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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12B - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12A - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11B - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11A - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10B - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10A - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9B - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9A - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8B - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8A - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7B - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7A - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6B - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6A - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5B - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5A - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4B - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4A - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3B - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3A - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1B - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1A - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - 00 2000
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Volume 25, Issue 2A - 00 2000
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Performance of Multiple Order Selection Combining RAKE receiver in Multi-bandwidth CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 593~601
In a multi-bandwidth CDMA system, the performance of multiple order selection combining rake receivers are analyzed according to the spreading bandwidth of the system and the delay spread of the Rayleigh fading channel. The results for various channel environments indicate a tradeoff between total received signal energy and multipath fading immunity. Increasing the occupied bandwidth of the system(wide-bandwidth spreading) gives better performance for small delay spread environments, while gathering more energy(narrow-bandwidth spreading)gives better performance for large delay spread environments. It is shown that the performance difference between low and high order selection combining grows larger as the spreading bandwidth increases. It is also noted that performance degrades by increasing the bandwidth above a certain point and the optimum spreading bandwidth for each channel environment decreases as the delay spread of the channel increases.
Loop Cancellation and Path Optimization of Path Extension Handover in a Wireless ATM LAN
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 602~610
There has been increasing interest in broadband services to mobile terminals. Wireless ATM will be used to support broadband services for future generation mobile service. We propose an algorithm for handover in wireless ATM LANs. We have studied how to treat the loop cancellation and optimization of path extension handover scheme, and present path optimization algorithms : polyangular loop cancellation and triangular loop cancellation. We express the location of MT(mobile terminal) by direction angle, and the direction angles can be converted into direction vectors. Using direction vectors, we can find the current optimal path of MT. The analysis and the experimental results show that the proposed scheme provides the better performance than that of anchor rerouting scheme in average handover delay, handover disruption delay, and buffer requirements.
A Fast Cell Search Algorithm using Code Position Modulation within code block in Asynchronous W-CDMA System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 611~617
Asynchronous mode W-CDMA system is kmown to be quite appropriate to the next generation mobile communication system, especially in a non-homogenious cellular architecture. In this case, however, each base station needs to use different spreading code for identification, so it is a demeanding task for a mobile terminal to find the best cell site and get an accurate code synchronization at the beginning of a communication. Since slow acquisition of a base station could mean the failure of initiation, a fast algorithm to accelerate the cell search process is essential. In this paper, a new cell search algorithm based on the binary code position modulation within the code block is proposed. Different cell sites are identified by different hopping code sequences, andeach position modulation is performed by the hopping code. The proposed algorithm is proved to make the cell search time in most places in a cell much shorter than the previous algorithms, and to make the receiver implementation simpler.
A Channel Estimation for COFDM Systems in Time-Varying Multipath Fading Channels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 618~633
In this paper, a Gaussian interpolation filter and cubic interpolation filter are presented to do more accurate channel estimation compared to the conventional linear interpolation filter for COFDM systems. In addition to an interpolation filter, a low pass filter using FFT and IFFT is also presented to reduce the noisy components of a channel estimate obtained by an interpolation filter. Channel estimates after low-pass filtering combined with interpolation filters can lower the error floor compared to the use of only interpolation filters. Computer simulation demonstrates that the presented channel estimation methods exhibit an improved performance compared to the conventional linear interpolation filter for COFDM systems in time-varying multipath fading channel and0.1 ~ 0.2 dB of Eb/No difference at BER=10-4 when the perfect channel estimation is compared.
The Performance Evaluation of Extended Phase Recovery Algorithm for OQPSK in Satellite Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 634~640
This paper proposes a new extended decision directed-decision estimated phase recovery algorithm based on maximum likelihood parameter estimation for OQPSK. In this scheme, comparing conventional one, the data dependent noise of phase recovery loop is reduced by inserting filter with 2 taps to in-phase and quadrature-phase channel respectively before phase detector. The proposed scheme is compared to conventionalscheme and OQPSK in aspect to BER(Bit Error Rate) and phase error according to the roll-off factor of baseband filter, the output back-offs of nonlinear satellite channel, and loop bandwidth.
The effect of noise and doppler for range measurement of low orbit satellite using tone method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 641~650
The effects of noise and doppler for low orbit satellite range measurement using tone method are represented in this paper. Also the optimal noise bandwidth of range signal detection circuit which is used for range measurement system of KOMPSAT is proposed. Based on the effects of satellite orbit parameters via the deduction of dynamic motion characteristics of low orbit satellite and signal to noise spectral density of range measurement signal, the effects of noise and doppler for range measurement system are analyzed. The effect of satellite link noise is decreased, but the effect for doppler is increased as the PLL noise bandwidth of range signal detection circuit is increased. The validation of analyzed effect is verified via comparison of measurement results of KOMPSAT's range measurement system and simulation results in environments of low orbit satellite.
