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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 12C - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 12B - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 12A - Dec 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11C - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11B - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 11A - Nov 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10C - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10B - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 10A - Oct 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9C - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9B - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 9A - Sep 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8C - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8B - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 8A - Aug 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7C - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7B - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 7A - Jul 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Jun 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5C - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5B - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 5A - May 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Apr 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Mar 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Feb 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Jan 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Jan 2006
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Jan 2006
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Minimum Distance Search Algorithms of LDPC Codes and RA Codes
Chung Kyu-Hyuk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 207~213
In this paper, we reduce the computational complexity to find the minimum distance of RA codes by searching only valid codewords using repetition part. Since LDPC codes have repetition part like RA codes, we also apply this algorithm for computing the minimum distance of LDPC codes. The minimum distance dominates the code performance at high signal-to-noise ratios(SNRs) and in turn allows an estimate of the error floor. The proposed algorithm computes the minimum distance without any constraint on code structures. The minimum distances of LDPC codes and RA codes with large interleavers of practical importance are computed and used to obtain the error floor, which is compared with the performance of the iterative decoding.
Subcarrier Block Power Control for Adaptive Downlink OFDM with Frequency Spreading and Equalization
Kim Nam-So ; Cho Sung-Ho ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 214~220
In this paper, we propose the transmit power controlled adaptive modulated OFDM with frequency symbol spreading and equalization(TPC-AMS/FSS-OFDM) system. In the transmitter of the TPC-AMS/FSS-OFDM, each SP transformed signal is spread by orthogonal spreading codes and combined, so the detected signals obtain the same SINR(signal interference to noise ration) for each frequency symbol spreading block. In this case, we can assign the same modulation level and transmit power for each frequency symbol spreading block. Thus, the proposed system provides the increased throughput performance with reducing the total transmit power, FBI and MLI.
Improving TCP-Vegas Performance over Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Bae Han-Seok ; Song Jeom-Ki ; Kim Dong-Kyun ; Park Jung-Soo ; Kim Hyoung-Jun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 221~231
TCP is needed as a transport protocol to provide reliable end-to-end message delivery for MANETs in order to achieve a smooth integration with the fixed Internet. Particularly, TCP has its variants, namely TCP-Reno and TCP-Vegas. However, there has been no research work on extensive performance comparison of TCP-Reno and TCP-Vegas over AODV and OLSR. This paper is the first trial to perform the research by using ns-2 simulator. Through the extensive simulations, we found that which to select among routing protocols is more important than which to select among TCP variants, because the performance difference between TCP-Reno and TCP-Vegas over uy selected routing protocol is not so much outstanding. Particularly, TCP-Vegas relies on an accurate BaseRTT estimation in order to decide the sending rate of a TCP Sender. However, it cannot be directly applied to MANET because a route change makes the Base an used over a Previous Path obsolete. Therefore, we propose a technique for improving the performance of TCP-Vegas by considering the route change, and show the performance improvement through simulation study.
Symbol Timing & Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation Method for UWB MB-OFDM System
Kim Jung-Ju ; Wang Yu-Peng ; Chang Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 232~239
In this paper, we analyze the preamble model for Wireless PAN(WPAN) in proposed Ultra WideBand(UWB) Multi-Band OFDM(MB-OFDM) system of IEEE 802.15.3a standard. Besides, we propose effective Carrier Frequency Offset and Symbol Timing Offset Estimation algorithm which offers enhanced performance, and analyze its performance using Detection Probability, False Alarm Probability, Missing Probability, Mean Acquisition Time and MSE(Mean Square Error) through simulation in AWGN and UWB channel environments.
Performance Evaluation of Channel Shortening Time Domain Equalizer in Wireless LAN Environment
Yoon Seok-Hyun ; Yu Hee-Jung ; Lee Il-Gu ; Jeon Tae-Hyun ; Lee Sok-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 240~248
In this paper, we consider an OFDM receiver algorithm design for IEEE 802.11a/p system, which targeting large coverage area while keeping the transmission format unchanged. Particularly, taking into account the inter-symbol interference(ISI) and inter-carrier interference(ICI) that can be induced with large RMS delay spread, we employ channel shortening time-domain equalizer(TEQ) and evaluate the receiver performance in terms of SINR and packet error rate(PER). The preamble defined in IEEE802.11a/p is used to estimated the initial equalizer tap coefficients. Primary purpose of the paper is to give an answer to the question, though partially, whether or not 16-QAM constellation can be used in none line of sight environment at the boundary of a large coverage area. To this end, we first analyze the required TEQ parameters for the target channel environment and then perform simulation for PER performance evaluation in a generic frequency selective fading channel with exponential power-delay profile.
