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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1996
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1996
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
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Obtaining 3-dimensional shape of hybrid reflectance surfaces using indirect diffuse illumination
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 301~312
A new approach is presented for recovering the 3-D shape from shading image. Photometric Stereo Method (PSM) is generally based on the direct illumination. In this paper, the reflectance function is derived by introduceing the indirect diffuse illumination in PSM and then applied to hybrid reflectance model which consists fo two components; the Lambertian reflectance and the speclar reflectance. Under the hybrid reflectance model and the indirect diffuse illumination circumstances, the 3-D shape of object can be recovered from the suface normal vector extracted from the surface roughness, the surface reflectance ratio, and the intensity value of a pixel. This method is rapid because of using the reference table and simplifies the restriction condition about the reflectance function existing in prior studies. The recovery efficiency in our method is better than that in prior studies. Also, this method is applied to various types of surfaces by defining general reflectance function.
A linear systolic array based architecture for full-search block matching motion estimator
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 313~325
This paper presents a new architecture for full-search block-matching motion estimation. The architecture is based on linear systolic arrays. High speed operation is obtained by feeding reference data, search data, and control signals into the linear systolic array in a pipelined fashion. Input data are fed into the linear systolic array at a half of the processor speed, reducing the required data bandwidth to half. The proposed architecture has a good scalability with respect to the number of processors and input bandwidth when the size of reference block and search range change.
The establishment of sending loudness rating for digital telephone using the input level of CODEC
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 326~332
In this paper, a method to design the sending loudness rating(SLR) is proposed and the desirable transmission characteristics are considered in order to specify the transmission quality, based on the loudness ratings, for the digital telephone system that is a terminal for digital speech communication. To specify the desirable SLR for digital telephone system, the subjective test defining the preferred range of inout level for CODEC was performed. From the test results, it was identified that the optimal input level for CODEC is -15dB and the range not to cause the quantization noise and the distortion of CODEC fall within -12dB and -18dB.
Efficient vector-scalar quantization of line spectrum parirs (LSP)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 333~339
In this paper, an effiicent quatization method of line spectrum pairs(LSP) with cascaded structure of vector quantizer and scalar quantizer is proposed. First, input LSP parameters is vector-quantized using a codebook with a moderate number of entries. In the second stage of quantization, the components of residual vector are individution improve the quantizer by the scalar quantizer. The utilization of ordering property and the inclusion of interframe prediction improve the quantizer performance and remove the stability check routine. The new vector-scalar cascaded quantizer using 27 bits/frame shows a transparent quality that an average specytural distortion is 1 dB and the frame proportion with above 2 dB spectral distion is less than 2%.
A new mthod for high resolution DOA systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 340~346
In this paper, we propose a ne weighted backward covariance matrix method to enhance the resolution for direction-of-arrival(DOA) estimation. The proposed method (MEVM:modified eigenvector method) is an enhanced covariance matrix method which is an extended form of the conventional covariance matrix. We analyze the effect of using the weighted forward-baskward covariance matrix on the performance of the eigenvector method(EVM). By comparing the perturbation angle of the noise-subspace, we show that the spectral estimate obtained using the proposed method is less distorted than the spectral estimate obtained using the conventional EVM. The simulation results show that the new method is more accurate and has better resolution than the conventional EVM under the same noise conditions.
Simultaneous estimation of the temporal and spatial spectrum using circular array
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 347~356
In this paper, we present the circular array structure for estimating the temporal and spatial specturm of multiple narrowband incoherent signals which have different frequencies. The conventional linear array is computationally demanding for simultaneously estimating the spatial and temporal spectrum since it requires the tapped delay line filer. The statistical performance of the circular array is never deteriorated eve though it requires much less computational load than the uniform linear array. Especially, it is shown that the circular array resolves the direction-of-arrivals of the multiple signals without the spatial and temporal aliasing the fundamental nonuniform-sampling property prossessed by it. Computer simulation results are shown to demonstrate the better performance achieved with the circular array geometry relative to that obtained with a uniform linear array with taps.
Blind identification of nonminimum phase FIR systems from second-order statistics and absolute mean
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 357~364
This paper presents a new blind identification method of nonminimum phase FIR systems without employing higher-order statistics. It is based on the observation that the absolute mean of a second-order white sequence can measure the higher-order whiteness of the sequence. The proposed method may be a new alternative way to the higher-order statistics approaches. Some computer simulations show that the absolute mean is exactly estimated and the proposed method can overcome the disadvantages of the higher-order statistics approaches.
