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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 9A - Sep 1998
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 23, Issue 9 - 00 1998
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SIR-based dynamic code allocation method prioritized for handoff call in DS-CDMA cellular system
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2131~2140
Signal-to-interference ratio (SIR)-based dynamic code allocation method to be rioritized for handoff call is proposed and evaluated in a direct sequence-code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) cellular systm. Proposed method allocates a code to a mobile terminal according to the restidual capacity computed by SIR in the base station. We consider the voice activity detection to increase the system capacity. We evaluate the performance of proposed method with computer simulation. And the handoff decision function that controls handoff of mobile terminal is interodcued. The proposed method provide much improvement in the forced termination probability and handoff call fail probability.
Implementation of an indoor wireless modem using direct sequence spectrum technology
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2141~2152
In this paper, we design and implement an indoor wireless modem using small signal of ISM band regulation, which can tranceive reliable data streams. We use direct sequence spead spectrum (DS-SS) signaling with synchronous BPSK and QPSK modulation, convolutional coding with viterbi decoding. The radio frequency module uses frequency devision duplexing in 900 MHz band, and the digital module is implemented with FPGAs for the purpose fo ASIC design. The perfomrance of our own acquistion and tracking circuit consisting digital matched filter and decision logic is proved by experiments, and the possibility of file transfer at indoor environment with the entrie system that the modem is connected the PC through RS-232C port is verified.
Capacity esitmation of microcell in macro/microcell overlaid W-CDMA WLL system
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2153~2164
This paper has presented the parameters for the coexistence between two systems in macro/microcell ovelaid W-CDMA WLL (wideband CDMA wireless local loop) and has calculated the capacity of forward/reverse link in microcell. To produce the capacity for analyzing system interference effects, we have shown tables and graphs with the parameters sucyh as RF channel bandwidth of WLL(W), the transmission rate of service message(R), the required signal power to noise power ratio(
) for achieving accepatable error rate, te user number (
) of the neighboring system, the signal power to interference power ratio(.GAMMA.
) of the neighboring system, the normalized distance(d) between microcell and macrocell base-station, and microcell to macrocell radius ratio (
). From the results, we have convinced that the capacity of microcell diminishes as increasing the user number (
) in macrocell, increasing the microcell radius, and decreasing the normalized distance(d) between microcell and macrocell base-station. Especially, we have known that when
must be below 24 at .GAMMA.
= 0 dB and below 8 at .GAMMA.
= 4 dB for the acceptable capacity raito to be over 80%. Therfore, this paper is usefult to design microcell W-CDMA WLL for accommodating more user number under the interference effects of macrocell W-CDMA WLL and is expected to be reference in power control if base-station.ation.ion.ation.ation.
The structrue and wideband electrical characteristics of premises telecommunicatin wiring
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2165~2172
Existing premises telecommucation wiring ad been installed for efficient telephone service. But premises wiring is currently ready to be reused as media for wideband digital services and Fiber-to-the-curb architecture. Electrical properties of premises wiring link have not characateized above frequencies for voice service. Accurte measurement of these characteristics are exssential for studies fof wideband ditital transmission system. On the other hand, the transmission qualities of premises wiring have been known to be worst in telecommunications access networks. So the knowledge of premises wiring sturucture as well as electrical properties is needed to improve the performance of premises wiring. In this paper, the structure of premises wiring is described in detail and electrical characteristics (characteristic impedance, SRL, attnuation, NEXT) about premises cables and stelecommucations link of representative apartment complex sare measured and naalyzed ove r16MHz range which is UTP Cat3 bandwidth.
Tradeoffs in frequency-hopped multiple-access communications with reed-solomon code and MFSK in rayleigh fading channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2173~2183
We consider a frequency-hopped multiple-access communication system that employs reed-solomon code over GF(Q) and M-ary FSK signaling (
) in rayleigh fading channel. We investigate the tradeoff among the modulation symbol size (M), the number of frequency slots, and the code rate in maximizing the average number of successfully transmitted information bits per unit time and unit bandwidth (called normalized throughput). We find that it is desirabel to use a large M in noise-limited environment. In interference-limited environment, it is more improtant to prevent errors (hits) by increasing the number of frequency slots than to correct them with formward error correction techniques or to reduce the error rate by increasing M.
