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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12C - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 12B - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 12A - Dec 2008
Volume 33, Issue 11C - Nov 2008
Volume 33, Issue 11B - Nov 2008
Volume 33, Issue 11A - Nov 2008
Volume 33, Issue 10C - Oct 2008
Volume 33, Issue 10B - Oct 2008
Volume 33, Issue 10A - Oct 2008
Volume 33, Issue 9C - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 9B - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 9A - Sep 2008
Volume 33, Issue 8C - Aug 2008
Volume 33, Issue 8B - Aug 2008
Volume 33, Issue 8A - Aug 2008
Volume 33, Issue 7C - Jul 2008
Volume 33, Issue 7B - Jul 2008
Volume 33, Issue 7A - Jul 2008
Volume 33, Issue 6C - Jun 2008
Volume 33, Issue 6B - Jun 2008
Volume 33, Issue 6A - Jun 2008
Volume 33, Issue 5C - May 2008
Volume 33, Issue 5B - May 2008
Volume 33, Issue 5A - May 2008
Volume 33, Issue 4C - Apr 2008
Volume 33, Issue 4B - Apr 2008
Volume 33, Issue 4A - Apr 2008
Volume 33, Issue 3C - Mar 2008
Volume 33, Issue 3B - Mar 2008
Volume 33, Issue 3A - Mar 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2A - Feb 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2C - Feb 2008
Volume 33, Issue 2B - Feb 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1C - Jan 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1B - Jan 2008
Volume 33, Issue 1A - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Smart Antenna System API and Smart Antenna BTS Open Architecture for SDR Network
Ryu, Nam-Gyu ; Choi, Seung-Won ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 335~341
The SDR(Software Defined Radio) system for hardware and software must be an open structure to various system standards. It should also provide a capability of distributed processing, object-orientedness, and software controllability. It implies that the software to be used in the SDR system should provide the openness such that it can operate independently of a given hardware platform. In order to achieve these goals, the SDR system tends to modularization for increasing hardware reuse and design flexibility, which provides the system reconfigurability. In this paper, we implemented a base station with proposed an open architecture of a Smart Antenna Base Station(SABS) and Smart Antenna APIs operating in SDR network in such a way that the architecture itself is suitable for the entire system to maintain the openness, object-orientedness, and software controllability.
A Hierarchical Preamble Design Technique for Efficient Handover in OFDM-based Multi-hop Relay Systems
Yoo, Hyun-Il ; Kim, Yeong-Jun ; Woo, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Jae-Kwon ; Yun, Sang-Boh ; Cho, Yong-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 342~351
In this paper, a new handover procedure for OFDM-based multi-hop relay systems is proposed to reduce the handover overhead by distinguishing inter-cell handover event from intra-cell handover event at the level of physical layer using a hierarchical design concept of preamble. A Subcell ID concept for identifying RS in a cell is proposed in the design of hierarchical manner, in addition to the existing Cell ID for identifying BS. The decision on either inter-cell handover or intra-cell handover is made by the signal quality measure of CBINR(Carrier of BS to Interference and Noise Ratio) and CRINR(Carrier of RS to Interference and Noise Ratio), provided by the hierarchical preamble. The proposed handover procedure can simplify scanning procedure and skip/simplify network re-entry procedure (capability negotiation, authorization, registration), resulting in a significant reduction of handover overhead.
Impulse Based TOA Estimation Method Using Non-Periodic Transmission Pattern in LR-WPAN
Park, Woon-Yong ; Park, Cheol-Ung ; Hong, Yun-Gi ; Choi, Sung-Soo ; Lee, Won-Cheol ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 352~360
Recently Task Group (TG) 4 of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.15a has been recommended a system with ranging capability in existence of multiple Simultaneous operating piconets (SOPs) as well as low-cost, low-power. According to the ranging service, coherent and non-coherent based ranging schemes using ternary code have been adopted as a standard. However it is hard to estimate an accurate time of arrival (TOA) in case of using direct sequence based TOA estimation method because pulse repetition interval (PRI) offered by TG is more limited than the maximum excess delay (MED) of channel. To mitigate inter pulse interference (IPI) problem, this paper proposes a non-coherent TOA estimation scheme using non-periodic transmission (NPT) pattern. The proposed receiver is based on a non-coherent energy detection considering with motivation of low rate wireless personal area network (LR-WPAN). TOA information is estimated via proper comparison with a prescribed threshold after the sliding correlation and search back window (SBW) process for reducing TOA error. To verify the performance of proposed ranging scheme, two distinct channel models approved by IEEE 802.15.4a TG are considered. According to the simulation results, we could conclude that the proposed scheme have performed better performance than the conventional method on the existence of multiple SOPs.
