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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Kyung-Hi Chang / Song Chong / Jong-Taek Oh / Jae-Jin Lee / Myung-Sik Yoo
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
Development of an efficient logic function manipulation system for solving large-scale combiation problems and its application to logic design of sequential circuits
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1613~1621
Many studies on internal data expression to process logic functions efficiently on computer have been doing actively. In this paper, we propose an efficient logic function manipulation system made on the Objected-Oriented manner, where Binary Decision Diagrams(BDD's) are adopted for internal data espressionof logic functions. Thus it is easy to make BDD's presenting combinational problems. Also, we propose a method of applying filtering function for reducing the size of BDD's instead of attributed bits, and add it to the mainpultion system. As a resutls, the space of address is expanded so that the number of node that can be used in the mainpulation system is increased up to 2/sup 27/. Finally, we apply the implemented system to One-Shot state assignment problems of asynchronous sequential circuits and show that it is efficient for the filtering method to reduce the size of BDD's.
A design and fabrication of active phased array antenna for beam scanning using injection-locking coupled oscillators
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1622~1631
A 3-stages Active Microstrip Phased Array Antenn(AMPAA) is implemented using Injection-Locking Coupled Oscillators(ILCO). The AMPAA is a beam scanning active antenna with capability of electrical scanning by frequency varation of ILCO. The synchronization of resonance frequencies in array elements is occured by ILCO, and the ILCO amplifies the injection signal and functions as a phase shifter. The microstrip ptch is operated as a radiation element. The unilateral amplifier is a mutual coupling element of AMPAA, eliminates the reverse locking signal and controls the locking bandwidth of ILCO. The possibility of Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits(MMIC) of T/R module is proposed by simplified and integrated fabrication process of AMPAA. The 0.75.
is fixed for a mutual coupling space to wide the scanning angle and minimize the multi-mode. The AMPAA has beam scanning angle of 31.4.deg., HPBW(Half Power Beam Widths) of 26.deg., directive gain of 13.64dB and side lobe of -16.5dB were measured, respectively.
Capacity of DS/CDMA system with imperfect power-control
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1632~1642
In this paper, we studied the effects of the power control imperfection on the system performances of a microcellular DS/CDMA system. The maximum user capacity, defined as the maximum number of users can be serviced simultaneouly, meeting a given voice quality, is first considered. Then the performence degradation due to the control error is analyzed. The frequency selective Raician channel model is used to characterize a microcellular mobile communication environment. The DS/CDMA system under consideration uses BPSK modulation and convolutional coding/Viterbe decoding with soft decision for forward error correction. It is shown that the user capacity falls linearly down with the increase of the power control error(in terms of the standard deviation in dB) and the interference from users outside the third tier cells have a minor effect on the performance. And the performance of DS/CDMA with the imperfect power control model is made to be less than 50% of that with perfect power control moded.
The architecture of future ingegrated network of mobile into B-ISDN
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1643~1651
Next generation mobile networks will be demanded to support high speed data and multimedia services in addition to extisting serviced including voice communications. In this paper, we discuss the requirements of the wireless service with broad range of appkications, and present several types of architecture for future bobile network. After a brief comparative analysis, we propose a most practical and feasible one. And also, we discuss possible interworking scenarios between radio access system and intelligent network. In consideration of the selected infrastructure and scenario, we present protocol architectures and basic functions of radio access system. Based on the architecture, we believe that the itegrated system can be realized with such advantages of easy interworking, high feasibility on common services, easy introduction to new services, and unified operation.
Analysis of short-term feding characteristics in urban microcellular environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1652~1658
We analyze the short-term fading characteristics of received signal in urban microcellular environment. In order to analyze the fading signal, we obtain the fading distributions by distance, the received power pattern by arrival angle and the spatial correlation coefficients of fading signal by spacing distance between two antennas. In addition, we compare the distributions of simulated fading signal with the Rician parameter K in various conditions. As the results, it can be seen that the occuring period of deep fade and fade range in microcell are different as the distance between two antennas;besides, the period of fade and fade range in OBS region occur shortly and deeply as compared with those in LOS region. The data used in analysis are obtained by the simulation program using ray tracing technique.
Analysis of the soft handoff rate in DS-CDMA cellular systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1659~1667
In DS-CDMA cellular systems, using the same frequency channel at the adjacent cells simultaneously makes soft handoff possible. In soft handoff, mobiles use multiple radio resources for the space diversity of signal in the overlapped region. The previous traffic models of hard handoff are not applicable to the system with soft handoff due to switching radio channels in that region. The handoff rate can be calculated by the mobility of mobiles, which is a function of the size and shape of a cell, and the speed and density of the mobiles. In this paper, we propose an analytical traffic model to study the soft handoff rate. We assume that the system uses a two-way handoff scheme for practical purposes, which connects only two cells to a mobile during soft handoff. We performed a computer simulation to confirm the accuracy of the proposed soft handoff model. The simulation results show good agreement with the analytical model.
