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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1996
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1996
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
An adaptive motion estimation based on the temporal subband analysis
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1361~1369
Motion estimation is one of the key components for high quality video coding. In this paper, a new motion estimation scheme for MPEG-like video coder is suggested. The proposed temporally adaptive motion estimation scheme consists of five functional blocks: Temporal subband analysis (TSBA), extraction of temporal information, scene change detection (SCD), picture type replacement (PTR), and temporally adapted block matching algorithm (TABMA). Here all the functional components are based on the temporal subband analysis. In this papre, we applied the analysis part of subband decompostion to the temporal axis of moving picture sequence, newly defined the temporal activity distribution (TAD) and average TAD, and proposed the temporally adapted block matching algorithm, the scene change detection algorithm and picture type replacement algorithm which employed the results of the temporal subband analysis. A new block matching algorithm TABMA is capable of controlling the block matching area. According to the temporal activity distribution of objects, it allocates the search areas nonuniformly. The proposed SCD and PTR can prevent unavailable motion prediction for abrupt scene changes. Computer simulation results show that the proposed motion estimation scheme improve the quality of reconstructed sequence and reduces the number of block matching trials to 40% of the numbers of trials in conventional methods. The TSBA based scene change detection algorithm can detect the abruptly changed scenes in the intentionally combined sequence of this experiment without additional computations.
Video quality assessment of digital TV for direct broadcasting satellite
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1370~1378
A subjective video quality assessment methods are proposed based on CCIR Rec. 500-5 for an evaluation and testing of compressed video quality and performance of video codec to be designed in accordance with the MPEG-2 MP ML specification which is adapted as a DTV standard for Korea digital DBS. Video sequence compressed in compliance with MPEG-2 MP ML encoding parameterswastested by the proposed video quality evaluation procedure. Test sequence were compressed at the bit rate 6Mbps, 7.5Mbps and 9Mbps, repectively. Test results of the 7.5Mbps bitrate showed a satisfactory picture quality at about 4.0 on the 5.0 absolute scale of ITU-R 500-5.
Online korean character recognition using letter spotting method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1379~1389
Hangul character always consists of consonants-vowel-consonants in order. Using this point, this paper proposes an approach to design a model for spotting each letter in Hangul, and then recognize characters based on the spotting results. The network model consist of a set of HMMs. The letter search is carried out by Viterbi algorithm, while character recognition is performed by searching the lattice of letter hypotheses. Experimental results show that, in spite of simple architecture of recognition, the performance is quite high reaching 87.47% for discrete regular characters. In particular the approach shows highly plausible segmentation of letters in characters.
Imge segmentation algorithm using an extended fuzzy entropy
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1390~1397
In this paper, in case of segmenting an image by a fuzzy entropy, an image segmentation algorithm is derived under an extended fuzzy entropy including the probabilistic including the probabilistic information in order to cover the toal uncertainty of information contained in fuzzy sets. By describing the image with fuzzysets, the total uncertainty of a fuzzy set consists of the uncertain information arising from its fuzziness and the uncertain information arising from the randomness in its ordinary set. To optimally segment all the boundary regions in the image, the total entropy function is computed by locally applving the fuzzy and Shannon entropies within the width of the fuzzy regions and the image is segmented withthe global maximum andlocal maximawhich correspond to the boundary regions. Comtional one by detecting theboundary regions more than 5 times.
Color image restoration for a single-CCD color camcorder system
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1398~1415
Instead of using three charge-coupled devices (CCDs) for the corresponding color channels, most consumer's most consummer's color macmorders reconstruct color images by using only one CCD with a color filter array (CFA), which periodically samples different color signals. By this reson the resulting image cannot produce the full resolution of the input image. More sepecifically, a single-CCD color camcorder reconstructs red, greed, and blue color channels from a color filter array followed by a CCD. During the reconstruction process, color cross-talk among channels (interchannel distortion) and eriodically space-verying blur (intrachannel distortion) occur. The proposed restoration system reduces distortions due to interchannel interference, and then restores each color channel by removing the corresponding intrachannel distortion. Experimental results show that the proposedsystem provides the improved image in oth objective and subjective senses. A major advantage of the proposed system is feasible to real-time image improvement because it can be implemented by a finite impulse response (FIR) filter structure.
Multifarme traget detection for guidance-purposed target detection systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1416~1424
The problem of optimaizing multiframe targe detection (MFTD) performance si discussed. The MFTD problem is treated as a multiple hypothesis desision problem, and a ne optimality criterion for the MFTD problem is established. It is of Neyman-Pearson (NP) type which is extended to multiple hypothesis cases. An optimal solution with respect tot eh established criterion is derived, and also proposed is a suboptimal solution which reduces the compelexity accompanying the optimal one. The trade-off between the reduction of complexity and the amount of loss in the detection performance is also studied. The proposed algorithm is applied to an active sonar system and the performance is evaluated via Monte-Carlo simulations.
