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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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The Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 12C - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 12B - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 12A - Dec 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11C - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11B - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 11A - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10C - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10B - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 10A - Oct 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9C - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9B - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 9A - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8C - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8B - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 8A - Aug 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7C - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7B - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 7A - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6C - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6B - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 6A - Jun 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5C - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5B - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5A - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4C - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4B - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4A - Apr 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3C - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3B - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3A - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2C - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2B - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2A - Feb 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1C - Jan 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1B - Jan 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1A - Jan 2009
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Power Loading Algorithm for Orthogonalized Spatial Multiplexing in Wireless Communications
Kim, Young-Tae ; Park, Seok-Hwan ; Lee, In-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 331~340
In this paper, we propose a new power loading algorithm for orthogonalized spatial multiplexing(OSM) systems over flat-fading multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Compared to SVD-based transmission scheme, the OSM scheme exhibits a good system performance with lower complexity and feedback overhead. To further improve the performance in OSM systems with power loading, we introduce a geometric approach on the Euclidean distance between the constellation points in the effective channel. Using this approach, we show that the optimal power loading parameters in terms of the minimum distance can be obtained. Simulation results demonstrate that our algorithm provides a 5dB gain at a bit error rate (BER) of
over that of no power loading case with both QPSK and 16-QAM. Consequently, our power loading algorithm allows us to significantly improve the system performance with one additional feedback value.
Joint Scheme of IQ Imbalance Compensation and AGC for Optimal DFE in M-WiMAX Mobile Modem
Kim, Jong-Hun ; Kim, Young-Bum ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 341~346
M-WiMAX (Mobile-Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) system, which uses OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technique, is known to be proper for mobile high-speed data transmission system. Nevertheless, M-WiMAX is seriously sensitive to IQ imbalance caused by the LO (Local Oscillator) at the receiver. In this paper, we analyze the effect of IQ imbalance on the system, and then propose a joint optimization scheme that can optimize DFE (Digital Front-end) of mobile modem by combining operation duplicated between AGC (Automatic Gain Control) and the estimation and compensation of IQ imbalance. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme achieves the same performance of the conventional scheme while reducing the complexity of the H/W implementation.
New Cyclic Precoding Vectors for Open-loop Transmit Diversity Techniques
Lee, Kyoung-Jae ; Lee, Heun-Chul ; Lee, In-Kyu ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 347~354
In this paper, we propose a new transmit diversity technique for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems to improve the link level performance of open-loop systems. By cyclically applying a predetermined set of preceding weight vectors, artificially induced fluctuation is created to achieve additional diversity gain in flat fading channels. To design the set of the precoding vectors, we exploit the knowledge on the distribution of near optimum Preceding vectors observed in a beamforming scheme based on the rotation transformations. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed open-loop diversity scheme with an arbitrary number of transmit antennas achieves a full diversity gain with computational complexity comparable to a single-input single-output (SISO) system.
Analysis of Delay Distribution and Rate Control over Burst-Error Wireless Channels
Lee, Joon-Goo ; Lee, Hyung-Keuk ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 355~362
In real-time communication services, delay constraints are among the most important QoS (Quality of Service) factors. In particular, it is difficult to guarantee the delay requirement over wireless channels, since they exhibit dynamic time-varying behavior and even severe burst-errors during periods of deep fading. Channel throughput may be increased, but at the cost of the additional delays when ARQ (Automatic Repeat Request) schemes are used. For real-time communication services, it is very essential to predict data deliverability. This paper derives the delay distribution and the successful delivery probability within a given delay budget using a priori channel model and a posteriori information from the perspective of queueing theory. The Gilbert-Elliot burst-noise channel is employed as an a Priori channel model, where a two-state Markov-modulated Bernoulli process
is used. for a posteriori information, the channel parameters, the queue-length and the initial channel state are assumed to be given. The numerical derivation is verified and analyzed via Monte Carlo simulations. This numerical derivation is then applied to a rate control scheme for real-time video transmission, where an optimal encoding rate is determined based on the future channel capacity and the distortion of the reconstructed pictures.
