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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12B - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12A - Dec 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11B - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 11A - Nov 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10B - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10A - Oct 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9B - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9A - Sep 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8B - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8A - Aug 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7B - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7A - Jul 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6B - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 6A - Jun 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5B - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5A - May 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4B - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4A - Apr 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3B - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 3A - Mar 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1B - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1A - Jan 2000
Volume 25, Issue 9 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 8 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 7 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 5 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 4 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2B - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 2A - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 1 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 12 - 00 2000
Volume 25, Issue 10 - 00 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on Miniature VCO for 1.6GHz PCS Phone
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 935~942
In this paper, miniature voltage-controlled oscillator(VCO) for 1.6GHz PCS band is designed and implemented. Colpitts type LC resonating oscillator is designed with multilayer PCB and circuit parameters are optimized using the circuit simulator. Using the optimized design parameters, miniature VCO with 6X6X1.8mm3 (0.065cc)dimensions is fabricated and experimented. Developed VCO has -1.67dBm
0.5dBm output power level in52.5MHz tunung range, and has -99.33dBc/Hz phase noise performance at 10 KHz frequency offset.
Performance of Multi-rate Optical Wireless PPM-CDMA System over an Indoor Non-directed Diffuse Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 943~950
In this paper, an asynchronous multi-rate optical wireless pulse position modulation-code division multiple access (PPM-CDMA) is proposed for an indoor non-directed diffuse channel. As a signature sequence for CDMA, an optical orthogonal code (OOC) is used and an interference cancellation scheme is applied to improve the bit error rate. It is known that the optical PPM-CDMA has advantages due to its power efficiency. Moreover, it provides multi-rate services by varying the modulation level with fixed pulse duration. In the proposed multi-rate PPM-CDMA system with fixed pulse duration, chip rate and sampling time do not change for each transmission rate and this simplifies overall system structure
Multihop Connection Establishment Algorithms in Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 951~958
In wavelength-routed all-optical networks, signals are transmitted on a direct optical path, or a lightpath, in a single-hop manner without opto-electronic/electro-optic(OE/EO) conversion at intermediate nodes. However, due to the physical constraints of optical elements such as ASE noise and crosstalk signals can be degraded un a long path. To establish a connection under such impairments, the optical signal may need to be regenerated at intermediate nodes, dividing a lightpath into two or more fragments. However, since signal regeneration at intermediate nodes requires additional network resources, the selection of these nodes should be made carefully to minimize blocking of other lightpaths. In this paper, we deal with the problem of establishing a lightpath in a multihop manner under physical constraints. We provide both minimal-cost and heuristic algorithms for locating signal regeneration nodes(SRNs). For a minimal-cost algorithm, we formulate the problem using dynamic programming(DP) such that blocking of other lightpaths due to the lack of transmitters/receivers(TXs/RXs) and wavelengths is minimized throughout the network.
RCPT Code Design for Video Transmission
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 960~966
It is essential to develop the robust video transmission system over wireless channel, since the effect of the noise and the interference to compressed video may be fatal. In this paper, we have designed turbo code, which is adequate for the transmission of video and analyzed the performance of that. Especially, we have focused the rate compatible punctured turbo(RCPT) code, which has rate compatible(RC) property for unequal error protection(UEP). It has been shown through computer simulation that the turbo code with helical interleaver yields better performance than those with other interleavers when the size of the interleaver is not large.
The LMI mixed
control of inverted pendulum system using LFR
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 967~977
In this paper, we apply a mixed
control to a generalized plant of inverted pendulum system represented by an LFR(Linear Fractional Representation). First, in order to obtain the generalized plant, the linear model of the inverted pendulum represented by an LFR(Linear fractional Representation) is derived. In LFR, we consider system uncertainties as three nonlinear components and a pendulum mass uncertainty. Augmenting the LFR model by adding weighting functions, we get a generalized plant. And then, we design a mixed
controller for the generalized plant. In order to design the mixed
controller, we use the LMI technique. To evaluate control performances and robust stability of the mixed
controller designed, we compare it with the
controller through the simulation and experiment. In the result, with the fewer feedback information, the mixed
controller shows the better control performances and robust stability than the
controller in the sense of pendulum angle.
