Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Kyung-Hi Chang / Song Chong / Jong-Taek Oh / Jae-Jin Lee / Myung-Sik Yoo
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1996
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1996
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1996
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1996
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1996
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1996
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1996
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1996
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1996
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1996
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1996
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1996
Selecting the target year
Binary image compression with morphological hybrid structuring elements
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2317~2327
Original binary image can be reconstructed without any distortion by MS(morphological skeleton) image. Though we reduce some points in a MS image, there is no problem to reconstruct original image by it. And then, there are two methods of LMS and GMS which reduce the redundant points of a MS image. The redundancy degree of a GMS image is zero and it is less than that of LMS. And then, GMS image is the best thing of the three kinds of morphological skeleton image to enhance the compression efficienty by the Elias code. But there are continous SKF=1 points in a GMS image whenever using 2 dimensional structureing element. Those points in a GMS image gives rise to a bad compression efficiency. And then, solving this problem, this paper proposes hybrid structuring elements algorithms for binary image compression.
On the efficient transmission of video stream using characteristic information
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2328~2340
Until now, the transmission of data for VOD(Video on Demenad) was based on a real time modelling of video data. Markow Modulated Fluid Sources(MMFS) and Markow Modulated Poisson Sources(MMPS) are the most widely used modelling methods. But the charactersitics of the VBR(Variable Bit Rate) signal prevents modelling from actually being "real-time". Also these methods call for the use of large buffers for the abolishment of cell loss. These modelling methods are, of course, useful i case of teleconferences where a real time modelling of video traffic is inevitable, but they are insufficient in cases where the characteristic infomation of video traffic can be obtained beforehand-cases such as VOD. Video data is speial in that if one file is preprocessed all other products can simply be copied from that onepreprocessed file. This characteristic helps reduce the overhead arising from the job of drawing out characteristic information to almost zero. But still, compared to the existing real time modelling method data transmission using characteristic information succeeds in raising the efficiency of data transmission. In tis paper we will outline a method of dta transmission which use the characteristic information of each video stream, and evaluate this method through some experiments.periments.
Finite-state projection vector quantization applied to mean-residual compression of images
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2341~2348
This paper proposes an image compression algorithm that adopts projection scheme on mean-residual metod. Sub-blocks of an image are encoded using mean-residual method where mean value is predicted according to that of neighboring blocks. Projection scheme with 8 directions is applied to the compression of residual signals of blocks. Projection vectors are finite-state vector quantized according to the projection angle of nighboring blocks in order to exploit the correlation among them. Side information to represent the repetition of projection is run-length coded while the information for projection direction is compressed using entropy encoding. The proposed scheme apears to be better in PSNR performance when compared with conventional projection scheme as well as in subjective quality preserving the edges of images better than most tranform methods which usually require heavy computation load.
Some convergence properties of godard's quartic algorithm: 1. The rate of convergence
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2349~2354
Convergence analysis on Godard's quartic (GQ) algorithm used forblind equalization is accomplished in this paper. The first main result is an explanation of the lacal behavior of the GQ algorithm around the global minimum point of the average performance functio, from which we can determine the adaptation gain. It is show that the normalized adaptation gain of the GQ algorithm should be smaller than that of the decision directed (DD) algorithm. In addition, it is observed that the GQ algorithm converges faster than the DD equalization algorithm.
4차 고다드 알고리즘의 몇 가지 수렴 성질: 2. 평균성능함수의 기하
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2355~2361
Convergence analysis on Godard's quartic(GQ) algorithm used for blind equalization is accomplished in this paper. First, we explain the local behavior of the GQ algoithm around the global minimum point of the average performance function. Then we consider the geometry of the average performance function. The main result is that a good initial parameter vector of the GQ algorithm can be chosen based on the information of the geometry of the average performance function.