Design of Tone-Controlled CI/OFDM Communication System and Improvement of BER Performance by IMD Reduction
Kim, Seon-Ae ; Lee, Il-Jin ; Baek, Gwang-Hoon ; Ryu, Heung-Gyoon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 363~371
OFDM(orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) is very effective forhigh data rate transmission system. However, communication performance becomes worse because of nonlinear distortion resulting from the PAPR. In this paper, we like to propose a tone-controlled CI/OFDM system including the TMD (inter-modulation distortion) reduction method in order to improve the BER performance. In this tone-controlled CI/OFDM system, control tone is additionally inserted in each data symbol of CI/OFDM system to make the CI/OFDM lower the PAPR and robust to nonlinear distortion. So, tone-controlled CI/OFDM using the IMD reduction method shows better BER (bit error rate) performance than methods based on PAPR reduction.
ISO/IEC 18000-7 433MHz Active RFID System-based on Multi-hop Relay System for Coverage Extension
Hong, Sung-Hyun ; Song, In-Chan ; Zhang, Hong ; Chang, Kyung-Hi ; Shin, Dong-Beom ; Lee, Heyung-Sub ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 372~380
In this paper, we analyze the active RFID systems ISO/IEC 18000-7 and ISO/IEC 18000-4. In order to improve the coverage in sensor networks, which consist active RFID tag, we propose RFID multi-hop relay system using active RFID relay tag. To compare the performance between the existing ISO/IEC 18000-7 system and the proposed RFID multi-hop relay system, we introduce new system efficiency measure and sensitivity-based measure of achieved coverage. Also, we analyze the performance of the proposed system and compare it with that of the existing system through MCL (Minimum Coupling Loss) analysis and SLS (System Level Simulation) analysis.
Seamless Intra MR-BS Handover Based on IEEE802.16j
Lee, Il-Shin ; Yoo, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Yoon-Ju ; Kwon, Dong-Seung ; Chung, Jae-Hak ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 381~390
In this paper, we propose a seamless intra MR-BS handover scheme based on IEEE802.16j transparent. The proposed scheme estimates the outage probability of mobile stations at a base station, finds the optimum relay user, and provides low handover latency for seamless data transmission. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms the conventional handover schemes in terms of the handover latency by 65% of conventional scheme. Moreover, the proposed scheme exhibits lower packet error rate compared with the conventional handover scheme when a mobile station moves to outside of the cell coverage and reduce both outage probability and the number of handover about 50% from setting forgetting factor and redundant threshold.
Performance Analysis of Frequency Allocation Methods Using Frequency Reuse and Channel Estimation in Cognitive Radio Systems
Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Lee, Tae-Jin ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 391~400
Recently, cellular communication networks are migrating from 2G to 3G. Spectrum utilization tends to be inefficient during the transition. Cognitive radio (CR) technology can be a key solution to increase spectrum efficiency by allowing secondary networks to utilize frequency resource of primary networks. However, conventional CR approaches which do not utilize the frequency reuse factor of primary networks may incur degradation of whole network performance. In this paper, we propose a mechanism that a secondary network senses pilot signals of a primary network and select optimum frequency bands. In order to maximize whole network performance, we formulate an optimization problem subject to interference constraints for a primary network and present algorithms. Simulation results compare the proposed method with the conventional method. Our proposed method shows performance gain over the conventional method if channel variation of a primary network is dynamic and the frequency reuse factor of a primary network is high.
Adaptive Correlation Receiver for Frequency Hopping Multi-band Ultra-Wideband Communications
Lee, Ye-Hoon ; Choi, Myeong-Soo ; Lee, Seong-Ro ; Lee, Jin-Seok ; Jung, Min-A ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 401~407
The multi-band (MB) ultra-wideband (UWB) communication system divides its available frequency spectrum in 3.1 to 10.6GHz into 16 sub-bands, which leads to inherent disparities between carrier frequencies of each sub-band. For instance, the highest carrier frequency is 2.65 times higher than the lowest one. Since the propagation loss is proportional to the square of the transmission frequency, the propagation loss on the sub-band having the highest carrier frequency is approximately 7 times larger than that on the sub-band having the lowest carrier frequency, which results in disparities between received signal powers on each sub-band. In this paper, we propose a novel correlation scheme for frequency hopping (FH) MB UWB communications, where the correlation time is adaptively adjusted relative to the sub-band, which reduces the disparity between the received signal energies on each sub-band. Such compensation for lower received powers on sub-bands having higher carrier frequency leads to an improvement on the total average bit error rate (BER) of the entire FH MB UWB communication system. We analyze the performance of the proposed correlation scheme in Nakagami fading channels, and it is shown that the performance gain provided by the proposed correlator is more significant as the Nakagami fading index n increases (i.e., better channel conditions).