Call admissio control for provisioning Qos of wireless multimedia services
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1668~1676
The wireless communication network is evolving toward the Personal Communication System to provide various multimedia services. In order to accomplish this goal, the effective schemes are required which can dynamically utilize the limited wireless resources based on traffic characteristics of each services. This paper proposes a novel call admission control scheme for the hierarchical macrocell/microcell structured PCS. It is based on the bandwidth reservation procedure performed in the macrocell or neighboring microcell. Its effectiveness is investigated by simulation.
Blocking artifacts reduction for improving visual quality of highly compressed images
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1677~1690
Block-transform coding is one of the most popular approaches for image compression. For example, DCT is widely used in the internaltional standards standards such as MPEG-1, MPEG-2, JPEG, and H.261. In the block-based transform coding, blocking artifacts may appear along block boundaries, and they can cause severe image degradation eqpecially when the transform coefficients are coarsely quantized. In this paper, we propose a new method for blocking artifacts reduction in transform-coded images. For blocking artifacts reduction, we add a correction term, on a block basis, composed of a linear combination of 28 basis images that are orthonormal on block boundaries. We select 28 DCT kernel functions of which boundary values are linearly independent, and Gram-Schmidt process is applied to the boundary values in order to obtain 28 boundary-orthonormal basis images. A threshold of bolock discontinuity is introduced for improvement of visual quality by reducing image blurring. We also investigate the number of basis images needed for efficient blocking artifacts reduction when the compression ratio changes.
Region adaptive motion compensated error coding using extension-interpolation/2D-DCT
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1691~1697
This paper presents a new motion compensated error coding method suitable for region based image coding system. Compared with block based conding, the region based coding improves subjective quality as it estimates and compensates 2D (or 3D) translantional, rotational, and scaling motion for each regions. although the region based coding has this advantage, its merit is reduced as bock-DCT (2D-DCT) is used to encode motion-compensated error. To overcome this problem, a new region adaptive motion compensated error coding technique which improver subjective and objective quality in the region boundary is proposed in this paper. In the proposed method, regions with large error are estimated using contour of the regions and contrast between the regions. The regions estiated as those with large error are coded by arbitrarily shaped image segment coding method. The mask information of the coded regions is not transmitted because it is estimated as the same algorithm in the encoder and the decoder. The proposed region adaptive motion conpensated error coding method improves about 0.5dB when it is compared with conventional block based method.
Measure of similarity by toll theory and matching using fuzzy relation matrix - focused on 3-dimensional images
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1698~1706
In this paper, we envisioned a multimedia object recognition system processing and combinig information from all available sources, such as 2-D, 3-D, color and sound data. Out of the overall system, we proposed 3-D information extraction and object recognition methods. Firstly, surfaces are classified by z-gradient from the range data, surface features are extracted using the intersection of normal vectors. Also feature relationship such as intersection angle and distance is established between the surfaces. Secondly, recognition is accomplished by matching process which is improtant step in the image understanding systems. Matching process is very improtant procedures because of more general and more efficient method is needed in the field of multimedia sytem. Therefore, we focused the proposal of matching process and in this article, first of all, we deal with the matching process of the 3-D object. Similarity measures are calculated.
A fractal coding technique for color image sequence employing non-contractive interframe mapping
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1707~1714
This paper proposes a novel algorithm for fractal coding of image sequence, based on the CPM (Circular Prediction Mapping) and the NCIM (Non Contractive Interframe Mapping). In the CPM and the NCIM, each range block is approximated by a domain block in the adjacent frame, which is of the same size as the range block. Also, in this paepr, we propose a coding scheme of color components and an algorithm for controlling the bit rate, resepectively, for practical implementation of the fractal coder. The computer simulation results on real image sequences demonstrate that the proposed algorithm provides very promising performance at low bit-rate, below 256 Kbps.
Computationally efficient wavelet transform for coding of arbitrarily-shaped image segments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1715~1721
Wavelet transform is not applicable to arbitrarily-shaped region (or object) in images, due to the nature of its global decomposition. In this paper, the arbitrarily-shaped wavelet transform(ASWT) is proposed in order to solve this problem and its properties are investigated. Computation complexity of the ASWT is also examined and it is shown that the ASWT requires significantly fewer computations than conventional wavelet transform, since the ASWT processes only the object region in the original image. Experimental resutls show that any arbitrarily-shaped image segment can be decomposed using the ASWT and perfectly reconstructed using the inverse ASWT.