The injection-locking coupled oscillators for the active integrated phased array antenna
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2362~2372
This paper deals with the design and development of an Injection-Locking Coupled Oscillators(ILCO), which functions like phase-shifter in the Active Intergrated Phased Array Antenna(AIPAA). This linear array 2-element ILCO consists of two Injection Locking Hair-pin Resonator Oscillators(ILHRO) and an unilateral amplifier. The first and second elements of the ILCO have same frequency tuning range but locking bandwidths of 11.5MHz and 14MHz respectively. A phase shift of .DELTA..PHI.=158.4.deg.(-78.0.deg. to 80.4.deg.) could be obtained inthe second element of ILCO when the first elementof the ILCO was in the reference locking mode(.DELTA..PHI.=0.deg.). When the ILCO is applied to the AIPAA, the predicted beam scanning angle value will be 38.4.deg.. Each ILCO gives good frequency stability and lower AM, FM, and PM noise charactheristics in the mutual coupling lockingmode. The ILCO can not only play a part as the phase shifter for the AIPAA but it can also be usedas the power combining device in the mm-wave frequency range and as a part of a T/R MMIC module.
A connection caching technique using host grouping
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2373~2384
Connection caching technique is widely used to reduce the overhead incurred by frequency connection establishment in distributed computing environment using connection oriented protocol. We present an efficient connection caching scheme where we divide the system into several host groups and connection between the hosts in the same group is kept prior to others. In other words it makes the connection kept longer by sharing the connection use information between hosts in the same group. Every host group consists of hosts which have heavy intercommunication. And we present performance evaluation of the effect of host grouping upon connection caching and performance comparison of various grouping in several aspects includingmeanservice request interarrival time, mean service time, group size, grouping and type of group. Simulation results show that host grouping is effective in evrey performance criterion and proper grouping of hosts enhances the performance. We also present analysis results for Markov process model of our scheme which are consistent with the simulation results.
Modelling and performance analysis for the end-to-end path tracing managment in ATM network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2385~2401
In this paper, a management model and a path trace algorithm are proposed for the end-to-end path tracing management in ATM network. Proposedmodel is based on the TINA(Telecommunication Information Networking Architecture) and computational object(CO) of ODP(Open Distributed Processing).We related computational object for the path trace to another computational object which covers the ATM routing and established operational procedure according to this relationship. This procedure identifies the end-to-end by way of tracing the ATM connections then collect identification information on the that path. End-to-end trace is performed on the network management level. Broadcasting-with-synchronized-control and GTM(Global Ticket Method) are proposed as path trace algorithm considering the real time properties and data ingetrity. Computer simulations are also performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm and its resuls are shown in this paper.
Performance analysis in location registration schemes in CMS considering mobile power status
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2402~2414
Registration is the process by which a base station gets the information of location and status about mobile stations. Registration will become an increasingly important issue in mobile cellular communications, especially in microcellular system with the increase of location updating traffic. Four typesof registration schemes, which are specified in US standard IS-95 and Korean standard TTA-KO-0062, power up registration scheme, power down registration scheme, distance based registration scheme and zone based registration scheme, will be mainly used in the future. In this paper, we derive the combined cost of signaling traffic of paging and registration for various parameters of mobile stations behavior(unencumbered call duration, power up and down rate, velocity, etc.) then we present numerical results for the perfroamnce of four registration schemes. The size of location area is provided for optimal operation.
Implementation and performance evaluationof the XTP(xpress transport protocol) for multicasting in high-speed netorks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2415~2421
This paper describes implementation and performance evaluation of XTP(Xpress Transport Protocol) onthe Windows NT for multicasting in high-speed communication networks. We designed the protocol byan event-driven method and implemented it in form of network driver in a kernel for performace enhancement. Various applications program are used for its functional test and comparison with the TCP protocol.
A study on the performance analysis of WDM networks with array wavelength tunable photonic receiver
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2422~2432
In this thesis, we analyze the Broadcast and Select Network(BSN) architecture coming up to the issues among those in the single-hip WDM networks and the degradation of performance in consequence of the traffic imbalance which well be able to be produced in these network. We propose WDM networks architecture which can support concurrency services by using Array Wavelength Tunable Filter(AWTF) with the parrallel hardware structure as a solution. For the sake of multichannel communications, we make use of the Single Control channel, Multiple Data channel(SCMD) scheme that is one of the channel architecture. Also, we compare and analize the throughput of Uniform & Nonuniform traffic conditions, and obtain the optimized number of AWTF being able to guarantee the Quality of Service(QoS) required by the enlargement of WDM netowrks and traffic imbalance. Therefore, we can make it possible that the design of the WDM networks with BSN architecture ensures the optimized performance.
