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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
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A fast decoding algorithm using data dependence in fractal image
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2091~2101
Conventional method for fractal image decoding requires high-degree computational complexity in decoding propocess, because of iterated contractive transformations applied to whole range blocks. In this paper, we propose a fast decoding algorithm of fractal image using data depence in order to reduce computational complexity for iterated contractive transformations. Range of reconstruction image is divided into a region referenced with domain, called referenced range, and a region without reference to domain, called unreferenced range. The referenced range is converged with iterated contractive transformations, and the unreferenced range can be decoded by convergence of the referenced range. Thus the unreferenced range is called data dependence region. We show that the data dependence region can be deconded by one transformation when the referenced range is converged. Consequently, the proposed method reduces computational complexity in decoding process by executing iterated contractive transformations for the referenced range only.
Feeature extraction for recognition rate improvemen of hand written numerals
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2102~2111
Hand written numeral is projected on the 3D space after pre-processing of inputs and it makes a index by tracking of numerals. It computes the distance between extracted every features. It is used by input part of recognition process from the statistical historgram of the normalization of data in order to adaptation from variation. One hundred unmeral patterns have used for making a standard feature map and 100 pattern for the recogintion experiment. The result of it, we have the recoginition rete is 93.5% based on thresholding is 0.20 and 97.5% based on 0.25.
A 2-D triangular mesh based motion compensation for very low bit rate video coding
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2112~2122
This paper presents a new video codec which is based on 2-D triangular mesh-based motion compensation and two step grid point motion estimation. With this approach the efficiency of compression and the quality of reconstructed images are improved. The compensation of motion for each triangular patch is performed by image warping using motion vectors at the grid points. The prediction error coding and the rate control meet MPEG-4 VM 3.0 specification. The experimental results show that the codec system proposed is simple in complexity and moreover, the quality of decoded images is improved.
A design of BIST/BICS circuits for detection of fault and defect and their locations in VLSI memories
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2123~2135
In this paepr, we consider resistive shorts on drain-source, drain-gate, and gate-source as well as opens in MOSFETs included in typical memory cell of VLSI SRAM. Behavior of memeory is observed by analyzing voltage at storage nodes of memeory and IDDQ(quiescent power supply current) through PSPICE simulation. Using this behavioral analysis, an effective testing algorithm of complexity O(N) which can be applied to both functional testing and IDDQ testing simultaeously is proposed. Built-In Self Test(BIST) circuit which detects faults in memories and Built-In Current Sensor(BICS) which monitors the power supply bus for abnormalities in quescent current are developed and imprlemented to improve the quality and efficiency of testing. Implemented BIST and BICS circuits can detect locations of faults and defects in order to repair faulty memories.
A design of 32-bit RISC core for PDA
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2136~2149
This paper describes RISC core that has been designed for embedded and protable applications such as PDA or PCS. This RISC processor offers low power consumption and fast context switching. Processor performance is improved by using conditional instruction execution, block data transfer instruction, and multiplication instruction. This architecture is based on RISC principles. The processor adopts 3-stage instruction execution pipeline and has achieved single cycle execution using a 2-phase 40MHz clock. This results in a high instruction throughput and real-time interrupt response. This chip is implemented with
triple metal CMOS technology and consists of about 88K transistors. The estimated power dissipation is 179mW.
Design of enhanced communications transport service for multimedia applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2150~2164
Two distinct features required in transport service and protocol to meet new multimedia applications requirements are multicast transmission capability and enhanced QoS facility. In this paper, we presents major functions and facilities of enhanced communications transport service definition supporting these requirements. At first, major fundamental issues, that should be handled to design multi-peer communcation service and protocol, are resoved and applied to design service definition. Secondly, we proposed several new functions for enhanced transport service such as heterogeneous TC establishment, invitation capability, TC-ownership transfer, restriction of transmit concurrency. The detils of proposed enhanced transport service are TC creation, TC invitation, TC join, multicase data transfer, pause of data transfer, resulme of data transfer, report of specific status, TC leave, TC termination, TC-ownership transfer, Token transfer services. The proposed transport service was submitted and accepted as a draft text for committee draft of international standard by the international standradization body such as JTC1/SC6 and ITU-T SG 7.