A call admission control in ATM networks using approximation technique for QOS estimation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2184~2196
Admission control is one of the most important congestion control mechanism to be executed at the call set up phase by regulating traffic into a network in a preventive way. An efficient QOS evaluation or bandwidth estimation method is required for call admission to be decided in real time. In this paper, we spropose a computtionally simple approximation method of estimating cell loss probability and mean cell delay for admission control of both delay sensitive and loss sensitive calls. Mixed input queueing system, where a new call combines with the existing traffic, is used as a queueing model for QOS estimation. Also traffic parameters are suggested to characterize both a new call and existing traffic. Aggregate traffic is approximated by a renewal process with these traffic parameters and then mean delay and cell loss probability are detemined using appropriate approximation formulas. The accuracy of this approximation approach is examined by comparing their results with exact analysis or simulation results of vrious mixed unput queueing systems. Based on this QOS estimation method, call admission control scheme which is traffic independent and computable in yeal time are proposed.
An algorithm for pahse detection using weighting function and the design of a phase tracking loop
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2197~2210
In the grand alliance (GA) HDTV receiver, a coherent detection is empolyed for coherent demodulation of vestigial side-band (VSB) signal by using frequency and phaselocked loop(FPLL) operating on the pilot carrier. Additional phase tracking loop (PTL) employed to track out phase noise that has not been removed by the FPLL in theGA system. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for phase detection which utilizes a weighting function. The simplest implementation of the proposed algorithm using te sign of the Q channel component can be tractable by imposing a phase detection gain to the loop gain. It is obserbed that the propsoed algorithm has a robust characteristic against the performance of the digital filters used for Q channel estimation. A second goal of this paper is to introduce a gain control algorithm for the PTL in order to provide an effective implementation of the proposed phase detection algorithm. And we design the PTL through the realization of the simplified digital filter for H/W reduction. The proposed algorithms and the designed PTL are evaluated by computer simulation. In spite of using the simplified H/W structure, simulation results show that the proposed algorithms outperform the coventional PTL algorithms in the phase detection and tracking performance.
A study on the stabilization control of an inverted pendulum system using CMAC-based decoder
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2211~2220
This paper presetns an adaptive critic self-learning control system with cerebellar model articulation controller (CMAC)-based decoder integrated with the associative search element (ASE) and adatpive critic element(ACE)- based scheme. The tast of the system is to balance a pole that is hinged to a movable cart by applying forces to the cart's base. The problem is that error feedback information is limited. This problem can be sloved when some adaptive control devices are involved. The ASE incorporates prediction information for reinforrcement from a critic to produce evaluative information for the plant. The CMAC-based decoder interprets one state to a set of patways into the ASE/ACE. These signals correspond to te current state and its possible preceding action states. The CMAC's information interpolation improves the learning speed. And design inverted pendulum hardware system to show control capability with neural network.
Analysis of effects on cell planning of IS-95A CDMA network by soft/softer handoff
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2221~2229
Handoff is an important parameter for system performance and capacity analysis in CDMA cell planning. In this paper, simulation tool for analyzing the effects of soft handoff on cell planning of CDMA network is developed by studying propagation model in 1.9GHz frequency specrum, soft hadnoff algorithm given by IS-95, and several parameters for CDMA cell planning. By using the tool, soft handoff gain and effects of soft handoff on cDMA system performance and capacity are analyzed. Research results and simulation tool developed in this paper can be used for optimal CDMA cell planning for PCS and IMT-2000 in 1.9GHz frequency spectrum such as locating base station and parameter optimization.
