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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12B - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12A - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11B - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11A - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10B - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10A - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9B - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9A - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8B - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8A - Aug 2000
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Volume 25, Issue 6A - Jun 2000
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Volume 25, Issue 7 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - 00 2000
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Coverage and Capacity Analysis for the Multi-layer CDMA Macro/Indoor-Pico Cell
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1641~1647
This paper presents an analysis of coverage and capacity for the multi-layer CDMA cellular system. The multi-layer CDMA system that shares a common frequency band consists of macrocells for outdoor users and picocells for indoor users. Though macrocells and picocells interfere with each other the capacity of the whole system can be increased, We have analyzed the effect of muual interference upon cell coverage soft handover areas and capacities. The parameters involved in the engineering of the system are discussed. The study results sow that we can control the service coverage of indoor picocells with the system parameters set properly. It is also show that the capacity of the whole system that the capacity of the whole system can be enhanced smoothly by deploying the indoor picocells within existing macrocells.
A Real-time Dynamic Storage Allocation Algorithm Supporting Various Allocation Policies
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1648~1664
This paper proposes a real-time dynamic storage allocation algorithm QSHF(quick-segregated-half-fit) that provides various memory allocation policies. that manages a free block list per each word size for memory requests of small size good(segregated)-fit policy that manages a free list per proper range size for medium size requests and half-fit policy that manages a free list per proper range size for medium size requests and half-fit policy that manages a free list per each power of 2 size for large size requests. The proposed algorithm has the time complexit O(1) and makes us able to easily estimate the worst case execution time(WCET). This paper also suggests two algorithm that finds the proper free list for the requested memory size in predictable time and if the found list is empty then finds next available non-empty free list in fixed time. In order to confirm efficiency of the proposed algorithm we simulated the memory utilization of each memory allocation policy. The simulation result showed that each policy guarantees the constant WCET regardless of memory size but they have trade-off between memory utilization and list management overhead.
Study on Improvement of UBR Traffic Performance using ABT Block Scheduling in Multicast ATM Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1665~1674
This paper treats the interworking of LAN-based networks like TCP over the ATM protocol stack in an ATM multicast session. Multicast connection will cause CIP since multicast group members form a connection tree by some tree methods and share the connected tree. The paper solve the CIP problem through a block-by-block transmission using ABT/IT method. ABT/IT RM cell is modified and block scheduling algorithm considering the traffic types is applied to each ATM switch using the enhanced RM cell. Block scheduling algorithm will avoid the indiscriminate discard of UBR traffic when congestion occurs and it can provide an efficient and fair service. The paper builds a block scheduler system and suggests the block scheduling algorithm for a multicast session in an ATM switch. UBR traffics arriving at the switch trough each VC is classified by the traffic type and stored at class buffer and thereafter indisciminately transmitted. When block scheduling algorithm is applied it will improve the UBR traffic performance such as end-to-end delay cell block loss ration etc. This paper evaluated the performance of block scheduling algorithm through the simulation using the C language and data structure.
CReMeS: A CORBA COmpliant Reflective Memory based Real-time Communication Service
Chung, Sun-Tae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1675~1689
We present CReMeS a CORBA-compliant design and implementation of a new real-time communication service. It provides for efficient predictable and scalable communication between information producers and consumers. The CReMeS architecture is based on MidART's Real-Time Channel-based Reflective Memory (RT-CRM) abstraction. This architecture supports the separation of QoS specification between producer and consumer of data and employs a user-level scheduling scheme for communicating real-time tasks. These help us achieve end-to-end predictability and allows our service to scale. The CReMeS architecture provides a CORBA interface to applications and demands no changes to the ORB layer and the language mapping layer. Thus it can run on non real-time Off-The-Shelf ORBs enables applications on these ORBs to have scalable and end-to-end predictable asynchronous communication facility. In addition an application designer can select whether to use an out-of-band channel or the ORB GIOP/IIOP for data communication. This permits a trade-off between performance predictability and reliability. Experimental results demonstrate that our architecture can achieve better performance and predictability than a real-time implementation of the CORBA Even Service when the out-of-band channel is employed for data communication it delivers better predictability with comparable performance when the ORB GIOP/IIOP is used.
A QoS-based Hierarchical Routing Algotihm for TINA-based Connection Management
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1690~1700
Connection management function of the TINA which is developed by TINA-C provides network connection services such as setup modification and release of connections. The connection management function provides these services to network operators to the fault management function that provides backup-path and to the performance management function that provides load-balancing. The connection management function necessarily requires a routing algorithm to set up a new connection. In this paper we propose a new routing algorithm named QTHR (QoS and Traffic parameter based Hierarchical Routing) for TINA based connection management of ATM/B-ISDN network. And we implemented the QTHR and analyzed the performance of the QTHR.
A Study on the Development of 38 GHz Hybrid Power Amplifier Module
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1701~1706
In this work a 38 GHz hybrid 2-stage power amplifier module using GaAs pHEMTs and waveguide to microstrip transitions has been successfully developed. A 10 mil thickness duroid substrate was use for fabrication of the power amplifier and the waveguide to microstrip transitions. The fabricated waveguide to microstrip transition showed about 1 dB insertion loss(back to back) at 32-40 GHz. The measured results of power amplifier module showed 29 dBm output power(P1.5dB), 7,2 dB associated gain and 11.2% power-added efficiency(PAE) at 36.8-38.5 GHz.