Analysis of linear and nonlinear distortion effects on CDMA reverse link transmitter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2165~2170
In this paepr, the distortion effects of impairments in CDMA transmitter system were analyzed. We considered not only linear distortion effects, for example, I/Q imbalance, quadrature offset and carrier leakage, but also nonlinear distortion effects such as AM-AM and AM-PM noise in power amplifier. To investigate how the impariments impact on the performance of CDMA transmitter, all effects represented as a function of CDMA modulation quality which is an important measure of the transmitted signal. These results show the limitation value of each impairment which is required to satisfy the IS-95 standard.
The design of a MAC protocol in the wireless ATM using dynamic channel allocation shceme
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2171~2180
In this paper, we proposed a MAC protocol called P/S-DCA that using dynamci channel allocation scheme for supports the multimedia traffic in wireless ATM, and analysis theoretically the throughput and delay of up/down link according to varying the down traffic load. To evaluate and the dynamic channel allocation scheme, simulations are executed with varying down traffic load. The results are proved that system capacity is improved better than PRMA and C-PRAM. The system capacity, denoting by
, is defined as the maximum number of conversations which can be supported under constraint of packet dropping probability no more than 1%. It is shown that the values of
are about 43, 69, 77 and 83, respectively. This indicates that P/S-DCA protocol achieves a significant improvement in system capacity relative to PRMA and C-PRMA protocol.
An adaptive keystream resynchronization algorithm by using address field of LAPB
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2181~2190
The synchronous stream cipher has the problem of synchronization loss by cycle slip. Synchronization loss make the state which sender and receiver can't communicate and it may make the receiving system disordered. To lessen the risk, we usually use a continuous resynchronization which achieve resynchronization at fixed timesteps by inserting synchronization pattern and session key. While we can get effectively resynchronizationby continuous resynchronization, there are some problems. In this paper, we proposed an adaptive resynchronization algorithm for cipher system using LAPB protocol. It is able to solve the problem of the continunous resynchronization.The proposed adaptive algorithm make resynchronization only in the case that the resynchronization is occurred by analyzing the address field of LAPB. It measure the receiving rate of the address field in the decesion duration. If the receiving rate is smaller than threshold value, it make resynchronization or not. By using adaptively resynchronization, it solves the problems of continunous resynchronization. When the proposed adaptive algorithm is applied to the synchronous stream cipher system which is used in X.25 packet network, it reduced the time for resynchronization by ten times. It means that 11.3% of total data for transmit is compressed.
An effegive round-robin packet transmit scheduling scheme based on quality of service delay requirements
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2191~2204
An efficient packet transmit scheduling algorithm should be able to allocate the resource to each connection fairly based on the bandwidth and quality of service requirements negotiated during the call admission procedure and it should be able to isolate the effects of users that are behaving badly. In this paper, we propose an effective round-robin packet transmit scheduling mechanism, which we call the delay tolerant packet reserving scheme (DTPRS) based on delay QoS requirments. The proposed scheme can not only provide fairness and but also reduce delay, delay variation, and packet loss rate by reserving output link time slots of delay tolerant packets and assigning the reserved slotsto delay urgent packets. Our scheme is applicable to high speed networks including ATM network because it only requires O(1) work to process a packet, and is simple enough to implement.
