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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12C - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 12B - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 12A - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11C - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11B - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11A - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10C - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10B - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10A - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9C - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9B - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9A - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8C - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8B - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8A - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7C - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7B - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7A - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6C - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6B - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6A - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5C - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5B - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5A - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4C - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4B - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4A - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3C - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3B - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3A - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2C - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2B - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2A - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1C - Jan 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1B - Jan 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1A - Jan 2004
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Proposal and Implementation of 2-D OCDMA System with Reconfigurable Array Encoder/Decoder and Double Hard Limiters
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 705~711
We propose novel OCDMA system with the structure of reconfigurable may encoder/decoder(RAE/ RAD), which are able to reallocate the 2-D optical codes to each subscriber and recover the transmitted data at all the receiving nodes. We have first implemented the double hard limiters composed of limiting amplifier(first hard limiter) that maintain a level of the encoded data from receiving node and AND detector(second hard limiter) for detecting the position of the encoded data and recovering the data. With the proposed system, it was successfully implemented to recover a specific channel data out of 16 code-multiplxed channels using FPGA and 4 DFB-LDs having distinct wavelengths. From experimental results, the code length resulted from increasing the number of the simultaneously connected channels has been reduced by using 2-D OCDMA multiplexed in time and wavelength instead of 1-D OCDMA. In addition, bit errors phenomenon on account of deterioration of autocorrelation peak-to-side lobe ratio is enhanced by using the double hard limiters composed of AND detector and limiting amplifiers.
1.6 Tb/s (160x10 Gb/s) WDM Transmission over 2,000 km of Single Mode Fiber
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 712~718
We report 1.6 Tb/s (160
10 Gb/s) WDM transmission over 2,000 km of single mode fiber using distributed hybrid(distributed Raman amplifier＋Erbium-doped fiber amplifier) optical amplifiers. After transmission over 2,000 km of single mode fiber, average optical signal to noise ratios of C/L-band were 20.5 dB, 21.9 dB, respectively. The minimum Q-factors of each band were 14.65 dB (BER=5.8e-8) in C-band, 13.75 dB (BER=5.0e-7) in L-band without forward error correction. We performed 1.6 Tb/s error-free transmission over 2,000 km of single mode fiber using Reed-Solomon (255, 239) forward error correction code.
Compensation Characteristics or Distorted WDM Channel dependence on Variation of Fiber Dispersion
Lee, Seong-Real ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 719~726
In this paper, compensation characteristics of distorted WDM channel due to both chromatic dispersion and self phase modulation (SPM) is numerically investigated under the assumptions of non-uniformly distributed fiber dispersion, in order to inspect the application of mid-span spectral inversion (MSSI) to any exact transmission links. The MSSI is compensation method used in this approach. This method has an optical phase conjugator (OPC) placed in mid-way of total transmission length to compensate distorted WDM channels. It is confirmed that MSSI will become applicable to long-haul WDM systems by controlling input light power of transmission channels, when the averaged dispersion of both fiber sections with respect OPC was varied and distributed unequally each other. Applying MSSI to long-haul WDM system, it is possible to remove all in-line compensator, consequently it will be expected to reducing system cost.
Performance Evaluation of the HomePNA 3.0 Asynchronous MAC Mode with Collision Management Protocol
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 727~734
Collision Management Protocol (CMP) efficiently resolves collisions when data frames are transmitted in networks consisting of HomPNA 3.0 asynchronous MAC mode device with random access. Unlike Distributed Fair Priority Queueing (DFPQ) algorithm in HomePNA 2.0 or Binary Exponential Backoff (BEB) algorithm in IEEE 802.11, order of retransmission is decided according to Collision Signaling Sequence (CSS) values allocated to each device. Thus, CMP can minimize the number of mean collisions because order of retransmission is decided in a deterministic way. In this paper. we evaluate the saturation performance of CMP in HomePNA 3.0 using an analytic method.
A Study on the E-PON Transceiver with ONU Power Equalization Function
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 735~740
When optical signal power of ONU differs from each other the requirements of an OLT receiver becomes strict and the stable operation of a total PON system can't be obtained. To solve this problem each ONU channel's signal power is measured at the OLT side and control signals to equalize them are generated and sent to each ONU. The proposed scheme is tested after implementation A digital APC circuit is proposed and tested so that it can start or stop LD operation without delay. It helps other ONU to transmit signals without interference and to reduce consuming power.
Design and Implementation of Converged Backplane for TDM/Data System
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 741~747
This paper will discuss the Design and Implementation of common Backplane for TDM/Data System. Transmission performance of over 10Gbps in proposed commom or converged backplane architecture was discussed and demonstrated using readily available components.