Subband PRI analysis algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1425~1429
A conventional sequence search algorithm for PRI analysis occurs the harmonic problem under missing pulses. An improved PRI analysis algorithm is proposedto remedy the harmonic problem. After dividing an overall PRI range into subbands withoug harmonic, a sequence search is done into forward and backward in time. The proposed algorithm increases the preformance compared with that of conventional sequence search algorithm.
Improving LD-CELP using frame classification and modified synthesis filter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1430~1437
A low delay code excited linear predictive speech coder(LD-CELP) at bit rates under 8kbps is considered. We try to improve the perfomance of speech coder with frame type dependent modification of synthesis filter. We first classify frames into 3 groups: voiced, unvoiced and onset. For voicedand unvoiced frame, the spectral envelope of the synthesis filter is adapted to the phonetic characteristics. For transition frame from unvoiced to voiced, the synthesis filter which has been interpolated with the bias filter is used. The proposed vocoder produced more clear sound with similar delay level than other pre-existing LD-CELP vocoders.
Analysis of the error signals for infrared reticle seekers in multiple targets
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1438~1446
Infrared seekers using reticles with a single detector have been widely used due to small size and low cost. However, the analysis of the error signals and the performance in multiple targets are performed either simplistically or not at all. In this paper, we present detector signals and processing results using image and signal processing techniques, especially performance analysis in multiple targets. The simulation results are essential to make the advanced signal processing part of retical seekers which can deal with various engagement scenarios.
Compelex fuzzy adaptive decision feedback equalizer using RLS algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1447~1452
In this papre, a complex fuzzy adaptive decision feedback equalizer using the RLS algorithm is proposed. The proposed equalizer is based on the complex fuzzy adaptive equalizer. The 'IF'-part of the complex fuzzy adaptive decision feedback equalizer has membership functions which are characterized by the sate of decision feedback. The role of decision feedback is to reduce the computational complexity. Computer simulation shows that the proposed equalizer not only reduces the computational complexity but also improves the performance compared with the conventional complex fuzzy adaptive equalizers under the assumption of perfect knowledge of the linear and nonlinear channels. The effects of error propagation due to wrong decision feedback is also shown.
Adaptive directivity synthesis simulation of point source array using algorithm combined directive and recursive method(LMS method)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1453~1462
A numerical simulation is carried out on the directiveity synthesis of ultrasonic transducers by point source array. Directive method with combined LMS(Least-Mean-Square) method is practiced by means of a iterative method to realize the desired directivity. The directiviey of quasi-ideal beam with a beam width and a directive arbitrary specified was chosen. On the numerical resut, Proposed algorithm shows higher speed of clculating simulation than that of LMS method, and make adaptive control, which enables the desired directivity. Numerical simulations are carried out by PC(CPU:80486 DX2, RAM 16Mbyte).
Adaptive routing and broadcasting scheme for crossed incoplete ypercube structure
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1463~1469
A crossed incoplete hypercube structure is based on previous crossed hypercube structure that reduces the diameter about 50% and has the same complexity with general hypercube and is able to expand to any number of nodes. In this study, we proposed a fault-tolerant adaptive routing scheme and broadcasting scheme. Fault-tolerant adaptive routing scheme is resilient to system faults. And performance evaluation is executed on the proposed sturcture. It is enhanced about 30%.
A Study on integrated dynamic priority methods based on ATM traffic characteristics
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1470~1479
It was already proved that ATM has stability and flexibility of service applications, but because of the various characteristics of traffic and the QoS on user demandcaused by them, there are so many researches for traffic control method. In this paper, in order to give the more similar properties of the real traffic to the existing input traffic source, dividing them into four classes with different characteristics, and We proposed the integrated dynamic priority method, IDP which has advantages of the DMLT and the DQLT for time dynamic priority. Thus, it makes input queues about each of traffic classes and thresholds, and then use modified DMLT and DQLT methods. It has goal that proposed method to get more reliability and stability with advantage low loss of the DMLT, low delay of DQLT.