Coding of remotely sensed satellite image data using region classification and interband correlation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1722~1732
In this paper, we propose a coding method of remotely sensed satellite image data using region classification and interband correlation. This method classifies each pixel vector consider spectral characteristics. Then we perform the classified intraband VQ to remove spatial (intraband redundancy for a reference band image. To remove interband redundancy effectively, we perform the classified interband prediction for the band images that the high correlation spectrally and perform the classified interband VQ for the remaining band images. Experiments on LANDSAT TM image show that the coding efficiency of the proposed method is better than that of the conventional Gupta's method. Especially, this method removes redundancies effectively for satellite iamge including various geographical objects and for and images that have low interband correlation.
Design of mulimeter-wave ultra-compact broadband MMIC amplifiers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1733~1739
An ultra-compact milimeter-wave broadband MMIC amplifier was designed using a direct-coupled topology combined with optimum feedback design. Significant reductionin the chip size was possible by employing the direct-coupled topology. Bias resistors required for the direct-coupled topology were also used as feedback elements. Feedback was optimized for millimeter-wave frequencies using reactive elements. The fabricated MMIC amplifier was realized in a chip size of 0.8mm
and showed gains higher than 8 dB from 12 to 44 GHz. An output power of 30mW was achieved at 44 GHz with a drain efficiency of 10%.
Analysis of microstrip antenna with waveguide feeding structure
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1740~1746
In this paper, a waveguide-fed slot-coupled microstrip antenna is proposed as enhanced feeding structure of microstrip antenna and an analysis is presented. The presence of dielectric substrate between a stripand a slot is explicitly taken into account in this analysis. The evaluation of the antenna characteristics is carried out using the method of mements and the spectral domain approach in terms of the electric current distribution on the strip and the magnetic current distribution on the slot. From the results, we can conclude that the proposed structure is adequate for array antennas, due to ease of mass porduction and enhanced anteena performance.
Design of the helical array antenna for the domestic broadcast satellite
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1747~1754
The helical array antenna is designed for domestic DBS(Directcast Satellite) reception. The antenna diameter is determined 30cm with 168 element s to cover from Moojoo (beam center) to Seoul. The helical antenna with 2-turns and 4.deg. pitch angle is chosen as array elements for good axial ratio and antenna height. In array antenna design, row distance is 0.787.lambda., array distance is 0.824.lambda. in the same row. The feed is constructed using the radial waveguide to decrease the height of antenna. The measured values of the designed antenna are not only satisfied with the design goals but also similar to theoritical values except the axial ratio.
A cell scheduling of a logically separated buffer in ATM switch
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1755~1764
In this paper, we proposed the mechanism for the buffer allocation and a cell scheduling method with logical separation a single buffer in the ATm switch, and analyzed the cell loss probability and the delay of each trafic (CBR/VBR/ABR) based on the weighted value and the dynamic cell service scheduling algorithm. The proposed switch buffering system classifies composite trafics incoming to the switch, according to the characteristic of traffic, then stores them in the logically separated buffers, and adopts the round-robin service with weighted value in order to transmit cells in buffers though one output port. We analyzed 4 cell service scheduling algorithms with dynamic round-robinfor each logically separated service line of a single buffer, in which buffers have the respective weighted values and 3 classes on mixed traffic which characteristized by traffic descriptor. In simulation, using SIMCRIPT II.5., we model the VBR and the ABR traffics as ON/OFF processes, and the CBR traffic as a Poisson processes. As the results of analysis according to the proposed buffer management mechanism and cell service algorithm, we have found that the required QoS of each VC can be quaranteed depends on a scale of weighted values allocated to buffers that changed the weighted values, and cell scheduling algorithm.
A compensation algorithm of cycle slip for synchronous stream cipher
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1765~1773
The communication systems which include PLL may have cycle clip problem because of channel noise. The cycle slip problem occurs the synchronization loss of communication system and it may be fatal to the synchronous stream cipher system. While continuous resynchronization is used to lessen the risk of synchronization it has some problems. In this paper, we propose the method which solve the problems by using continuous resynchronization with the clock recovery technique. If the counted value of real clock pulse in reference duration is not same as that of normal state, we decide the cycle slip has occurred. The damaged clock by cycle slip is compensated by adding or subtracting the clock pulse according to the type of cycle slip. It reduced the time for resynchronization by twenty times. It means that 17.8% of data for transmit is compressed.
