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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12C - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 12B - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 12A - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11C - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11B - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11A - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10C - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10B - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10A - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9C - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9B - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9A - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8C - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8B - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8A - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7C - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7B - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7A - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6C - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6B - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6A - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5C - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5B - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5A - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4C - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4B - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4A - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3C - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3B - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3A - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2C - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2B - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2A - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1C - Jan 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1B - Jan 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1A - Jan 2007
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Optimal Traffic Control Method by the Cost-analytic Operations Model in Heterogeneous Network Environment
Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 941~949
By the newly emerging Network access technology, we face the new heterogeneous network environment. The required level of service quality and diversity are now multiplied by the increment of wireless service subscribers. Focusing on the co-existence of multiple access network technology and the complex service needs of users, the wireless service operators should present the stable service quality for every user. The service operators should build the new operation framework which combines the pre-established networks and newly adopted ones. Our problem is finding the optimal heterogeneous network operation framework. We suggest a market-based marginal cost function for evaluating the relative value of resource of each network and develop the whole new heterogeneous network operation framework.
A Recursive ICI Cancellation Technique for Cooperative STBC-OFDM Systems with Carrier Frequency Offsets
Kim, Yeong-Jun ; Woo, Kyung-Soo ; Yoo, Hyun-Il ; Lee, Hee-Soo ; Cho, Yong-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 950~957
In this paper, a recursive intercarrier interference (ICI) cancellation technique for cooperative space-time block coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (STBC-OFDM) with different carrier frequency offsets (CFOs) is proposed. Also, different CFOs existing in a cooperative STBC-OFDM system is shown to produce phase difference in the received signal, causing noise enhancement effect in the STBC decoding process. The performance degradation caused by the noise enhancement effect can be effectively reduced by a proposed ML-based recursive ICI cancellation technique. It is shown by computer simulation that the proposed recursive ICI cancellation technique is effective in reducing ICI, especially for STBC-OFDM systems with a large FFT size and large CFOs.
The Mutual Information for Bit-Linear Linear-Dispersion Codes
Jin, Xiang-Lan ; Yang, Jae-Dong ; Song, Kyoung-Young ; No, Jong-Seon ; Shin, Dong-Joon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 958~964
In this paper, we derive the relationship between the bit error probability (BEP) of maximum a posteriori (MAP) bit detection and the bit minimum mean square error (MMSE), that is, the BEP is greater than a quarter of the bit USE and less than a half of the bit MMSE. By using this result, the lower and upper bounds of the derivative of the mutual information are derived from the BEP and the lower and upper bounds are easily obtained in the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems with the bit-linear linear-dispersion (BLLD) codes in the Gaussian channel.
The Performance Improvement for Congestion Control under TCP Traffic in Wireless Network
Ra, Sang-Dong ; Kim, Moon-Hwan ; Lee, Sung-Joo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 965~973
We analyzed that the loss of data in TCP protocol based wireless networks caused by overlapped responses in bi-directional nodes that were resulted in out of the data sequence. This loss can be prevented by using revised TCP rate control algorithm and the performance of throughput can also be improved. The rate control algorithm is applied when the congestion happens between nodes while traffic packets are retransmitting in TCP bandwidth. In addition to applying the rate control algorithm, we determine the number of system clients in bandwidth and the average of pausing time between transmitting serial files to produce a competitive level so that an efficient performance of rapid retransmitting for the loss of multi-packets. This paper discusses the improvement of congestion control in that the decrease of the loss, firstly, as ensuring an efficient connection rate and, secondly, as using sliding window flow control.
Multi-antenna Subcarrier Allocation Using Zero-Forcing Beamforming in MIMO-OFDM Systems
Shin, Young-Il ; Kang, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Hyung-Myung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 974~983
In this paper, a low complexity subcarrier allocation scheme is proposed for multiuser MIMO-OFDM systems with zero-forcing beamformer (ZFBF) so that the total transmit power can be minimized satisfying given target data rate. Since the optimal method requires very high computational complexity, we propose a low complextiy suboptimal method. Using the fact that the effective channel gain is proportional to the orthogonallity of channels of multiplexed users, a user set with the highest orthogonality of channel among users is assigned to each subcarrier in order to minimize required transmit power. The numerical results show that the proposed suboptimal method can reduce computational complexity with little performance loss.
An Efficient Weighted-Collaborative Sensing Scheme in Cognitive Radio
Huang, Xiaoge ; Han, Ning ; Zheng, Guanbo ; Sohn, Sung-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Moung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 984~991
Cognitive Radio is an advanced enabling techlology for efficient utilization of under-utilized spectrum since it is able to sense the temporally available spectrum and adapt its parameters to fully utilize the frequency band. Recent investigation suggests that spectrum sensing is compromised when a cognitive radio user suffers from the environment with fading or shadowing. In order to combat the effect, collaborative sensing is considered to be a promising way, which combines the sensing result of each user to achieve good performance. However, the conventional collaborative sensing is not efficient when users suffer different fading environments. In this paper, we propose a weighted-collaborative scheme that considers using the weights of each collaborative CR user, which can achieve better sensing performance under both fast and slow fading environments. The analysis of the simulation resultsproves that the weighted-collaborative scheme improves sensing performance obviously and outperforms the conventional method.
