Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 12C - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 12B - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 12A - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11C - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11B - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11A - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10C - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10B - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10A - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9C - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9B - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9A - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8C - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8B - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8A - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7C - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7B - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7A - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6C - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6B - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6A - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5C - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5B - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5A - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4C - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4B - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4A - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3C - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3B - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3A - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2C - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2B - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2A - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1C - Jan 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1B - Jan 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1A - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Medium Access Control Using Channel Reservation Scheme in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks
Jang, Kil-Woong ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 955~963
In this paper, we propose a medium access control(MAC) protocol for reducing the energy efficiency and for improving the transmission efficiency in underwater acoustic sensor networks. In underwater environment, the transmission delay is longer and bandwidth is smaller than terrestrial environment. Considering these points, we propose a new MAC protocol to enhance throughput and to manage efficiently the energy of nodes. The proposed protocol operates as a channel reservation scheme to decrease data collisions, and uses a mechanism to control the hidden node problem and the exposed node problem occurred in ad hoc networks. The proposed protocol consists of the slotted based transmission frame and reduces data collisions between nodes by putting separately the reservation period in the transmission frame. In addition, it is able to solve the hidden node problem and the exposed node problem by reservation information between nodes. We carry out the simulation to evaluate the proposed protocol in terms of the average energy consumption, the ratio of collision, throughput, and the average transmission delay, and compare the proposed protocol to a traditional MAC protocol in the underwater environment. The simulation results show that the proposed protocol outperforms the traditional protocol under a various of network parameters.
A Minimum Interference Channel Assignment Algorithm for Performance Improvement of Large-Scale Wireless Mesh Networks
Ryu, Min-Woo ; Cha, Si-Ho ; Cho, Kuk-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 964~972
Wireless mesh network (WMN) is emerging a future core technology to resolve many problems derived from exist wireless networks by employing multi-interface and multi-channel. Ability to utilize multiple channels in WMNs substantially increases the effective bandwidth available to wireless network nodes. However, minimum interference channel assignment algorithms are required to use the effective bandwidth in multi-channel environments. This paper proposes a cluster-based minimum interference channel assignment (MI-CA) algorithm to improve the performance of WMN. The MI-CA algorithm is consists of Inter-Cluster and Intra-Cluster Intrchannel assignment between clusters and in the internal clusters, respectively. The Inter-Cluster channel assignment assigns a barebone channel to cluster heads and border nodes based on minimum spanning tree (MST) and the Intra-Cluster channel assignment minimizes channel interference by reassigning ortasgonal channels between cluster mespann. Our simheation results show that MI-CA can improve the performance of WMNs by minimizing channel interference.
Search-Oriented Deployment Strategies using GIS for Wireless Sensor Networks
Kim, June-Kyoung ; O, Nam-Geol ; Kim, Jae-Joon ; Lee, Young-Moo ; Kim, Hoon ; Jung, Bang-Chul ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 973~980
Many studies which have been done for efficient installation and management of wireless sensor networks (WSN) include energy savings, key managements and sensor deployments. Sensor deployment problem is one of the most important and fundamental issues among them in that the topic is directly related with the system cost and performance. In this paper, we suggest a sensor deployment scheme that reduces the system cost of WSN while satisfying the fundamental system requirements of connectivity between sensor nodes and sensing coverage. Using graphical information system(GIS) which contains region-dependent information related with connectivity condition, the initial positions of sensors in the procedure simulated annealing (SA) are determined. The GIS information helps in reducing system cost reduction not only at the initial deployment of SA but also at the final deployment of SA which is shown by computer simulations.
