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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Kyung-Hi Chang / Song Chong / Jong-Taek Oh / Jae-Jin Lee / Myung-Sik Yoo
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12C - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 12B - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 12A - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11C - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11B - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 11A - Nov 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10C - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10B - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 10A - Oct 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9C - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9B - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 9A - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8C - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8B - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 8A - Aug 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7C - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7B - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 7A - Jul 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6C - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6B - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 6A - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5C - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5B - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 5A - May 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4C - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4B - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 4A - Apr 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3C - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3B - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3A - Mar 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2C - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2B - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2A - Feb 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1C - Jan 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1B - Jan 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1A - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on Network Planning and Optimization Strategy for Network Scalability
Lee, Dong-Sun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 511~518
One of the major issues that has to be carefully considered when upgrading current transport network capacity, is network scalability. A novel full-meshed connected ring expansion methodology and planning tool have been proposed. A 3 to 15 node expansion ring has been studied by demonstrating a dramatic system SNR improvement when the proposed planning tool was used. The results are that node output signal and optical SNR have been improved from -16dBm/10dB to +005dBm/21dB by NPOT.
HARQ Switching Metric of MIMO-OFDM Systems using Joint Tx/Rx Antenna Scheduling
Kim, Kyoo-Hyun ; Knag, Seoung-Won ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ; Jeong, Byung-Jang ; Chung, Hyun-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 519~536
In this paper, we combine the Hybrid-Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) algorithm with joint Tx and Rx antenna selection based on the reliability of the individual antennas links. The cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is applied on the data before being encoded using the Turbo encoder. In the receiver the CRC is used to detect errors of each antenna stream and to decide whether a retransmission is required or not. The receiver feeds back the transmitter with the Tx antennas ordering and the acknowledgement of each antenna (ACK or NACK). If the number of ACK antennas is higher than the NACK antennas, then the retransmission takes place from the ACK antennas using the Chase Combining (CC). If the number of the NACK antennas is higher than the ACK antennas then the ACK antennas are used to retransmit the data streams using the CC algorithm and additional NACK antennas are used to retransmit the remaining streams using Incremental Redundancy (IR, i.e. the encoder rate is reduced). Furthermore, the HARQ is used with the I-BLAST (Iterative-BLAST) which grantees a high transmission rate.
An Early Stopping Criterion for Turbo Processing of MIMO-OFDM in IEEE 802.16e Mobile WiMax System
Hwang, Jong-Yoon ; Cho, Dong-Kyoon ; Whang, Keum-Chan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 537~543
In this paper, we propose a new stopping criterion for the turbo processing (Turbo-BLAST) of MIMO-OFDM system. To reduce the high computational complexity of turbo-BLAST, it is desirable to lessen the outer-loop iteration number. In a system such as IEEE 802.16e Mobile WiMax, no CRC bits are available except the last encoding packet of a transmitted burst, so early stopping criteria without the help of CRC bits are needed. The proposed criterion counts the sign differences between received parity bits and the re-encoded parity bits from received information bits. With the tail-biting code which is accepted for IEEE 802.16e, a method that the re-encoder operates at half complexity is also proposed. Computer simulations show that the proposed stopping criterion approaches the performance of GENIE aided criterion with less average number of iterations than the other early stopping criteria.
Hybrid CNIR Estimation Method for OFDM Systems
Jeon, Bo-Ik ; Sohn, In-Soo ; Kim, Young-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 544~549
Carrier-to-noise and interference ratio (CNIR) measurement is important in providing accurate channel quality measurements for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems in different bit loading environments. Interference and noise power estimation for CNIR measurement nay be carried out either with known data or without any prior knowledge about the transmitted data. With prior knowledge on transmitted data, better estimation can be achieved. However, this results in huge increase in system load. As for estimation methods without any prior knowledge, poor system performance results under certain circumstances. In this paper, we investigate the effect due to different interference and noise power on decision-directed (DD) CNIR estimation for OFDM systems and propose a new CNIR estimation scheme that provides optimal trade off between the performance and system load.
