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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1996
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1996
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
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Spatially Adaptive CLS Based Image Restoration
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2541~2551
Human visual systems are sensitive to noise on the flat intensity area. But it becomes less sensitive on the edge area. Recently, many types of spatially adaptive image restoration methods have been proposed, which employ the above mentioned huan visual characteristics. The present paper presents an adaptive image restoration method, which increases sharpness of the edge region, and smooths noise on the flat intensity area. For edge detection, the proposed method uses the visibility function based on the local variance on each pixel. And it adaptively changes the regularization parameter. More specifically, the image to be restored is divided into a number of steps from the flat area to the edge regio, and then restored by using the finite impulse response constrained least squares filter.
The Moving Object Segmentation By Using Multistage Merging
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2552~2562
In this paper, we propose a segmentation algorithm that can reliably separate moving objects from noisy background in the image sequance received from a camera at the fixed position. The proposed algorithm consists of three processes:generation of the difference image between the input image and the reference image, multilevel quantization of the difference image, and multistagemerging in the quantized image. The quantization process requantizes the difference image based on the multiple threshold values determined bythe histogram analysis. The merging starts from the seed region which created by using the highest threshold value and ends when termination conditions are met. the proposed method has been tested with various real imge sequances containing intruders. The test results show that the proposed algorithm can detect moving objects like intruders very effectively in the noisy environment.
Channel Error Detwction and Concealment Technqiues for the MPEG-2 Video Standard
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2563~2578
In this paper, channel error characteristics are investigated to alleviate the channel error propagation problem of the digital TV transmission systems. First, error propagation problems, which are mainly caused by the inter-frame dependancy and variable length coding of the MPEG-2 baseline encoder, are intensively analyzed. Next, existing channel resilient schemes are systematically classified into two kinds of schemes; one for the encoder and the other for the decoder. By comparing the performance and implementation cost, the encoder side schemes, such as error localization, layered coding, error resilience bit stream generation techniques, are described in this paper. Also, in an effort to consider the parcticality of the real transmission situation, an efficient error detection scheme for a decoder system is proposed by employing a priori information of the bit stream syntas, checking the encoding conditions at the encoder stage, and exploiting the statistics of the image itself. Finally, subsequent error concealment technique based on the DCT coefficient recovery algorithm is adopted to evaluate the performance of the proposed error resilience technique. The computer simulation results show that the quality of the received image is significantly improved when the bit error rate is as high as 10
Complex LMS Fuzzy Adaptive Equalizer with Decision Feedback
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2579~2585
In this paper, a complex fuzzy adaptive decision feedback equalizer(CFADFE) based on the LMS algorithm is proposed. The propoed equalizer is based on the complex fuzzy adaptive equalizer. The CFADFE isconstructed from a set of changeable complex fuzzy IF-THEN rules, where the 'IF' part of the rule is characterized by the state from a set of changealble complex fuzzy IF-THEN rules, where the 'IF' part of the rule is characterized by the state of the desision feedback. the role of decision feedback is to reduce the computational complexity. Computer simulation of the decision feedback. The role of decision feedback is to reduce the computational complexity. Computer simulation shosw that the CFADFE notonly reduces the computational complexity but also improves the performance compared with the conventional complex fuzzy adaptive equalizers. We also show that the adaptation speed is greatly improved by incorporating some linguistic information about the channel into the equalzer. It is applied to M-ary QAM digital communication system with linear and nonlinear complex channel characteristics.
Performance Analysis of Handover Control Scheme Considering Handover Duration Time
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2586~2596
The handover area is the region where a call can be handled by the base stations in any of the adjacent cells, and handover duration time is viewed as the time an mobile station resides inthe handover area. In this paper, analytic model to estimate the distribution function(df) of the handover duration time is proposed. Based on the df of the handover duration time, the simulation and anlytic models for the First Come first Serve(FCFS) scheme are presented, and the simulation results for the Measurement Based Prioritization Scheme(MBPS) are compared with the analytic results of the FCFS handover scheme. Those results show that the MBPS scheme is seen to provide lower handover failures than FCFS queueing with slightly increasing the new call blocking probability.
T*-tree:An Efficient Indexing Technique for Main Memory Database
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2597~2604
Performance Analysis of Mobile Exchange Control Part with Simulation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2605~2619
In this paper, we evaluated performance of mobile exchange control part. Queueing network model is used for modeling of mobile exchange control part. We developed a call control processing and location registration scenartio which has a message exchange function between processors in mobile exchange control part. A network symbol are used the simulation models that are composed of the initialization module, message generation module, message routing module, message processing module, message generation module, HIPC network processing module, output analysis module. as a result of computer simulation, we obtain the processor utilization, the mean queue length, the mean waiting time of control part based on call processing and location registration capacity. The call processing and location registration capacity is referred by thenumber of call attempts in the mobile exchange and must be satisfied with the quality of service(delay time).