A study on the digital carrier recovery loop with adaptive loop bandwidth
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1774~1781
In this paper, we propose a full digital frequency and phase locked loop for CATV and HDTV receivers adopting VSB modulation. The CATV and HDTV receivers proposed by the Grand-Alliance in USA are ultilizing analog signal processing technology for carrier recovery. By the way, it is not a good architecture for the development of single chip ASIC operating in digital domain. To solve this problem while improving the performance, we first down convert the received r.f. signal to a near baseband signal for a low-rate AD converter and then we use digital signal processing techniques. The proposed system has the frequency pull-in range of -200 KHz +2.50 KHz. Moreover, it has the ability of adaptive loop bandwidth control according to the amount of frequency offset to improve the acquisition time while reducing the phase noise.
Intelligne information retrieval using latent semantic analysis on the internet
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1782~1789
Most systems that retrieve distributed information on the Internet have difficulties in retrieving relevant information for they are not able to reflect exact semantics on retrieval queries that usersrequest. In this paepr, we propose an automatic query expansion based on ter distribution which reflects semantics of retrieval term to emhance the performance of information retrieval. We computed weight, indicating its overal imoritance in the collection documents and user's query and we use LSI's SVD technique to measure the term distribution which appears similar to query. And also, we measure the similarity to compared numerical value with query terms. Also we researched the method to reduce additional terms automatically and evaluated the performance of the proposed method.
Tree structured wavelet transform coding scheme for digital HD-VCR
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1790~1802
A wavelet transform coding method that fulfills the requirements of HD-VCR(high definition video casstte recorder) for studio applications in proposed. A constant bit rate is achieved by a forward rate control technique whcih determins the quantizer stepsize based on the coding results fo the previous frame. We also propose a two-level coder that consists of both the IDC(independently decodable code) and the DDC(dependently decodable code). To minimize error propagation, the transformed coefficients are restructured into transform blocks which are represented by a tree structure. The result shows thta the proposed coding scheme produces better picture quality with block effects than that of DCT(discrete cosine transform) based coding schemes at the same compression ratio. The proposed method meets most of the requirements of HD-VCR.
Study on the termination rule in the iterative image restoration algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1803~1813
The goal of image restoration is to remove the degradations in a way that the resrored image will best approximate the original image. This can be done by the iterative regularized image restoration method. In any iterative image restoration algorithm, using a "better" termination rule results in both "better" quality of ther restored image and "less" computation, and hence, "faster" and "simp;er" practical system. Therefore, finding a better termmination rule for an iterative image restoration algorithm has been an interesting and improtant question for many researchers in the iterative image restoration. In these reasons, the new termination rule using the estimated distance between the original image and the restored image is proposed inthis paper. Noise suppression parameter(NSP) and the rule for estimating NSP with the noise variance are also proposed. The experimental results shows that the proposed termination rule is superior to the conventional methods.
A new watermark for copyright protection of digital images
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1814~1822
In this paper, we present a new digital signature for copyright protection of digital images. The proposed algorithm is designed to be more robust to both the compression (quantization) errors and the illegal signature attack by a third party. More specifically, to maximize the watermaking effect, we embed the watermark by randomly adding or subtracking a fixed number instead of executing the XORs. Also, to improve the reliability of the watermark detection, we extact the watermark only on some image blocks, which are less sensitive to the compression error. Futhermore, the unrecovered compression errors are further detected by the Hypothesis testing. The illegal signalture attack of a third party is also protected by using some probabilistic decisions of the MSE between the orignal image and the signed image. Experimental results show that the peroposed algorithm is more robust to the quantization errors and illegal signature attack by a third party.
Design and implementation of simulator for fault coverage analysis of commuication protocol test case
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1823~1832
In this ppaer, fault coverage analysis of a conformance test case for communication protocols, specified as a deterministic finite state machine(DFSM) is presented. The fault coverage analysis of a test case is defined by measuring the extent of the faults detected using a generated test case. The method that evaluates fault coverage analysis for a test case, has been researched by arithmetic analysis and simulation. In this paper, we designed and implemented a simulator for fault coverage analysis of a communication protocol teat case. With this result for Inres protocol, output fault and state merge and split fault have a high fault coverage of 100%. This simulator can be widely used with new fault coverage analysis tools by applying it to various protocols.
Analysis of rectangular delectric waveguide uisng perturbation feedback method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 22, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1833~1841
Rectangular dielectric waveguides, the most fundamental and indispensible elements in integrated optics, have been investigated by many researchers with various approaching methods including from the relatively approximate techniques to the numerical method. In this paper, the optimum equivalent waveguide model is adopted which is determined by a perturbation feedback process for analyzing the propagation constant by means of computer simulation, we have ascertained that the propagation constant from perturbation feedback method gives the best approximate value because it coincide with more exact value than obtained by other approximating methods. The technique also provides analytical expression for the modal field profile that should be useful in the design of various integrated optical devices.