A study on the VN number and LMS based connectionless services mobility in wireless ATM netwroks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2230~2239
Recently, mobility support of connectionless mobile ATM data service has been mainly studied in wireless ATM communication network. this paper shows the network model for the mobility support of connectionless data service in ATM network, and proposes the methods to minimize COIP (care of IP address) acquisition processing time for MH(mobile host)migration. Th echaracteristics of proposed methods, COIP acquisition probability and IP data communication sequence of proposed model, are discussed in this paper.
On new channel estimation method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2240~2247
This paper presents a new method for channel impulse response measurment with a suitably designed binary sounding sequence. This method results in ideal channel estimation using three correlators instead of one. This system complexity can be easily overcome by the present technologies. The class of sounding sequences used in this method are the training sequence for channel impulse response measurment with the zero values of autocorrelation function at all shifts except zero and middle shifts in digital cellular mobile telephone system based on GSM. Computer searches are carried out to find the suitable sounding sequences.
The enhance driority transfer control mechanism for multimedia communication in ATM networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2249~2257
In this paper, we propose the enhanced priority control algorithm that adaptively controls the cell service ratio according to the relative cell occupancy ratio of buffer. The asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) provides the means to support various multimedia services in broadband networks. To support multimedia services, various data traffics of different priorities should be controlled effectively. And also it needs congestion control functions required in the netowrk to carry out the control operation. To accomplish this in a flexible and effective manner, priority classes for the different services ar ecommonly used. The proposed enhanced priority control mechanism have two service calsses of the delay sensitive class and the loss sensitive class. The simulation results show that te proposed control mechanism improves the QoS, the charateristics of cell loss probability and mean cell delay time, by selecting propeor relativ ecell occupancy ratio of buffer and the average arrival rate.
A design of object croup model in open distributed processing environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2258~2270
Recently, the distributed processing environments provide various open multimedia serivces through telecommunication network and have been developing into information networking structure based on object oriented concepts and distributed systems which can apply new services with a few changes the existing networks. This paper proposes the object group model which is the collection of objects and can functionally and efficiently manage the individual object. this paper presents the analysis of the requirement and the function specifications to propose the object group model, and depicts the functional structure in details using its analysis. The goal of this paper is to decrease the complexity of the object's management and to voercome the limitations of among the components of object group for management and service functions based on our proposed the object group model and show interaction procedures to eTD (event tracing diagram)s and finally we design the object group model by TINA-ODL.
Input quantization effects analysis of DS-CDMA receivers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2271~2281
The wordlength optimization for the analog-to-digital converter in DS-CDMA receivers is very important for the efficient implementation of front-end digital demodulator blocks. Wideband CDMA systems reqire a very fast acquisition time, thus they prefer the matched filter base dreceiver architecture.However, the matched filter should san very long chips, and as a results, requires a large number of gates and a high-power consumption. In this paper, the quantization effects on the acquisition performance of the matched filter is analyzed stochastically. The quantization is modeled as a series of saturation and digitization procedures, because the distortion due to the saturation is signal dependent and causes very different effects when compared with that of the, random, digitization noise. Numerical results are obtained to show the optimum saturaton limit of the quantizer for a given wordlength. This analysis can give a guide to low-cost and low-powr digital implementations and assurance of the system performance without intensive simulations.
Performance analysis fo aTM header error control mode over high BER environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2282~2288
ATM techniques ar ewidely accepted as a key transport mechanism infiber-based broadband network. However, to keep pace with the rpid emerging wireless high speed market, it is desirable to verify the reliability & daptability of ATM protocol on high error environment. This paper investigates the various ATM cell transfer characteristics over air interface. Though simulation, we analyze their usabilities of HeC mechanism and single-bit error correction algorithm based on ITU-T recommendation. We propose some methods for cell transport improvement over errored environment and investigate their performance for suggested schemes.