A Channel Estimation Technique Based on Pilot Tones for OFDM Systems with a Symbol Timing Offset
Park, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Kwon ; Lee, Hee-Soo ; Cho, Yong-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 992~1003
In this paper, a channel estimation technique based on pilot tones, which does not degrade channel estimation performance even with the existence of symbol timing offset (STO) in OFDM systems, is proposed. The proposed technique performs channel estimation by interpolating channels with respect to amplitude and phase with a minimum computational complexity, differently from the conventional interpolation techniques. The proposed technique requires neither the estimation of fine STO in advance nor trigonometric operation for phase interpolation, signifying a significant reduction in computational complexity. Since the performance of the proposed technique does not depend on the STO present in OFDM systems. It can be directly applied to the following areas in OFDM-based communication system: elimination of fine STO estimation step in the synchronization procedure, elimination of STO estimation step in multiuser uplink, and channel estimation in multi-hop relay system. It is verified by computer simulation that the proposed technique can improve the performance of channel estimation significantly in the presence of STOs, compared with previous channel estimation techniques based on pilot tones.
Adaptive Reversal Tree Protocol with Optimal Path for Dynamic Sensor Networks
Hwang, Kwang-Il ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1004~1014
In sensor networks, it is crucial to reliably and energy-efficiently deliver sensed information from each source to a sink node. Specifically, in mobile sink (user) applications, due to the sink mobility, a stationary dissemination path may no longer be effective. The path will have to be continuously reconfigured according to the current location of the sink. Moreover, the dynamic optimal path from each source to the sink is required in order to reduce end-to-end delay and additional energy wastage. In this paper, an Adaptive Reversal Optimal path Tree (AROT) protocol is proposed. Information delivery from each source to a mobile sink can be easily achieved along the AROT without additional control overhead, because the AROT proactively performs adaptive sink mobility management. In addition, the dynamic path is optimal in terms of hop counts and the AROT can maintain a robust tree structure by quickly recovering the partitioned tree with minimum packet transmission. Finally, the simulation results demonstrate that the AROT is a considerably energy-efficient and robust protocol.
Implementation of Digital CODEC for RFID Dual-band Reader system
Sim, Jae-Hee ; Lee, Yong-Joo ; Lee, Yong-Surk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1015~1022
In this paper, dual-band digital codec for UHF(Ultra High Frequency) and MW(Micro Wave) is proposed for an RFID reader system. Most RFID systems have been supported only one protocol. But, There are many protocols of each bandwidth. Especially, UHF bandwidth which is widely used on the globe consists of A,B,C type, and more standards will be established. Recently, Since an interest about mobile RFID system is increasing, the RFID system with more than one protocol will be need. Therefore, this paper suggests a dual-band digital codec with UHF and MW bands for an RFID reader system. Standards used in this system are 18000-6C and 18000-4 standards. The digital codec is synthesize by the Quartus II compiler. Target device is EPC20Q240C8 which is family of CycloneII. Main Clock is 19.2MHz and elements of FPGA which is used for the system is 18,752.
Maximizing Network Utility and Network Lifetime in Energy-Constrained Ad Hoc Wireless Networks
Casaquite, Reizel ; Hwang, Won-Joo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1023~1033
This study considers a joint congestion control, routing and power control for energy-constrained wireless networks. A mathematical model is introduced which includes maximization of network utility, maximization of network lifetime, and trade-off between network utility and network lifetime. The framework would maximize the overall throughput of the network where the overall throughput depends on the data flow rates which in turn is dependent on the link capacities. The link capacity on the other hand is a function of transmit power levels and link Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR) which makes the power allocation problem inherently difficult to solve. Using dual decomposition techniques, subgradient method, and logarithmic transformations, a joint algorithm for rate and power allocation problems was formulated. Numerical examples for each optimization problem were also provided.
Design of a Frequency Domain Equalizer Algorithm for MBOK DS-UWB System
Kang, Shin-Woo ; Im, Se-Bin ; Choi, Hyung-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1034~1041
In this paper, we propose a FD USE (frequency domain minimum mean square error) equalizer algorithm for MBOK DS-UWB (M-ary bi-orthogonal keying direct sequence UWB) systems considered as a PHY proposal for high-speed wireless communication in IEEE 802.15.TG3a. The conventional FD MMSE equalization scheme has a structural limit due to insertion of the cyclic prefix (CP) in all transmit packets, but the proposed scheme is able to equalize the channel effect without CP. In order to overcome channel estimation error by multipath delay, we introduce a moving FFT and a moving average scheme. Compared with conventional FD MMSE equalizer and the traditional TD (time domain) MMSE-RAKE receiver, the proposed FD MMSE equalizer has better BER performance and we demonstrate this result by computer simulation.