Implementation of protocols for a wireless communication network with a client/server architecture
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2205~2218
We implement the CARMA-M (Collision Avoidance Radio Multiple Access-Mobile) protocol and DMP (Data-radio Multiplex Protocol) with a client/server architecture for a wireless communication netowrk. These protocols support a data transfer function between a remote computer and a mobile portable computer with a wireless modem which are proposed by dataradio in U.S.A. With the review and analysis of the proposed protocol, the impelementation methods of DMP, CARMA-M and LLC to interface the protocols are presented. Moreover the FEC technique is added to find and correct the errors generated in communication. The simulation method of a wireless network using wires is also shown to verify the implemented protocols.
Distributed multiparty multiconnection signalling protocol
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2219~2235
The endpoints and exchanges involved in a call can establish heterogeneous connection each other according to required bandwidth and bearer availability in multimedia communication. and as participating users are increased, call setup delay must not be exceedingly increased. In this paepr, we propose DMMSP(distributed multiparty multiconnection signaling protocol) which can support heterogeneous connections and multimedia communications. DMMSP gets over a limitation of existing B-ISDN protocol and provides signaling capabilities to support various kinds of conncetions, and each endpint can setup individual connection with bearer availability. Moreover since DMMSP separatively performs call processing in distributed scheme, call setup delay can be minimized. We present call control procedures which can be applied to existing B-ISDN protocol and DMMSP respectively. We take multiparty multimedia conference call as an example thta is applied to the existing B-ISDN protocol and DMMSP, and compare and quantitatively analyze each procedures.
A study on the tracking antenna system for DBS receive on a ship
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2236~2245
The DBS system is being highlighted as actual area for the information societics. Specially, the DBS have been proposed very useful system to access the broading service in more widely sea. But the antenna tracking system for maritime DBS receiving is requried complicated control system because of the those complex motion represented pitching, rolling and yowing etc. Our resesrch target is a development of tracking system to the KOREASEA(MUGUNGWHA-1,2) for the applicated small size shipping. So our development focus was concentrated the two development direction. The first focus was represented low-cost system for popularization of small-size shipping around sea of the Korea peninsula. The second focus was an adaptive possibilities with domestic eqdupiment which was developed satellite receiving for KOREASAT. The anntenna mount is designed a compact size and easy operation use to the Az/El 2-axis type which is operated by step motor. And this mount type is very useful on a ship in the near sea of Korea peninsula. Basic tracking method is used th step-tracking algorithm, and the ship's moving compensation is adapted to the closed loop control method by ship's moving detection of gyro sensor. Control part is consists of converter, countertime, VCO, micro-computer and it's software. Testing the operation by the ship's moving simulator, and algorithm is designed tracking and moving compensation by receiving state.
Timing recovery based on zero-crossing detection for multi-level PAM signals
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2246~2255
Gardner proposed an algorithm for timing recovery of BPSK/QPSK signals based on zero-crossing detection technique. When Gardner's method is applied to multi-level PAM signals, it suffers from increased timing jitter due to self noise. To alleviate this problem, an improved algoritjm is proposed in this paper. The timing function is modified so that it zero point at the transition of PAM signals, that results in remarkable reduced timing jitter. The performance of the proposed algorithm is analyzed and compared to that of Garner's one. Finally, analytical results are verified by computer simulation.
Link analysis considering the satellite mobility in the LEO mobile communication networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2256~2271
In this paper, we analyze the multipath fading and the inter-satellite interference considering the satellite mobility in the LEO mobile satellite communication networks and evaluate the link perfodrmance for various wave propagation environments and reliabilities of communiation system. Multipath fading is estimated by analyzing the variation of fading margin for the satellite motion in rural, urban and suburban environments. The inter-satellite interferences are classified into 8 bypes with respect to interference path. The interferences evaluated in the paper are as follows:intra-LEO satellite interference, inter-LEO satellite interference, and GEO satellite to LEO satellite interference. As a conclusion, this apaper analyzes the change of elevation anagle and propagation distance with respect to time in the LEO satellite netwoek and prosents the variation of link margin continuously.
