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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12C - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 12B - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 12A - Dec 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11C - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11B - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 11A - Nov 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10C - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10B - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 10A - Oct 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9C - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9B - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 9A - Sep 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8C - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8B - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 8A - Aug 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7C - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7B - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 7A - Jul 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6C - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6B - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 6A - Jun 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5C - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5B - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 5A - May 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4C - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4B - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 4A - Apr 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3C - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3B - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 3A - Mar 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2C - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2B - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 2A - Feb 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1C - Jan 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1B - Jan 2004
Volume 29, Issue 1A - Jan 2004
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GMPLS based Functional Models and Connection Admission Control Algorithms for Optical Burst Switched Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 585~597
In this paper, we propose the functional models of optical burst switching (OBS) routers to apply GMPLS (Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching) to optical networks based on OBS. In addition, we introduce a connection admission control (CAC) algorithms which are operated in this models and can accommodate the required QoS. Firstly, the characteristics of current GMPLS and OBS for the optical Internet are basically considered. With this consideration, the models are proposed to accept OBS features which include the recognition of data boundary with control information and the statistical multiplexing in terms of bursts. Secondly, we use an offset time decision (OTD) algorithm on behalf of controlling the connection admission with taking QoS parameters such as burst loss rate(BLR) and service-differentiation ratio(SDR) into consideration. The proposed CAC algorithms use the offered load of LSP (Label Switched Path), wavelength information, and QoS parameters as inputs of OTD algorithm. A call setup request will be accepted when the offset time decided by OTD algorithm is reasonable for guaranteeing its requested QoS. Simulation is used for performance evaluation. Results show the proposed schemes can guarantee the required QoS and those are better than the previous one in terms of channel utilization.
Peer-to-Peer Transfer Scheme for Multimedia Partial Stream using Client Initiated with Prefetching
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 598~612
Client requests have increased with the improvement of network resources at client side, whereas network resources at server side could not keep pace with the increased client request. Therefore, it is primary factor of the Qos that efficiently utilize network resources at server side. In this paper, we proposed a new model that peer-to-peer transfer scheme for partial multimedia stream based on CIWP which it decrease server network bandwidth by utilizing client disk resources saves additional server network resources. Especially, adapting Threshold_Based Multicast scheme guarantees to do that data transfer within clients never exceed service time of previous peer by restriction of which data size transferring from previous peer less than data size transferring from server. Peer-to-peer transfer within clients is limited in same group classified as ISPs. Our analytical result shows that proposed scheme reduces appling network resources at server side as utilizing additional client disk resource. furthermore, we perform various simulation study demonstrating the performance gain through comparing delay time and proportion of waiting requesters. As a result, when we compared to Threshold_Based Multicast scheme, the proposed scheme reduces server network bandwidth by 35%.
An Aggregate Fairness Marker without Per Flow Management for Fairness Improvement of Assured Service in DiffServ
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 613~627
In this paper, we propose an Aggregate Fairness Maker (ARM) required for an Edge router to improve fairness of throughput among the flows of Assured Service in DiffServ with different round trip time (RTT) and we propose a user flow Three Color Marker (uf-TCM) as a flow marker that marks packets from the flow as green, yellow, or red. A yellow packet is the packet that consumes loss token in uf-TCM as well as that is demoted green packet in AM due to disobey the aggregate traffic profile. The proposed AFH promotes yellow packet to green packet or demotes green packet to yellow packet through the fair method without per-flow management, and it improves the feirness of throughput among the flows as well as link utilization. A yellow packet and a red packet have the same drop precedence at Core Router in our scheme. So we can use the RIO buffer management scheme. We evaluated the performance of our proposed AFM and the REDP Marker that was proposed to improve fairness without per-flow management. Simulation results show that, compared with the REDP marker, proposed AFM can improve performance of throughput fairness among the flows with different RTT and link utilization under the over-provisioning, exact-provisioning, and under-provisioning network environments at Multiple DiffServ domains as well as at Single DiffServ domain.