Performance Analysis of Reverse Traffic Channels for Mixed Voice and Data Services Using Computer Simulation in CDMA Cellular Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 651~659
In this paper, a computer simulation approach is proposed to analyze the performance of reverse traffic channels in a base station serving voice and data calls in CDMA cellular systems. It is assumed that multiple traffic channels simultaneously serve a data call and a voice call is served by one traffic channel in a base station. The numerical examples will be presented to derive the capacity of traffic channels from the parameters such as the arrival rates and mean durations of voice and data calls, the soft handoff area ratio, etc..
The Research of the CDMA Base station Traffic Analysis for Using the RTD Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 660~667
This paper aims at analyzing the traffic of CDMA base station. RTD(Round Trip Delay) method, used for the study, is one of the developed tool for calculating the call setup time between the BTS(Base Station TransceiverSubsystem) and mobile station.We compare the calculated call setup time in air with the field experiments.And we suggest the RTD method for dividing the traffic of the connected repeater from that of the BTS, andwe can testify it by the experiment which analyze the difference of the received time between the base stationand the repeater including the forced delay elements.
Efficient Performance Evaluation Method for QPSK Satellite Communication Channels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 668~673
In this paper, not only the problems which could not be solved with Conventional Importance Sampling and Improved Importance Sampling of the early simulation method, and but also the improvements obtained in terms of computer run-time were studied, by applying the central moment algorithm to the digital communication channels. That is, the channel performance evaluation is done for obtaining the cumulative probability function of the statistical characteristics of received signal with estimating the central moment of the received signal mixed the noise in the digital communication receiver. We confirm the simulation run-time after we implemented the quaternary phase shift keying(QPSK) satellite communication channels using the Signal Processing Worksystem(SPW) of the Cadence incorporation to verify the suggested algorithm.
The characteristics and optimization of vertical asymmetry polymeric optical coupler for fabrication of integrated optic circuits with high integration and low loss
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 674~681
We proposed polymer based vertical asymmetric optical coupler. And we optimized the proposed device by coupling characteristic analysis In 1.33um wavelength, TE mode, we obtained very short coupling length(L=277.6um), high coupling efficiency(94%). The merits of proposed device are low propagation loss due to very short full device, low production cost and time, and high integrated fabrication. We will use this to fabricate optical switch, modulator and tunable WDM devices, etc
Analysis of EMI Shielding Performance of Two Finite Image Planes Configuration
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 682~687
EMI problem is very important in a printed circuit board design. This paper deals with image plane as one of the most effective method to reduce EMI in PCB. The shielding performance of one and two layers of image planes of finite width and length is analyzed by the method of moments based on the triangular surface patch model. The current distributions were modeled as two simple line sources. It is demonstrated that proper triangulation should be made so as to take two basis functions in the boundary triangles of the surface.
Multiview Stereoscopic Display based on Volume Holographic Memory
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 688~695
We present a multi-view autostereoscopic display system based on volume holographic storage technique. In this proposed system, the interference pattern of spatial multiplexed plane reference and angular multiplexed plane object beams are recorded into a photorefractive crystal, which plays a role of guiding object beams of multi-view images into the desired persfective directions. For reconstruction, object beams containing the desired multi-view image information, which satisfy Bragg matching condition, are illuminated in the time-division multiplexed manner onto the crystal. Then multiple stereoscopic images are Projected to the display plane for autostereoscopic 3D viewing.
Characteristics of Microwave Propagation for the ETC System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 696~701
Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) System makes the telecommunication possible between the Beacon and the On Board Unit(OBU) for automatic toll collection. In this paper, the propagation path of microwave is modelled and the induced voltage of receiving antenna is analyzed numerically according to multi-path fading effect. In our modelling, we consider frequency, weather condition, polarization and antenna radiation pattern. Also, we suggest the diversity technique in order to reduce the fading effect. In the resuts, the fading effect is reduced significantly in case of the vertical polarization at the rain condition. In general the circular polarization is the most desirable in this application. The antenna which has the high directivity, is also desirable. Using the space and frequency diversity technique at the Beacon, the fading effect is reduced effectively. These results are compared with our experimental data.
Design of VLSI Array Architecture with Optimal Pipeline Period for Fast Fractal Image Compression
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 702~708
In this paper, we designed one-dimensional VLSI array with optimal pipeline period for high speed processing fractal image compression. The algorithm is derived which is suitable for VLSI array from axed block partition algorithm. Also the algorithm satisfies high quality of image and high compression-ratio. The designed VLSI array has optimal pipeline relied because the required processing time of PEs is distributed as same as possible. As this result, we can improve the processing speed up to about 3 times. The number of input/output pins can be reduced by sharing the input/output and arithmetic unit of the domain blocks and the range blocks.