Fixed-point performance analysis and implementation of the FS-CELP vocoder
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 365~374
Finite wordlength effects of the FS-1016 CELP(Code Excite Linear Prediction) vocoder algorithm) is analyzed, and a block floating-Point implementation method is employed to improve the fixed-point performance. An efficient run-time integer wordlength estimation algorithm is developed, and the overall system performance. An efficient run-time integer wordlength estimation algorithm is developed, and the overall system performance is verified in real-time using a TMS320C50 emulation board. Autoscaler software that conducts simulation-based automatic scaling to provide a floating-point like programming environment is used for this application development.
Source to teminal reliability evaluation by network decomposition
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 375~382
In this paper, aneffective method for computing source to terminal reliability of network by decomposition is described. A graph is modeled after a network, and decomposed into two subgraphs. A logic product term of one subgraph is computed, and a graph of the other subgraphs is made according to the event representing the logic product term, and it's logic product term is compted. By multiplying the logic product term of one subgraph by that of the other subgraphs, a method for computing the source to terminal reliability is proposed. the time complexity for computing all the logic product terms of one subgraph is the product of copies of the number of edges in the subgraph of 2, and that of the other subgraph is the number of edges multiplied by the number of logic product terms. This method requires less computation time than that not by decomposition.
Performance evaluation of the single-dwell and double-dwell detection schemes in the IS-95 reverse link
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 383~393
This paper considers the evaluation of the ecquistion performance for an accesschannel preamble based on a random access procedure of direct sequence code division multiple access(DS/CDMA) reverse link. The parallel acquistion technique that employs the single-well detection scheme and the multiple-dwell(double-dwell) detection scheme is mentioned. The acquisition performance for two detection schemes is compared in therms of the acquisition probability and the acquisition time. The parallel acquisition is done by a bank of N parallel I/Q noncoherent correlators. Expressions on the detection, false alarm, and miss probabilities of the single-dwell and multiple-dwell(double-well) detection schemes are derived for multiple H
cells and multipath Rayleight fading channel. comparing the single-dwell detection scheme with the multiple-dwell(double-dwell) detection scheme in the case of employing the parallel acquisition technique in the reverse link,the numerical results show that the single-dwell detection scheme deomonstrates a better performance.
A study on teletraffic analysis in overlaid PCS system
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 394~408
In this paper, we classify the transfer method of overflowed traffic from microcell to macrocell in micor/macro overlaid PCS system using CDMA technology, and analyze the traffic characteristics of traffic transfer methods. Soft-handoff is charaterized by communications with a new bastation on the same CDMA frequency assignment before terminating communications with the old basestation. Therefore, soft-handoff is superior to hard-handoff with respect to Grade Of Service, but it decreases the carried traffic of system. Therefore, we analyze the effect of soft-handoff with respect to handoff area variation. In order to analyze soft-handoff effect, we resolve the probability of dewelling time in soft-handoff area, and calculates the carried traffic of microcell using this result.
A compatibility verification environment for HDL-modeled microprocessors
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 409~416
This paper describes the simulation environment that verifies whether a new microporcessor described with HDL is compatible with an existing microprocessor. The compatibility verification is done by showing that the new microprocessor executes the OS(Operating System) program used in the existing microprocessor without any modification of its binary code. The proposed verification environment consists of a virtual system and a graphic user interface (GUI) module. Each module is independently designed based on serve-client model and three exists a communication part for information interchange between the two modules. This paper describes the method of constructing the verification environment and presents the compatibility verification environment of the x86 microprocessor as the simulation results.
An improved SRTS algorithm for DS3 rate video communication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 417~426
The end-to-end service clock recovery is a critical issue in providing constandt bit rate service through ATM network. The Synchronous Residual Time Stamp(SRTS) algorithm is used to recovery the source clock using time stamp of transmitter. In thispaper, we propose a Differential Residual Time Stamp (DRTS) transmission mechanism to effectively deliver the timing information of source clock in SRTS algorithm. The RTS transmission method simple in its hardware. From the results of field trial of DS3 rate interactive video communication system through B-ISDN testbed, it can be identified that DRTS method is superior to the RTS method.
