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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12B - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12A - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11B - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11A - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10B - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10A - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9B - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9A - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8B - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8A - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7B - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7A - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6B - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6A - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5B - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5A - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4B - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4A - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3B - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3A - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1B - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1A - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2B - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2A - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10 - 00 2000
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Analysis on the Cell Capacity and Coverage of 3GPP systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1461~1472
Recently, the mobile users seem to be rapidly increasing and then the capacity limit will be reached at close hand. In these situations, to provide them with good quality of service in the coming future, newly planned cell design is needed. In the next generation mobile communication systems, namely IMT-2000, good quality services will be possible only by designing the cell structure hierarchically with the help of appropriate cell planning. In the research process, the standardization reports on the future mobile cellular IMT-2000 system (3GPP) are investigated and the parameters, that are essential to cell planning, are also researched. Modeling of IMT-2000 radio link and the numerical analysis on that make it possible to calculate the forward/reverse link budget, system capacity call blocking probability Erlang capacity and cell coverage. In planning the cell of IMT-2000 system, various parameters are considered, such as hierarchical cell structure, number of users, data service forms and propagation area environments. From the results, efficient cell planning methods are proposed. Through this thesis efficient cell planning and maximum capacity will be achieved in the beginning of commercial IMT-2000 service.
Performance Evaluation of Bandwidth Efficient Adaptive QAM Schemes in Flat and Frquency Selective Fading Channels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1473~1479
This paper presents the performance evaluation of an adaptive QAM scheme under flat and frequency selective fading channels for indoor wireless communication systems. The QAM modulation is combined with differential encoding and the demodulation process is carried out noncoherently. The adaptation is performed by varying the modulation level of QAM, depending upon received signal strength. The adaptation mechanism allows a 2- or 3-bit increase or decrease at a time, if the channel condition is considered to be significantly good or bad. Simulation results show that the average number of bits per symbol (ABPS) for each symbol block transmitted over a flat fading channel is higher than 5.0 and the BER performance is better than 10^-4 for a SNR value higher than 30 dB. For frequency selective fading channels, an oversampling technique in the receiver was employed. The BER performance obtained for frequency selective fading channels is better than 10^-4 with a SNR value of 40 dB and ABPS is found to be approximately 5.5. Therefore, this scheme is very useful in that it provides both very high bandwidth efficiency and acceptable performance with moderate SNR values over flat and frequency selective fading channels. In addition, this scheme provides reduced receiver complexity by way of noncoherent detection.
Synchronization Sequency Design for Digital Cellular Mobile Communications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1480~1485
This paper presents an efficient synchronization sequency design for the digital cellular telephone. The class of synchronization sequences studied in this paper are sequences for synchronization that have the lowest out-of-phase values of the autocorrelation function with the two peak values equal in magnitude and opposite in polarity at zero and middle shifts. These synchronization sequences can be used to double-check synchronization timing and reduce the synchromication search time.
DS/MC-CDMA system performance through Rayleigh fading channel in the presence of partial band interference
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1486~1491
A Multicarrier system required a lower speed paralled-type of signal processing in contrast to a fast serial processing in a single carrier CDMA system. For the analysis we evaluate MC-CDMA system performance with that of a single-carrier CDMA system and a multi-carrier CDMA system based on the various jamming conditions. Also we studied to the capacity level against the threat environment through the performance comparison in commercial CDMA system and Limiting repeater system. as a result we found that M-CDMA system has a robustness to narrowband interference and multipath environments like as a Rayleigh fading.
An Improved Rayleigh Fading Compensation Algorithm with Modified Sinc Interpolation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1492~1498
Pilot symbol aided modulation (PSAM) using the conventional sinc interpolation (CSI) achieves nearly the same BER performance as Caver' optimal Wiener interpolation but with much less complexity. The CSI, however, has to use a non-rectangular window function that is applied to the sinc function to smooth out the abrupt truncation of rectangular window. In this paper, we propose the modified sinc interpolation (MSI). With the weighting factor the MSI scheme with no window has almost the same BER performance as the CSI scheme using window, In addition, if we use the MSI with a window its BER performance gets close to that of the theoretical one. We assume the multicarrier QAM system and an optimal frame structure for performance evaluation.
Synchronization Algorithms and Implementation of PC Based Receiver of Eureka-147 Digital Audio Broadcasting
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1499~1511
We have designed and implemented a receiver of Eureka-147 Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) scheme. DAB used OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) as its transmission technique that is very sensitive to synchronization error. So reliable synchronization algorithms have been proposed and evaluated. With the algorithms we proposed a PC based real-time DAB receiver has been implemented. We find that the receiver performs satisfactorily to meet the specifications we determined.
