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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Displacement Based Seismic Performance Improved Design of RC Column Retrofitted Steel Jacket
Jung, In-Kju ; Cho, Chang-Geun ; Park, Soon-Eung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 49~57
This study is the research appling the representative Displacement-Based Design which is the basic concept of Direct Displacement Based Design proposed by Chopra and Goel to original Reinforced Concrete structure and determining the thickness of retrofit Steel Jacket about the Maximum design ground acceleration, and developing the more improved Algorithm as well as program by the Retrofit Design method and Nonlinear analysis by the Performance design method before and after reinforcement appling the determined retrofit thickness. To predict the target displacement of retrofitted columns, a nonlinear analysis model of reinforced concrete columns has been developed to be based on the nonlinear fiber cross-sectional and segmental analysis model, and the seismic displacement level of retrofitted columns is estimated by two procedures, the direct displacement-based design method and the displacement coefficient method. In examples of seismic retrofit design, the current seismic improved design method gives good results in improvements of displacement levels and displacement ductilities of retrofitted columns.
Initial Shape Design of Space Truss Structure using Density Method
Kim, Ho-Soo ; Park, Young-Sin ; Yang, Myung-Kyu ; Lee, Min-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 59~66
This study presents the topology optimization technique by density method to determine the initial shape of space truss structures. Most initial shape design is performed by designer's previous experiences and trial and error method instead of the application of reasonable optimization method. Thus, the reasonable and economical optimization methods are needed to be introduced for the initial shape design. Therefore, we set design domain for cantilever space truss structure as an example model. And topology optimization is used to obtain optimum layout for them, and then size optimization method is used to find the optimum member size. Therefore, the reasonable initial optimal shapes of spatial truss structures can be obtained through the topology and size optimization using density method.
The Buckling Characteristics of Single-Layer Lamella Domes according to Support Position under Construction
Kim, Cheol-Hwan ; Suk, Chang-Mok ; Jung, Hwan-Mok ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 67~74
Single layer latticed domes which have a mechanics property, a functional property, a aesthetic property and so on, occupies one part of long span space structures and after this, the using parts will be extended. The frame network pattern of single-layer latticed domes can be infinitely taken into account. The typical network patterns are triangular, square, hexagon, lamella and rib etc. It would take long time and cost too much to erect large roof structures with traditional erection techniques due to require of large number of temporary bracing and supports. The erection of large roof structures requires special techniques. As one of these special techniques is the Step-Up election method that utilizes jack-up supports and this will extremely saves time and cost to erect large roof structures. The objective of this study is to analysis the buckling characteristics of single-layer lamella domes according to the support number and position. From the result of this study, we obtained the fundamental data for the structural engineers who design the temporary support of large roof structures.
Investigation of Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Laminated Composite Plates Considering the Stacking Method
Kim, Seung-Deog ; Kwon, Suk-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 75~83
Laminated composite plates have shown their superiority over metals in applications requiring high specific strength, high specific modulus, and so on. Therefore, they have used in various industry. However, they have poor resistance to impact compared to typical metal materials. So, many researchers have investigated about impact behavior of laminated composite plate. To investigate impact behavior of laminated composite plate, we have to calculate contact force between impactor and laminated composite plate at the first. Impactor's equation of motion, plate's equation of motion and correlations for indentation were solved to know the contact force at the same time. In this study, low velocity impact behavior of composite plate was investigated using the finite element program which is involved the classical Hertzian law, Sun's law and Sun & Yang's experimental law and Sun & Tan's experimental law considering the stacking method.
Development of Fire-Diagnosis Concrete using Composite Sensors
Choi, Young-Wha ; Kim, Ie-Sung ; Park, Kang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 85~92
Use of concrete has undoubtedly become widespread in construction and civil engineering. Sensors are used to add functional characteristics to concrete. Self-diagnosis concrete is also being developed. The thermal protector used in the study is a sensor using the linear expansion and cubical expansion of metal. The LED(Light Emitting Diode) is a phototransistor type, and to secure high-sensitivity light, the prices of these sensors are low. Rising temperatures of concrete elements can be predicted from LED of the external virtual beam due to operation of thermal protector sensors of concrete beam caused by fire load on the concrete specimen. In this study, the development of fire-diagnosis concrete using composite sensors are the fundamental study for damage detection using simply measurements.