Design and Analysis of Resource Management Architecture for Network Mobility
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 628~640
The demand for next generation networks can be condensed into always-best-connected, ubiquitous, mobile, all-lP, and converged networks. IPv6 has been introduced for all-IP ubiquitous communications, and vehicles are coming to represent an important communication platform. In this paper. we propose various resource management schemes for in-vehicle mobile networks, which are adaptive to different hardware configurations. We focus on power and wireless bandwidth since they are critical resources for mobile communications. Based on the mobility characteristics of in-vehicle networks, we propose vehicle-aware power saving schemes. The main idea behind these power saving schemes is to adjust mobile router (MR) advertisement interval and binding lifetime. In addition, according to different wireless environments, we propose adaptive bandwidth management schemes using multihoming: best-connected MR selection based on location, and high-data-rate MR selection based on priority By mathematical analysis, it is shown that our schemes save power prominently for both the dormant nodes and active nodes. In addition, simulation results show that proposed multiple mobile router architecture outperforms previous simple redundant router architecture in preserving session and providing sufficient bandwidth.
A Dynamic Priority Control Method to Support an Adaptive Differentiated Service in Home Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 641~649
We propose a dynamic traffic management model which uses adaptive priority reassignment algorithm to deliver service differentiation in home networks, and implement adaptive priority reassignment algorithm using FPGA. The proposed architecture is designed to handle home network traffic without the need for signaling protocol. We categorize home network traffic into three kinds of traffic class: control data traffic class, the Internet data and non-real-time data traffic class, and multimedia data traffic class (include non-real-time and real-time multimedia data traffic). To support differential service about these kinds of traffic class, we designed and implemented a traffic management framework that dynamically change each traffic class priority depending on bandwidth utilization of each traffic class.
Enhancements to the fast recovery Algorithm of TCP NewReno using rapid loss detection
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 650~659
Domestic wireless network environment is changing rapidly while adapting to meet service requirements of users and growth of market. As a result, reliable data transmission using TCP is also expected to increase. Since TCP assumes that it is used in wired networt TCP suffers significant performance degradation over wireless network where packet losses are not always result of network congestion. Especially RTO imposes a great performance degradation of TCP. In this paper, we propose DAC
and EFR in order to prevent performance degradation by quickly detecting and recovering loss without RTO during fast recovery. Compared with TCP NewReno, proposed scheme shows improvements in steady-state in terms of higher fast recovery Probability and reduced response time.
Performance Analysis of TCP Loss Recovery for Correlated Packet Losses over Wireless Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 660~666
Overall TCP performance represented by end-to-end throughput is largely dependent upon its loss recovery performance. In particular non-congestion packet losses caused by transmission errors degrade TCP performance seriously. Using Markov process, we analyze TCP loss recovery performance for correlated packet losses caused by multipath fading. The results show that loss recovery performance can be severely affected by burstiness in packet losses, even if overall packet loss ratio is very low.
Improving Loss Recovery Performance of TCP SACK by Retransmission Loss Recovery
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 667~674
The performance of transmission control protocol (TCP) is largely dependent upon its loss recovery. Therefore, it is a very important issue whether the packet losses may be recovered without retransmission timeout (RTO) or not. Although TCP SACK can recover multiple packet losses in a window, it cannot avoid RTO if a retransmitted packet is lost again. In order to alleviate this problem, we propose a simple change to TCP SACK, which is called TCP SACK+ in simple. We use a stochastic model to evaluate the performance of TCP SACK+, and compare it with TCP SACK. Numerical results evaluated by simulations show that SACK+ can improve the loss recovery of TCP SACK significantly in presence of random losses.
Effects of Retransmission Timeouts on TCP Performance and Mitigations: A Model and Verification
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 675~684
There have been several efforts to avoid unnecessary retransmission timeouts (RTOs), which is the main cause for TCP throughput degradation. Unnecessary RTOs can be classified into three groups according to their cause. RTOs due to multiple packet losses in the same window for TCP Reno, the most prevalent TCP version, can be avoided by TCP NewReno or using selective acknowledgement (SACK) option. RTOs occurring when a packet is lost in a window that is not large enough to trigger fast retransmit can be avoided by using the Limited Transmit algorithm. In this Paper, we comparatively analyze these schemes to cope with unnecessary RTOs by numerical analysis and simulations. On the basis of the results in this paper, TCP performance can be quantitatively predicted from the aspect of loss recovery probability. Considering that overall performance of TCP is largely dependent upon the loss recovery performance, the results shown in this paper are of great importance.