A study on improvement of policing perfomance by usage parameter control in asynchronous transfer mode networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1480~1489
In ATM networks there are two methods in traffic control as schemes advancing the quality of service. One is reactive control after congestion and the other which is generally recommended, is preventive control before congestion, including connection admission control on call leel and usage parameter control, network parameter control, priority control and congestion control on cell level. In particular, usage parameter control is required for restricting the peak cell rate of bursy tracffic to the parameter negotiated at call set-up phase since the peak cell rate significantly influences the network quality of service. The scheme for progressing quality of service by usage parameter control is themethod using VSA(Virtual Scheduling Algorlithm) recommended ITU-T. The method using VSSA(Virtual Scheduling Suggested Algorlithm) in this paper is suggested by considering cell delay variation and token rate of leaky bucket, compared VSA and VSANT(Virtual Scheduling Algolithm with No Tolerance) with VSSA which polices violated cell probability of conformed peak cell rate and intentionally excessive peak cell rate. VSSA method using IPP(Interruped Poisson Process) model of input traffic source showed more quality of service than VSA and VSANT methods as usage parameter control because the suggested method reduced the violated cell probability of contformed peak cell rate and intentionally excessive peak cell rate.
Traffic characteistics and effective bandwidth estimation for MPEG sources
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1490~1500
One of the important issues for multimedia communications over ATM netowrks is efficient use of net-work resources since transmitting video at low cost requires high utilization of channel bandwidth. In this paper, we propose an effective bandwidth estimation scheme for MPEG sources in ATM networks. It has been known difficult to allocate effective transmission bandwidth to MPEG sources due to its bursty charactersitics. The MPEG traffic stream can bemodeled using five traffic parameters:service rate, burst load ratio, interburst load ratio, burst period, and interburst period. Using these parameters, a transmission bandwidth for each source can be estimated, and the estimated bandwidth is applied synchronously to reduce the queue size in a buffer. For a simple network modelof a high speed link that multiplexes a number of virtual-circuit connections, simulations on adaptive bandwidth allocation were performed, and the results show that the queueing delay is significantly reduced, when compared to a fixed bandwidth allocation.
Performance and blocking probability in a two-class CDMA system with mobile station of 2 classes
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1501~1509
Mobile stations can be classified by the transmission power level in CDMA system. Different performance parameters will be given to each class of mobile stations so that the appropriate quality ofservices can be provided. In this paper, it is assumed that there are two clsses of mobile stations. with the classification of mobile stations, analytical models are presented for the estimates of the reverse link capacity and the blocking probability. From the model for the reverse link capacity, the maximum number of each class of mobile stations to be served is derived. It is shown that
I reduction of 1 dB allows the capacity to be increased by 25% and the data transmission rate and the power control accuracy have a significant effect on the reverse link capacity and the blocking probability. Simulation results are provided for validating the anlaytical estimates of the blocking probability.ocking probability.y.
PN code acquisition for the N-path RAKE receiver in the DS/CDMA systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1510~1521
This paper presents acquisition algorithm and an improved detection technique for the DS/CDMA (direction sequence code division multiple access) RAKE receiver in multipath fading channel. The DS/CDMA systems use the RAKE receiver, an accurate code acquisition is required for the RAKE branches. The algorithmis able to findthe pseudonoise (PN) code delay estimates for the RAKE branches in a multipath fading channel. In this paper a numerical method and computer simulation simulation have been developed for the acquisition system. The detection probability and mean acquisition time are investigated asa performance measure of the system using the Monte Carlo method. And also in order to analyze the effect of the acquisition on the RAKE receiver this paper bring out the effect of integration time, doppler frequency, processing gain and the number of users on the acquired code phase.
A maximum likelihood sequence detector in impulsive noise environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1522~1532
In this paper, we compare the performance of channel estimators with the L
-norm and L
-norm criteria in impulaive noise environment, and show than the L
-norm criterion is appropriate for that situation. Also, it is shown that the performance of the conventional maximum likelihood sequence detector(MLSD) can be improved by applying the same principle to mobile channels. That is, the performance of the conventional MLSD, which is known to be optimal under the Gaussian noise assumption, degrades in the impulsive noise of radio mobile communication channels. So, we proposed the MLSD which can reduce the effect of impulsive noise effectively by applying the results of channel estimators. Finally, it is confirmed by computer simulation that the performance of MLSD is significantly affected depending on the types of branch metrics, and that, in the impulsive noise environments, the proposed one with new branch metrics performs better thatn the conventional branch metric, l y(k)-s(k) l
The design and implementation of echo canceller with new variable step size algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1533~1545
In this paper, the design and implementation of echo canceller with new variable step size algorithm is discussed. The method used in the new algorithm is to periodically adopt the test function which helps an optimal coefficient tracking. This algorithm outperforms LMS and VS algorithms in convergence speed and steady state error. As the period of test function is decreased, the speed of convergence is improved, but the number of calculation is increased, then the trade off between these parameters must be considered. Simulation results show new algorithm outperforms LMS and VS algorithms in convergence rate. For the design of hardware, circuit is designed with VHDL, and synthesized with Act1 withc is a FPGA library of ActelTM in use of synovation of InterGraph
. Verification of the synthesized circuit is carried out with simulator DLAB. The circuit based on the algorithm which is suggested in this paper calculated 7 radix places of inary number. A simulation data for the verification is based on the data of algorithm simulation. When the same input data is applied to the both simulation, output results of circuit simulation had slight difference in compare with that of algorithm simulation. The number of used gate is about 5,500 and We have 5.53MHz in maximum frequency.y.