A Low Complicate Reverse Rake Beamforming Algorithm Based On Simplex Downhill Optimization Method For DS/CDMA Communication
Lee Sang-Keun ; Lee Yoon-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 249~253
We propose a new beamforming algorithm, which is based on simplex downhill optimization method in the presence of pilot channels in cdma2000 reverse-link, for the rake structure antenna array in DS/CDMA communication system. Our approach uses the desired signal(pilot) covariance matrix and the interference covariance matrix. The beamforming weights are made according to maximum SINR criteria using simplex downhill optimization procedure. Our proposed scheme provides lower computational load, better convergence speed, better performance than existingadaptive beamforming algorithm. The simplex downhill method is well suited to finding the optimal or sub-optimal weight vector, since they require only the value of the deterministic function to be optimized. The rake beamformer performances are also evaluated under several set of practical parameter values with regard to spatial channel model. We also compare the performance between conventional rake receiver and the proposed one under same receiving power.
Downlink Radio Resource Allocation Algorithm for Supporting Heterogeneous Traffic Data in OFDM/SDMA-based Cellular System
Heo Joo ; Park Sung-Ho ; Chang Kyung-Hi ; Lee Hee-Soo ; Ahn Jae-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 254~266
Recently, researches about downlink resource allocation algorithms applying SDMA to enhance the system throughput and cell coverage have begun. Most OFDM/SDMA based resource allocation algorithms have some limitations such that those only concentrate on maximizing the system throughput or can be applied in single cell environment. In this paper, we propose an OFDM/SDMA based downlink resource allocation algorithm which considers high layer QoS parameters suitable for the required data traffic and it also minimizes the system throughput loss and considers inter-cell interference from adjacent cells. so it can be adopted in multi-cell environment. We manifest the performance of the proposed algorithm in Ped A and SCME MIMO Channel Model.
A Study on Clustered OFCDM with Transmit Antenna Diversity and Coding Associated with Frequency Spreading over Frequency Selective Fading Channel
Ryu Kwan-Woong ; Park Yong-Wan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 267~273
This paper improves the effects of clustered OFCDM scheme considering the frequency diversity effect over a frequency selective fading channel. In OFCDM with frequency domain spreading compared to OFDM, we can increase uncorrelated symbols by frequency allocation method of correspondent symbols over the same antenna and different antenna after spreading. The simulation results show that the performance of proposed system is improved by approximately 4 dB in
, the performance is improved by approximately 2.5dB in large delay spread in a 12-path Rayleigh fading channel with overall the root mean squared delay spread and the maximum Doppler frequency of 20 Hz. Also, the required average received Eb/No at the average BER of
by optimum method is improved by approximately 2.0 dB, compared to that of STA-OFCDM with frequency rearrange. The new method does not require any bandwidth expansion any feedback from the receiver to the transmitter and its computation complexity is similar to clustered OFCDM.
Reliable Time Synchronization Protocol in Sensor Networks
Hwang So-Young ; Jung Yeon-Su ; Baek Yun-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 274~281
Sensor network applications need synchronized time extremely such as object tracking, consistent state updates, duplicate detection, and temporal order delivery. This paper describes reliable time synchronization protocol (RTSP) for wireless sensor networks. In the proposed method, synchronization error is decreased by creating hierarchical tree with lower depth and reliability is improved by maintaining and updating information of candidate parent nodes. The RTSP reduces recovery time and communication overheads comparing to TPSN when there are topology changes owing to moving of nodes, running out of energy and physical crashes. Simulation results show that RTSP has about 20% better performance than TPSN in synchronization accuracy. And the number of message in the RTSP is
lower than that in the TPSN when nodes are failed in the network. In case of different transmission range of nodes, the communication overhead in the RTSP is reduced up to 40% than that in the TPSN at the maximum.
Design of a Timing Estimator Algorithm for 2.45GHz LR-WPAM Receiver
Kang Shin-Woo ; Do Joo-Hyun ; Park Tha-Joon ; Choi Hyung-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 282~290
In this paper, we propose an enhanced Timing Estimator algorithm for 2.45GHz LR-WPAN receiver. Because an expensive and highly efficient oscillator can't be used for low-cost implementation, a Timing Estimator algorithm having stable operation in the channel environment with center frequency tolerance of 80 ppm is required. To enhance the robustness to frequency offset and the stability of receiver performance, multiple delay differential filter is adopted. By utilizing the characteristic that the correlation result between the output signal of Multiple delay differential filter and reference signal is restricted on the In-phase part of the correlator output, a coherent detection scheme instead of the typical noncoherent one is adopted for Timing Estimator. The application of the coherent detection scheme is suitable for LR-WPAN receiver aimed at low-cost, low-power, and low-complexity, since it can remove performance degradation due to squaring loss of I/Q squaring operation and decrease implementation complexity. Computer simulation results show that the proposed algorithm achieved performance improvement compared with the differential detection-based noncoherent scheme by 2dB in average.