Bandwidth Reservation scheme Using Mobile Tracking
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1512~1520
The wireless communication network is evolving toward IMT-2000 for providing various multimedia services. In order to accomplish this ultimate goal the effective schemes are required which can dynamically utilize the limited wireless resources based on different traffic characteristics of various services. This paper proposes a novel bandwidth allocation and call admission control scheme to transmit multimedia traffic based on the bandwidth reservation procedure using direction estimation in the IMT-2000 This scheme estimates the position of mobiles based on the mliticriteria decision making in which uncertain parameters such as RSS(Received Signal Strength), the distance between mobile and base station the moving direction and the previous location are participated in the decision process using aggregation function in fuzzy set theory. Its effectiveness is investigated by simulation.
Performance of CDMA system in the Extended Suzuki Model of LEO Satellite
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1521~1528
In this paper we analyze the performance of a DS/CDMA system in LEO mobile satellite channels. The channel uses the Extended Suzuki model which is the product of a Rician distribution having a LOS component and a lognormal distribution due to shadowing. We assume that the signal transmitted from the satellite to the mobile undergoes the same fading for the whole coverage of signal's beam. The average bit error probabilities of double coverage system is calculated in this paper. The interference resulting from the reference satellite is calculated for mobile located in the middle of the double coverage region whereas the additive interference from next-satellite is included for mobile located in the edge of the double coverage region. The performance of the mobile's receiving signal is dependent on shadowing and the interference of the next-satellite. We can obtain an obtain an improved average bit error probability by using dual diversity over the conventional correlated receiver for similar shadowing conditions in the coverage area of the satellite channel.
Performance Analysis of Access Channel in CDMA Cellular Network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1529~1539
The contact procedure of access channel necessary to set up the originating call has a close relation with the performance and capacity of the base station system in CDMA cellular network. This paper investigates the structure and the operation of the backward channel of IS-95 CDMA standard and explains the related system parameters. We can derive the throughput of the CDMA access channel depending on the arrivals of the access probes per access channel slot, given the system parameters such as cell radius, the maximum number of retransmission, and the error rates of the access and paging channel. It shows that the performance in throughput is much better in the CDMA IS-95 access channel than in the slotted aloha channel. It also gives the reasonable number of the trafic channels in a cell with the given blocking probability.
Performance Analysis of Advanced MMSE Multi-User Detector for DS/CDMA systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1540~1547
In this paper, the performance of the MMSE multiuser detector is compared with the conventional detector with respect to the signal-to-noise ratio, the number of users and the Nakagami parameter under AWGN as well as Nakagami fading channel. The results show that the MMSE multiuser detector is superior to the conventional detector with respect to cancelling the multiple access interference. However, its drawback is the hardware's complexity. To solve this drawback, the advanced MMSE multiuser detector is presented, and its performance is analyzed. The number of taps in the advanced MMSE multiuser are independent of the processing gain. Thus, the system engineer can choose the appropriate number of taps in the detector to achieve a optimal trade-off between the hardware complexity and the performance of system.
Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction by Partial Parallel Transform in an OFDM-CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1548~1553
In this paper, an effective peak power reduction scheme for a downlink OFDM-CDMA system is proposed. Using the partial parallel transform(PPT) structure, peak-to-average power ratio(PAPR) can be reduced. The patterns of inputs of Inverse Fast Fourier Transform(IFFT) are more randomized in this structure by allotting the subcarriers to each users. At the cost of complexity we can obtain reduced PAPR and multiple access interference(MA) Computer simulations are carried out from the viewpoint of PAPR and demonstrated the improved PAPR performance.
Multiplexing MPEG Video Streams Using Selective Buffering
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1554~1559
On ATM networks, MPEG video stream is transferred using CBR or VBR services. But because the MPEG video traffic varies greatly from time to time, it is very difficult to transfer the MPEG steam efficiently without loss of transmission bandwidth. Until now, the study on the traffic analysis and control on a single MPEG video stream has been done by many researchers, but the traffic analysis and control on a multiplexed traffic of multiple MPEG video streams has not been studied by any researcher. This paper proposes a multiplexing method to reduce the PCR and traffic variance of a multiplexed traffic of multiple MPEG video streams. By reducing the PCR of the multiplexed traffic, the multiplexed VBR traffic can be transferred efficiently with less loss of transmission bandwidth.
