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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Sep 2001
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Elastic Analysis of Orthotropic Rectangular Thick Plates
Kwun, Taek-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 95~108
A system of equations is developed for the theory of bending of thick orthotropic elastic plates which takes into account the transverse shear deformability of the plate. This system of equations is of such nature that three boundary conditions can and must be prescribed along the edge of the plate, i.e.
at simple supported edges. It can be obtained general solution that is added complementary solution
and paticular solution
by an assumption of solution function. In the next paper, this analytical results will be obtained for perforated thick plates.
Nonlinear Random Vibration Analysis of Thin Laminated Plates
Kang, Joo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 109~115
Composite materials also known as fiber reinforced plastics have been developed and used in many engineering applications due to their outstanding mechanical properties. Laminated plates as structural components that are made of in composite material are widely used. Therefore, nonlinear response of laminated composite plates modeled with finite elements and excited by stochastic loading is studied. The classical laminated plate theory is used to account for the variation of strains through the thickness for modeling laminated thin plates. Approximate nonlinear random vibration analysis is performed using the method of equivalent linearization to account for material non-linearity.
A Study on Effect of the Junction's Eccentricity for Buckling Characteristics of Single-Layer Latticed Dome
Park, Sang-Hoon ; Suk, Chang-Mok ; Jung, Hwan-Mok ; Kwon, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 117~124
In Single-layer latticed domes with rectangular network which is composed of ring of circumferential direction and rafter of longitudinal direction, that is, rib domes, if we use the cross-membered junction's method for the advantage in fabrication and construction, the eccentricity is occurred in the nodal point of crossing members. This paper is aimed at investigating the buckling characteristics for the effect of eccentricity according to rise-span ratios and distance of eccentricity. Analysis method is based on FEM dealing with the geometrically nonlinear deflection problems. The conclusion were given as follows: 1. The maximum decreasing ratio of buckling strength due to the junction's eccentricity is about 60% in models of this paper. 2. In the increasing ratio of buckling strength for rise-span ratio, that of Type 3 models is larger than that of type 2 models. On the other hand, that of Type 2 mode is larger than that of Type 3 for eccentricity-distance. 3. In the viewpoint of the value of buckling strength, that of Type 2 models is larger than that of type 3 models. The effect of the junction's rigidity on buckling strength is not great for overall models. Therefore if we use the cross-membered junction's method for the advantage in fabrication and construction, the method of Type 2 will have the great advantage of that of Type 3.
Automatic Discrete Optimum Design of Space Trusses using Genetic Algorithms
Park, Choon-Wook ; Youh, Baeg-Yuh ; Kang, Moon-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 125~134
The objective of this study is the development of size discrete optimum design algorithm which is based on the GAs(genetic algorithms). The algorithm can perform size discrete optimum designs of space trusses. The developed algorithm was implemented in a computer program. For the optimum design, the objective function is the weight of space trusses and the constraints are limite state design codes(1998) and displacements. The basic search method for the optimum design is the GAs. The algorithm is known to be very efficient for the discrete optimization. This study solves the problem by introducing the GAs. The GAs consists of genetic process and evolutionary process. The genetic process selects the next design points based on the survivability of the current design points. The evolutionary process evaluates the survivability of the design points selected from the genetic process. In the genetic process of the simple GAs, there are three basic operators: reproduction, cross-over, and mutation operators. The efficiency and validity of the developed discrete optimum design algorithm was verified by applying GAs to optimum design examples.
A Study of Structural Analysis for Space Frame on the World Wide Web
Suk, Chang-Mok ; Nam, Sang-Kwan ; Park, Sang-Hoon ; Jung, Hwan-Mok ; Kwon, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 135~142
This paper proposes structural analysis on the World Wide Web to form a part of the architectural design project. It purposes modeling space frames and a structural analysis program on the internet only by inputting basic data for forming a shape in the whole phase of space frame analysis. The analysis data is conducted by Oracle DBMS(DataBase Management System), GUI(Graphic User Internet) by Java Applet and connection with server and database by Java Servlet respectively. The result from modeling and analysis is provided as graphic and text file forms by web browsers. Programs can be executed irrespective of user's OS by using internet and highly-secured system is constructed taking advantage of Java. Of great efficiency is maintaining and recycling data as the whole is dealt by database from the beginning to the end of program.
The automated optimum design of steel truss structures
Pyeon, Hae-Wan ; Kim, Yong-Joo ; Kim, Soo-Won ; Kang, Moon-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 143~155
Generally, truss design has been determined by the designer's experience and intuition. But if we perform the most economical structural design we must consider not only cross-sections of members but also configurations(howe, warren and pratt types etc.) of single truss as the number of panel and truss height. The purpose of this study is to develope automated optimum design techniques for steel truss structures considering cross-sections of members and shape of trusses simultaneously. As the results, it could be possible to find easily the optimum solutions subject to design conditions at the preliminary structural design stage of the steel truss structures. In this study, the objective function is expressed as the whole member weight of trusses, and the applied constraints are as stresses, slenderness ratio, local buckling, deflection, member cross-sectional dimensions and truss height etc. The automated optimum design algorithm of this study is divided into three-level procedures. The first level on member cross-sectional optimization is performed by the sequential unconstrained minimization technique(SUMT) using dynamic programming method. And the second level about truss height optimization is applied for obtaining the optimum truss height by three-equal interval search method. The last level of optimization is applied for obtaining the optimum panel number of truss by integer programming method. The algorithm of multi-level optimization programming technique proposed in this study is more helpful for the economical design of plane trusses as well as space trusses.
Determination of the Actual Equilibrium Shape Finding and Optimum Cutting Pattern for Membrane Structures
Lee, Jang-Bog ; Kwun, Taek-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 157~166
In general, the cutting pattern of the membrane structures is determined by dividing the complicated curved 3-D surface into several 2-D plane strip by using flattening technique. In this procedure, however, some discrepancies ore occurred between actual stresses of equilibrated state and designed uniform stresses because the material properties are not considered. These deviations can cause the critical structural problems, wrinkling or overstress, and thus a optimization process should be considered. In this paper, a new analytical method for determining an optimum cutting pattern considering material properties is presented. Here, iterative procedure is introduced to decrease the errors caused in numerical process. The optimization method proposed can diminish the deviations occurred by material properties and numerical errors, simultaneously. As a results, it is shown that the final stress distributions for the HP shell model are sufficiently near to design stress distributions, and it can be concluded that this method can be used to obtain the optimized cutting pattern of membrane structures.