Performance Analysis or MC / DS CDMA System with Hybrid SC / MRC Diversity over Multi-path Fading Channels
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 748~755
In this paper, the hybrid SC/MRC technique was applied to the MC/DS-CDMA system in the Nakagami-m multi-path fading environment. The applied scheme was compared with other cases when the MRC technique was applied and then performances were analyzed. The result of analysis showed that the performance of the applied system, whose number of branches (L) for the input diversity of each carrier wave was 3 and かme selected number of branches ( Lc) was 2, was better than that of the MRC technique when the Lc of the MRC technique was 2. The performance of the applied system was lower than that of the MRC technique, then the Lc of the MRC technique was 3. However, as the fading index was lowered, which means the telecommunication environment deteriorated, the performance of the hybrid SC/MRC-(2/3) diversity technique when Lc of MRC technique was 3, was almost the same as that of the MRC technique. The hybrid SC/MRC-(2/3) diversity technique shows a similar performance to that of the MRC technique, when the Lc of the MRC technique was 4. Therefore, it was confirmed that the MC/DS-CDMA system could reduce complexity and achieve similar performance to that of the MRC by applying the hybrid SC/MRC technique, which utilized the advantages of the SC technique and high performance of the MRC scheme, rather than the MRC diversity technique that requires bit synchronization, frequency of fading, and phase synchronization for every diversity branch.
A Study on Prevention of Collision and Data Loss of the RFID System Using a Full-Length Instruction Code Method
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 756~765
Using single carrier frequency RFID system in one-to-multiple wireless communications, might be generated data loss because of data collisions. Conventional Anti-collision method prevent data loss from data collisions which are binary tree method and ALOHA. However, those two preventive measures also have week points which are strongly dependent on the time and space when passing through the recognition area. This paper suggests the full-length instruction code method which fits in to half-duplex method, prevents data collision effectively by calculating the non-transmitting time of multiple tags considering approaching time to the recognition area. After full-length instruction code method test using 13.56MHz bandwidth RFID system shows that full-length instruction code method could make better result than any other methods. Moreover, the record shows O(n) result after analyzing O-notation of conventional time-domain procedure.
Resource Reservation and Allocation Method for Mobile Multimedia Service
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 766~774
The future mobile communication system can support not only voice but also multimedia applications such as data, image and video. It requires greater resources than the voice-oriented mobile system. Efficient resource reservation and hand-over schemes are necessary to maintain the same QoS of transmitted multimedia traffic because the QoS may be defected by some delay and information loss during hand-over. This paper proposes a resource reservation scheme to accommodate multimedia traffics in mobile multimedia networks. In our scheme the position of mobile is estimated in two steps, that is, sector estimation and zone estimation. With this position information, the moving direction is determined. According to simulation results, our scheme provides a better performance than conventional methods.
Protection Algorithm for Error Prone Bit Positions of Turbo Codes
Wangrok Oh ; Kyungwhoon Cheun ; Kim, Jinwoo ; Kyeongcheol Yang ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 775~780
In this paper, we propose a simple protection scheme for error prone bit positions of turbo codes using the error detection capability of the CRC, which is almost always employed in practical systems. The proposed scheme based on bit flipping with CRC offers flexibility on selecting the level of protection. Also, not having send additional parity bits or discarding useful bit positions, it offers the best error performance for a given level of protection.
A Simple Path Prediction Scheme to Improve Handoff Efficiency in All-IP Wireless Networks
Huamin Zhu ; Kwak, Kyung-sup ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 781~785
Mobile IP maintains Internet connectivity while Mobile Hosts moving from one Internet attachment point to another. However, Mobile If is not appropriate for seamless mobility. Some micromobility protocols were proposed to complement Mobile IP by offering fast and seamless handoff control in limited geographical areas. In this paper, a new scheme, based on path prediction and resource reservation, is proposed to reduce the handoff latency by trying to eliminate the link setup time for fast handoff in all-IP wireless networks. Analytical results show that the proposed scheme offers shorter handoff delay and can improve the handoff efficiency.
Uplink Resource Management Scheme for Multiple QoS Traffics in cdma2000 type Networks: Modified Weighted G-Fair Scheduler with RoT Filling
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 786~793
Autonomous data rate control scheme of current IxEV-DO uplink networks can not supper the various QoS requirements of heterogeneous traffics nor hold rise-over-thermal OtoT) constraints. In this paper, an uplink resource management scheme called the modified weighted g-fair (MWGF) scheduler with RoT filling is proposed and evaluated for heterogeneous traffics in cdma2000 type uplink networks. The proposed scheme belongs to a family of centralized resource management schemes and offers QoS guarantee by using priority metrics as well as lower system loading by holding RoT constraints using RoT filling method. With some case-study simulations, the proposed algorithms shows lower average delays of real time users compared to that of autonomous rate control by 29 - 40 ％. It also shows the 1.0 - 1.3 dB lower received RoT level than autonomous rate control schemes, leading to lower network loading.