Shared Resource Management Scheme in Advance and Immediate Reservations for Effective Resource Allocation
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 685~696
Real-time multimedia applications that require large amount of bandwidth need resource reservation before starting service for providing the QoS(i.e., Quality of Service). To reserve resources in advance, each reservation request has to notify its expectation on the required amount of resources and service duration. Using this information, a resource manager can schedule advance reservations. However, most existing resource management systems are adopting straightforward call admission control process (i.e., only immediate reservation) by checking currently available resources without considering the service duration. Hence, the resource management system that supports advance reservation has to manage confliction caused by indefinite service duration of immediate reservation. Even though the separation of resource pool according to type of reservation can prevent the confliction, it causes low resource utilization. In this paper, we propose an effective resource management scheme that supports both immediate and advance reservations by sharing resources dynamically. Using network cost function, the proposed scheme determines and adaptively adjusts resource boundary according to the confliction rate by varying weight parameters. And also, we define user utility function to quantify user satisfaction based on how well the reserved resource is guaranteed during service time. Simulation results using NS-2 network simulator show that the proposed scheme can achieve better resource utilization with preferable QoS than other schemes like static resource partitioning.
Dynamic Class Mapping Mechanism for Guaranteed Service with Minimum Cost over Differentiated Services Networks
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 697~710
Differentiated services (DiffServ) model has been prevailed as a scalable approach to provide quality of service in the Internet. However, there are difficulties in providing the guaranteed service in terms of end-to-end systems since differentiated services network considers quality of service of aggregated traffic due to the scalability and many researches have been mainly focused on per hop behavior or a single domain behavior. Furthermore quality of service may be time varying according to the network conditions. In this paper, we study dynamic class mapping mechanism to guarantee the end-to-end quality of service for multimedia traffics with the minimum network cost over differentiated services network. The proposed algorithm consists of an effective implementation of relative differentiated service model, quality of service advertising mechanism and dynamic class mapping mechanism. Finally, the experimental results are provided to show the performance of the proposed algorithm.
Performance Analysis of REDP Marker with a combined Dropper for improving TCP Fairness of Assured Services
Kyeong Hur ; Lee, Yeonwoo ; Cho, Choon-Gen ; Park, Hyung-Kun ; Eom, Doo-Seop ; Tchah, Kyun-Hyon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 29, issue 7B, 2004, Pages 711~721
To provide the end-to-end service differentiation for assured services, the random early demotion and promotion (REDP) marker in the edge router at each domain boundary monitors the aggregate flow of the incoming in-profile packets and demotes in-profile packets or promotes the previously demoted in-profile packets at the aggregate flow level according to the negotiated interdomain service level agreement (SLA). The REDP marker achieves UDP fairness in demoting and promoting packets through random and early marking decisions on packets. But, TCP fairness of the REDP marker is not obvious as fur UDP sources. In this paper, to improve TCP fairness of the REDP marker, we combine a dropper with the REDP marker. To make packet transmission rates of TCP flows more fair, at the aggregate flow level the combined dropper drops incoming excessive in-profile packets randomly with a constant probability when the token level in the leaky bucket stays In demotion region without incoming demoted in-profile packets. It performs a dropping in the demotion at a domain boundary only if there is no prior demotion. The concatenate dropping at multiple domains is avoided to manifest the effect of a dropping at a domain boundary on TCP fairness. We experiment with the REDP marker with the combined dropper using ns2 simulator for TCP sources. The simulation results show that the REDP marker with the combined dropper improves TCP fairness in demoting and promoting packets by generating fair demoted in-profile traffic compared to the REDP marker. The effectiveness of the selected drop probability is also investigated with showing its impact on the performance of the REDP marker with the combined dropper.