Extraction of Texture Region-Based Average of Variations of Local Correlations Coefficients
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 709~716
We present an efficient algorithm using region-based average of variations of local correlation coefficients (LCC) for the extraction of texture regions. The key idea of this algorithm for the classification of texture and shade regions is to utilize the fact that the averages of the variations of LCCs according to different orientations texture regions are clearly larger than those in shade regions. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, we use nine test images (Lena, Bsail, Camera Man, Face, Woman, Elaine, Jet, Tree, and Tank) of 8-bit 256
256 pixels. Experimental results show that the proposed feature extracts well the regions which appear visually as texture regions.
Statistical Analysis of Projection-Based Face Recognition Algorithms
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 717~725
Within the last several years, there has been a large number of algorithms developed for face recognition. The majority of these algorithms have been view- and projection-based algorithms. Our definition of projection is not restricted to projecting the image onto an orthogonal basis the definition is expansive and includes a general class of linear transformation of the image pixel values. The class includes correlation, principal component analysis, clustering, gray scale projection, and matching pursuit filters. In this paper, we perform a detailed analysis of this class of algorithms by evaluating them on the FERET database of facial images. In our experiments, a projection-based algorithms consists of three steps. The first step is done off-line and determines the new basis for the images. The bases is either set by the algorithm designer or is learned from a training set. The last two steps are on-line and perform the recognition. The second step projects an image onto the new basis and the third step recognizes a face in an with a nearest neighbor classifier. The classification is performed in the projection space. Most evaluation methods report algorithm performance on a single gallery. This does not fully capture algorithm performance. In our study, we construct set of independent galleries. This allows us to see how individual algorithm performance varies over different galleries. In addition, we report on the relative performance of the algorithms over the different galleries.
Improved H.263+ Rate Control via Variable Frame Rate Adjustment and Hybrid I-frame Coding
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 726~742
A novel rte control algorithm consisting of two major components, i.e. a variable encoding frame rate method and a hybrid DCT/wavelet I-frame coding scheme, is proposed in this work for low bit rate video coding. Most existing rate control algorithms for low bit rate video focus on bit allocation at the macroblock level under a constant frame rate assumption. The proposed rate control algorithm is able to adjust the encoding frame rate at the expense of tolerable time-delay. Furthermore, an R-D optimized hybrid DCT/wavelet scheme is used for effective I-frame coding. The new rate-control algorithm attempts to achieve a good balance between spatial quality and temporal quality to enhance the overall human perceptual quality at low bit rates. It is demonstrated that the rate control algorithm achieves higher coding efficiency at low bit rates with a low additional computational cost. The variable frame rate method and hybrid I-frame coding scheme are compatible with the bi stream structure of H.263+.
Low-Power Block Filtering Architecture for Digital IF Down Sampler and Up Sampler
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 743~750
In this paper, low-power block filtering architecture for digital If down sampler and up sampler is proposed. Software radio technology requires low power and cost effective digital If down and up sampler. Digital If down sampler and up sampler are accompanied with decimation filter and interpolation filter, respectively. In the proposed down sampler architecture, it is shown that the parallel and low-speed processing architecture can be produced by cancellation of inherent up sampler of block filter and down sampler. Proposed up sampler also utilizes cancellation of up sampler and inherent down sampler of block filtering structure. The proposed architecture is compared with the conventional polyphase architecture.
Integrated Network Management with TINA manager and TMN agent
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 751~762
In the forthcoming next generation highspeed networks, the provisioning of broadband mobile multimedia services is the most important issue while an efficient network management architecture, which can manage the network resources efficiently, is essential. The next generation highspeed networks will be composed of the ATMand SDH-based transport network systems and the H-based interworking systems. The management functions of these network systems are implemented various technologies, such as TMN and SNMP. In order to integrate these network resources efficiently with heterogeneous management functions, the distributed network management architecture such as TINA is most appropriate. In this pape, we propose an interworking architecture for TINA manager and TMN agent. where the TINA-based EML subnetwork management operations mapped into the related management operations of the TMN NE agent. The proposed interworking architecture is simpler than JIDM, and the processing overhead is minimized.
Simulation of Spinning Concentric Annular Ring Reticle Seeker and IRCCM using Correlation Coefficient
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 5A, 2000, Pages 763~771
Reticle systems, which are widely used in infrared (IR) missile seekers, are considered to be the classical approach for estimating the position of a target in the field of view (FOV). This paper presents an effective simulation tool that gives tracking results of the concentric annular ring reticle seeker. We construct the concentric annular ring reticle seeker on Matlab-Simulink for a dynamic simulation. Our simulation model provides tracking results in various cases, and is applicable to the study of the development of the advanced seekers. While false targets such as flares are presented in the FOV, simulation results show that the existing seeker cannot determine a precise target location. In order to decrease the susceptibility to countermeasures such as flares, we propose an efficient counter-countermeasure using the correlated relationship of modulated signals and the references. We have ascertained that the reticle seeker using our technique make more effective target tracking than previous seekers.