An analysis of error probabilities for VSB signals in the presence of cochannel interference on the frequency selective fading channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2433~2443
In this paper, a new technique is proposed for obtaining the error probabilities of the VSB(vestigial sideband modulation) signal in the presence of the cochannel interference and frequency-selective fading channel. For the receivers, a suboptimal matched filter receiver and the MLSE(maximum likelihood sequence estimation) receiver, which is known to be optimal on the fading channel, are considered. First, for the matched filter receiver, the distributions of the random variables, which determine the SER(symbol error rate) are obtained by decomposing the multi-path fading channel into Rayleigh distributed main path and Gaussian distributed remained path channels. the random variables mean the energy of the main path and subpath respecitively, and SER can be calculated from the distribution of them. Next, for the case of the MLSE receover, it is found that the random variables are expressed as a function of integrals. In order to obtain the distribution for the random variables, we expanded each element of integrals with the KL(Karhunen-Loeve) transformation. And it is derived that the distributions for the transformed random variables are given by a sum of chi-square distributions. Finally, we calculated the error rate derived formula on the two-ray fading channel, which is one of widely used models for the frequency-selective fading channel. From the numerical results, it is found that for the matched filer receiver, performance degradation is significant, while the performance degradation at the MLSE receiver is insignificant on the frequency-selective fading channel. However, in case of cochannel interference environment, the error rateis found to increase significantly both at the matched filter and at the MLSE receiver.
Performance analysis of convolutional coded DS/CDMA system in nakagami fading chennels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2444~2455
In this paper, we investigate the performance of convolutional coded DS/CDMA system equipped with a noncoherent M-ary orthogonal modulation scheme, and operating in multi-user environments over slow and freuency nonselective Nakagami-m fading channels with an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). An expression for the pariwise error probability that can be used to compute the upper bound of coded system is first derived. performance of the DS/CDMA system with and without the convolutional codes are then compared. We have obsered that the convolutional coded can compensate the degradation quite well in multi-user situations over the Nakagami fading channels with the AWGN. For the case of an extreme fading, however, it has been seen that the convolutional code reaches its limit to improve the overall system performance as the number of users increse.
Equalizationof nonlinear digital satellite communicatio channels using a complex radial basis function network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2456~2469
A digital satellite communication channel has a nonlinearity with memory due to saturation characeristis of the high poer amplifier in the satellite and transmitter/receiver linear filter used in the overall system. In this paper, we propose a complex radial basis function network(CRBFN) based adaptive equalizer for compensation of nonlinearities in digital satellite communication channels. The proposed CRBFN untilizes a complex-valued hybrid learning algorithm of k-means clustering and LMS(least mean sequare) algorithm that is an extension of Moody Darken's algorithm for real-valued data. We evaluate performance of CRBFN in terms of symbol error rates and mean squared errors nder various noise conditions for 4-PSK(phase shift keying) digital modulation schemes and compare with those of comples pth order inverse adaptive Volterra filter. The computer simulation results show that the proposed CRBFN ehibits good equalization, low computational complexity and fast learning capabilities.
A study on the biorthogonally coded Q
AM with constant envelope property
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2470~2480
The energy efficiency and bandwidth efficiency are two important criterion in designing a modulation scheme Especially the constant envelope property must be considered as in the non-linear channel tht exit, for example in the nonlinear amplifiers for satellite repeater. The Q
AM(Quadrature Quadrature Amplitude Modulation) is a new modulation scheme which combines the Q
PSK(Quadrature Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) scheme which increases the signal space dimension and the QAM scheme which increases the bandwidth efficiency using the multi-level signal. The Q
AM scheme has by far superior spectrum efficiency compared with the existing modulation schemes. Applying this scheme in the non-linear communication system increses the bandwidth efficiency but cannot envelop property. In this paper, a new system architecture is suggested which satisfies the large spectrum efficiency and constant envelope property by implementing the linear block coding prior to the Q
AM modulation. the system has improved in performance by gaining the constant envelope and the additional coding gain. We able to observe the performance improvement of the suggested system(at BER=10
) of 4.4 dB for the 16-QAM and 0.7 dB for the Q
PSK under the exact spectrum efficiency.
