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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Sep 2001
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Development of Integrated Design System for Space Frame Structures
Lee, Ju-Young ; Lee, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 59~66
This paper describes three modules for development of the Space Frame Integrated Design System(SFIDS). The Control Module is implemented to control the developed system. The Model Generation Module based on PATRAN user interface enables users to generate a complicated finite element model for space frame structures. The Optimum Design Module base on a branch of combinatorial optimization techniques which can realize the optimization of a structure having a large number of members designs optimum members of a space frame after evaluating analysis results. The Control Module and the Model Generation Module Is implemented by PATRAN Command Language(PCL) while C++ language is used in the Optimum Design Module. The core of the system is PATRAN database, in which the Model Generation Module creates information of a finite element model. Then, PATRAN creates Input files needed for the analysis program from the information of the finite element model in the database, and in turn, imports output results of analysis program to the database. Finally, the Optimum Design Module processes member grouping of a space frame based on the output results, and performs optimal member selection of a space frame. This process is repeated until the desired optimum structural members are obtained.
A Study on the Compression Behaviors of Concrete-filled Steel Tubular Columns
Park, Kang-Geun ; Yoon, Seoung-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 67~74
This paper is to estimate the load carrying capacities of concrete-filled steel tubular columns and the important parameters are selected the size, length and concrete strength. he concrete-filled tube structures has many excellent structural properties, that is, high load capacity, good plastic deformation and high resistance local buckling. Under these background, this study Investigated to the structural compression behaviors, the maximum strength, the confinement effects, the fracture mechanism, local buckling failure and concrete strength effects.
Effects by Bracing Reinforcement on the Instability Phenomenon of Cable Domes
Kim, Seung-Deog ; Kim, Hyung-Seok ; Baek, In-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 75~83
The characteristics of structural behavior for a cable dome shows a strong nonlinearity and very sensitive by the initial imperfection. The instability phenomenon of Geiger-type cable dome structure is generated due to the in-plane twisting near the critical load level. In this study, therefore, the effect of bracing reinforcement resisting to the in-plane twisting is investigated for the Geiger-type model reinforced by bracing. The effect of initial imperfection is also studied because the structural instability phenomenon of shell-like structure is very sensitive according to the initial condition.
Theoretical Analysis of Anisotropic Laminated Shells with Shear Deformation
Kwun, Ik-No ; Kwun, Taek-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 85~92
The structural behaviors of anisotropic laminated shells are quite different from that of isotropic shells, Also, the classical theory of shells based on neglecting transverse shear deformation is invalid for laminated shells. Thus, to obtain the more exact behavior of laminated shells, effects of shear deformation should be considered in the analysis. As the length of x-axis or y-axis is increase, the effects of transverse shear deformation are decrease because the stiffness for the axis according to the increasing of length is large gradually. In this paper, the governing equations for anisotropic laminated shallow shell including the effects of shear deformation are derived. And then, by using Navier's solutions for shallow shells having simple supported boundary, extensive numerical studies for anisotropic laminated shallow shells were made to investigate the effects of shear deformation for 3 typical shells. Also, static analysis is carried out for cross-ply laminated shells considering the effects of various geometrical parameters, e,g., the shallowness ratio, the thickness ratio and the ratio of a(length of x-axis)-to-b(length of y-axis). The results are compared with existed one and show good agreement.
Stress-Strain Relationship of Concrete Membrane Elements Subjected to Reversed Cyclic Loading
Lee, Jung-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 93~100
A stress-strain relationship for reinforced concrete membrane elements subjected to reversed cyclic loading is quite different to that of concrete cylinder subjected to uniaxial compression. The compressive strength of cracked concrete membrane elements is reduced by cracking due to tension in the perpendicular direction. Based on the three reinforced concrete panel tests, a softened stress-strain curve of concrete subjected to reversed cyclic loading is proposed. The proposed model consists of seven stages in the compressive zones and six stages in the tensile zones. The proposed model is verified by comparing to the test results.
A Experimental Study on the Hydroelastic Behavior of Large Floating Offshore Structures
Lee, Sang-Yeob ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 101~110
A large floating structure is attracting great attention in recent years from the view of ocean space utilization. Its huge scale in the horizontal directions compared with the wavelength and relatively shallow depth make this type of floating structure flexible and its wave-induced motion be characterized by the elastic deformation. In this paper, a boundary integral equation method is proposed to predict the wave-induced dynamic response mat-like floating offshore structure. The structure is modeled as an elastic plate and its elastic deformation is expressed as a superposition of free-vibration modes in air. This makes it straightforward to expand the well-established boundary integral technique for rigid floating bodies to include the hydroelastic effects. In order to validate the theoretical analysis, we compare with the experimental result of reduced model test. Satisfactory agreement is found between theory and experiment.
Elasto-plastic Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Precast Large Panel Connections by Rigid Element Method
Park, Kang-Geun ; Kim, Yong-Tae ; Kwun, Taek-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 111~116
This paper is a study on the elasto-plastic analysis of reinforced concrete precast large panel connections by rigid element spring model. In the analysis of rigid element spring model, each collapsed part or piece of structures at limiting state of loading is assumed to behave like rigid bodies. The present author propose new elements for the improement and expansion of the rigid element spring model. In this study, it is proposed how the rigid element method can be applied to the elesto-plastic analysis of precat large panel connections. Some numerical results of analytical modeling and load displacement curves are shown.