Design of a User Location Prediction Algorithm Using the Flexible Window Scheme
Son, Byoung-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Hoon ; Nahm, Eui-Seok ; Kim, Hag-Bae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 550~557
We predict a context of various structures by using Bayesian Networks Algorithms, Three-Dimensional Structures Algorithms and Genetic Algorithms. However, these algorithms have unavoidable problems when providing a context-aware service in reality due to a lack of practicality and the delay of process time in real-time environment. As far as context-aware system for specific purpose is concerned, it is very hard to be sure about the accuracy and reliability of prediction. This paper focuses on reasoning and prediction technology which provides a stochastic mechanism for context information by incorporating various context information data. The objective of this paper is to provide optimum services to users by suggesting an intellectual reasoning and prediction based on hierarchical context information. Thus, we propose a design of user location prediction algorithm using sequential matching with n-size flexible window scheme by taking user's habit or behavior into consideration. This algorithm improves average 5.10% than traditional algorithms in the accuracy and reliability of prediction using the Flexible Window Scheme.
MAC Scheduling Scheme for VoIP Traffic Service in 3G LTE
Jun, Kyung-Koo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 558~564
3G Long Term Evolution, which aims for various mobile multimedia service provision by enhanced wireless interface, proposes VoIP-based voice service through a Packet Switching (PS) domain. As delay and loss-sensitive VoIP traffic flows through the PS domain, more challenging technical difficulties are expected than in Circuit Switching (CS) domain based VoIP services. Moreover, since 3G LTE, which adopts the OFDM as its physical layer, introduces Physical Resource Block (PRB) as a unit for transmission resources, new types of resource management schemes are needed. This paper proposes a PRB scheduling algorithm of MAC layer for VoIP service in 3G LTE and shows the simulation results. The proposed algorithm has two key parts; dynamic activation of VoIP priority mode to satisfy VoIP QoS requirements and adaptive adjustment of the priority mode duration in order to minimize the degradation of resource utilization.
Adaptive Partitioning based Downlink Call Admission Control in 3G LTE
Jun, Kyung-Koo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 565~572
3G Long Term Evolution (3G LTE) is a next generation cellular networks system capable or providing various mobile multimedia services by using OFDMA and MIMO based radio access technology. Among many differences from existing WCDMA based systems, the facts that 3G LTE uses Physical Resource Block (PRB) as its radio resources and provides all services through the PS domain make the development of new resource management schemes necessary. This paper proposes an adaptive partitioning based downlink call admission control scheme. It separates realtime call requests from non-realtime ones, specifies maximum allowable resource amounts for each type, but if the maximum is exceeded, call requests are accepted with probability proportional to remaining resource amounts. Despite the fact that such adaptive concept has been already adopted by other call admission schemes, the contributions of our paper, which are that we are able to find an efficient way to apply the proposed scheme exploiting PRB characteristics and measure the resource usage of base stations by PRB utilization and payload ratio, are still valid. When judging from simulation results in comparison with others, our scheme is able to prioritize realtime call requests over non-realtime ones, and at the same time, overall system performance is superior.
Adjacent Interference Analysis between M-WiMAX OFDMA/TDD and WCDMA FDD System in the 2.6 GHz Band Part I : Adjacent Interference Analysis in SISO System
Ko, Sang-Jun ; Wang, Yu-Peng ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 573~587
In this paper, we analyze the adjacent interference between WCDMA and M-WiMAX systems in the 2.6GHz Band under the SISO (Single Input Single Output) configuration. The interference scenarios are characterized into 8 scenarios with different victim and interfering links. Among the 8 scenarios, we find that the most performance loss is observed in the scenarios of victim uplink suffering interference from downlink in both systems. Besides, guard band is applied to mitigate the adjacent interference in all the scenarios. Especially, we reveal that M-WiMAX system is much more sensitive to adjacent interference than WCDMA system due to the lower transmission power. In this paper, we consider the worst interference environment, where interferers always transmit with the maximum power, a loose spectrum mask is adapted, and no additional channel fitters are equipped in both systems.
