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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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Topology Decision of Truss Structures by Advanced Evolutionary Structural Optimization Method
Jeong, Se-Hyung ; Pyeon, Hae-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 67~74
The purpose of this study is to improve convergence speed of topology optimization procedure using the existing ESO method and to deal with topology decision of the truss structures according to a boundary condition, such as cantilever type. At the existing ESO topology optimization procedure for the truss structures, the adjustment of member sizes according to target stress has been executed by increasing or reducing a very small value from each member size. In this case, it takes too much iteration till convergence. Accordingly, it is practically hard to obtain optimum topology for a large scale structures. For that reason, it is necessary to improve convergence speed of ESO method more effectively. During the topology decision procedure, member sizes are adjusted by calculating approximate solution for member sizes corresponding to the target stress at every step, the new member sizes are adjusted by such method are applied in FEA procedure of next step.
A Study on the Shape Optimization of the Cable-Truss Hybrid Structures
Han, Sang-Eul ; Jo, Nam-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 75~83
The purpose of this study is to obtain the optimum shape of cable domes by using the real coding genetic algorithm. Generally, the structural performance of the cable domes is influenced very sensitively by pre-stress, geometry and length of the mast because of flexible system. So, it is very important to decide the optimum shape to get maximum stiffness of cable domes. We use the analytical model to verify the usefulness of this algorithm for shape optimization and analyze the roof system of Seoul olympic gymnastic arena as analytical model of a practical structures. It is confirmed lastly that the optimum shape domes have more stiffness than initial shape ones.
A Comparison of Design Strength Equations between Steel and Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Columns
Choi, Yeol ; Pyeon, Hae-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 85~93
Steel, concrete and their combination materials are the most 6commonly used materials for civil engineering structural systems such as buildings, bridge structures and other structures. Recently, however, fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites, a relatively new composite material made of fibers and polymer resins, have been gradually used in structural systems as an alternative structural material. This paper describes a comparison of design strength equations for steel column and FRP composite column based on design philosophies. The safety factors used in allowable stress design (ASD) are relatively higher in FRP structural design than steel structural design. Column critical stress equations of FRP composites column from an experimental study can be represented by Euler elastic buckling equation at the long-range of slenderness, and an exponential form at the short-range of slenderness as defined in Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) of steel column. The column strength of steel and FRP composite columns in large slenderness is independent of material strength, this result verified the elastic buckling equation as derived by Eq. (15) and Eq. (5).
Story Drift of a Frame with Column Flange Bolted-Beam Web Welded Double Angle Connections
Yang, Jae-Guen ; Kim, Ho-Keun ; Kim, Ki-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 95~103
Frame is one of the most commonly used structural systems for the resistance of applied loads. Many researchers have recently conducted their studies to investigate the effect of several parameters such as the connection flexibility, boundary condition of each support, beam-to-column stiffness ratio. These parameters play important roles on the characteristic behavior of frames. A simplified spring model is proposed to obtain the story drifts of frames with various beam-to-column connection stiffnesses in this research. A point bracing system with adequate spring stiffness is also suggested to establish the relationship between the applied load and the resisting translational spring stiffness within the limit state of story drift.
Experimental Study on Bond Stress of Concrete Filled Rectangular Steel Tubular Composite Column Subjected to Axial Load
Lee, Hyung-Seok ; Park, Sung-Moo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 105~110
This paper is presented an experimental studies on bond stress between steel and concrete in concrete filled Rectangular steel tubes. In the actual building frames, vertical dead and live loads on beams are usually transferred to columns by beam-to-column connections. In case when concrete filled steel tubes are used as columns of an actual building frame which has a simple connection, shear forces in the beam ends are not directly transferred to the concrete core but directly to the steel tube. Provided that the bond effect between steel tube and concrete core should not be expected, none of the end shear in the beams would be transferred to the concrete core but only to the steel tube. Therefore, it is important to investigate the bond strength between steel tube and concrete core in the absence of shear connectors.
The Type of Composition and Classification of Tension Structure Systems in Architecture
Lee, Ju-Na ; Park, Sun-Woo ; Park, Chan-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 3, issue 3, 2003, Pages 111~120
Tension members is a type of effective structural member, which is often used in large span structures. The structure systems composed with tension members are combined in various way and specific formations. So, there are need to research into the formations of tension structure and the type of adaptation in tension structure architectures. The structure systems with tension members were considered as tension main system, vector system and tension supported bending system, comprehensively. And tension structures were classified into the formation of tension structure with uniaxial or multiaxial line tension member, with surface member, with hybrid member of line and surface, concerning the flow of tension force. In each the formation of tension structure, the typical adaptations to architecture were also investigated through architecture examples. The type of the formation can be used to plan an architecture with respect to the flow of tension force and structural feature.