Energy-Aware Configuration Management with Guaranteed Lifetime of Network in Multi-hop WBAN
Seo, Su-Ho ; Nah, Jae-Wook ; Park, Jong-Tae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 981~987
Recently, the study on wireless body area network for providing ubiquitous healthcare services has been actively done, including the standardization of the IEEE and others. Wireless body area network is usually configured in tree format using multi-hop communication mode due to the power limitation and the characteristics of human body. In this case, differently from existing sensor network, the wireless body area network tends to be disconnected due to the frequent movement of human body. The number of connections which can be supported at each node has some limitations due to the constraint imposed on power consumption. In this paper, we have proposed a heuristic algorithm for optimal selection of parent node with guaranteed QoS for a disconnected node, which considers the priority on packet transmission. Simulation has been performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm.
Design and Implementation of U-Healthcare Monitoring System Based on SOA
Yun, Sung-Hwa ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Park, Jong-Tae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 988~993
In recent years, the development of ubiquitous computing technology as vital information anytime, anywhere to monitor and manage the demand for U-healthcare services is increasing. Accordingly, remote blood sugar management, remote blood pressure management, and research on U-healthcare service have been very active. But, the existing U-healthcare service monitoring devices and services has been implemented in different operating platforms and programing languages which are provided by diverse application service providers. For this reason, the users have difficulty in receiving diverse U-healthcare services. In this paper, SOA-based U-healthcare monitoring system has been designed and implemented. Through implementation, it is confirmed that the proposed SOA based U-healthcare monitoring system can increase the reuse of each service component to make it easier to reconstruct the structure of the new services.
Efficient Allocation and Connection of Concentrators and Repeaters Using Approximate Steiner Minimum Tree in Automatic Meter Reading System
Kim, Chae-Kak ; Kim, In-Bum ; Kim, Soo-In ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 994~1003
For Automatic Meter Reading System, good topology of check machines, concentrators, and repeaters in client field is important. Steiner Minimum Tree is a minimum cost tree connecting all given nodes with introducing Steiner points. In this paper, an efficient mechanism allocating and connecting check machines, concentrators and repeaters which are essential elements in automatic meter reading system is proposed, which conducts repeated applications of building approximate Minimum Steiner Trees. In the mechanism, input nodes and Steiner points might correspond to check machine, concentrators or repeaters and edges might do to the connections between them. Therefore, through suitable conversions and processes of them, an efficient network for automatic meter reading system with both wired and wireless communication techniques could be constructed. In our experiment, for 1000 input nodes and 200 max connections per node, the proposed mechanism shortened the length of produced network by 19.1% comparing with the length of Minimum Spanning Tree built by Prim's algorithm.
Wireless Host Agent (WHA)-based IP Multicast Group Management Scheme
Lee, Ji-Hoon ; Suh, Jun-Ho ; Kwon, Ted Tae-Kyoung ; Choi, Yang-Hee ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1004~1012
Although it is raising expectation of multimedia multicast services in various wireless networks, it requires an efficient IP multicast group membership management in wireless environment. However, the existing IGMPv3/MLDv2 protocols are too heavy; they are not suitable for wireless environment. Moreover they suffer from a number of problems, such as unreliable signaling, slow state transition, low spectral efficiency, bulk report, and interrupting dormant receivers. In this paper, we propose a wireless host agent (WHA)-based IP multicast group management scheme that requires a reduced number of signaling, which also solves such problems effectively. We develop an analytic model to quantify costs of bandwidth usage and signaling overhead, and perform comparison and analysis of the proposed scheme.
An Authentication Protocol using the key server in the EPCglobal RFID System
Lee, Kyu-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1013~1020
This paper proposes an authentication protocol using the key server in the ECPglobai RFID system. The proposed authentication protocol uses the key server and the time-out mechanism to resist various attacks including DoS(Denial of Service) attack. For easy implementation, the proposed protocol also uses the function existing in EPCglobal class 1 gen2 protocol without additive function such as hash function. The proposed protocol is evaluated through two analytical methods. The correctness of the proposed protocol is proved using the GNY analysis. By the security analysis, this paper showed that the proposed protocol is resistant to various attacks including DoS attack. The analytical results demonstrated that the proposed protocol offered a secure RFID system.
