Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 12C - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 12B - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 12A - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11C - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11B - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11A - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10C - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10B - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10A - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9C - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9B - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9A - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8C - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8B - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8A - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7C - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7B - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7A - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5C - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5B - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5A - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
An Efficient Update Algorithm for Packet Classification With TCAM
Jeong Haejin ; Song Ilseop ; Lee Yookyoung ; Kwon Taeckgeun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 79~85
Generally, it is essential that high-speed routers, switches, and network security appliances should have an efficient packet classification scheme in order to achieve the high-speed packet forwarding capability. For the multi-gigabit packet-processing network equipment the high-speed content search hardware such as TCAM and search engine is recently used to support the content-based packet inspection. During the packet classification process, hundreds and thousands of rules are applied to provide the network security policies regarding traffic screening, traffic monitoring, and traffic shaping. In addition, these rules could be dynamically changed during operations of systems if anomaly traffic patterns would vary. Particularly, in the high-speed network, an efficient algorithm that updates and reorganizes the packet classification rules is critical so as not to degrade the performance of the network device. In this paper, we have proposed an efficient update algorithm using a partial-ordering that can relocate the dynamically changing rules at the TCAM. Experimental results should that our algorithm does not need to relocate existing rules feature until 70
of TCAM utilization.
Efficient Scheduling Algorithm for Supporting High Bandwidth Utilization and QoS In EPON
Kim Junseog ; Yeon Hunje ; Kim Seoggyu ; Lee Jaiyong ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 86~96
In recent year, EPON(Ethernet PON) system is expected to be more attractive solutions for high speed, broadband access networks in next generation access networks due to the conversionce of low-cost ethernet equipment and low-cost fiber infrastructure. Upstream channel control algorithm is essential to hare upstream bandwidth in EPON. In this paper, we suggest HUHG(High Utilization and Hybrid Granting) algorithm for supporting high bandwidth utilization and QoS for different service class. This algorithm improves bandwidth utilization as removing or diminishing idle time of upstream channel using characteristics of fixed EF(Expedited Forwarding) sub-cycle. The proposed algorithm also minimizes the packet delay and delay variation of EF class. We conduct detailed simulation experiments using OPNET to study the performance and validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
An Effective Handover Scheme Using Reserved Addresses in Mobile IPv6 Networks
Jung, Hee-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 97~102
This paper proposes a handover extension scheme to support effectively real-time services in Mobile IPv6 networks. The proposed scheme could simplify the handover procedure by using the proposed reserved addresses scheme so that it could reduce considerably handover latency in Mobile IPv6. The performance analysis shows that the handover latency in the proposed scheme could be reduced by minimum 1 second, maximum above 3 second compared to that of pure Mobile IPv6. Accordingly the proposed scheme could be considered as a strong candidate to support real-time services like VoIP in future network based on Mobile IPv6.
An Improved Integer Frequency Offset Estimation in OFDM Systems Using Maximum Likelihood Function
Nam, Do-Won ; Yoon, Dongweon ; Park, Sang-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 103~109
OFDM system has a disadvantage of sensitiveness about the effect of the frequency offset caused by the discord of oscillators in transmitter and receiver. The frequency offset can be divided into integral part and decimal part. Although the frequency offset of integral part do not effect orthogonality between subcarriers, it makes the bit error probability become to 0.5 because of circular transient among transmitted data symbols. This paper proposes a new estimation scheme of the frequency offset of integral part by Maximum Likelihood (ML) demanding only one training symbol in multipath fading channel environment. This proposed scheme not only can reduce the number of training symbol but do not increase the complexity and it shows the better performance by simulation.
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access with Statistical Channel Quality Measurements Part-II: Performance Analysis
Yoon, Seo-Khyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 110~118
In part-I of the paper, two sub-channel structures, either contiguous or distributed, were considered. Modeling the SNR distribution over a sub-channel as Ricean in general, the statistical chracteristics were investigated. In this part of the paper, we develop a generalized two step channel/resource allocation algorithm, which incorporates the two statistical measurements, and analyze the spectral efficiency of OFDMA in terms of average frequency utilization for the two sub-channel structures. In OFDMA with distributed structure, the key design parameter would be the sub-channel bandwidth. To give an insight into the impact on this parameter, we show in the numerical results the frequency utilization as a function of sub-channel bandwidth normalized to coherence bandwidth. As confirmed by numerical results, for contiguous sub-channel structure, we obtain the nominal multiuser diversity gain when the sub-channel bandwidth is smaller than the coherence bandwidth and lose the gain as it is getting larger.