Performance Improvement of the QAM System using the Dual-Mode NCMA and DPLL
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 978~985
Blind equalizers recover the transmitted data using statistical characteristics of the signal alone. Among many alternatives, steepest gradient descent type algorithms such as the CMA and Sato algorithm are most widely utilized in practice. In this paper we propose a dual-mode NCMA algorithm, which combines the advantages of the dual mode CMA and Normalized CMA (NCMA) with the dual mode phase recovery algorithm. In addition, we perform computer simulations to demonstrate the performance improvement of the proposed algorithm with a QAM system. Simulation results show that the presented algorithm has a faster convergence speed and smaller steady-state residual error than the CMA and dual-mode CMA.
A Novel Spectral Analysis of Ultrashort Pulse Transmission Using the Pulse-Ordering Concept
Jae-hong ; Hi-chang Chung ; Jin-sung Jun ; Yong-sun Oh ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 986~993
In this paper, we analyze transmission characteristics of ultrashort laser pulses using the properties of high-order pulses which are systematically obtained following their orders. The high-order pulses are easily derived from a modified PRS system model. But we make clear they are very useful to cover wider area and to show more accurate transmission characteristics of ultrashort pulses than Gaussian or Sech pulse approximations used conventionally. These are based on the fact that the spectra and bandwidths of the high-order pulses are geautifully related to their orders. First modifying the generalized PRS system model, we propose a new model for deriving any type of high-order pulse. And we offer a novel analysis method of ultrashort pulse transmission varying the order of the pulse from n=1 to n=100, we obtain spectra of ultrashort pulses with 1(ps)∼150(fs) FWHM's, which are widely used in optical pulse communications. One-step further, we derive PSD's of their pulse-tr ins when they are applied to Unipolar signaling scheme. These PSD's are decided in the range of possible pulse intervals. All of these results are not only coincided with some conventional experimental works but will be applied to any pioneering ultrashort pulse in the future.
Implementation of UEP using Turbo Codes and EREC Algorithm for Video Transmission
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 994~1004
In this paper, bitstreams are composed of using H.263 for a moving picture coding in the band-limited and error-prone environment such as wireless environment. EREC sub-frames are implemented by applying the proposed EREC algorithm in order to be UEP for the real data parts of implemented bitstreams. Because those are able to do resynchronization with a block unit, propagation of the error can be minimized, and the position of the important bits such as INTRADC and MVD can be known. Class is separated using the position of these important bits, and variable puncturing tables are designed by the class informations and the code rates of turbo codes are differently designed in according to the class. Channel coding used the turbo codes, and an interleaver to be designed in the turbo codes does not eliminate redundancy bits of the important bits in applying variable code rates of EREC sub-frames unit and is always the same at the transmitter and the receiver although being variable frame size. As a result of simulation, UEP with the code rate similar to EEP is obtained a improved result in the side of bit error probability. And the result of applying it to image knows that the subjective and objective quality have been improved by the protection of important bits.
Region Segmentation and Volumetry of Brain MR Image represented as Blurred Gray Value by the Partial Volume Artifact
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1006~1016
This study is to segment white matter, gray matter, and cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) on a brain MR image and to calculate the volume of each. First, after removing the background on a brain MR image, we segmented the whole region of a brain from a skull and a fat layer. Then, we calculated the partial volume of each component, which was present in scanning finite thickness, with the arithmetical analysis of gray value from the internal region of a brain showing the blurring effects on the basis of the MR image forming principle. Calculated partial volumes of white matter, gray matter and CSF were used to determine the threshold for the segmentation of each component on a brain MR image showing the blurring effects. Finally, the volumes of segmented white matter, gray matter, and CSF were calculated. The result of this study can be used as the objective diagnostic method to determine the degree of brain atrophy of patients who have neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and cerebral palsy.
Vertex-based shape coding based on the inter-segment distance
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1017~1027
In this paper, we propose a new coding method based on the distance between vertex segments for vertex positions in the vertex-based shape coding. The pixel lines are divided into the segments of a fixed length, and the segments that have vertex pixels are called vertex segments. We analyze the probability distribution of the relative distance between vertex segments and prove that it depends only on the ratio between the number of vertices and the number of segments. Considering the coding efficiency and implementation complexity, we choose a particular ratio to make a code table. For each input image, the segment size is chosen according tothe ratio, and the relative segment distances are entropy coded. It is shown that the proposed method is efficient for the images with many vertices.