A Study on the Projection of the IT-based Promising Technologies Utilizing Patent Database
Kim, Pang-Ryong ; Hwang, Sung-Hyun ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1021~1030
Advanced countries, in recent, are trying hard to acquire intellectual properties on the promising technologies for prior occupation in the future market. The purpose of this study is to derive the IT-based Promising Technologies and find out their implications, focusing on the US patent market known as the most competitive in the world patent market. In this paper, We give a manipulated definition on the IT-based Promising Technologies and deduct the Promising Technologies based on the definition. To accomplish this purpose, we have utilized the US patents granted for the period 2001-2008 in the IT technology. As a result, we have found that 69 fields are classified as the Promising Technologies among 803 IT fields in a criterion of IPC main-group.
A Study on the Impact Factors for the Difference of Mobile Termination Charges among the Countries
Cho, Eun-Jin ; Park, Myeong-Cheol ; Byun, Jae-Ho ; Heo, Tae-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1031~1042
Due to liberalization in the early stage, mobile communications market has grown rapidly in the world. However, some dominant operators set higher termination call charges, and thus the market has been distorted and customer welfare has been reduced a lot. The regulation of mobile termination charges is one of key issues of most regulatory agencies in the world. According to the survey, the level of mobile termination charges are quite different from country to country. Why is it so different? This paper investigated the determinants affecting the mobile termination charges for 28 countries by considering country-specific, industry-specific, and regulatory-specific conditions. We found that some regulatory-specific conditions are the most important factors. The rate of pre-paid contract and period of regulation mostly affect the mobile termination charges.
An MPR-based broadcast scheme using 3 channels for WSNs
Lee, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Ki-Seok ; Kim, Chee-Ha ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1043~1049
Broadcast of sink node is used for network management, data collection by query and synchronization in wireless sensor networks. Simple flooding scheme induces the broadcast storm problem. The MPR based broadcast schemes reduce redundant retransmission of broadcast packets. MPR is a set of one hop neighbor nodes which have to relay broadcast message to cover all two hop neighbors. Though MPR can reduce redundant retransmission remarkably, it still suffers from energy waste problem caused by collision and duplicate packets reception. This paper proposes a new MPR based sink broadcast scheme using 3-channel. The proposed scheme reduces energy consumption by avoiding duplicate packet reception, while increases reliability by reducing collision probability remarkably. The results of analysis and simulation show that the proposed scheme is more efficient in energy consumption compared to the MPR based scheme. The result also shows that the proposed scheme reduces delivery latency by evading a contention with other relay nodes and improves reliability of broadcast message delivery by reducing collision probability.
A Tactical Internet Geocasting Protocol for Efficient Message Delivery
Yoon, Sun-Joong ; Ko, Young-Bae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1050~1061
The Tactical Internet(TI) managed by Infantry Brigades is used for the purpose of sharing information of Command Control and Situation Awareness. When there are more than two destinations to transmit data in the TI system, a multicasting is utilized based on pre-defined multicast groups. However even in the case when a source node needs to send some messages like weathercast and attack alarm etc to only a part of Battalion or Brigades in a specific geographical region (destination region), the current TI multicasting protocol is designed to transmit the messages to the pre-defined group or all of the Battalion/Brigade nodes, resulting in inefficiency in terms of end-to-end delay and overhead. In this paper, we propose more efficient protocol for such cases, named as "Tactical Internet Geocasting (TIG)". The proposed scheme firstly checks whether the destination region belongs to one Battalion region or more than two Battalion regions using location information, and then performs a greedy forwarding from the source node to the destination region, followed by a local flooding inside of the destination region. With performance analysis and simulations using NS-2, TIG is compared to the current TI multicasting protocol (i.e., Simplified MDP) and the LBM (Location-based Multicast). The simulation results show that the proposed TIG is more efficient than both in terms of delay and network overhead.