Outage Capacity Analysis for Cooperative DF and AF Relaying in Dissimilar Rayleigh Fading Channels
Shrestha, Suchitra ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 361~370
Cooperative relaying permits one or more relay to transmit a signal from the source to the destination, thereby increasing network coverage and spectral efficiency. The performance of cooperative relaying is often measured as outage probability. However, appropriate measure for the channel quality is outage capacity. Although the outage probability for cooperative relaying protocol has been analyzed before, very little research has been addressed for the outage capacity. This paper is the first of its kind to derive a closed-form analytical solution of outage capacity using fixed decode and forward relaying and amplify and forward relaying in dissimilar Rayleigh fading channels, considering channel coefficients known to the receiver side. The analytical results show a tradeoff between the SNR and the number of relays for specific outage capacity. A comparison between decode and forward relaying and amplify and forward relaying shows that decode and forward relaying outperforms amplify and forward relaying for a large number of relays.
Performance of Unified Inter-Cell Interference Avoidance and Cancellation in OFDM Mobile Cellular Systems
Kwon, Jae-Kyun ; Lee, Hee-Soo ; Ahn, Jae-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 371~376
In this paper, we explain the unified inter-cell interference avoidance and cancellation in OFDM mobile cellular systems. Interference avoidance is used for cell-interior or two-cell-edge users, and interference cancellation is applied to three-cell-edge users. The performance of the unified scheme is evaluated by simplified system simulation. Link simulation results are used in the interpretation of system simulation output. We compare three schemes which are "no interference management," "only interference avoidance," "both avoidance and cancellation." Primary performance measures are the data rate of the 5th percentile user and the mean data rate. Simulation results show that interference management schemes greatly improve the cell edge performance, but slightly reduce the mean data rate. Use of both avoidance and cancelaltion is better than that of only avoidance in terms of the cell edge throughput and the mean data rate.
An Enhanced Fast Handover Scheme for Real-Time Traffic in IPv6 Based WiBro Network
Jeong, Seok-Jong ; Lee, Sung-Kuen ; Park, Jin-Woo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 377~386
In this paper, a new handover management scheme has been proposed to reduce handover latency and to support fast handover without packet losses, so that it may be applicable to the wireless mobile Internet system such as IPv6-based WiBro system. To minimize the handover latency in processing of movement detection, we propose the handover management scheme which simplifies the handover message exchanging procedure between mobile subscriber station (MSS) and network by integrating layer 2 and layer 3 handovers efficiently based on the layer2 information. To reduce the processing delay from new care-of-address (NCoA) configuration during handover, we propose that NCoA is created, distributed and managed by new access control router (NACR). In addition, in order to minimize the packet transmission delay and eliminate the packet losses, the proposed scheme employs a crossover router (CR) which is upper network located over PACR and NACR and employs the packet buffering for MSS. The simulation study shows that the proposed scheme achieves loss-free packet delivery and low latency in the environment of narrow overlapped cell area or high velocity of the MSS, comparing the performance with the conventional schemes.
Design and Implementation of Dual-Mode SDR Modem Platform
Yun, Yu-Suk ; Choi, Seung-Won ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 387~393
In this paper, we present an SDR (Software Defined Radio) handset modem platform which supports communication systems such as HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access), and WiBro (Wireless Broadband Portable Internet). The proposed SDR platform employs DSPs (Digital Signal Processors), FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Arrays), and microprocessors in such a way that the various communication functions like HSDPA and WiBro can be programmed and downloaded to the hardware platform. The proposed SDR platform can be used for functional verification of the physical layers of the mobile handset system in the mobile communication network. We first demonstrate the receiving structure of the physical layer of the HSDPA and WiBro system. Then, the hardware implementation of the proposed SDR platform is shown with functions and optimized signal flows required at each mode. Finally, the link performance of each mode operating on the proposed SDR platform is presented through the internal loopback tests with the test vectors. The experimental performance has been compared with the computer simulation results.
A Novel Soft Output Generation Method for Spatially Multiplexed MIMO Systems
Hur, Hoon ; Woo, Hyun-Myung ; Bahng, Seung-Jae ; Park, Youn-Ok ; Kim, Jae-Kwon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 394~402
In this paper, we propose a novel soft output generation method for spatially multiplexed MIMO systems. The receiver complexity of spatially mutiplexed MIMO system is in proportion to the number of candidate vectors. The ML signal detection method considers all possible vectors as candidates, thereby achieving a high performance, however, its complexity is very high. Low complexity receiver techniques involving a small number of candidate vectors, provide soft output values of low reliability. In this paper, we propose a method to improve reliability of the soft output values obtained using a small number of candidate vectors.
