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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 12C - Dec 2003
Volume 28, Issue 12B - Dec 2003
Volume 28, Issue 12A - Dec 2003
Volume 28, Issue 11C - Nov 2003
Volume 28, Issue 11B - Nov 2003
Volume 28, Issue 11A - Nov 2003
Volume 28, Issue 10C - Oct 2003
Volume 28, Issue 10B - Oct 2003
Volume 28, Issue 10A - Oct 2003
Volume 28, Issue 9C - Sep 2003
Volume 28, Issue 9B - Sep 2003
Volume 28, Issue 9A - Sep 2003
Volume 28, Issue 8C - Aug 2003
Volume 28, Issue 8B - Aug 2003
Volume 28, Issue 8A - Aug 2003
Volume 28, Issue 7C - Jul 2003
Volume 28, Issue 7B - Jul 2003
Volume 28, Issue 7A - Jul 2003
Volume 28, Issue 6C - Jun 2003
Volume 28, Issue 6B - Jun 2003
Volume 28, Issue 6A - Jun 2003
Volume 28, Issue 5C - May 2003
Volume 28, Issue 5B - May 2003
Volume 28, Issue 5A - May 2003
Volume 28, Issue 4C - Apr 2003
Volume 28, Issue 4B - Apr 2003
Volume 28, Issue 4A - Apr 2003
Volume 28, Issue 3C - Mar 2003
Volume 28, Issue 3B - Mar 2003
Volume 28, Issue 3A - Mar 2003
Volume 28, Issue 2C - Feb 2003
Volume 28, Issue 2B - Feb 2003
Volume 28, Issue 2A - Feb 2003
Volume 28, Issue 1C - Jan 2003
Volume 28, Issue 1B - Jan 2003
Volume 28, Issue 1A - Jan 2003
Volume 28, Issue 9 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 8 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 7 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 6 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 5 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 3 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 2 - 00 2003
Volume 28, Issue 1 - 00 2003
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Optical True Time-Delay Composed of Fiber Brags Gratings and Metal Film-Coated Fibers
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 433~439
In this paper, we proposed a novel true time-delay (TTD) feeder for phased array antennas (PAAs) using fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and fibers coated with Cr/Au film. This structure requires less number of FBGs than the previously proposed FBG TTD feeders since one FBG is replaced with a metal film reflector in a strand of optical delay line connected to each antenna element and also provides the flexible wavelength selection since the metal film shows wide reflectance spectrum. A TTD for 10 GHz linear PAAs capable of steering beams in three different directions at 0
has been built. Experimental results on time delays are in good agreement with those calculated at all the steering angles. A 10 GHz linear array antenna with eight antenna elements red from the proposed TTD has been designed and the far-field radiation pattern or this antenna has been obtained by simulation.
Reverse Link Characterization of a Spectrally Overlaid Macro/Micro Cellular CDMA System Supporting Multimedia Traffic
Kang, Chang-Soon ; Park, Joong-Han ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 440~450
The reverse link of a spectrally overlaid macrocell/microcell cellular CDMA system supporting multimedia traffic is characterized in terms of the required signal power, interference, and capacity. Several narrowband subsystems are overlaid with a wideband subsystem in macrocells, while a single wideband subsystem is operated in a microcell with the same spectrum as the macrocell wideband subsystem. Using a typical propagation model the reverse link signal power and interference are characterized as the relative user signal power and the cross-tier interference factors between the macrocell and the microcell. The reverse link capacity of the overlay system is then analyzed. Analytical results show that the dominant parameters affecting the system performance are the spectral overlay ratio and the distance between the microcell and macrocell base stations. In particular, when the distance equals a half of macrocell radius, optimum performance can be achieved by minimizing the cross-tier interference factors. These results can be applied to CDMA multimedia network planning in heavily populated traffic areas.
Route Selection Protocol based on Energy Drain Rates in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Kim, Dong-Kyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 451~466
Untethered nodes in mobile ad-hoc networks strongly depend on the efficient use of their batteries. In this paper, we propose a new metric, the drain rate, to forecast the lifetime of nodes according to current traffic conditions. This metric is combined with the value of the remaining battery capacity to determine which nodes can be part of an active route. We describe new route selection mechanisms for MANET routing protocols, which we call the Minimum Drain Rate (MDR) and the Conditional Minimum Drain Rate (CMDR). MDR extends nodal battery life and the duration of paths, while CMDR also minimizes the total transmission power consumed per packet. Using the ns-2 simulator and the dynamic source routing (DSR) protocol, we compare MDR and CMDR against prior proposals for power-aware routing and show that using the drain rate for power-aware route selection offers superior performance results.