Scen based MPEG video traffic modeling considering the correlations between frames
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2289~2304
For the performance analysis and traffic control of ATM networks carrying video sequences, need an appropriate video traffic model. In this paper, we propose a new traffic model for MPEG compressed videos which are widely used for any type of video applications at th emoment. The proposed modeling scheme uses scene-based traffic characteristics and considers the correlation between frames of consecutiv GOPs. Using a simple scene detection algorithm, scene changes are modeled by state transitions and the number of GOPs of a scene state is modeled by a geometric distirbution. Frames of a scene stte are modeled by mean I, P, and B frame size. For more accurate traffic modeling, quantization errors (residual bits) that the state transition model using mean values has are compensated by autoregressive processes. We show that our model very well captures the traffic chracteristics of the original videos by performance analysis in terms of autocorrelation, histogram of frame bits genrated by the model, and cell loss rate in the ATM multiplexer with limited buffers. Our model is able to perrorm translations between levels (i.e., GOP, frame, and cell levels) and to estimate very accurately the stochastic characteristics of the original videos by each level.
Delay characteristics of speech packets in virtual cellular network(VCN)
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2305~2312
This paper analyzed the delay characteristics of speech packets in virtual cellular network(VCN). The probability distribution of packet delay is obtained using the markov chain model when periodic speech packets are transmitted by slotted-ALOHA protocol. The effects of probility of capture and retransmission policy on the performance were also analyzed. At first, the probability cumulative function of packet delay is calculated from the probability of capture as a function of location of mobile terminal. In order to investigate the effects of backoff delay, we defined a parameter NPr, where N is the period (frame size) of the speech packets and Pr is the retransmission probability for each speech packet. We also obtained the 1% outage delay for various frame size N.
MVPE:multiparadign visual programming environment
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2313~2324
Although visual programming is used in many fields of computer science and engineering, some dis-advantages can be found when they work together in an integrated programming environment. To overcome these shortcomings, there have been researches in combining multiparadigm with visual programming. However they have failed because they tried to combine the paramdigms without any coceptural model and structured method. In this paper, we investigate a new multiparadigm visual programming environment (MVPE), in which dataflow paradigm, form-based paradign, direct manipulation paradigm, and object-oriented paradigm are integrated together in an object-oriented way, based on the conceptual model of "method = paradigm, " This MVPE would overcome the limits of visual programming, and may also lead to the new discipline of visual programming environment.vironment.
A study on the quality scalable coding of selected region
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2325~2332
In this paper, the quality scalable coding of selected region is presented. If a region is semantically more important than the others, it is appropriate that the image compression shcem is capable of handling the regional semantic difference because the information loss of the region of interest is more severe. We propose the quality scalable coding with its model by interoducing the quality scale parameter. It is more extended and generalized image compression philosophy than te conventional coding. As an implementation of the proposed quality scalable coding, H.263 based scheme is presented. This scheme can control the temporal and spatial quality efficiently, and improve the reconstructed image quality of the region of interest.
Motion estimation using regions
Sull, Sanghoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2333~2344
We present a two step approach for estimating the motionand sturcture parameters from region orrespondences in two frames. Given four or more region corresondences on the same planar surface, the motion and planar orientation parameters are first linearly estimated based on second-order approximation of the displacement field of the image plane. Then, using this linear estimate as an initial guess, a nonlinear estimate is obtained by iteratively minimizing an objective function using the exact experession of the displacement field. The objective function involves the centroids of corresponding regions and relationships among low-order moments. Through simulations, we show that the two-step region-based approach gives robust estimates. The performance of nonlinear region-based estimation is compared with that of linear region-based and point-based methods. Experimental results for two image pairs, on esynthetic and one real, ar epresented to show the practical applicability of our approach.
Edge model based digital still image enlargement considering low-resolution CCD device characteristics
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2345~2354
There have been many researches to yield higher resolution image quality from the low resolution CCD device. The resolution of it is primary factor for the image quality of digital still camera and in manufacturing price. IN this paper, image enlargement algorithm, which reduces blocking effect of enlarged low resolution image and minimizes ringing and blur effect occurring around edge in linear interpolation, is proposed. This algorithm is composed of gaussian low pass filter which eliminates aliasing, least square spline interpolation and non-linear interpolation based on step edge model.