Adjacent Interference Analysis between M-WiMAX OFDMA/TDD and WCDMA FDD System in the 2.6 GHz Band Part II : Adjacent Interference Analysis with Smart Antenna in M-WiMAX System
Wang, Yu-Peng ; Ko, Sang-Jun ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 588~599
This paper presents the coexistence issues between M-WiMAX TDD and WCDMA FDD systems. To improve the M-WiMAX system performance and to reduce the adjacent channel interference to WCDMA FDD system, transmit and receive beamforming techniques are applied in the base stations of M-WiMAX system. Furthermore, we propose an adjacent channel interference modeling methodology, which captures the effect of transmit beamforming on the adjacent channel interference. Besides, we verify the performance improvement in the uplink of WCDMA system due to the transmit beamforming in M-WiMAX downlink based on the proposed adjacent channel interference modeling methodology. We also verify the performance enhancement due to the receive beamforming in the uplink of M-WiMAX system through system level Monte Carlo simulations, considering random user position, the effect of shadowing and multi-path fading channel. Discussions on the gain of applying transmit and receive beamforming in M-WiMAX system comparing the case of SISO system are also included. Furthermore, we present the performance of cosited M-WiMAX and WCDMA systems, considering commercial deployment, additional channel filter at base stations and the effects of TxBF and RxBF.
MLKA Scheme Based on Periodic Ranging Code Group for Detecting Abnormal AT in WiBro System
Lee, Sook-Jin ; Kim, Whan-Woo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 600~607
In this paper, we propose a MLKA (Multi-Level Keep-Alive) algorithm based on PRCG (Periodic In this paper, we propose a MLKA (Multi-Level Keep-Alive) algorithm based on PRCG (Periodic Ranging Code Group), in which periodic ranging codes are divided into groups. The AP (Access Point) performs this algorithm when a periodic ranging code arrives at the AP in a WiBro (Wireless Broadband Internet) system. In order to increase the traffic radio bandwidth resource efficiency in this system, we propose the multi-level keep-alive algorithm for finding abnormal AT (Access Terminal). From simulation results, it is verified our proposed MLKA algorithm based on PRCG can provide higher traffic radio resource efficiency compared to message-driven keep-alive algorithms.
FBLA (Flexible Block-wise Loading Algorithm) for Effective Resource Allocation and Reduction of the Uplink Feedback Information in OFDMA System
Sun, Tae-Hyung ; Ko, Sang-Jun ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ; Hwang, Sung-Hyun ; Song, Myung-Sun ; Kim, Chang-Joo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 608~616
OFDM Systems for multi-user use adaptive modulation and ending (AMC) which is a method that selects suitable modulation order and code rate depending on channel state of each user. Using AMC, OFDM system can provide high quality and reliable communication. Base station using AMC scheme requires downlink channel information of each terminal to operate optimality. However, under practical system environment, it is unsuitable to transmit all channel information because uplink bandwidth of the system is limited. In this paper, we propose a flexible block-wise loading (FBL) algorithm combined with a novel CQI feedback scheme with reduced number of required bits to optimize the performance of AMC system. Proposed algorithm allocates sub-carrier groups dynamically to improve the sector throughput and outage probability performance.