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access with Statistical Channel Quality Measurements Part-I: System and Channel Modeling
Yoon, Seo-Khyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 119~127
In this two-part paper, we consider dynamic resource allocation in orthogonal frequency division multiple access(OFDMA). To reduce the reverse link overhead for channel quality information(CQI) feedback, a set of sub-carriers are tied up to a sub-channel to be used as the unit of CQI feedback, user-multiplexing and the corresponding power/rate allocation. Specifically, we focus on two sub-channel structures, either aggregated or distributed, where the SNR distribution over a sub-channel is modeled as Ricean in general, and the channel quality of a sub-channel is summarized as the mean and variance of channel gain envelop divided by noise standard deviation. Then, we develop a generalized two step channel/resource allocation algorithm, which uses the two statistical measurements, and analyze the spectral efficiency of the OFDMA system in terms of average frequency utilization. An extension to proportional fair algorithm will also be addressed. As confirmed by numerical results, the aggregated structure is preferred especially when intending aggressive link adaptation.
Battery Efficient Wireless Network Discovery Scheme for Inter-System Handover in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks
Lee Bong-Ju ; Kim Won-Ik ; Song Pyeong-Jung ; Shin Yeon-Seung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 128~137
In this paper, we propose a wireless network discovery scheme which support effective device power management by employing battery efficient network scanning procedure. Multi-mode terminals need to discover other wireless systems, above all, to execute an inter-system handover in the environment of heterogeneous wireless networks. The existing methods introduced in some recent research reports have certain shortcomings, such as battery power consumption increased by frequent modem activation, or the multi-mode terminal's inability to promptly discover wireless system. We Propose a scheme in which multi-mode terminals more quickly and accurately discover other wireless systems than previous schemes, while consuming minimum power. It also proves that the scheme has better performance by comparing it with the existing schemes.
Analysis of Bounding Performance for LDPC codes and Turbo-Like Codes
Chung, Kyu-Hyuk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 138~143
We present upper bounds for the maximum-likelihood decoding performance of particular LDPC codes and turbo-like codes with particular interleavers. Previous research developed upper bounds for LDPC codes and turbo-like codes using ensemble codes or the uniformly interleaved assumption, which bound the performance averaged over all ensemble codes or all interleavers. Proposed upper bounds are based on the simple bound and estimated weight distributions including the exact several smallest distance terms because if either estimated weight distributions on their own or the exact several smallest distance terms only are used, an accurate bound can not be obtained.
Cross-Layer Protocol Design for Effective Video Transmission in Wireless Ad hoc Networks
Seo Jee-Young ; Cho Eun-Hee ; Yoo Sang-Jo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 144~153
In this paper, we propose an efficient video data transmission protocol using the cross-layer approach in ad hoc networks. Due to node movement, the MANET is frequently changing path and each path has different transmission rate so that it has low performance when transmitters select a constant transmission late at the encoding time. Because MANET is running limited energy, efficient energy management is important because it increases network life time and network throughput. Therefore we need an effective video transmission method that considers physical layer channelstatistics, node's energy status, and network topology changes at the same time unlike the OSI recommendation protocol in that each layer isindependent and hard to transmit adaptively video data according to the network conditions. Therefore, in this paper we propose a cross-layer effective video transmission protocol and mechanism that can select an optimal path using multilayer information such as node's residual energy, channel condition and hop counts and can determine the adequate coding rate adaptively.
CARA: Collision-Aware Rate Adaptation for IEEE 802.11 WLANs
Kim, Jong-Seok ; Kim, Seong-Kwan ; Choi, Sung-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 154~167
Today's IEEE 802.11 WLANs(Wireless LANs) provide multiple transmission rates so that different rates can be exploited in an adaptive manner depending on the underlying channel condition in order to maximize the system performance. Many rate adaptation schemes have been proposed so far while most(if not all) of the commercial devices implement a simple open-loop rate adaptation scheme(i.e., without feedback from the receiver), called ARF(Automatic Rate Fallback) due to its simplicity. A key problem with such open-loop rate adaptation schemes is that they do not consider the collision effect, and hence, malfunction severely when many transmission failures are due to collisions. In this paper, we propose a novel rate-adaptation scheme, called CARA(Collision-Aware Rate Adaptation). The key idea of CARA is that the transmitter station combines adaptively the Request-to-Send/Clear-to-Send(RTS/CTS) exchange with the Clear Channel Assessment(CCA) functionality to differentiate frame collisions from frame transmission failures cause by channel errors. Therefore, compared with other open-loop rate adaptation schemes, CATA is more likely to make the correct rate adaptation decisions. Through extensive simulation runs, we evaluate our proposed scheme to show that our scheme yields significantly higher throughput performance than the existing schemes in both static and time-varying fading channel environments.
