristics in the WR-28 rectangular waveguide and reflection property of an inductive iris in the WR-90 rectangluar waveguide extracted from simulation of the FD-TD model is included.
A Study on the Design of Synchronization Protocol for Multimedia Communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1612~1627
There is a synchronization function which deals with only single media of text in the OSI Session Layer. So new synchronization schem and synchronization protocol are required for multimedia communications which include audio, video and graphic as well as text information. In this paper, conceptional Multmedia Synchronization Layer(MS layer) environment is composed and its service primitives and protocols based on 'multi-channel, base media scheme' are designed and proposed for multimedia synchronization services. This MS layer Manager (MSM) establishes the MS layer connection to the peer MS layer and manages each media channel which is created in MS layer media by media. The MSM also finds the synch-position through the media frame number by utilizing it like the time stamp to provide inter-media synchronization services as well as intra-media synchronization services.
A Case Study of Mainframe Load Reduction Using The Client and Server Model
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 19, issue 8, 1994, Pages 1628~1639
In order to increase the utilization of the computing resources, universities connect a variety of computing resources such as mainframes, workstations, and personal computers via LAN. However, due to management and security reasons, most administrative applications are concentrated on mainframes which is the main cause of large work overload on mainframes for such applications as on-line course registration system where the entire student body must have access to the system during a short period of time. In this study, using a university system as the model and choosing on-line course registration system as the targeted distributed computing. APPC through IBM SNALU 6.2 link is proposed as the most appropriate means of distributed computing for the environment of the model university. In addition, the on-line course registration system is redesigned as client-server model where a mainframe serves as the file server responsible for file input and output and workstations becomes the client. Actual implementation and experiments have shown that the proposed distributed computing system yields a significant reduction in processing time.