An Error-Resilient Image Compression Base on the Zerotree Wavelet Algorithm
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1028~1036
In this paper, an error-resilient image compression technique using wavelet transform is proposed. The zerotree technique that uses properties of statistics, energy and directions of wavelet coefficients in the space-frequency domain shows effective compression results. Since it is highly sensitive to the propagation of channel errors, evena single bit error degrades the whole image quality severely. In the proposed algorithm, the image is encoded by the SPIHT(Set Partitioning in Hierarchical Trees) algorithm using the zerotree coding technique. Encoded bitstreams are partitioned into some blocks using the subband correlations and then fixed-length blocks are made by using the effective bit reorganization algorithm. finally, an effective bit allocation technique is used to limit error propagation in each block. Therefore, in low BER the proposed algorithm shows similar compression performance to the zerotree compression technique and in high BER it shows better performance in terms of PSNR than the conventional methods
Object-based Digital Watermarking Using Wavelet Property
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1037~1043
In this paper we present an object-based watermarking scheme, which cuts out several featured portions from an image and casts chaotic sequences as a watermark into the extracted object image in the discrete wavelet domain with respect to the models of the human visual system. In such a way we can insert watermark to several objects of an image separately. Advantages of the proposed scheme include that it can protect featured object out of an image selectively as well as entire image and casts watermark sequences according to human visual masking utilizing the time-frequency localization property of the wavelet transform.
Image Retrieval using Statistical Property of Projection Vector
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1044~1049
Projection that can be used as a feature for image representation, includes much available informations such as approximated shape and location. But when we retrieve image using it, there are some disadvantage such as requiring much index data and making different length of projected vector for differenr image size. In order to overcome these problems, we propose a method of using block variance for the projected vector. We use block variance of the projection vector to localize the characteristics of image and to reduce the number of index data in database. Proposed algorithm can make use of statistical advantage through database including various size of images and be executed with fast response time in implementation.
A Study For Automobile License Plate Extraction Using DCT and Correlation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1050~1056
In this paper, We Propose the automobile license plate extraction method using Discrete Cosin Transform and Correlation fem automobile image obtained through digital camera. The automobile license plate is consisted of the character and rectangle background of it. We extracted the automobile edge image by the DCT processing of automobile image and Obtained the automobile license plate from the automobile edge image by Correlation processing. We separated characters from automobile license plate using the projection histogram. Compare to the previous methods, we obtained the good result from extracting the automobile license plate at night, very strong light and bad weather.
Development of 60GHz Millimeter-wave Transmitter using NRD Guide
Shin, Cheon-Woo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1057~1062
Allow me to introduce the development of an FM transmitter. The transmitter uses millmeter waves at the frequency of 60 GHz, and it can produce as much as 20 mW power with the band width of 1 GHz. The great feature of the FM transmitter is that it has been created by the special technique of utilizing the NRD (non radiative dielectric) waveguide. The advantage of adopting the NRD waveguide is that it can significantly reduce transmission loss. We can construct a small-size NRD guide transmitter in a simple way that has superb transmission performance. The NRD guide transmitter is very useful for CATV transmission or transmission over a wide range. In addition, the transmitter has almost the same band width as optical communication, and the data transmission speed of the transmitter is faster than that of optical communication. A transmitter with these merits would be highly appreciated as a way of ultra-highspeed communication network over short distances.
The Error concealment using Scalability in H.236v2
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1063~1075
This paper proposes an adaptive error concealment technique for compressed video. Since redundancy is extracted out during compression process, compressed video is vulnerable to errors which occur during transmission of video over error prone networks such as wireless channels and Internet. Error concealment is a process of reconstructing video out of damaged video bit stream. We proved that scalable encoding is very useful for error concealment. Analysis of experiments shows that some part of image is better concealed by using base layer information and other part of image is better concealed by using previous frame information. We developed a technique which enables to decide which methodology is more effective, adaptively, based on motion vectors and regional spatial activity. We used H.263v2 for scalable encoding, but, our approach could be applied to all DCT based video codec.
Vertical Edge Based Algorithm for Korean License Plate Extraction and Recognition
Yu, Mei ; Kim, Yong Deak ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 25, issue 7A, 2000, Pages 1076~1083
Vehicle license plate recognition identifies vehicle as a unique, and have many applications in traffic monitoring field. In this paper, a vertical edge based algorithm to extract license plate within input gray-scale image is proposed. A size-and-shape filter based on seed-filling algorithm is applied to remove the edges that are impossible to be the vertical edges of license plate. Then the remaining edges are matched with each other according to some restricted conditions so as to locate license plate in input image. After license plate is extracted. normalized and segmented, the characters on it are recognized by template matching method. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can deal with license plates in normal shape effectively, as well as the license plates that are out of shape due to the angle of view.