Design of a Frequency Offset Corrector and Analysis of Noises due to Quantization Angle in OFDM LAN Systems
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 794~806
This paper deals with correction of frequency offset and analysis of quantization angle noise in the IEEE 802.1la OFDM system. The rotation phase per symbol due to the carrier frequency offset is estimated from auto-correlation of the short Preambles, which are over-sampled for the reduction of noise in OFDM signals. The pilot signals are introduced to estimate the rotation phase per OFDM symbol due to estimation error of the carrier frequency offset and the sampling frequency onset. During the estimation and correction of the frequency onsets, a CORDIC processor and a look-up table are used for the conversion between a rotation phase and its complex number. Being calculated by a limited number of bits in the CORDIC processor and the look-up table, the rotation phase and its complex number have quantization angle errors. The quantization errors are analyzed as SNR (signal to noise ratio) due to the quantization bit numbers. The minimum bit number is suggested to meet the specification of IEEE 802.1la properly. Finally, the quantization errors are evaluated through simulations on number of quantization bits and SNR of received signals.
Analysis and Design of Ku-Band Airborne Video Transceiver System for Smart-UAV
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 807~813
This paper corresponded to Smart-UAV(Smart Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) technology development, a part of “The 21th Century New-Frontier Development Project” being propelled in accordance with enlarging the necessity of concentration development by selecting our strong technique being able to compete in the international society of knowledge based economy in the 21th century. Also, we designed Ku-band airborne video transceiver system performing to receive the TC(Tele-Command) signal needed to be applicable of Smart-UAV, and send the video and TM(Tele-Metry) signal at the same time. Moreover, we analyzed it in order to satisfy the system request of designed whole communication system, and established the validity on this paper going through by module simulation and manufacture of the whole system.
UE Measurement Based Compressed Mode in WCDMA
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 814~827
The compressed mode is used to perform inter-frequency and inter-system handover in WCDMA. The instantaneous transmit power is increased in the compressed frame in order to keep the QoS(Quality of Service) unaffected by the reduced processing gain. Furthermore, since the inner loop power control is not active during the transmission gap and the effect of interleaving is decreased, a higher Eb/No target is required, which directly affects the system performance. Due to the impact on performance, the compressed mode should be activated by the RNC(Radio Network Controller) only when there is real need to execute an inter-frequency or inter-system handover. However, 3GPP does not define the method that decides the compressed mode activation. In order to reduce performance degradation, there is need the decision method. In this paper, we consider a combined cell structure in which some neighbor cells have a frequency the same as serving cell and the others have a different frequency or system. Under consideration, we analyze the effect of the compressed mode on the WCDMA forward link performance. In order to avoid performance degradation, we propose an UE(User Equipment) measurement method that can restrict the activation area of the compressed mode of UE that does not need it and evaluate its performance by simulations. Analytical results show that the use of the compressed mode affects the performance degradation. And simulation results show that proposed method leads to better performance.
An Adaptive Hexagon Based Search for Fast Motion Estimation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 828~835
An adaptive hexagon based search(AHBS) algorithm is proposed in this paper to perform block motion estimation in video coding. The AHBS evaluates the value of a given objective function starting from a diamond-shaped checking block and then continues its process using two hexagon-shaped checking blocks until the minimum value is found at the center of checking blocks. Also, the determination of which checking block is used depends on the position of minimum value occurred in previous searching step. The AHBS is compared with other fast searching algorithms including full search(FS). Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm provides competitive performance with slightly reduced computational complexity.
Phase Synchronization Algorithm for High-speed Satellite Communications
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 836~843
In per survivor processing (PSP) has a better performance than conventional phase offset estimators. But itsdefect is that it has a high complexity. In this paper, we propose the adaptive reduced state estimator (ARSE) algorithm not only to reduce the complexity, but also to have a good performance. The main principle of ARSE is changing the number of estimators dynamically during the decoding process according to the channel condition.
Dynamic Channel-Time Assignments based on the link status in IEEE 802.15.3 High-rate WPAN
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 844~851
Various types of error are caused due to many factors of various environment in air interface channel of wireless communications. In this case, the reliability of the channel is much lower than that of wired case. IEEE 802.15.3 high-rate WPAN, which operates in an ad hoc networking environment, is more susceptible to such errors. The problem has been investigated for wireless LANs, for example, as follows. If the queue size of a certain node is longer than that of other nodes, the node estimates that its channel state is bad and the resource of the node is decreased. However this method has a disadvantage that a central controller must always monitor the status. To avoid this disadvantage, in this paper, a new MAC protocol that the throughput of overall piconet is increased by LDS (Link-status Dependent Scheduling) is proposed.
Improvement of Low Pass Filler Using New PBG Structure
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7A, 2004, Pages 852~857
In this research, we suggested a new PBG cell with wide stopband. In order to improve the characteristics of the insertion loss, return loss, and ripple, we used two overlapped cells. One is small cell which is made in inside and the other is large cell which is made in outside. The inner cell stops the high band and the outer cell stops the low band. As a result, the new PBG cell had a wide stop band. Insertion loss was about 40dB in stopband and the ripple, and the return loss was improved. Also, the passband is broaden by employing new PBG cells.