Routing scheme and structure of crossed incomplete hypercube for enhancing performance
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 427~434
Hypercube has some advantages such as small diameter between nodes and relatively simple routing scheme, so it is one of the most popular interconnection networks used in real systems. But to make this structure more practical, it is required to reduce its diameter and to be able to expand it to any number of nodes. In this study, we proposed a Crossed Incomplete Hypercube structure. This scheme is based on the previous Crossed Hypercube topology that reduces the diameter about 50% and has the same complexity with general hypercube and is able to expand to any number of nodes. We also proposed a fixed routing scheme for this structure. In the repect of the average path and the average routing time, this structure shows an enhanced performance about 30% and it is enhanced about 20% ifn the average traffic density.
An active object-oriented directory database model for management of telecommunication
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 435~446
In this paper, we present database model of directory systems that perform a task for distributed information repositories in communication network environments. A new model is developed through four phase: (1) A diretory database information is classified that would be stored in directory database as user, administrative, and supplementary information. (2) The modeling criteria are captured that would be used to model information classified. (3) Object-Oriented concepts are used in modeling classified information according to modeling criteria captured. (4) Methods applied to developed model are grouped, and active-based mechanisms such as trigger and constraints are developed. These selected methods and attributes are encapsulated into objects. Consequently they compose an Active Object-Oriented Directory Database Model.
Fault-tolerant design of packet switched network with unreliable links
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 447~460
Network optimization and design procedures often separate quality of service (QOS) performance measures from reliability issues. This paper considers channel allocation and flow assignment (routing) in a network subject to link failures. Fault-tolerant channel allocation and flow assingments are determined which minimize network cost while maintaining QOS performance requirements. this approach is shown to yield significant network cost reductions compared to previous heuristic methods used in the design of packet switched network with unreliable links.
Performance of DS/SSMA communication systems over frequency selective rician fading channels with gaussian and impulsive noise
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 461~470
In this paper, the average probability of bit error of direct sequence spread spectrum multiple access (DS/SSMA) communication system is derived over frequency-selective rician fading channels with Gaussian and impulsive noise. Multiple access interference due to K asynchronous users transmitting simultaneously is computed using the characteristic function method, and compared with Gaussian approximation.
The effect of imperfect power control on the capacity of reverse channel in cellular CDMA system with antenna arrays
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 471~482
In this paper, we analyze the effect of imperfect power control on the capacity of the reverse channel in CDMA cellular system with antenna arrays in the base station. For imperfect power control, we assume that the received power at the base station from the users within each cell has log-normal distribution, and we also consider the effect of imperfect power control of co-channel interferences which arise from both its own cell and outer cells. From the result of numerical analysis, we show that the degree of power control gives a great influence on the capacity of CDMA celluar system with antenna arrays, and also that antenna arrays at the base station can improve greatly the system capacity even when the power control is imperfect.
Trellis-coded .pi./4 shift QPSK with sliding multiple symbol detection흐름 다중심벌검파를 적용한 트렐리스 부호화된 .pi./4 shift QPSK
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 483~494
In this paper, we proposed the receive decoder and Virterbi algorithm with sliding multiple symbol detection using MLSE. the informationis transmitted by the phase difference of the adjacent channel signal at the .pi./4 shift QPSK. In order to apply the .pi./4 shift QPSK to TCM, we use the signal set expansion and the signal set partition by the phase differences. And the Viterbi decoder containing branch mertrice of the squared Euclidean distance of the first, second and Lth order phase difference is introduced in order to extract the information in the differential detection of the Trellis-Coded .pi./4 shift QPSK. The proposed Viterbi decoder and receiver are conceptually same to the sliding multiple symbol detection method using the MLSE. By uisng this method, the study shows that the Trellis-Coded .pi./4 shift QPSK is an attractive scheme for the power and the bandimited systems while also improving the BER performance when the Viterbi decoder is employed to the Lth order phase difference metrics.
A study on the series-fed microstrip array anteena with coupling-slots
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 495~504
In this paper, series-fed mirostrip array anteenas with coupling-slots are prposed and their operating characteristics are analyzed based on analyzed based on analytical and experimental results. An accurate analysis method for the slot-coupled feed structure is based on using both circuit coupling between anteenas and full-wave analysis which use travling wave mode and non-traveling wave mode on feed line. The basis functions that used for the numerical analysis bas been determined depending upon the accuracy, convergence properties of the solution, and the computation time:The patch uses 3 EB mode, the slot uses 1PWS mode, and feeders use 5 PWS mode. Series-fed array antennas have been designed, built, and tested in a standing-wave configuration. Using the results of the full-wave analysis, the chebyshev array antennas consisting of 8 elements are designed and fabricated changing the amount excited to each array element by adjusting slot length and by the slot position relative to the feeder. Experiment results show that the series-fed array antenna designed by adjusting the slot position relative to the feeder is superior to that designed by slot length.