Cluster-Based DSDV Routing Protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc Networts
Oh, Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 617~623
A novel c-DSDV routing protocol is proposed in clustered mobile ad hoc networks. Clusterheads that manage members in their own cluster construct a higher layer backbone to which the DSDV concept is applied. Each clusterhead maintains its own global routing table by exchanging Update Request (UREQ) messages with its neighboring clusterheads. A number of entries in the table is as small as a number of clusterheads unlike a number of nodes in DSDV Since a UREQ message travels from one clusterhead to all its neighboring clusterheads that are at most 3 hops away, the topology convergence range by each UREQ message is at least 9 times as wide as that of DSDV and CGSR, greatly improving accuracy of routing information. However, overhead in c-DSDV is similar to that of DSDV because only clusterheads initiate UREQ messages. Delivery ratio increases by about 32
Intercell Multiple Antenna Cooperation for OFDM-Based Broadcast Services
Kang, Sung-Kyo ; Sim, Sung-Bo ; Kim, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 624~631
This paper presents inter-cell cooperation methods with two transmit antennas for broadcast services in a coded OFDM cellular system. In the method, cells are divided into multiple cell groups and a coded packet is partitioned into the subparts. Then, a different cell group and antenna combination is assigned to each subpart for transmission of two orthogonal branches of the diversity code. For the method, we derive the bound on the pairwise error probability to predict the coded performance and verify the performance gain of the proposed method through the simulation using turbo code and analytically derived bound.
Routing Attack Detection for Performance Enhancement of AODV Protocol In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Lee, Jae-Young ; Choi, Seung-Kwon ; Lee, Byong-Rok ; Kim, Sun-Chul ; Sin, Byoung-Gon ; Cho, Yong-Hwan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 632~641
Since the mobile node acts as the router, the Mobile Ad Hoc network requires the security methods that are different from that of network of the wire environment. Also, since the total network can't be included in the transmission area of the mobile node, when one node sends the message to the other node, we need the middle node. But if the middle node is the unreliable malicious node, we can't guarantee the secure message transmission. Also, because all nodes configuring the network are the mobile nodes, they use the restricted battery capacity and the restricted resources. Therefore, because we have trouble performing the encryption that many resources are required when we sending the message, it is vulnerable to the security than the network of the wire environment. Last, because the network topology continues to change by the mobility of nodes configuring the network, we need the security measure that matches the network characteristics. We suggest the routing attack detection for performance enhancement of AODV protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc networks.
The Optimum SIR-Based Downlink Power Control for HAP W-CDMA
Kang, Young-Heung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 642~647
HAP(High Altitude Platform) systems have been proposed due to their unique advantages over terrestrial and satellite systems as the alternative wireless communication system to deliver the third generation IMT-2000 wireless services. It has been required to study for the power control in W-CDMA HAP system as well as the terrestrial mobile system in order to mitigate interference and increase the capacity. In this paper, a new power control has been proposed for HAP system considering the interference profile into the DB(distributed balancing) SIR(signal to interference ratio)-based algorithm which has been considered in terrestrial system, and estimated by the outage performance of the proposed DB algorithm is better remarkably than DBPA(distance-based power allocation) which is proposed for HAP system, and it is the same regardless of the antenna maximum gain and its sidelobe characteristics.
Development of Ceramic Filter Using Non Radiative Microstrip Line In Millimeter-Wave
Shin, Cheon-Woo ; Kim, Tae-Heon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 32, issue 6A, 2007, Pages 648~656
This paper is about band pass filter, using Ceramics in the condition of center frequency 370Hz at milli-wave. The band pass filter is applied to Broadband Convergence Network, representing WLL(Wireless Local Loop) and LMDS(Local Multi-point Distribution Service). Sticking ceramic between strip line on a dielectric material substrate with which conductor's covers upper and basal surface, One will house the exterior by using structural resonance. In this Non Radiative Microstrip Line Filter structure, based upon simulations, generalized the two formulas finding resonant frequency of 1step ceramic resonator and bandwidth of 4step ceramic resonator. Also, As a result of experiment, using Network Analyzer, about created a experiment of structure based on the simulation result of 4-step ceramic resonator, It showed good characteristic of targeted bandwidth, comparing simulated result of 36.58GHz
37.650GHz with experimented result of 36.6GHz