Characteristics of A Tunable OADM Using A Fiber-Optic Delay-Line Transversal Filter
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1707~1713
We have proposed a tunable optical ADM using a fiber-optic transversal filter which is composed of fiber couplers and metal-film coated fiber-optic tapped delay-lines with a flat spectral response in abroad range of wavelength. Simulation results show that the optical loss at the DROP and PASS wavelengths of the OADM is negligible and the wavelength tunability is 0.78
/ps for the unit time delay of 2 ps. In order to investigate the effects of wavelength drift of the imput optical signal on the OADM the loss at the DROP port and the crosstalks to the other ports have been calculated. The maximum bit rates have been calculated at 46.26 Gb/s for the input Gaussian pulse width of 10 ps.
A Study on Direct Decision Blind Adaptive Interference Suppression for DS-CDMA Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1714~1721
In the mobile communication using DS-CDMA systems the problem of multiple user interference which reduce the performance is generated by multiple user access. In this paper to solve this problem we proposed the direct decision blind adaptive receiver with knowledge of only the desired user's spreading sequence. Simulation result present that the total user's power has equal gain The gain of signal to interference ratio for the proposed blind DD-LMS receiver has about 6[dB] than conventional receiver at additive white Gaussian noise and large gain at multipath channels. And when interference user's power has more large gain than desired user's power the gain of SIR for the proposed receiver has large value. And simulation result of bit error rate present that DD-LMS receiver has higher performance than LCCMA receiver. Thus the proposed blind DD-LMS receiver has robustness against interference of high power user and multipath channels.
The Optical Cell Compressor and Decompressor using SOA Gates and Optical Feedback Loops
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1722~1731
In this paper we proposed a new type of the Optical Cell Compressor and Decompressor which are essential modules in TDM of TDM/WDM Hybrid OPtical ATM Switch structure. This proposed structure frastically lessens hardwares for realization by using SOA gates and optical feedback loops in the process of compression and decompression. Also it is able to compress and decompress the large capacity optical pulse stream just with a few of stages cascade connected. We proved it's possibility for systematic application through 4-bit compression experiment.
FPGA Implementation of an FDTrS/DF Signal Detector for High-density DVD System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1732~1743
In this paper a fixed-delay trellis search with decision feedback (FDTrS/DF) for high-density DVD systems (4.7-15GB) is proposed and implemented with FPGA. The proposed FDTrS/DF is derived by transforming the binary tree search structure into trellis search structure implying that FDTrS/DF performs better than the singnal detection techniques based on tree search structure such as FDTS/DF and SSD/DF. Advantages of FDTrS/DF are significant reductions in hardware complexity due to the unique structure of FDTrS composed of only one trellis stage requiring no traceback procedure usually implemented in the Viterbi detector. Also in this paper the PDFS/DF and SSD/DF orginally proposed for high-density magnetic recording systems are modified for the DVD system and compared with the proposed FDTrS/DF. In order to increase speed in the FPGA implementation the pipelining technique and absolute branch metric (instead of square branch metric) are applied. The proposed FDTrS/DF is shown to provide the best performance among various signal detection techniques such as PRML, DFE, FDTS/DF and SSD/DF even with a small hardware complexity.
Analysis of Transmission Using Frame Domain Interleaving and Group Domain Interleaving on a Radio Encryption System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1744~1759
In this paper a synchronized stream cryptosystem for secure link layer communication on a radio channel is designed. We have proposed new interleaving schemes to randomize a burst error and experimented with different types of interleaving schemes. The proposed techniques of interleaving schemes are : (1) interleaving scheme based on frame(2) interleaving scheme based on group. The proposed schemes are very robust in randomizing
A Study on Channel Equalization for Asynchronous DS-CDMA Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1760~1768
Blind Equalization Method without training sequences is proposed for channel efficiency in mobile communication system for asynchronous multi-user DS-CDMA. the risk of mis-convergence of weak-power users is increased because of small regions of convergence in case of near-far effect in CMA(Constant Modulus Algorithm) which is the simplest has high performance and widely implemented. In despite the problem a equalization using Newton method has higher performance than a conventional method in squared error and eye-pattern.
Automatic Identification of Digital Modulation Methode Using an Artification Neural Network
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1769~1776
In this paper a new method is proposed to identify a modulation method in the case of unknown digitally modulated input signals. The proposed identification method is implemented with an artificial neural network which is based on characteristic feature extracted from the instantaneous amplitude the instantaneous phase and the instantaneous frequency of the input signals. The proposed method was simulated with 9 type signals (ASK2, FSK2, FSK4, PSK2, PSK4, PSK8, QAM8, QAM16) in a noisy communication environment. The results show that the artificial neural network can accurately recognize all kinds of patterns
Chirp Stitching Technique for Wideband Signals of the Spaceborne High Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1777~1784
In this paper we suggested the chirp stitching algorithm and transmitter/receiver channel to a spaceborne high resolution SAR which enables wideband signal generation and processing with minimum hardware requirement. The transmitter channel generates two sub-band signals and then generate a wideband signal using chirp stitching algorithm and the receiver channel divides a wideband signal into two sub-band signals in order to overcome the high speed data handling capability of this spaceborne systems. We generated and processed a 100 MHz wideband signal evaluated the performance and verified the feasibility of the application of this chirp stitching algorithm and transmitter/receiver channel to spaceborne high resoultion SAR.