Performance Evaluation of a High-Speed LAN using a Dual Mode Switching Access Protocol
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2620~2633
In this paper, a new high-speed local area network using a dual mode switching access (DMSA) protocol implemented on a dual unidirectional bus is described. By utilizing the implicit positionalordering of stations on a unidirectional bus, the proposed system switches between random access mode and the token access model withoug unnecessary delay. Therefore, unlike other hybrid systems such as Buzz-net and Z-net, DMSA does not show a rapid degradation in performance as the load increases. We obtain the average channel utilization and the average access delay by using a simplified analytic model. The numerical results obtained via analysis are compared to the simulation resuls for a partial validation of the approximate model. The performance characteristics of DMSA are superior delay-throughput characteristics at light and medium loads, compared to compared to other LAN systems, and the capability of providing a single active station with full capabity of the channel.
Quantization of Line Spectrum Pair Frequencies using Lattice Vector Quantizers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2634~2644
Two different low rate speech coders using one of four types of lattice vector quantizers(LVQ's) with fairly low complexity were investigated for an application to mobile communications. More specifically, two-stage vector quantizer-lattic vector quantizer(VQ-LVQ) systems and vector differenctial pulse code modulation(VDPCM)systems with lattice vector quantizers simulated to encode the line spectrum frequencies of various sentences at the rate 22 to 39 bits per 20 msec frame. The simulation results showed that the VDPCM system with the lattice VQ can save up to 10 bits/fram compared to the quantization scheme used in QCELP system. For the VQ-LVQ system, the spherical quasi-uniform LVQ below 36 bits/frame outperformed the other 3 types of LVQ's and the pyramidal quasi-uniform LVQ at 37 bits/frame outperformed the other 3 types of LVQ's with the spectral distortion 0.97.
An Adaptive Hybrid ARQ Scheme Using Shortened Codes
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2645~2652
In this paper wepropose a sub-block retransmission scheme for ARQ and hybrid ARQ schemes. When the cannel is quiet the sub-block retransmission scheme behaves like a conventional ARQ or hybrid ARQ scheme. As the channel is becoming noisy, the data block is dvided into small sub-blocks for transmission. Each sub-block is encoded for error control by an apprpriate shortened code and the code length of the shortened code is being adaptive to the corresponding channel BER. the reeived block is checked for errors sub-block by sub-block. The propsoed sub-block retransmission scheme provides improved throughput over conventional schemes by retransmitting only the naked sub-blocks in the occurrence of errors. An example of transferring ATM cells is considered for simulation.
Design of DC-free and minimum bandwidth binary line codes by look-up table
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2653~2659
In this paper, DC-free and minimum bandwidth binary line codes with look-up table are proposed and their performances are analyzed. As results of performance analysis, the proposed codes are shown to have spectral nulls at DC and Nyquist frequency. Among the proposed codes, binary line codes of which both codeword digital sum and alternating digital sum are zero have lower code rate but better spectral characteristics. Furthermore, binary line codes which consist of all codewords including those with nonzero digital sum and alternating digital sum have worese spectral characteristics but higher code rate.
Multiple-symbol Nonlinear Continuous Phase Frequency Shift Keying
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2660~2669
In this paper, it is called nonlinear-symbol CPFSK(NCPFSK) which is modulated by the nonlinear function of information carrying phase function within all symbol interval produce time invariant trellis structure. In general, the bit error probability performance of CPFSK modultion scheme within given signal constellation is determined from the number of memory elementsof continuous phase encoder, i.e. number of state. In this paper the number of state of analyticall designed NCPFSK is time invariant. And the nonlinear symbol mapping function of the proposed moudlation produces the nonlinear symbol andthe phase state of the modulation for updating the phase function of NCPFSK. It si shown in this paper nonlinear symbol CPFSK with multiple TCM to make further improvements in d
, and analyzed BER performance in AWGN channel envioronments.hannel envioronments.
An Improved Reticle Seeker Using the Segmented Forcal Plane Array
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2670~2678
Reticle seekers temporally modulate target location onto the incoming spatial signal. When large or multiple targets are present in the FOV, however, it is hard to precisely modulate the incoming target signal by the relicle. To solve this loss of modulatoin depth problem, we present an improved retical seeker using the segmented focal plane array(FPA). The new reticle system uses the normalized difference as well as the modulated signal of each detector output in the segmented FPA. In simulation, we have ascertained the proposed system can make an effective analysis and tracking for multiple or large targets.