A Design of Kidney Diseases Diagnosis Method Using Formant Frequency Bandwidth Extraction and Analysis
Kim, Bong-Hyun ; Cho, Dong-Uk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1062~1069
The kidney diseases is a big social problem what is suffering sequela of metabolic syndrome due to obesity. Therefore, it is most important that early to take the appropriate action; it does not have symptoms Abnormalities of the kidney. With this, in mind, this paper wish to propose the method to can diagnosis by non self-consciousness, non-imprisonment, analgesia of kidney disease through the voice analysis. To configure the entire system is developed to combines the voice analysis, watching the face color and this paper is designed the method to diagnosis kidney disease based on labial. In this paper, organized each kidney disease patients and healthy people group and we would like to analyze, compare with output in experiment morphology analysis and numerical value analysis of voice information. Secondly, auscultation theory of Oriental medicine and linguistic, phonetics analyze out interrelation to extraction peculiar elements of kidney about voice deduction deduced relation of the first formants frequency. Such result of experimentation, deduced widely to be formed the first formants frequency bandwidth value of kidney patients group than normal group. Finally, diagnosing an kidney diseases in only labial sound, calculated about misdiagnosis probability.
Depth Estimation and Intermediate View Synthesis for Three-dimensional Video Generation
Lee, Sang-Beom ; Lee, Cheon ; Ho, Yo-Sung ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1070~1075
In this paper, we propose new depth estimation and intermediate view synthesis algorithms for three-dimensional video generation. In order to improve temporal consistency of the depth map sequence, we add a temporal weighting function to the conventional matching function when we compute the matching cost for estimating the depth information. In addition, we propose a boundary noise removal method in the view synthesis operation. after finding boundary noise areas using the depth map, we replace them with corresponding texture information from the other reference image. Experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm improved temporal consistency of the depth sequence and reduced flickering artifacts in the virtual view. It also improved visual quality of the synthesized virtual views by removing the boundary noise.
Fast Generation of 3-D Video Holograms using a Look-up Table and Temporal Redundancy of 3-D Video Image
Kim, Seung-Cheol ; Kim, Eun-Soo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1076~1085
In this paper, a new method for efficient computation of CGH patterns for 3-D video images is proposed by combined use of temporal redundancy and look-up table techniques. In the conventional N-LT method, fringe patterns for other object points on that image plane can be obtained by simply shifting these pre-calculated PFP (Principle Fringe Patterns). But there have been many practical limitations in real-time generation of 3-D video holograms because the computation time required for the generation of 3-D video holograms must be massively increased compared to that of the static holograms. On the other hand, as ordinary 3-D moving pictures have numerous similarities between video frames, called by temporal redundancy, and this redundancy is used to compress the video image. Therefore, in this paper, we proposed the efficient hologram generation method using the temporal redundancy of 3-D video image and N-LT method. To confirm the feasibility of the proposed method, some experiments with test 3-D videos are carried out, and the results are comparatively discussed with the conventional methods in terms of the number of object points and computation time.
Stereoscopic Video Conversion Based on Image Motion Classification and Key-Motion Detection from a Two-Dimensional Image Sequence
Lee, Kwan-Wook ; Kim, Je-Dong ; Kim, Man-Bae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1086~1092
Stereoscopic conversion has been an important and challenging issue for many 3-D video applications. Usually, there are two different stereoscopic conversion approaches, i.e., image motion-based conversion that uses motion information and object-based conversion that partitions an image into moving or static foreground object(s) and background and then converts the foreground in a stereoscopic object. As well, since the input sequence is MPEG-1/2 compressed video, motion data stored in compressed bitstream are often unreliable and thus the image motion-based conversion might fail. To solve this problem, we present the utilization of key-motion that has the better accuracy of estimated or extracted motion information. To deal with diverse motion types, a transform space produced from motion vectors and color differences is introduced. A key-motion is determined from the transform space and its associated stereoscopic image is generated. Experimental results validate effectiveness and robustness of the proposed method.
