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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Searching for the Steady State of Unstable Link Structures by using Reduced Dimension Technique
Kim, Jae-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 39~48
Generally, a structural system with large inextensional deformations, or in other words, non-strained deformation is called as 'Unstable Structure', Truss-linked structures, cable structures, membrane structures and movable structures as foldable space structures etc, are included in this category. In this paper, a dynamic analysis method for unstable structural systems is presented. Governing equations for dynamic analysis of unstable truss structures with inextensional displacements are derived. Because of singularity of inverse matrixin in practical analysis of unstable structure, the generalized inverse matrix is Introduced to resolve the singular problem. Also, the RREF technique is used to get the inextensional displacement mode. Two unstable truss structures are analyzed by using presented method. Damping is not considered. From the given results, it is known that proposed method is useful to figure out the dynamic behavior of unstable truss structures.
Seismic Responses of Highway Multiple Span Steel Bridges Retrofitted by Protective Devices
Choi, Eun-Soo ; Kim, Joo-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~59
A previous study evaluated the seismic response of typical multi-span simply supported (MSSS) and multi-span continuous (MSC) steel-girder bridges in the central and southeastern United States. The results showed that the bridges were vulnerable to damage resulting from impact between decks, and large ductility demands on nonductile columns. Furthermore, fixed and expansion bearings were likely to fail during strong ground motion. In this paper, several retrofit measures to improve the seismic performance of typical multi-span simply supported and multi-span continuous steel girder bridges are evaluated, including the use of elastomeric bearings, lead-rubber bearings, and restrainer cables. It is determined that iead-rubber bearings are the most effective retrofit measure for reducing the seismic vulnerability of typical bridges. While isolation provided by elastomeric bearings limits the forces into the columns, the added flexibility results in pounding between decks in the MSSS steel-girder bridge. Restrainer cables, which are becoming a common retrofit measure, are only moderately effective in reducing the seismic vulnerability of MSSS and MSC steel girder bridges.
Amplitude Dependent Dynamic Properties of Tall Building under the Strong Wind
Yoon, Sung-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~68
The wind tracker and structural monitoring system recorded wind and dynamic response data. The measured building is located in the moutatin in Sokcho. The damping ratio and natural frequency were analysed in this paper to obtain amplitude dependence. Amplitude dependent damping was showed clearly in the increasing rate of 9%. The tendency of dynamic properties of building obtained here are useful for the validation of dynamic properties of buildings in the evaluation of serviceability.
The Effect of the Variation of the Number of Bolts on the Rotational Stiffnesses of Double Angle Connections
Yang, Jae-Geun ; Kim, Ho-Keun ; Kim, Ki-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 69~75
In the construction of row-rise steel buildings, double angle connection can be considered as one of most effective connection types. Its connection flexibility depends mainly on several parameters such as angle thickness, bolt gage distance, and number of bolts. To establish the effect of the variation of the number of bolts on the moment-rotation relationship, three experimental tests have been conducted in this research. Based on the results of each experimental test, the rotational stiffness of each angle specimen can be calculated by performing regression analysis. Considering the results of regression analysis, we concluded that the more the number of bolts used in double angle connection, the higher the rotational stiffness as one can expected.
Study on Section Properties of Deckplates with Flat-Hat Stiffners
Ju, Gi-Su ; Park, Sung-Moo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 77~86
It is the buckling of the compression portions of the deckplate that govern its behaviour under wet concrete construction loading. The size and position of intermediate stiffeners in the compression flanges of thin-plate steel decks exert a strong influence on the dominant buckling mode of the flange. Test sections composed of high-strength steel were brake pressed with a variety of Flat-hat intermediate stiffeners in the compression flange forming a progression from small to large stiffeners. The ABAQUS program to determine the effectiveness of intermediate stiffeners in controlling buckling modes is undertaken. A series of specimens are loaded with simple beam. Various buckling wave forms prior to ultimate failure through a plastic collapse mechanism. The experimentally determined buckling stresses are found to be comparable with studies performed using the ABAQUS program analysis and using each country code.
A Study on the Capacity of H-Shape Columns at Elevated Temperatures
Koo, Bon-Youl ; Jang, Myung-Woong ; Kang, Moon-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 1, 2004, Pages 87~95
This paper shows the study on the capacity of H-shape column at elevated temperature in fire. The main parameters are temperatures, slenderness ratios and load ratios. The physical properties of steel material at elevated temperatures are according to EC3 Part 1.2. The critical temperature of local buckling at elevated temperatures are lower when the yield strength of the material is higher, and when the ratios of width-thickness of plates are larger. The evaluation capacity of uniformly heated steel cloumns were considered to axial forces, moments of strong axis and weak axis to the LRFD.