NBI Rejection Techniques using Improved Decision Feedback for DS/SS Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2679~2686
In this paper, we propsoed the two methods to improve the conventional decision feedback interference canceller in DS/SS communication systems. The data bit is obtained by correlating the PN sequence with the received signals to the present time k, and thus the errors in the reference signal can be reduced by newly deciding all the reference signals with the resultant data bit. Additionally the cancelled signals are computed with less weight for initial reference signals of low processing gain, and highly weighted as the processing gain goes up. the resulting interference canceller outperforms the existing ones. By simulation, we found the proposed algorithm has "2-3 dB" performance gain at BER 10
compared to the conventional descision feedback algorithm.algorithm.
A Study on the ATM Cell Transmission in the Satellite Network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2687~2702
It is desirable that the implementation of next generation information infrastructure is the Integrated Network combining the satellite and the terrestrial network. The application of the ATM network being the dominant infrastrure of terrestrial network to the satellite network is being studied variously. Considering these concepts, this paper analyzes due to ATM transport via satellite, evaluates the degradation of QoS and proposes reliable method of ATM cell transport via satellite. Because ATM is investigated with the optical fiber which is almost error free characteristics, the practical application of ATM transport via satellite essentially need the channel coding(FEC:Forward Error Correction) to enhance BER performance. But using the FEC coding, satellite link has burst error characteristics which evoke severe performance degradation fo ATM QoS. Therefore in satellite link, we analyze burst error characteristics using experimental results of computer simulation. Then to compensate these characteristics, based on this analysis and HEC dual mode algorithm we propose various interleaver structures(Block interleaver, Intra interlever, and Inter-Intra interleaver) to improve cell transmission QoS. We execute performance evaluations of iterleaver structures by computer simulation.
Analysis of a Dipole Antenna Attached on a Dielectric Slab Using a Spectral-Domain Green's Function and the Method of Moments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2703~2709
This paper proposes an exact numerical method for analyzing a dipole antenna attached on a dielectric slab. A Green's function for an infinitesimal current filament on a dielectric slab is derived and a field integral equation is formulated using a boundary condition. The moment Method is used to solve the field integral equation to otain current distribution on the antenna. Since an asymptotic function is used to compute the impedance matrix elements, the computataion time is significantly reduced. Using the computed current distributions, the input impedances, the resonance lengths and the resonant resistances of the antennas for various values of the thichnessandthe dielectric constant of the slab are obtained. It was found that the resonant length and the resonant resistance are decrease monotonically as the dielectric constant increases, however, those are changed up-and-down as the substrate thickness increases.
2-Dimensional scattering by a periodic strip grating on a grounded dielectric slab
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2710~2723
2-dimensional scattering problem of electromagnetic waves by a periodic strip grating on a grounded dielectric slab in case of oblique incidence and arbitrary polarization is analyed by the vector Floquet modal expansion method. Solution convergence versus number of Chebyshev polynomial terms representing the unknown strip current density and number of space harmonics is examined, and some numerical results such as variation of power of significant space harmonics(scattered mode) are compared with those obtained by previous method. In particaluar, the relationship between Bragg blazing phonmena and characteristics mode(current) on the srip is discussed in detail.
Dispersion characteristics of the finite-difference frequency-domain(FDFD) method with the multi-resolution technique
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2724~2730
In this paper, the dispersive characteristics of the Finite-Difference Frqequency-Domain method based on the Multi-Resolution Technique(MR-FDFD) are numerically analyzed. A dispersion analysis of the MR-FDFD ority of the MR-FDFD method to the spatial discretization is shown. We expect that the multi-resoluation technique will improve the disavantage of the finite difference techqnique which needs the large comutational memory for accurate electromagnetic analysis.
Analysis of the operating characteristics of a birefringent optical isolator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 10, 1996, Pages 2731~2737
The effect of the birefringence existing in the Faraday rotator on the isolation and transmission properties of the isolator was investigated. To maintain isolation of 50dB, both the deviation of the transmission angle between input and output polarizers and the deviation of the Faraday ratation angle are permitted to .+-.0.18.deg. for birefringenceless isolator and to .+-.0.09.deg. for birefringent isolator. This means that the isolator possessing linear birefringence of 0.5.deg. requires 505 more accurage adjustment than that of no birefringence. We also simulated the characteristics of wavelength dependence for both the virefringent isolator and the birefringencelless isolator. It is also found that formward transmission loss doesn't varing much with small birefringence.