Depth Map Based Distributed Multi-view Video Coding Scheme through an Efficient Side Information Generation
Yoo, Ji-Hwan ; Lee, Dong-Seok ; Kim, Tae-June ; Yoo, Ji-Sang ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1093~1103
In this paper, we propose a new depth map based distributed multi-view video coding algorithm through an efficient side information generation. A distributed video coding scheme corrects errors between an original image and side information generated at a decoder by using channel coding techniques. Therefore, the more accurate side information is generated, the better performance of distributed video coding scheme is achieved. In the proposed algorithm, a distributed video coding scheme is applied to multi-view video coding based on depth map. Side information is also generated from images of adjacent views through 3D warping by using a depth map and is also combined with MCTI(motion compensated temporal interpolation) which uses images on a temporal axis, and 3D warping. Experimental results show that side information generated by using the proposed algorithm has 0.97dB better average PSNR compared with using MCTI and 3D warping separated. In addition, 8.01% of average bit-rate has been decreased while the same PSNR in R-D curves is kept.
An Efficient Scheduling Algorithm for 3D-Traffic in OFDMA Systems
Kwon, Su-Jin ; Chung, Young-Uk ; Lee, Hyuk-Joon ; Choi, Yong-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1104~1110
3D A/V services are expected to be a representative service of next generation because it can give more realistic feeling by providing dimensions to the 2D images. In terms of transmission part of 3D A/V systems, however, it is difficult to provide these services on real-time in the wireless OFDMA networks because it has to send large amount of traffic. To address this, we proposed a novel scheduling algorithm which separates a 3D traffic into base layer and enhancement layer, and provides different priority to them. From simulation results, we can show that the proposed algorithm can improve QoS.
Three-dimensional Distortion-tolerant Object Recognition using Computational Integral Imaging and Statistical Pattern Analysis
Yeom, Seok-Won ; Lee, Dong-Su ; Son, Jung-Young ; Kim, Shin-Hwan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1111~1116
In this paper, we discuss distortion-tolerant pattern recognition using computational integral imaging reconstruction. Three-dimensional object information is captured by the integral imaging pick-up process. The captured information is numerically reconstructed at arbitrary depth-levels by averaging the corresponding pixels. We apply Fisher linear discriminant analysis combined with principal component analysis to computationally reconstructed images for the distortion-tolerant recognition. Fisher linear discriminant analysis maximizes the discrimination capability between classes and principal component analysis reduces the dimensionality with the minimum mean squared errors between the original and the restored images. The presented methods provide the promising results for the classification of out-of-plane rotated objects.
Head Fixed Type Multi-Focus Display System Using Galvano-Scanner and DMD(Digital Micro-Mirror Device)
Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kwon, Yong-Moo ; Kim, Sung-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1117~1123
Head fixed type multi-focus display system using Galvano-scanner and DMD(Digital Micro-mirror Device), which is able to perfectly accommodate, can solve eye fatigue due to conflict between convergence eye movement and accommodation action in stereoscopic display. This system is able to accommodate through making convergence point about each view point and offering it in front of observer's pupil by using laser scanning method. In this paper, we analyzed laser scanning method of this multi-focus display system. And multi-focus display system based on this analysis was made, which showed that focus adjustment was possible through video camera. As a result, formation principle of view point of multi-focus system by laser scanning method was verified.
Resolution enhanced integral imaging using super-resolution image reconstruction algorithm
Hong, Kee-Hoon ; Park, Jae-Hyeung ; Lee, Byoung-Ho ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 10B, 2009, Pages 1124~1132
We proposed a new method to improve the resolution of elemental image set in the integral imaging system using super-resolution image reconstruction method. Adjacent elemental images have same image region which is projected from the common area of object. These projected images in the elemental image can be used for low resolution images of super-resolution method. Two methods for resolution improvement of elemental image set using super-resolution method are proposed. One is super-resolution among the elemental image sets and the other is among the elemental images. Simulation results are compared with resolution improved elemental image set using interpolated method.