Expanding Generalized Hadamard Matrices over Gm by Using Generalized Hadamard Matrices over G
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1560~1565
Over an additive abelian group G of order g and for a given positive integer λ, a generalized Hadamard matrix GF(g,λ) is defined as a gλ
gλ matrix [h(i,j)] where 1
gλ, such that every element of G appears exactly λ times in the list h(i
, gλ) for any i
j. In this paper, we propose a new method of expanding a GH(\ulcorner,λ
) = B = \ulcorner over G by replacing each of its m-tuple \ulcorner with \ulcorner GH(g,λ
) where m=gλ
. We may use \ulcornerλ
(not necessarily all distinct) GH(g,λ
)'s for the substitution and the resulting matrix is defined over the group of order g.
Variance Mismatched Quantization of a Generalized Gamma Source
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1566~1575
This paper studies mismatched scalar quantization of a generalized gamma source by a quantizer that is optimally (in the mean square error sense) designed for another generalized gamma source. Specifically, it considers variance-mismatched quantization which occurs when the variance of the source to be quantized differs from tat of the designed-for source. The main result is the two distortion formulas derived from Bennett's integral. The first formula is an approximation expression that uses the outermost threshold of an optimum scalar quantizer, and the second formula, in turn, uses an approximation formula for this outermost threshold. Numerical results are obtained for Laplacian sources, which are example of a generalized gamma source, and comparisons are made between actual mismatched distortions and the two formulas. These numerical results show that the two formulas become more accurate, as the number of quantization points gets larger and the ratio of the source variance to that of the designed-for source gets bigger. For example, the formulas are within 2~4% of the actual distortion for approximately 64 quantization points or more. In conclusion, the proposed approximation formulas are considered to have contribution as closed formulas and for their accuracy.
New Proof of Minimum Distance for Binary Cyclic Codes with
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1576~1581
We investigated into the minimum distance of a primitive binary cyclic code C with a generator polynomial g(x)=
. It is known that the necessary and sufficient condition for C to have minimum distance five is the fact that \ulcorner is an APN power function. In this paper we derived the new proof of minimum distance for the primitive binary cyclic codes with minimum distance five.
High Performance Dual-Modulus Prescaler with Low Power D-flipflops
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1582~1589
A dynamic D-flipflop is proposed aiming at low power and high frequency(GHz) operations. The proposed D-flipflop uses a smaller number of pmos transistors that it operates high speed in same dimensions. Also, it consumes lower power than conventional approaches by a shared nmos with clock input. In order to compare the performance of the proposed D-flipflop, we perform simulation estimating power consumption and maximum operating frequency of each same dimension D-flipflop. A high speed dual-modulus prescaler employing the proposed D-flipflop. A high speed dual-modulus prescaler employing the proposed D-flipflop. A high speed dual-modulus prescaler employing the proposed D-flipflop is evaluated via the same method. The simulation results show that the proposed D-fliplflop has good performance than conventional circuits.
A COMOS Oversampling Data Recovery Circuit With the Vernier Delay Generation Technique
Jun-Young Park ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1590~1597
This paper describes a CMOS data recovery circuit using oversampling technique. Digital oversampling is done using a delay locked loop circuit locked to multiple clock periods. The delay locked loop circuit generates the vernier delay resolution less than the gate delay of the delay chain. The transition and non-transition counting algorithm for 4x oversampling was implemented for data recovery and verified through FPGA. The chip has been fabricated with 0.6um CMOS technology and measured results are presented.
FIR Filter Design for SSB/BPSK-DS/CDMA Using Look-Up Table
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1598~1603
In this paper, an efficient pulse shaping filter architecture for SSB/BPSK-DS/CDMA is proposed. The filter satisfies the specifications in IS-95. The proposed architecture is based on polyphase decomposition and look-up table method. By exploiting the linear phase property of the decomposed filter coefficients, the chip area required for look-up table can be reduced by half compared with the conventional methods. By Synopsys simulations, it is shown that the use of the proposed method can result in reduction in the number of gates by 40%.
A Simultaneous Hardware Resource Allocation and Binding Algorithm for VLSI Design
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10A, 2000, Pages 1604~1612
This paper proposes a simultaneous hardware resource allocation and binding algorithm for VLSI design. The proposed algorithm works on scheduled input graph and simultaneously allocates binds functional units, interconnections and registers by considering interdependency between operations and storage elements in each control step, in order to share registers and interconnections connected to functional units, as much as possible. Also, the register allocation is especially executes the allocation optima us-ing graph coloring techniques. Therefore the overall resource is reduced. This paper shows the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm by comparing experiments to determine number of functional unit in advance or to separate executing allocation and binding of existing system.