Design and implementation of dual-mode cavity filter with achebyshev response
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 505~513
In this paper the dual-mode bandpass filters with a Chebyshev response are designed and manufactured at Ku-band as well as K-band. Manufactured filters are resonated by two independent orthogonal
circular-cavity modes and characterized by 4-pole Chebyshev function. One is operating at a center frequency of 12.5GHz with a bandwidth of 100MHz and the other, a center frequency of 19.25GHz with 120MHz, respectively. The measureed experimental results of a 12.5GHZ dual-mode filter ahve a 1.2dB intertion loss in the passband and 65dB out-of-rejection, and a 19.25GHz filter has a 1.55dB insertion loss and 70dB out-of-rejection. These experimantal results shoults show good agreements with the design specifications.
Desitgn of push-push osciplier using even-odd mode analysis
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 514~525
In this paper, Push-push Osciplier(Oscillator + Multiplier) has been analyzed by even-odd mode analysis method. A 10GHz DRO, an Osciplier using 10GHz DRO design method and an Osciplier using even-odd mode analysis method were designed, fabricated and tested to verify this method. The measured results verified the validity of the analysis method using even-odd mode analysis.
N fractional frequency synthesizer for 800 MHz frequency hopping
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 526~533
In this paper, the 800 MHz band N fractional frquency synthesizer having 677 channel with 30 kHz channel bandwidth is designed on the based on the theory which is dervied in terms of the relation between reference freqiency and the number of channels, loop bandwidth and acquistion time. The experimental resuls show 10 Hz deviation from the bandwidth and acquisition time. The experimental results show 10 Hz deviation from the bandwidth, the spurious suppression of aroud -45 dBc and the acqusition time of 1.44 ms. The results satisfy the given specification, but don't achieve thebesired spurious -60 dBc suppression. It is found that 500 hop per second will be possible over the range from 800 to 820 MHz.
An adaptive time-delay recurrent neural network for temporal learning and prediction
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 534~540
This paper presents an Adaptive Time-Delay Recurrent Neural Network (ATRN) for learning and recognition of temporal correlations of temporal patterns. The ATRN employs adaptive time-delays and recurrent connections, which are inspired from neurobiology. In the ATRN, the adaptive time-delays make the ATRN choose the optimal values of time-delays for the temporal location of the important information in the input parrerns, and the recurrent connections enable the network to encode and integrate temporal information of sequences which have arbitrary interval time and arbitrary length of temporal context. The ATRN described in this paper, ATNN proposed by Lin, and TDNN introduced by Waibel were simulated and applied to the chaotic time series preditcion of Mackey-Glass delay-differential equation. The simulation results show that the normalized mean square error (NMSE) of ATRN is 0.0026, while the NMSE values of ATNN and TDNN are 0.014, 0.0117, respectively, and in temporal learning, employing recurrent links in the network is more effective than putting multiple time-delays into the neurons. The best performance is attained bythe ATRN. This ATRN will be sell applicable for temporally continuous domains, such as speech recognition, moving object recognition, motor control, and time-series prediction.
Real-time ULTC control strategy using the dynamic movement capability of LDC variables of artificial neural network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 2, 1996, Pages 541~551
This study develops the real time ULTC(Under Load Tap Changer) control strategy with LDC setting values moved dynamically using artificial neural networks. The suggested strategy can improve the ULTC voltage compensation capability by building 2 types of neural networks, ANNs and ANNg. ANNs recognizes the uncompensated MTr sending voltage change caused by the receiving voltage variation. And ANNg dynamically determines the most appropriate ULTC setting valtage chanbe caused by the receiving voltage variation. And ANNg dynamically determines the most appropriate ULTC setting values by recognizing the voltage level obtained from ANNs, and the section load pattern for each time period. In order to evaluate the suggested approach, the ULTC voltage compensation strategy are simulated on a 8 feeder distribution system. Artificial neural networks developed in this study are implemented in FORTRAN language on PC 386.