An Improved Search Space for QRM-MLD Signal Detection for Spatially Multiplexed MIMO Systems
Hur, Hoon ; Woo, Hyun-Myung ; Yang, Won-Young ; Bahng, Seung-Jae ; Park, Youn-Ok ; Kim, Jae-Kwon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 403~410
In this paper, we propose a variant of the QRM-MLD signal detection method that is used for spatially multiplexed multiple antenna system. The original QRM-MLD signal detection method combines the QR decomposition with the M-algorithm, thereby significantly reduces the prohibitive hardware complexity of the ML signal detection method, still achieving a near ML performance. When the number of transmitter antennas and/or constellation size are increased to achieve higher bit rate, however, its increased complexity makes the hardware implementation challenging. In an effort to overcome this drawback of the original QRM-MLD, a number of variants were proposed. A most strong variant among them, in our opinion, is the ranking method, in which the constellation points are ranked and computation is performed for only highly ranked constellation points, thereby reducing the required complexity. However, the variant using the ranking method experiences a significant performance degradation, when compared with the original QRM-MLD. In this paper, we point out the reasons of the performance degradation, and we propose a novel variant that overcomes the drawbacks. We perform a set of computer simulations to show that the proposed method achieves a near performance of the original QRM-MLD, while its computational complexity is near to that of the QRM-MLD with ranking method.
Bluetooth Scatternet Formation Protocol for Ad hoc Networking
Lim, Chae-Gwin ; Huh, Myung-Sun ; Jeong, Gu-Min ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 411~417
This paper proposes BSFP (Bluetooth Scatternet Formation Protocol), which establishes a multi-hop bluetooth scatternet. BSFP independently operates on each bluetooth device, does not require any information on neighbor devices at the very beginning, and can establish a scatternet even though all the devices are spreaded beyond the bluetooth transmission range. BSFP is composed of the following three stages; 1) Init stage to investigate neighbor nodes, 2) Ready stage to establish a scatternet using gathered local information at each node, and 3) Complete stage to use the determined scatternet links. In BSFP, the scatternet formation time does not significantly affected by the number of bluetooth devices and a robust mobile ad hoc network is formed because BSFP formulates a scatternet with many adjacent links to neighbor devices.
Bandwidth-Efficient Transmission Protocol for Cooperative MIMO: Design and Analysis
Ryu, Hyun-Seok ; Kang, Chung-G. ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 418~425
In this paper, we propose two different types of cooperative transmission protocols, referred to as spatial multiplexing with receive diversity (SMRD), that are bandwidth-efficient. We show that the BER performance can be significantly improved with a proper design of SMRD protocol under the AF (Amplify-and-Forward) and the DF (Decode-and-Forward) modes of relaying, when there is no interference among all symbols transmitted in the same time slot. BER analysis and our simulation result show that the proposed transmission protocol achieves a significant gain over no-cooperation (direct transmission) without any bandwidth expansion.
Quasi-Orthogonal STBC with Iterative Decoding in Bit Interleaved Coded Modulation
Sung, Chang-Kyung ; Kim, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, In-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 426~433
In this paper, we present a method to improve the performance of the four transmit antenna quasi-orthogonal space-time block code (STBC) in the coded system. For the four transmit antenna case, the quasi-orthogonal STBC consists of two symbol groups which are orthogonal to each other, but intra group symbols are not. In uncoded system with the matched filter detection, constellation rotation can improve the performance. However, in coded systems, its gain is absorbed by the coding gain especially for lower rate code. We propose an iterative decoding method to improve the performance of quasi-orthogonal codes in coded systems. With conventional quasi-orthogonal STBC detection, the joint ML detection can be improved by iterative processing between the demapper and the decoder. Simulation results shows that the performance improvement is about 2dB at 1% frame error rate.
Design of an Efficient Coarse Frequency Estimator Using a Serial Correlator for DVB-S2
Yun, Hyoung-Jin ; SunWoo, Myung-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 434~439
This paper proposes an efficient coarse frequency synchronizer for digital video broadcasting - second generation (DVB-S2). The input signal requirement of acquisition range for coarse frequency estimator in the DVB-S2 is around
, which corresponds to 6.25% of the symbol rate at 25Mbaud. At the process of analyzing the robust algorithm among data-aided approaches, we find that the Luise & Reggiannini (L&R) algorithm is the most promising one for coarse frequency estimation with respect to estimation performance and complexity. However, it requires many multipliers and adders to compute output values of correlators. We propose an efficient architecture identifying the serial correlator with the buffer and multiplexers. The proposed coarse frequency synchronizer can reduce the hardware complexity about 92% of the direct implementation. The proposed architecture has been implemented and verified on the Xilinx Virtex II FPGA.