A performance study and IC implementation of high-speed distributed-multimedia shared medium access control protocol(part I:HCR protocol structure and performance)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2272~2281
This paepr proposes a shared medium access control protocol for hgih-speed multimedia services of distributed subscriber home and small-sized business ATM networks. This protocol offers not only global fairness for the whole network at the same time, but also local fairness for different prioritytraffics on each node. Considering that the future B-ISDN service si a mixture of real and non-real time traffic data, this protocol is designed to accommodate the real time service, by controlling the priority of the real and non-real time data. The simulation results show that the proposed protocol has better performance than the other protocols.
A performance study and IC implementation of high-speed distributed-multimedia shared medium access control protocol(part II:integrated circuit design for HCR protocol)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2282~2291
This paper describes an IC design for the HCR protocol which is designed to accomodata both real and non-real time data for high-speed multimedia services. The designed HCR IC is perfectly compatible with the conventional ATM IC's and physical layer IC's. The standard UTOPIA interface is adopted. Simulation results show that the proposed HCR IC operates very well according to the priority and the quota state of the real and non-real time data. The proposed HCR IC can be merged into the conventional ATM IC's without any modification and will be useful for multimedia service applications.
A wireless MAC for ABR type data service:APRMA
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2292~2302
In this paper, we propose a wireless MAC protocol named APRMA, which is capable of supporting the ABR type data service and maximizing channel utilization. In PRMA protocol, data terminals with random data packets cannot reserve slot. That is, slot reservation is applicable to the time constraint voice packet exclusively. But the reservation scheme has to be performed for loss sensitive data packet, and so data packets can get their quality of service. Therefore, in wireless MAC, reservation technique has to be used for both voice and data services. But in service aspects, if a fixed bandwidth is allocated to data terminals, time constraint voice packets may have a low efficiency. So in this study, the terminal which wants to request for ABR tyupe service, acquires a minimum bandwidth from system for thefirst time. If the system has extra available bandwidth, ABR terminals would acquire additional bandwidth slot by slot. As a result, APRMA protocol cansupporty the data service with loss sensitivity and maintain their channel utilization high. Also high priority services like voice can be satisfied with their QoS by APRMA.
Least mean absolute third (LMAT) adaptive algorithm:part I. mean and mean-squared convergence properties
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2303~2309
This paper presents a convergence analysis of the stocastic gradient adaptive algorithm based on the least mean absolute third (LMAT) error criteriohn. Under the assumption that the signals involved are zero-mean, wide-sense sateionaryand gaussian, a set of nonlinear difference equations that characterizes the mean and mean-squared behavior of the algorithm is derived. Computer simulation resutls show fairly good agreements between the theoetical and empirical behaviors of the algorithm.
Least mean absolute third (LMAT) adaptive algorithm:part II. performance evaluation of the algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2310~2316
This paper presents a comparative performance analysis of the stochastic gradient adaptive algorithm based on the least mean absolute third (LMAT) error criterion with other widely-used competing adaptive algorithms. Under the assumption that the signals involved are zero-mean, wide-sense stationary and Gaussian, approximate expressions that characterize the steady-state mean-squared estimation error of the algorithm is dervied. The validity of our derivation is then confirement by computer simulations. The convergence speed is compared under the condition that the LMAT and other competing algorithms converge to the same value for the mean-squared estimation error in the stead-state, and superior convergence property of the LMAT algorithm is observed. In particular, it is shown that the LMAT algorithm converges faster than other algorithms even through the eignevalue spread ratio of the input signal and measurement noise power change.