DL Radio Transmission Technologies for WRAN Applications : Adaptive Sub-channel Allocation and Stationary Beamforming Algorithms for OFDMA CR System
Kim Jung-Ju ; Ko Sang-Jun ; Chang Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 291~303
In this paper, we analyze functional requirements of the IEEE 802.22 WRAN, and propose a downlink 프레임 structure satisfying the requirements. The proposed downlink 프레임 structure maximizes e transmission efficiency by adopting the cognative radio to assign the sub-channel by reflecting the channel environment of WRAN. We also calculate the signalling overhead for both downlink and uplink, and analyze the performances of time synchronization, frequency synchronization and cell identification based on the 프리앰블 in downlink and suggest the channel estimation method tough 프리앰블 or pilot. As a final result, e stationary beamforming (SBF) algorithm with dynamic channel allocation(DCA) is proposed. The proposed OFDMA downlink 프레임 structure with channel adaptive sub-channel allocation for cognitive radio applications is verified to meet the requirements of IEEE 802.22 WRAN, by computer simulations.
An Evaluation of Data Delivery Mechanisms in Clustered Sensor Networks
Park Tae-Keun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 304~310
This paper evaluates the performance of three types of data delivery mechanisms in clustered sensor networks, as a basic research to develop an energy efficient topology management scheme. In the first mechanism, one node per cluster(clusterhead) turns on its radio(or wakes up) to transmit and receive RTS/CTS/DATA/ACK messages, but in the second one, k nodes per cluster wake up and participate in the message exchange. In the last mechanism, clusterheads turn on the radio to exchange RTS/CTS messages, and if a clusterhead receives RTS containing its cluster m as a destination, it makes k nodes in the cluster hun on the radio to receive DATA and transmit ACK. Through simulation, we show the energy consumption of the three types of data delivery mechanisms as functions of the number of active nodes per cluster, offered load, and packet loss probability.
Data Dissemination Protocol Considering Target Mobility in Ubiquitous Sensor Network
Suh Yu-Hwa ; Kim Ki-Young ; Shin Young-Tae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 311~320
This paper proposes DDTM for USN having end-point mobility. The existing network protocols did not consider target's and sink's mobility. So it requires flooding and path update whenever targets or sinks move. This can lead to drain battery of sensors excessively and decrease lifetime of USN. DDTM is the protocol based on TTDD considering sink's mobility. TTDD provides sink's mobility efficiently by using the grid structure, but it requires the high energy because of reconstructing the grid structure whenever targets move. In this way, the proposed protocol can decrease a consumption of energy, since it reuses the existing grid structure of TTDD, if the target moves in local cell. We compare DDTM with TTDD under the total message and the energy consumption by using a discrete analytical model for cost analysis. Analytical results demonstrated that our proposed protocol can provide the higher efficiency on target's mobility.
Analysis of the Electromagnetic Scattering of Resistive Strip Grating with Uniform Resistivity on a Grounded Dielectric Layer - H-Polarization Case -
Tchoi Young-Sun ; Yang Seung-In ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 321~327
In this paper, when a H-polarized plane wave is incident on the grating consisting of uniform resistive strips, electromagnetic scattering is analyzed using the moment of methods (MoM). The current density of each resistive strip on a grounded dielectric plane is fixed by zero at both edges. To satisfy the condition at both ends of each resistive strip, the induced surface current density is expanded in a series of cosine and sine functions. The scattered electromagnetic fields are expanded in a series of floquet mode functions. The boundary conditions are applied to obtain the unknown current coefficients. According to the variation of the involving parameters such as strip width and spacing and angle of the incident field, numerical simulations are performed by applying the Fourier-Galerkin moment method. The numerical results of the normalized reflected power for resistive strips case for zero and several resistivities are obtained.
An Adaptive IIR Pre-equalizer for Terrestrial DTV Transmitters
Kim Hyoung-Nam ; Kim Wan-Jin ; Kwon Dae-Ken ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 328~336
A novel pre-equalization method for terrestrial DTV transmitters is presented. A pre-equalizer has been used in transmitters to correct group delay and amplitude distortions caused by a channel filter. In the proposed pre-equalizer, an equation-error adaptive IIR filtering scheme is adopted unlike the conventional pre-equalization using FIR filtering schemes. The pole-zero modelling property of IIR filters improves the signal-to-noise ratio and may deal with diverse linear distortions existing in DTV transmitters as well as the channel filter distortion. Simulation results show that the proposed IIR pre-equalizer performs better than the FIR pre-equalizer in terms of the residual mean-square error.