Vibration Control of Adjacent Buildings using a Smart Sky-bridge
Kang, Joo-Won ; Chae, Seoung-Hun ; Kim, Hyun-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 93~102
In this study, a smart sky-bridge composed of MR damper and FPS has been proposed and vibration control performance of a smart sky-bridge for the connected buildings was investigated. To this end, 10-story and 20-story building structures connected by a smart sky-bridge were selected as example structures and El Centro and Kobe earthquakes, which have near and far fault ground motion characteristics respectively, were used for time history analyses. In order to effectively control the smart sky-bridge, fuzzy logic controller was developed and multi-objective genetic algorithm was used to optimize fuzzy logic controllers. Based on optimization results, it has been seen that there is a trade-off between seismic responses of 10-story and 20-story buildings and a suite of Pareto optimal solutions of fuzzy logic controllers for seismic response control can be obtained by multi-objective genetic algorithm. It is shown from numerical study that seismic responses of adjacent buildings can be efficiently controlled by using a smart sky-bridge.
A Study on the Flexural Behavior of Steel Plate Reinforced RC Beam by Anchor Conjugation
Lee, Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 103~111
Most of apartments, buildings and venues today were built without consideration of earthquake when there was no mandate for an earthquake-resistant design. To reinforce such construction, a compressive method of steel plate is widely used. In spite of continuous researches on the compressive method of steel plate, it has not been systematically evaluated for the effects of various factors affecting the structural behavior of beam and its effect on intensity and failure. Therefore, this study aims to determine the flexural behavior of beam due to Anchor conjugation through the materials obtained by making load test for the Anchor conjugated steel plate while the anchor is set as variable.
Shape Generation and Optimization Technique of Space Frame Structures with Ellipse and Vault Complex Type
Kim, Ho-Soo ; Park, Young-Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 113~122
Space frame structures are included in the large spatial structures and can adopt various structure types. But, it is not easy to choose the optimal member size and shape because it depends on the structural engineer's experience and the repeated trial and error. Therefore, in this study, the final goal is to help the designer with the selection of the optimum shape. First, various space frame structures with ellipse dome and vault complex types are chosen and the shape generation method is considered to generate the nodes, coordinates and members. In optimal design process of space frame structure, each node coordinate changes according to height variation or the number of rings. Therefore, the auto generation technique of nodes and members is required in order to consider this phenomenon in optimal design process. Next, the shape generation module is created, base on the shape generation method. This module is connected with the analysis module and the optimization algorithm. Finally, the example model is presented for the evaluation of the efficiency of optimization algorithms.
Improved Curved Beam Theory for Vibration and Deflection Analyses
Kim, Nam-Il ; Choi, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 123~132
To overcome the drawback of currently available curved beam theories having non-symmetric thin-walled cross sections, a curved beam theory based on centroid-shear center formulation is presented for the spatially coupled free vibration and elastic analyses. For this, the displacement field is expressed by introducing displacement parameters defined at the centroid and shear center axes, respectively. Next the elastic strain and kinetic energies considering the thickness-curvature effect and the rotary inertia of curved beam are rigorously derived by degenerating the energies of the elastic continuum to those of curved beam. In order to illustrate the validity and the accuracy of this study, FE solutions using the Hermitian curved beam elements are presented and compared with the results by centroid formulation, previous research and ABAQUS's shell elements.
A study of the Snapping investigations of Seoul Southwest Baseball Dome
Kim, Seung-Deog ; Kim, Nam-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 10, issue 4, 2010, Pages 133~140
This paper studies on the instability behaviour of the Seoul southwest baseball dome. The nonlinear Snapping phenomenon of the structure is investigated about the load mode by the design load of analysis structure and these combined loads. The initial imperfection obtains the buckling mode through the eigenvalue analysis of the tangential stiffness matrix and uses this for the nonlinear analysis. However, the buckling of members or the local buckling, and etc don't consider in the research range of this research task. Also it is limited the overall buckling phenomenon.