CAD design of miniaturized dielectric filer with attenuation pole
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2481~2493
A simple iterative design method is presented for the miniaturized dielectric filter with finite transimmission zeros. Circuit-network transformations are used to place transission zeros in the stop band. This method is simple and quick compared with conventional pole-synthesis methods. the design of the coupling EM patternof the filter needs the much computation time because its design is carried out through the field simulatior. In this paper, an efficient implementation technique of coupling circuit parameters is presented. This technique uses a linear mapping function between the circuit parameter domain and EM parameter domain to save the high computational time of EM simulator. A narrow band asymmetric filter with a transmission zero is designed and fiblicated through these technique in 1900 MHz band.
Experimenatal analysis of radio propagation delay characteristics in urban microcells
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2494~2504
This paper describes about the spread specturm radio wave propagation characteristics in urban microcells. The experiments are carried out with respect to the mean excess delay, the RMS delay spread, and the received maximum peak power in the two kinds of geogrphical areas, LOS area and N-LOS area, especially whose variations are observed while varying the transmission distance and tilting the transmitting antenna. The typical results obtained in pariticular urban sites in Seoul are 300-600 nsec of mean excess delay and about 75 nsec of averaged RMS delay spread for LOS area, and 270-280 nsec of mean excess delay and about 100 nsec for N-LOS area. With the transmitting antenna gilted, obsered in the experiments are increase in RMS delay spread as expected, but increase of the received power at N-LOS areas in particular.
Analysis of the strip type waveguide mount backed by the dielectric substrate
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2505~2513
This paper presents the analysis of the impedance characteristic of the strip type waveguide mount backed by the dielectric substrate using mode the matching and induced EMF method. The part of the waveguide containing the dielectric substrate is modeled as waveguide partially filled with the dielectric, and a hybrid mode analysis has been conducted for the structure. The electromagnetic scattering problem by the dielectric substrate is solved by the mode matching method using the calculated modal function. The input impedance seen at the mount gap is calculated by the induced EMF method using the calculated results. the calculated results thus obtained has been verified through comparison with the results by other numerical methods. The effect of some structure parameters such as the width of the substrate and the gap size on the mount impedance is investigated.
A study on the microstrip array antenna for KOREASAT DBS reception
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2514~2525
This paper presents the possibility of the satellite broadcasting reception as a means of microstrip antenna of the planar structure. The paper discusses the design of the optimal KOREASAT DBS(Direct Broadcasting Satellite) reception microstrip antenna. Experimental results for ta 16*16 array antenna of size 35*35cm are also described. Itsgain is over 28dB in the frequency range of 11.7~12.0GHz DBS band. The measured NHK broadcasting C/N ratio of 16816 array antenna is over 10dB in Pusan. It is expected that good picture quality of C/N .GEQ. 12dB can be obtained for domestic use if this microstrip antenna is used in KOREASAT broadcasting receiving system.
A study on design method of waveguide grating router composed of star couplers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 21, issue 9, 1996, Pages 2526~2532
In this paper, the efficient algorithm for design of waveguide grating router(WGR) composed of star couplers is proposed. It is well demostrated that a star coupler design can be easily adjusted to the optimumstate using the proposed design method, which analyzes relations between various parameters. This method enables designers to estimate the spectral properties of waveguide grating router at the initial design level of the star coupler. A 5*5 WGR with 2.75nm(343GHz) channel spacing is designed using the proposed scheme. The BPM(Beam Propagation Method) simulation results show that the channel spacing of the WGR agrees very well with the design, the excess loss is smaller than 2.5dB, and the crosstalk is less than -21dB.