Effective Packet Transmission Scheme in Multirate WLAN
Kim, Nam-Gi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 168~175
To cope with channel variation, wireless networks such as IEEE 802.11 WLAN provide multiple transmission rates by employing different channel modulation and coding schemes. However, the coexistence of different transmission rates degrades the total system performance of the network. In order to eliminate this performance abnormality and improve protocol capacity, we propose a new Packet transmission algorithm, the RAT(Rate-Adapted Transmission) scheme. The RAT scheme distributes the wireless channel fairly based on the channel occupancy time. Moreover, it efficiently transmits packets even in a single station using rate-based queue management. Therefore, the RAT scheme obtains not only the inter-rate contention gain among stations but also the intra-rate contention gain among connections in a single station.
A Coherent-based Symbol Detector for 2.45GHz LR-WPAN Receiver
Han Jung-Su ; Do Joo-Hyun ; Park Tha-Joon ; Choi Hyung-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 176~186
In this paper, we propose an enhanced symbol detector algorithm for 2.45GHz LR-WPAN(Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Network) receiver. Because the frequency offset of
80ppm on 2.45GHz band is recommended in IEEE 802.15.4 LR-WPAN(Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Network) specification, a symbol detector algorithm having stable operation in the channel environment with large frequency offset is required. For robustness to the frequency offset, non-coherent detection-based symbol detector algorithm is typically applied in the LR-WPAN receiver modem. However, the noncoherent symbol detector has increased performance degradation and hardware complexity due to squaring loss of I/Q squaring operation. Therefore we propose a coherent detection-based symbol detector algorithm with frequency offset compensation using a preamble symbol. The proposed algorithm is more suitable for LR-WPAN receiver aimed at low-cost, low-power and low-complexity than the non-coherent symbol detector, since it can reduce performance degradation due to squaring loss of I/Q squaring operation and implementation complexity. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm has performance improvement of about 1dB in various channel environments.
A Study on the PAPR Reduction by Hybrid Algorithm Based on the PTS and GS Technique
Zhao Zi-Bin ; Kim Young-Hwan ; Kim Jae-Moung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 187~193
Multicarrier systems has major shortcomings due to the large numbers of subcarrier. One of the shortcomings is the high peak-to-average power ratio(PAPR), which causes nonlinearity distortion in the transmitter, and degrades the performance of the system significantly. Partial transmit sequence(PTS) is one of the best approaches that can significantly improve the statistics of the PAPR of an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) signal. Guided scrambling(GS) is an extension of self-synchronizing scrambling. It is also capable of guiding the scrambling process to produce a balanced encoded bit stream. In this paper, we propose a sub-optimal algorithm to optimize the phase factor in PTS. In addition, we integrate GS coding with this method. The proposed Hybrid algorithm can get much more PAPR reduction at the expense of incur a few error extension and do not require transmission of side information.
Design and Fabrication of 26.4 GHz Local Oscillator for Satellite Payload
Shin Dong-Hwan ; Ryu Keun-Kwan ; Chang Dong-Pil ; Lee Moon-Que ; Yom In-Bok ; Oh Seung-Hyeub ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 194~200
A 26.4 GHz phase locked oscillator(PLO) for communication satellite transponder is developed. The PLO consists of fundamental frequency generation module(FFGM) and frequency multiplication part(FMP). The signal of 26.4 GHz is generated through frequency tripling process of 8.8 GHz fundamental frequency. Phase locking technique using sampling phase detector(SPD) is adopted to design the FFGM. The MMIC tripler and amplifier are also designed for the reduction of the size and mass of FMP. The phase noise characteristics are exhibited as -96 dBc/Hz at 10 tHz offset frequency and -105 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset frequency, respectively, with the output power over 11 dBm. All performance parameters are complied with the design requirements.
SPST Switch MMIC for Microwave Switch Matrix
Chang Dong-Pil ; Yom In-Bok ; Oh Seung-Hyueb ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 2A, 2006, Pages 201~206
A SPST Switch MMIC which used for Microwave Switch Matrix(MSM) of communications satellite payload with multi-beam function has been designed and fabricated. New RE FET switch configuration has been devised to improve power characteristics and isolation. Input and output return losses are better than another switches reported previously for both On and Off states. The MMIC chips were fabricated in 0.15um GaAs pHEMT process and measured insertion loss less than 2.0dB and isolation more than 63dB in the frequency range of 3GHz
4GHz. Output 3rd order interceptpoint above 32dBm has been recorded and the value is very high even though the unit pHEMT has gate width of 0.2mm and only four pHEMT are used in the MMTC.