An analysis of bit error probability of RS/trellis concatenated coded-modulation systems for mobile radio channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1546~1553
The bit error probability of RS/trellis concatenated coded-modualtion system in the mobile radio channel is analyzed. A new upper bound to the symbol error probability of the inner TCM in the mobile radio channel is obtained by exploiting the unequal symbol error probability of the TCM. This bound is applied to the derivation of the upper bound to the bit error probability of the concatenated coded-modulation system. An efficient way of searching distance spectrum of the TCM in mobile radio channel is devised. Our new bounds are tighter than the earlier studied other bounds.
A new symbol timing algorithm for high storage density HDD
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1554~1566
In this paper, a new symbol timing algorithm for a magnetic recording system as HDD, is proposed. Above all, the Lorentzian channel model applied, the distortion and the attenuation problems of playback signals at high speed and storage density were considered. The structure and the operation of popular data detectors for HDD were understood, and the adopted symbol timing algorithm were profoundly analyzed. On the basis of these understanding and analysis, a new symbol timing algorithm for high density HDD was proposed, and the performance evaluation of this proposed algorithm was done.
Performance analysis ofthe improved reverse link closed loop powercontrol with the variable step size for the mobile transmit power
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1567~1575
This paper presents a new power control method for compensating the short term fading of the reverse link channel in the CDMA mobile telephone system. The fixed step closed loop power control which is now adopted in IS-95, is very simple in structure. However, the step size in the closed loop power control is too big for the channel with a small variation or too big for the channel with a small variation or too small for the channel with a large variation. The method presented in this paper has a simple structure and shows a new model employing the combination of the fixed step size method and variable step size method which results in compensatingthe disadvantages mentioned above. This paper also evaluates the performance inthe fundamental channel model.
A study on the electromagnetic field distributions in a W-TEM cell having wire array as an inner conductor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1576~1586
The subject of this paper is the analysis of a Wire-TEM cell(W-TEM cell) which has an inner wire array rather than a metallic septum;its basic structure is similiar to a NBS TEM cell. To verify improved performances of this W-TEM cell as a standard EM field generator, well-known quasi-static approximations are employed and their resultant ingegral equations are numerically analyzed by moment method. Although the electric field strength of a W-TEM cell is 1.4 dB lower than tht of a NBS TEM cell, the uniformity of EM field patterns in a W-TEM cell is improved. It is also shown that the EM field distortions resulting from loading by the conditing objects under test(loading effects), are decreased considerably. This paper also deals with the investigations about relationship between the EM field distributions and the number of wire composing the inner conductor. Finally, the experimental analysis is performed on the practical model which is built on the basis of the design variables brought out by the theoretical andnumerical analysis.
An analysis of characteristics of corrugated horn antenna using surface impedance condition
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1587~1595
We obtained the predicted and measured results for the reflection coefficient and radiation pattern of Ka-band (20- GHz) corrugated horn, which is usually used for feeder of reflector antenna for satellite communication, using suface impedance condition. In order to predict the reture losses of corrugated horn, we analyzed propagation constant of hybrid mode in the corrugated waveguide and then obtained the total reflection coefficient using the circuti theory of multi-step transformer. We also got the radiation pattern of corrugated horn with small flare angle, considering the phase deviation and integrate transverse field on aperture. A test model of corrugated horn antenna for Ka-band designed using theory and program displayed performance and the results agree with the theoretical prediction.
A study on single body design of optical current sensor and optical voltage sensor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 6, 1996, Pages 1596~1603
A single body type of fiber-optic current and voltae sensor using a rare earth doped YIG and a bismuth silicon oxide single crystsl is proposed, which is used for simultaneous measurement of the AC electric current and AC electric voltage over the trasmission lines. Experimental results showed that the fiber-optic current sensor has the maximum 7.5% error within the current range of 0A to 400A, and the fiber-optic voltage sensor has the maximum 0.87% error within the current range of 0V to 400V. The output waveforms of proposed fiber-optic sensor system has a good agreement with output waveforms of conductor current and voltage. Experimental results proved that the output of fiber-optic current sensor is not affected by the electric voltage applied to the fiber-optic voltage sensor, and also, that the output of fiber-optic voltage sensor is not affected by the electric current applied to the fiber-optic current sensor.