Automatic fingerprint recognition using directional information in wavelet transform domain
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2317~2328
The objective of this paper is to develop an algorithm for a real-time automatic fingerprint recognition system. The algorithm employs the wavelet transform(WT) and the dominat local orientation that derived from the gradient Gaussian(GoG) and coherence in determining the directions of ridges in fingerprint images. By using the WT, the algorithm does not require conventional preprocessing procedures such as smothing, binarization, thining and restoration. For recognition, two fingerprint images are compared in three different ST domains;one that represents the original image compressed to quarter(LL), another that shows vertical directional characteristic(LH), and third as the block that contains horizontal direction(HL) in WT domain. Each block has dominat local orientation that derived from the GoG and coherence. The proposed algorithm is imprlemented on a SunSparc-2 workstation under X-window environment. Our simulation results, in real-time have shown that while the rate of Type II error-Incorrect recognition of two identical fingerprints as the identical fingerprints-is held at 0%, the rate of Type I error-Incorrect recognitionof two identical fingerprints as the different ones-is 2.5%.
A study on multichannel digital receiver for FDM
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2329~2338
A conventional digital receiver sampled a baseband signal and processed it digitally for demodulation. But now we can sample at sufficiently high speed a wideband signal to take enough discrete data values due to the advent of economic high-speed ADC. With this technical background, a wideband frequency-division-multiplexed signal can be undersampled and channelized in digital domain by DFT analysis filter using the theory of polyphase. In this paper, we propose a new digital receiver which can digitally process the multichannel received signal by sampling at IF band, develop a mathematical theory and algorithm, and analyze the performance by using C-language simulaation. The proposed receiver can demodulate analog and digital FM signals.
Performance improvement of adaptivenoise canceller with the colored noise
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2339~2347
The performance of the adaptive noise canceller using LMS algorithm is degraded by the gradient noise due to target speech signals. An adaptive noise canceller with speech detector was proposed to reduce this performande degradation. The speech detector utilized the adaptive prediction-error filter adapted by the NLMS algorithm. This paper discusses to enhance the performance of the adaptive noise canceller forthecorlored noise. The affine projection algorithm, which is known as faster than NLMS algorithm for correlated signals, is used to adapt the adaptive filter and the adaptive prediction error filter. When the voice signals are detected by the speech detector, coefficients of adaptive filter are adapted by the sign-error afine projection algorithm which is modified to reduce the miaslignment of adaptive filter coefficients. Otherwirse, they are adapted by affine projection algorithm. To obtain better performance, the proper step size of sign-error affine projection algorithm is discussed. As resutls of computer simulation, it is shown that the performance of the proposed ANC is better than that of conventional one.
A method of AAL(SSCOP) protocol conformance testing and its result analysis in ATM network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2348~2356
This paper describes a method of AAL(SSCOP) protocol conformance testing and its result analysis in ATM network. Terminal equipment(TE) that implements protocols for connecting ATM network shall be verified if appropriately implement by conformance testing. The protocol specifications and the testing methodology are recommended or standardized by international standardization organization(ITU-T, ISO, etc.). The ATM AAL (SSCOP) protocol which selected for describing conformance test procedure is standardized in ITU-T Q.2110 and ATM Forum UNI 3.1 which are same in contents. Also Testing standard like ATS for SSCOP is specified in ATM Forum 95-1459R2. Construction of conformance testing environment is necessary to coordinate in relations with standards, then testing must beexecuted at that environment and the results from the test system analyzed. For this, it is necessary to select any test case from standard for testing and to make ETS. The ETS is proted on the test system and conformance testing will execute on that system. Finally the result from the test system is to analyze. This conformance testing procedure is applicable to the same other test cases in SSCOP and protocols in any communcation networks.
Optimal test sequence generation scheme using non-minimal multiple UIO
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 10, 1997, Pages 2357~2363
In this paepr, we show that the length of the test sequence can be reduced using non-minimal multiple UIO instead of minimal multiple UIO. Our test sequence generation method starts from the observation that Shen's approach cannot optimize the length of the test sequence whtn the difference between the number of incoming edge and that of outgoing edge is large. Usig the property, we propse a more efficient method to generate a UIO-based test sequence in terms of the length, and compares our method with other existing methods in terms of execution time for comformancetesting and time for generation of test sequence.