MAC Scheduling Algorithm for Supporting Efficient Scatternet Operations of Bluetooth
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 467~476
In this paper, we propose an efficient MAC scheduling algorithm for supporting Bluetooth scatternet operations. Our proposed algorithm improves overall performances of scatter mode［2, 3] and considers QoS requirements of each link of the bridge node of a scatternet. Scatter mode is based on time division scheduling and provides every links of a scatternet with fair service opportunities. However, since each Bluetooth devices has various traffic characteristics. fair allocation of service opportunities is not efficient and may cause extravagance of wireless resources. Therefore, we propose a new efficient inter-piconet scheduling algorithm compliant with the current Bluetooth specification［1］, and demonstrate its improved performances via computer simulations.
Performance Analysis of DS/CDMA with Hybrid SC/MRC over Nakagami Fading Channel
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 477~484
In this paper, we compared and analyzed the influence of the fading index and the number of branch of diversity in the Nakagami-m fading channel environment when the MRC diversity and the hybrid SC/MRC are applied to the DS/CDMA system. We considered that the number of branches were 2,3, and 4, respectively and applied an individual diversity type according to the number of branches, when nakagami fading index(m) were 1 and 2. We found that when the Nakagami fading index m is small, that is to say, when fading is inferior, the application of a hybrid SC/MRC diversity Rake receiver is efficient; however, when the fading environment is good, the application of the MRC diversity Rake receiver is efficient. As a result, we verified that when the actual communication environment is inferior, the hybrid SC/MRC diversity that selects a strong signal to be received on an individual number of branches could replace the MRC diversity, as a method to achieve a similar performance by reducing the complexity of the system.
Dynamic Packet Transmission Probability Control Scheme in CDMA S_ALOHA Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 485~492
This paper proposes a transmission probability control scheme for guaranteeing fair packet transmissions in CDMA slotted ALOHA system. In CDMA slotted ALOHA system, the packets transmitted in the same slot act as multiple access interference, so that unsuccessful packet transmissions are caused entirely by multiple access interference. Therefore, in order to maximize the system throughput, the number of simultaneously transmitted packets should be kept at a proper level. In the proposed scheme, the base station calculates the packet transmission probability of mobile stations in the next slot according to the offered load and then broadcasts this probability to all the mobile stations. Mobile stations, which have a packet to transmit, attempt to transmit packet with the received probability. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can offer better system throughput and average delay than the conventional scheme, and guarantee a good fairness among all mobile stations regardless of the offered load.
Mobile IP local pre-registration scheme for accommodating real-time data traffics in cdma2000 Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 493~502
In this paper, to solve some problems of the Mobile IP and local registration strategy we propose a method that can effectively support real-time traffics sensitive to delay time and packet loss. The proposed method reduces the registration time after a Mobile Node's movement between networks by carrying out the pre-registration for the domain which it will move into the network information of the link layer of cdma2000 system, at the boundary cell's handoff zone. Through the cost analysis and simulation it is shown that the proposed scheme yield a better performance compared with the Mobile IP and local registration strategies in terms of packet loss for parameters; variation of the velocity of a Mobile Node, and a distance between the Mobile Node and home networks, etc.
Interference and Capacity Approximation using Riemann-Zeta Function in Multi-Tier CDMA Cellular Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 503~510
In CDMA cellular system, because all users share the frequency resource the signals of other user becomes interference which influences the communication quality. The system capacity defined the number of connected users within a cell is determined by the amount of interference, therefore the exact estimation of interference is important to system performance evaluation. In this paper, we propose an approximated function which calculates other cell interference in terms of Riemann-Zeta function in CDMA cellular systems, and compare with simulation results in other to verify its usefulness. The upper and lower bounds of system capacity calculated with the proposed approximated function gives almost alike result with the simulation. The proposed interference bounds are useful to calculate system capacity and to evaluate some algorithm in a hierarchical cellular systems where various propagation environments are mixed.
Analysis of Corner Reflector Antennas feeding by Log-Periodic Dipole Antennas
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 511~519
In this paper, to achieve a broad-band and high-gain antenna, we thus designed and analyzed the CRLPDA(Corner Reflector Antenna feeding by Log-Periodic Dipole Antenna) made up of 90
corner reflector, which is trough-reflector type installed a planar reflector at the folded line. CRLPDA for operating frequency band of 1,400 MHB ~ 2,400 MHz was designed and radiation characteristics of the designed antenna were analyzed by moment method. To verify the analysis results, CRLPDA was fabricated and the calculated results were compared with the measured results. The measured results showed good agreement with the calculated results. As the result of measurements, bandwidth(VSWR＞2) for 1,000 MHz was achieved and gain was 13 dBi.