Multi-view Video Codec for 3DTV
Bae Jin-Woo ; Song Hyok ; Yoo Ji-Sang ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 337~344
In this paper, we propose a multi-view video codec for 3DTV system. The proposed algorithm is not only to reduce the temporal and spatial redundancy but also to reduce the redundancy among each view. With these results, we can improve the coding efficiency for multi-view video sequences. In order to reduce the redundancy of each view more efficiently, we define the assembled image(AI) that is generated by the global disparity compensation of each view. In addition, the proposed algorithm is based on MPEG-2 structure so that we can easily implement 3DTV system without changing the conventional 2D digital TV system. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm performs very well. It also performs better than MPEG-2 simulcast coding method. The newly proposed codec also supports the view scalability, accurate temporal synchronization among multiple views and random access capability in view dimension.
A RF Module for Digital Terrestrial and Multi-standard Reception
Go Min-Ho ; Park Wook-Ki ; Shin Hyun-Sik ; Park Hyo-Dal ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 345~355
The RF Module which can be adjusted for a digital terrestrial and multi standard(DVB-C, ISDB-T, DVB-H) reception is developed. The Module by single conversion does divide a broadband(
) broadcasting channels into three-bands(UHF, VHF_HIGH, VHF_LOW) to satisfy some electrical performances such as image signal rejection, phase noise, IF flatness etc and digital reception specifications such as analog and digital adjacent channel protection, co-channel protection which is important in environment with co-existence both analog and digital broadcasting systems.
A SiGe HBT Variable Gain Driver Amplifier for 5-GHz Applications
Chae Kyu-Sung ; Kim Chang-Woo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 356~359
A monolithic SiGe HBT variable gain driver amplifier(VGDA) with high dB-linear gain control and high linearity has been developed as a driver amplifier with ground-shielded microstrip lines for 5-GHz transmitters. The VGDA consists of three blocks such as the cascode gain-control stage, fixed-gain output stage, and voltage control block. The circuit elements were optimized by using the Agilent Technologies' ADSs. The VGDA was implemented in STMicroelectronics' 0.35
Si-BiCMOS process. The VGDA exhibits a dynamic gain control range of 34 dB with the control voltage range from 0 to 2.3 V in 5.15-5.35 GHz band. At 5.15 GHz, maximum gain and attenuation are 10.5 dB and -23.6 dB, respectively. The amplifier also produces a 1-dB gain-compression output power of -3 dBm and output third-order intercept point of 7.5 dBm. Input/output voltage standing wave ratios of the VGDA keep low and constant despite change in the gain-control voltage.
Design of Digital Codec for EPC RFID Protocols Generation 2 Class 1 Codec
Lee Yong-Joo ; Jo Jung-Hyeon ; Kim Hyung-Kyu ; Kim Sag-Hoon ; Lee Yong-Surk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 360~367
In this paper, we designed a digital codec of an RFID tag for EPC global generation 2 class 1. There are a large number of studies on RRD standard and anti-collision algorithm but few studies on the design of digital parts of the RFID tag itself. For this reason, we studied and designed the digital codec hardware for EPC global generation 2 class 1 tag. The purpose of this paper is not to improve former studies but to present the hardware architecture, an estimation of hardware size and power consumption of digital part of the RFID tag. Results are synthesized using Synopsys with a 0.35um standard cell library. The hardware size is estimated to be 111640 equivalent inverters and dynamic power is estimated to be 10.4uW. It can be improved through full-custom design, but we designed using a standard cell library because it is faster and more efficient in the verification and the estimation of the design.
FFT/IFFT IP Generator for OFDM Modems
Lee Jin-Woo ; Shin Kyung-Wook ; Kim Jong-Whan ; Baek Young-Seok ; Eo Ik-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 31, issue 3A, 2006, Pages 368~376
This paper describes a Fcore_GenSim(Parameterized FFT Core Generation & Simulation Program), which can be used as an essential If(Intellectual Property) in various OFDM modem designs. The Fcore_Gensim is composed of two parts, a parameterized core generator(PFFT_CoreGen) that generates Verilog-HDL models of FFT cores, and a fixed-point FFT simulator(FXP_FFTSim) which can be used to estimate the SQNR performance of the generated cores. The parameters that can be specified for core generation are FFT length in the range of 64 ~2048-point and word-lengths of input/output/internal/twiddle data in the range of 8-b "24-b with 2-b step. Total 43,659 FFT cores can be generated by Fcore_Gensim. In addition, CBFP(Convergent Block Floating Point) scaling can be optionally specified. To achieve an optimized hardware and SQNR performance of the generated core, a hybrid structure of R2SDF and R2SDC stages and a hybrid algorithm of radix-2, radix-2/4, radix-2/4/8 are adopted according to FFT length and CBFP scaling.