An On/Off Power Control for OFDM Transmission Scheme in a Cochannel Interference Environment
Park, Jin-Kyu ; Lim, Chang-Heon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1042~1049
Frequency reuse in a cellular wireless communication environment gives rise to a phenomenon of cochannel interference. This paper introduces a power control strategy for OFDM based communication systems operating in such an environment. Among the existing power control schemes, IWF(iterative waterfilling) is known to exhibit relatively good performance. However, it requires feedback of power level and bit allocation information for each subcarrier from a receiver to its associated transmitter, which can lead to a considerable overhead, especially for the case of employing large number of subcarriers. Motivated by this, we present a simplified power control scheme with reduced overhead feedback, which allocates some nonzero identical power to the subcarriers of which channel conditions are above a certain threshold and zero power to the other ones. Computer simulations show that the proposed strategy produces a good approximation to the performance of the IWF in terms of the transmission power level while it requires less overhead feedback.
Design and Implementation of Miniaturized Auto Shackle using Duplex RF Transmission
Kang, Suk-Youb ; Hwang, In-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1050~1056
In order to set up a steel frame at every construction site, it is necessary to attach a shackle to a crane to move steel frame beams and columns(H beams). The shackle used for this purpose must be removed manually from a higher place, which causes the risk of safety accidents to increase, work efficiency to decrease, and construction costs to rise. In this study, micro-mini, super lightweight, lower power consumptive, and cheaper auto-shackle with two-way RF communication, which can be used practically at construction site is designed and developed. The developed auto-shackle is able to have excellent remote monitoring and controlling functions, by adopting new operating principles and structures different from the existing one. The results of the study reveal that the auto-shackle can be applied for the purpose of remote controlling of various construction equipments and speed up the advancement of construction equipments.
Radio Resource Sharing using Power Control of Base-station in Cognitive Radio System
Kwon, Yang-Soo ; Ji, Young-Geun ; Chung, Jae-Hak ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1057~1064
Cognitive radio(CR) technique which utilizes empty frequency bands allocated to private business but not being used temporally has been researched. According to the standard, CR users detect the primary user using the same channel, CR users should move to the another channel to guarantee the primary user's decodability. Thus, CR systems cannot use the same channel and support the CR user's QoS(Quality of Service) during the channel moving time. In this paper, we propose a radio resource sharing method that CR basestation controls the transmission power with the primary user's SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio) to increase the spectral efficiency of area and to minimize the outage of CR users. In addition, computer simulation demonstrates show that the proposed method improved spectral efficiency of area and decreased outage probability of CR users.
Study on the MIMO Channel Characteristics Considering Urban Canyon at the Microwave Bands
Lim, Jae-Woo ; Kwon, Se-Woong ; Moon, Hyun-Wook ; Park, Yoon-Hyun ; Yoon, Young-Joong ; Yook, Jong-Gwan ; Jeong, Jin-Soub ; Kim, Jong-Ho ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1065~1071
In this paper, in order to research spectrum usage efficiency in urban canyon environment at the microwave band, measurement and channel capacity analysis of multi-antenna technology is described. The measurement data obtained from 3 - 4 stories building area used and the propagation characteristics at the 3.7 and 8GHz band are analysed and compared. In case of
MIMO, channel capacities of 3.7 and 8 GHz band are calculated to 9.1 bps/Hz and S bps/Hz and in case of
MIMO, 21 bps/Hz and 12.5 bps/Hz respectively. Considering the coverage, SNR and channel capacity in urban environment, MIMO propagation characteristics of 3.7 GHz are more predominate than those of 8 GHz.
A study on the high power amplifier Distortion analysis and Improving
Ha, Sung-Jae ; Hong, Ui-Seok ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 10A, 2007, Pages 1072~1077
In this paper, a power amplifier intermodulation distortion has been analyzed to improve linearity and the analysis results are used to minimize the distortion for linear power amplifier design. The proposed design technique is which the intermodulation distortions of the final amplifier are removed by driver intermodulation distortions. This proposed technique is based on AM to AM distortion analysis using power series, and AM to PM distortion analysis results using Bessel function. To verify this technique implement a cellular HPA(High Power Amplifier) 30W. From the results of the implementation and measurement for the linear power amplifier, the spurious characteristic is shown as 50 dBc at 1.98 MHz with 30 W with 20FA. These results show that distortion characteristics are improved as much as 10 dB in spurious characteristic compared with conventional design method.