Design of a 16-QAM Carrier Recovery Loop for Inmarsat M4 System Receiver
Jang, Kyung-Doc ; Han, Jung-Su ; Choi, Hyung-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 440~449
In this paper, we propose a 16-QAM carrier recovery loop which is suitable for the implementation of Inmarsat M4 system receiver. Because the frequency offset of
on signal bandwidth 33.6 kHz is recommended in Inmarsat M4 system specification, carrier recovery loop having stable operation in the channel environment with large relative frequency offset is required. the carrier recovery loop which adopts only PLL can't be stable in relatively large frequency offset environment. Therefore, we propose a carrier recovery loop which has stable operation in large relative frequency offset environment for Inmarsat M4 system. The proposed carrier recovery loop employed differential filter-based noncoherent UW detector which is robust to frequency offset, CP-AFC for initial frequency offset acquisition using UW signal, and 16-QAM DD-PLL for phase tracking using data signal to overcome large relative frequency offset and achieve stable carrier recovery performance. Simulation results show that the proposed carrier recovery loop has stable operation and satisfactory performance in large relative frequency offset environment for Inmarsat M4 system.
Contention-Free Access Protocol Based Energy-Efficient Transmission for Wireless PANs
Joo, Yang-Ick ; Lee, Yeon-Woo ; Jung, Min-A ; Choi, Myeong-Soo ; Kim, Seo-Gyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 450~457
One of very essential techniques for enlarging lifetime of energy-constrained wireless personal area network (WPAN) devices is energy-efficient transmission technique. If the WPAN is operated based on a TDMA protocol, the satisfaction of QoS requirements at each allocated time slot is another important factor to be considered. We therefore propose an energy-efficient transmission scheme for WPANs operating with a contention-free medium access protocol such as TDMA, as well as satisfying QoS requirement. The proposed algorithm determines the optimum combination of transmit power, physical data rate and fragment size required to simultaneously minimize the energy consumption and satisfy the required QoS in each assigned time duration, considering all the possible energy-minimization related parameters. The proposed algorithm demonstrated the improved performance results in terms of throughput and energy consumption via computer simulation.
An Enhanced Energy Detector for WRAN Systems Using Maximum-to-Mean Power Ratio
Zheng, Guanbo ; Han, Ning ; Sohn, Sung-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Moung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 458~466
Spectrum sensing is the key challenge in implementing cognitive radio system, which enables unlicensed users to identify "white holes" in the spectrum allocated to primary users and utilize them efficiently. Recent studies have proposed three major sensing methods for WRAN systems, including matched filter, energy and feature detector. However, there are some drawbacks along with them. In this paper, we propose an enhanced energy detector that extends the ability of conventional one, which can differentiate the primary users from each other as well as the noise with different maximum-to-mean power ratio. Furthermore, a novel structure of cognitive radio detector employing the proposed algorithm is also analyzed to implement spectrum sensing. The simulation result shows that our proposed scheme performs well in the individual sensing environment and can satisfy the requirement with high detection probability.
Side Information Transmission Using Pilot Tones for PAPR Reduction of OFDM Signal
Wang, Lei ; Yoon, Dong-Weon ; Park, Sang-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 467~472
One of the maindisadvantages of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is the Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) problem. To reduce PAPR and improve the error performance of the OFDM signal over a fading channel, an OFDM system combining an Adaptive Symbol Selection Scheme (ASSS) and channel estimation can be used. Because of the side information of ASSS, however, the data rate decreases in the conventional ASSS OFDM system. In this letter, to overcome this impairment, we propose a technique to transmit side information by using pilot tones, and demonstrate that the proposed technique can give reasonable bit error rate (BER) performance.
Hardware Design for Timing Synchronization of OFDM-Based WAVE Systems
Huynh, Tronganh ; Kim, Jin-Sang ; Cho, Won-Kyung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 33, issue 4A, 2008, Pages 473~478
WAVE is a short-to-medium range communication standard that supports both public safety and private operations in roadside-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-vehicle communication environments. The core technology of physical layer in WAVE is orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), which is sensitive to timing synchronization error. Besides, minimizing the latency in communication link is an essential characteristic of WAVE system. In this paper, a robust, low-complexity and small-latency timing synchronization algorithm suitable for WAVE system and its efficient hardware architecture are proposed. The comparison between proposed algorithm and other algorithms in terms of computational complexity and latency has shown the advantage of the proposed algorithm. The proposed architecture does not require RAM (Random Access Memory) which can affect the pipe lining ability and high speed operation of the hardware implementation. Synchronization error rate (SER) evaluation using both Matlab and FPGA implementation shows that the proposed algorithm exhibits a good performance over the existing algorithms.