An Acoustic Echo Canceler under 3-Dimensional Synthetic Stereo Environments
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 520~528
This paper proposes a method of implementing synthetic stereo and an acoustic echo cancellation algorithm for multiple participant conference system. Synthetic stereo is generated by HRTF and two loudspeakers. A robust adaptive algorithm for synthetic stereo echo cancellation is proposed to reduce the weight misalignment due to near-end speech signals and ambient noises. The proposed adaptive algorithm is modified version of SMAP algorithm and the coefficients of adaptive filter is updated with cross correlation of input and estimation error signal normalized with sum of the autocorrelation of input signal and the power of the estimation error signal multiplied with projection order. This is more robust to projection order and ambient noise than conventional SMAP. Computer simulation show that the proposed algorithm effectively attenuates synthetic stereo acoustic echo.
A Study on DCT Hierarchical LMS DFE Algorithm to Improve the Performance of ATSC Digital TV Broadcasting
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 529~536
In this Paper, a new DCT HLMS DFE(Discrete Cosine Transform Hierarchical Least Mean Square Decision Feedback Equalizer) algorithm is proposed to improve the convergence speed and MSE(Mean Square Error) performance of a receive channel equalizer in ATSC(Advanced Television System Committee) 8VSB(Vestigial Side Band) digital terrestrial TV system. The proposed algorithm reduces the eigenvalue range of input data autocorrelation by transforming LMS (Least Mean Square) DFE into the subfilter of hierarchical structure. Moreover, the use of DCT and power estimation algorithm makes it possible to reduce the eigenvalue deviation of input data which results from distortion and delay of the receive signal in the miulti-path environment. Simulation results show that proposed DCT HLMS DFE has SNR improvement of approximately 3.8dB, 5dB and 2dB as compared to LMS DFE when the equalized symbol error rate is 0.2 in ATTC defined digital terrestrial TV broadcasting channels A, B and F, respectively.
Characteristics of Sequentially Rotated Array Microstrip Antennas Using Each Other Phase Delay
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 537~546
This paper proposes an aperture coupled circular polarized patch antenna operating at ISM band(5GHz). For improving the characteristic and performance of broadband and circular polarization at single circular polarized patch antenna. We designed and analyzed the sequentially rotated arrayed(SRA) using phase delay of 0
. Experimental result, the SRA antenna using phase delay of 90
are improved at the wideband and axial ratio. Also, the SRA antenna using phase delay of 45
verified that it is better bandwidth and axial ratio than the SRA antenna using phase delay of 90
A New Arithmetic Unit Over GF(2
) for Low-Area Elliptic Curve Cryptographic Processor
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 547~556
This paper proposes a novel arithmetic unit over GF(2
) for low-area elliptic curve cryptographic processor. The proposed arithmetic unit, which is linear feed back shift register (LFSR) architecture, is designed by using hardware sharing between the binary GCD algorithm and the most significant bit (MSB)-first multiplication scheme, and it can perform both division and multiplication in GF(2
). In other word, the proposed architecture produce division results at a rate of one per 2m-1 clock cycles in division mode and multiplication results at a rate of one per m clock cycles in multiplication mode. Analysis shows that the computational delay time of the proposed architecture, for division, is less than previously proposed dividers with reduced transistor counts. In addition, since the proposed arithmetic unit does not restrict the choice of irreducible polynomials and has regularity and modularity, it provides a high flexibility and scalability with respect to the field size m. Therefore, the proposed novel architecture can be used for both division and multiplication circuit of elliptic curve cryptographic processor. Specially, it is well suited to low-area applications such as smart cards and hand held devices.
Network Parameters of 6-Pole Dual-Mode Singly Terminated Elliptic Function Filter
Lee, Juseop ; Uhm, Man-Seok ; Yom, In-Bok ; Lee, Seong-Pal ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 557~562
An output multiplexer of manifold type is widely used in a recent satellite transponder for its mass and volume reduction. For correct operation, the filters of such a multiplexer must be singly terminated. In this paper, a simple synthesis method of a 6-pole dual-mode singly-terminated filter is described. From the transfer function of the filter, network parameters such as in/output terminations and coupling coefficients are obtained easily without complicated matrix algebra such as orthogonal projection and similarity transformation. Two different-structure filters are taken into consideration and the network parameters of each filter have been extracted from the same transfer function. It is shown that the responses of two filters are same to each other since their network parameters are obtained from the same transfer function. The method described in this paper can be applied to the other degree singly terminated filter.
Design of Miniaturized Multi-layer BPFs Using LTCC for Wireless LAN Applications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 28, issue 7A, 2003, Pages 563~568
In this paper, a miniaturized parallel coupled bandpass filter using multi-layered LTCC(Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics) substrate for SOP(System-On-Package) is proposed for applications to wireless communication systems. The fabricated BPF is composed of five 106
thick LTCC layers and its size is 5.24mm x 4.3mm x 0.53 mm. The measured characteristics of the BPF show the center frequency of 5.8GHz, bandwidth of 200MHz, insertion loss of 2.326dB and return loss of 13.679dB. In addition, the attenuation is 28.052dB at 4.7GHz.