MMSE-Based Relaying Method for Multiuser Bidirectional Communications
Joung, Jin-Gon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 408~413
In this paper, minimum mean-square-error (MMSE)-based transceiver processing of a bidirectional amplify-and-forward (AF) relay having multiple antennas is proposed. Besides, the optimal beamforming vectors of users are designed in the sense of the sum rate maximization. Simulation results show that the proposed relay processing can effectively reduce both co-channel interferences and self-interferences and that the proposed beamforming method is proper to the bidirectional communication employing the AF relay.
Frequency Reuse and Sub-cell Coverage Determination Scheme for Improved Throughput in OFDMA-based Relay Systems
Hyun, Myung-Reun ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Hong, Dae-Hyoung ; Lim, Jae-Chan ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 414~420
In this paper, we investigate throughput performance of OFDMA-based relay systems according to the "sub-cell coverage configuration" of the base station (RS) and the relay station (RS). RS is exploited for improved quality of the received signal with a tradeoff of additional radio resource consumption which may result in degradation of the throughput performance of the system. Therefore, "radio resource reuse" may be necessary for high performance in relay systems. However, it also causes system performance degradation since resource reuse between RSs incurs channel interference. Therefore, effective resource reuse also should be considered for "high throughput coverage configuration" when relays are employed. We relate the resource reuse patterns of neighboring RSs to sub-cell coverage configuration. We determine the sub-cell coverage of the system depending on the ratio of received signal-interference-noise-ratio (SINR) of the mobile station (MS) from the BS and RS, respectively. Simulations illustrate the throughput performance as the function of SINR ratio, and it has different optimal point depending on the resource reuse patterns. Therefore, the "resource reuse pattern" and the "effective sub-cell coverage configuration" should be considered together for the high throughput performance of the relay system.
Up/Downlink Hybrid Inter-Cell Coordination Patterns of the TDD/MC-CDMA System, TDD/MC-CDMA
Han, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Gil, Gye-Tae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 421~428
Inter-cell coordination has been an emerging issue for mitigating inter-cell interference in broadband wireless access networks such as IEEE802.16 and 3GPP LTE (Long Term Evolution). This paper proposes uplink/downlink hybrid inter-cell coordination patterns for a TDD (Time Division Duplex)/MC-CDMA (Multi-Carrier Code Division Multiple Access) system. For the performance analysis, closed forms of inter-cell interferences are derived when uplink and downlink transmissions coexist over a multi-cell environment. In the analysis, we find an optimal ratio of downlink transmit powers of BSs (Base Stations) based on the target outage probability and the performance according to ratios of uplink/downlink transmit powers of MSs (Mobile Stations)/BSs is explored. Our numerical results show that interference mitigation utilizing the characteristics of the uplink and downlink power ratio is very effective in improving system performance in terms of QoS.
Performance Evaluation of a Cooperative Spectrum Sensing using the k-out-of-n Fusion Rule in CR Networks
Lee, Sang-Wook ; Lim, Chang-Heon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, volume 34, issue 5A, 2009, Pages 429~435
Cooperative spectrum sensing allows secondary users of a cognitive radio(CR) network to collaborate to determine whether a primary user occupies the spectrum of interest or not. It usually performs spectrum sensing by combining the individual decisions of each second user into a final one and the k-out-of-n fusion rule is a general approach for decision fusion. This rule declares that the spectrum is occupied only when the decisions from more than k-1 secondary users indicate the presence of a primary user. In this paper, we analyze a cooperative spectrum sensing scheme with the fusion rule under the constraint that its detection probability is maintained to be no less than a given level and its numerical results for the case of a CR network with 10 secondary users.