A fast fractal decoding algorithm using averaged-image estimation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2355~2364
In conventional fractal decoding procedure, the reconstructed image is obtained by a rpredefined number of iterations starting with an arbitrary initial image. Its convergence speed depends on the selection of the initial image. It should be solved to get high speed convergence. In this paper, we theoretically reveal that conventional method is approximately decomposed into the decoding of the DC and AC components. Based on this fact, we proposed a novel fast fractal decoding algorithm made up of two steps. The averaged-image considered as an optimal initial image is estimated in the first step. In the second step, the reconstructe dimag eis genrated from the output image obtained in the first step. From the simulations, it is shown that the output image of the first step approximately converges to the averaged-image with only 15% calculations for one iteration of conventional method. And the proposed method is faster than various decoding mehtods and evenly equal to conventioanl decoding with the averaged-image. In addition, the proposed method can be applied to the compressed data resulted from the various encoding methods because it does not impose any constraints in the encoding procedure to get high decoding speed.
A fast DCT algorithm with reduced propagation error in the fixed-point compuitation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2365~2371
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) has wide applications in speech and image coding. In this paper, we propose a novel fast dCT scheme with the property of reduced multiplication stages and the smaller number of additions and multiplications. This exploits the symmetry property of the DCT kernel to decompose the N-point dCT to N/2 point, and can be generally applied recursively to
-point. The proposed algorithm has a structure that most of multiplications tend to be performed at final stage, and this reduces propagation of truncation error which could occur in the fixed-point computation. Also the minimization of the multiplication stages further decreases the error.
An image sequence coding using edge classified finite state vector quantization
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2372~2382
In this paper, we propose a new edge based finite state vector quantization method having better performance than conventional side-match finite state vector quantization. In our proposed scheme, each dCT transformed block is classified to 17 classes according to edge types. Each class has a different codebook based on its characteristis. Encoder classified each block to motion block or stationary block and constructed a merging map by using edge and motion information, and sent to decoder. We controled amoutn of bing bits transmitted with selecting modes accoridng to bandwidth of transmitting channel. Compared with conventional algorithms, H.263 and H.261 at low bit rate, our proposed algorithm shows better picture quality and good performance.
The preverified test sequence generation method satisfying the completeness criteria
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2383~2390
As network provides diverse functionalities recently, many rpotocol standards have become complex and many implementations have appeared. Such trends require us to test th econformance of implementations, called the conformance testing. Many researches have been performed on generating test sequence and on fualt masking base don T,U,D,W methods. At this jpoint, te new problem is suggeste dwhich is calle dthe completenes s criteria. The test sequences for the conformance testing have come up with this problem as well as fault masking. In this paper, we suggest the method of generating the preverified test sequence which can avoid the completeness criteria problem. The preverified test sequence is much more reliable than others by using the preverified edge. For the reliability of conformance testing, we define the immunity of the test sequence and provide the clue for the analysis of the test results using the immunity. The analysis of the results makes it possible for us to test the implementation again with more reliability. Also, the preverified test sequence is flexible so that it is combined with the fault-tolerant sequence for fault masking.
A design research on the L-band omnidirectional circular polarized wave antnna for telemetry ystem in vehicle performance test
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 23, issue 9A, 1998, Pages 2391~2401
An L-band (1435-MHz~1535MHz) omnidirectional circular polarized wave antenna is designed and evaluated for transmitting/receiving of vehicle data. Conventioanl linear polarized wave antenna can not receive clearly all of the vehicle data which come from the wide driving test range on account of distortion. To vercome this problem, an omnidirectional circular polarized wave antenna is reuaried an designed. For the design, first of all, the charcteristics, design principle and theoretical background of circular polarized wav ewith a little signal loss ahve been reviewed. The characteristics of th edesigned antenna are analyzed wave with a little signal loss have been reviewed. The characteristics of the designed antenna is increased over 5dB comparing to that of linear polarized wave. Our results also demonstrate that the strength of vehicle data is flat enough over the full test range using this new antenna.