Multi-rate Non-recursive Architecture for Cascaded Integrator-Comb Decimation Filters with an Arbitrary Factor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1785~1792
In this paper multi-rate non-recursive architecture for CIC(Cascaded Integrator-Comb) decimation filters with an arbitrary factor is proposed. The CIC filters are widely used in high speed wireless communication systems since they have multiplier-less and multi-rate low-power structure. Even conventional non-recursive CIC structure is multi-rate this architecture can be structured only in case of M-th power-of-two decimation factor. This paper proposes that muli-rate non-recursive CIC architecture can be structured with an any decimation factor of product form. Power consumption of the proposed architecture is compared with that of the conventional non-recursion architecture.
A Zipper-based VDSL Modem with an Efficient Cyclic Extension
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1793~1802
In this paper we propose an efficient implementation technique for cyclic extension in VDSL(Very High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line) systems using Zipper duplexing and analyze its performances under typical telephone channel environments. In Zipper-based VDSL systems each DTM(discrete-multitone) block is appended by both cyclic prefix(CP) and cyclic suffix(CS). The CP is inserte to prevent both intersymbol interference (ISI) and iterchannel interference (ICI) while the CS is appended to ensure orthogonality between the upstream and downstream carriers thus preventing near-end crosstalk (NEXT). However in order to implement the CP in the transmitter side of the VDSL system an additional hardware is required to append the latter part of each DMT symbol to the beginning of the DMT symbol. In this paper we propose a VDSL system with Zipper duplexing using only CS to reduce hardware complexity (memory and processing delay) required for implementation of CP. It is shown by computer simulation that the proposed approach has the same capacity under typical channel environments as the previous Zipper-based VDSL system using both CP and CS. even with a significantly lower hardware complexity.
ISAR Motion Compensation based on Accumulation and Limitation of Consecutive Radar Returns
Seo, Dong-Shin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1803~1812
A new motion compensation method for ISAR is presented in this paper. It employs amplitude limiting and integration of consecutive range profiles to improve the range and phase alignment accuracy and to alter the propagation properties of compensation errors. These allow the image quality to be significantly improved. It is shown from the imaging results that the new motion compensation algorithm can get images of targets in field situations with much better quality than the traditional cross-correlation algorithm
Selective Multiresolution Motion Estimation Using Half-pixel Accuracy and Characteristics of Motion Vectors
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1813~1820
In this paper we proposed an efficient multiresolution motion estimation(MRME) algorithm using half-pixel accuracy motion estimation (HPAME) and characteristics of motion vectors in the baseband. Conventional MRME method needs exact motion vectors in the baseband because those are used as initial motion vectors in higher frequency subbands. Therefore the proposed method uses HPAME to estimate the motion vectors exactly in the baseband. Based on the characteristics of these motion vectors the motion vectors in the higher frequency subbands are selectively estimatied. That is motion vectors in the higher frequency subbands are estimated only for the blocks which have the half-pixel accuracy motion vectors in the baseband. In the proposed method by using HPAME in the baseband and selective motion estimation in the higher frequency subbands we can obtain reconstructed image with the similar quality with the conventional method though we reduce the computational complexity and the bit rate considerably.
Real-Time Stereo Object Tracking System using Area-based SAD Algorithm and Optical BPEJTC
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1821~1831
In this paper we propose a new adaptive stereo object tracking system that can extract the object from the complex background and foreground noises by using the image-based SAD algorithm and control the convergence angle and pan/tilt of cameras by using optical BPEJTC. From the experimental results the proposed stereo tracking system is found to track the object adpatively under the circumstance of complex and changing background noises and the possibility of real-time implementation of the proposed system by using the optical system is also suggested.
Edge Enhanced Error Diffusion based on Gradient Shaping of Original Image
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 10B, 2000, Pages 1832~1840
The error diffusion algorithm is good for reproducing continuous images to binary images. However the reproduction of edge characteristics is weak in power spectrum an analysis of display error. In this paper an edge enhanced error diffusion method is proposed to improve the edge characteristic enhancement. Spatial gradient information in original image is adapted for edge enhance in threshold modulation of error diffusion. First the horizontal and vertical second order differential values are obtained from the gradient of peripheral pixels(3x3) in original image. second weighting function is composed by function including absolute value and sign of second order differential values. The proposed method presents a good visual results which edge characteristics is enhanced. The performance of the proposed method is compared with that of the conventional edge enhanced error diffusion by measuring the edge correlation and the local average accordance over a range of viewing distances and the RAPSD of display error.