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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Behavior Analysis According to the Shear Wall Layout of Column-Supported Wall System Subject to Vertical and Lateral Loads
Lee, Dae-Hyeon ; Kim, Ho-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 53~61
Recently, most of residential-commercial buildings and apartment houses which are being constructed in the downtown area mainly adopt hybrid structural systems to compose various spaces. Especially, column-supported wall system which is one of the hybrid systems includes shear wall and rigid frame structure and these structures are connected by the transfer floor. But this system is very disadvantageous from the viewpoint of structural safety and is difficult to find out the stress distribution at the transfer floor. Therefore, this study analyzes the behavior and stress distribution according to the shear wall layout of transfer girder system subject to vertical and static lateral loads. Also, this study recognizes load paths and stress concentration based on the analysis results nearby the transfer floor and presents guidelines for the effective design of wall and transfer girder.
A Study on Unstable Phenomenon of Space Truss Structures Considering Initial Imperfection
Lee, Jin-Hyouk ; Baik, Tai-Soon ; Shon, Su-Deok ; Kim, Seung-Deog ; Kang, Moon-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 63~71
The structural space is gradually wide and is wanting agreeable environment by the requirement and necessity of people who lives modem stage. The building coincides with such requirements and is the high rise building actual circumstances which is doing ultra-large. The confirmed report of the technology to organize great merit is becoming currently considerably important issue in constructing a building field. Thus, this paper examine closely for nonlinear unstable taking a picture uneasiness height of prosperity considering to initial imperfection by a numerical method with a space frame structure of discrete system in large space structure. Based on previous investigation method, this paper induce nodal stiffness matrix of solid truss elements considering geometrical nonlinear using finite element method. In this paper, three types of space structure considered; i) 1-free node space structure, ii) 2-free node space structure, iii) multi-free node space structure. It apply the above examples to a nonlinear program, next, grasp the characteristic of an unstable conduct and the result was a clearing low.
Damage Detection of Truss Structures Using Nonlinear Parametric Projection Filter
Mun, Hyo-Jun ; Suh, Ill-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 73~80
In this paper, a study of damage detection for 2-Dimensional Truss Structures using the parametric projection filter theorr is presented. Many researchers are interested in inverse problem and one of solution procedures for inverse problems that are very effective is the approach using the filtering algorithm in conjunction with numerical solution methods. In filtering algorithm, the Kalman filtering algorithm is well known and have been applied to many kind of inverse problems. In this paper, the Parametric projection filtering in conjunction with structural analysis is applied to the identification of damages in 2-D truss structures. The natural frequency and modes of damaged truss model are adopted as the measurement data. The effectiveness of proposed method is verified through the numerical examples.
Dynamic Buckling Characteristics of Arch Structures by Running Response Spectrum
Kim, Seung-Deog ; Yun, Tae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 81~88
The dynamic instability of snapping phenomena has been studied by many researchers. Few papers deal with dynamic buckling under loads with periodic characteristics, and the behavior under periodic excitations is expected to be different from behavior under STEP excitations. We investigate the fundamental mechanisms of the dynamic instability when the sinusoidally shaped arch structures are subjected to sinusoidally distributed excitations with pin-ends. The mechanisms of dynamic indirect snapping of shallow arches are especially investigated under not only STEP function excitations but also under sinusoidal harmonic excitations, applied i the up-and-down direction. The dynamic nonlinear responses are obtained by the numerical integration of the geometrically nonlinear equation of motion. And using this analyze characteristics of the dynamic instability through the running response spectrum by FFT(Fast Fourier Transform).
Shape Scheme and Size Discrete Optimum Design of Plane Steel Trusses Using Improved Genetic Algorithm
Kim, Soo-Won ; Yuh, Baeg-Youh ; Park, Choon-Wok ; Kang, Moon-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 89~97
The objective of this study is the development of a scheme and discrete optimum design algorithm, which is based on the genetic algorithm. The algorithm can perform both scheme and size optimum designs of plane trusses. The developed Scheme genetic algorithm was implemented in a computer program. For the optimum design, the objective function is the weight of structures and the constraints are limits on loads and serviceability. The basic search method for the optimum design is the genetic algorithm. The algorithm is known to be very efficient for the discrete optimization. However, its application to the complicated structures has been limited because of the extreme time need for a number of structural analyses. This study solves the problem by introducing the size & scheme genetic algorithm operators into the genetic algorithm. The genetic process virtually takes no time. However, the evolutionary process requires a tremendous amount of time for a number of structural analyses. Therefore, the application of the genetic algorithm to the complicated structures is extremely difficult, if not impossible. The scheme genetic algorithm operators was introduced to overcome the problem and to complement the evolutionary process. It is very efficient in the approximate analyses and scheme and size optimization of plane trusses structures and considerably reduces structural analysis time. Scheme and size discrete optimum combined into the genetic algorithm is what makes the practical discrete optimum design of plane fusses structures possible. The efficiency and validity of the developed discrete optimum design algorithm was verified by applying the algorithm to various optimum design examples: plane pratt, howe and warren truss.
The Term and Classification of Structure System with Non-rigid Member
Lee, Ju-Na ; Park, Sun-Woo ; Kim, Seung-Deog ; Park, Chan-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 99~105
The structure systems with non-rigid member were classified by the composition type of line and surface members. As a result of the classification, there are 1-way cable structure, cable net and radial cable net structure in the line member system. And there are pneumatic structure and suspension membrane structure in surface member system. In addition, when the line and surface members are composed together, there is the hybrid membrane system which are divided into hanging type and supported type. In this paper, the Korean terms of structure systems with non-rigid member are recommended through this classification.
The Design Concept and World-wide Trends for the Structural Design of Footbridge
Park, Sun-Woo ; Lee, Ju-Na ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 4, issue 2, 2004, Pages 107~115
A vocabulary for a understanding bridge has a different scope. The main characteristics of the modem footbridge are appropriateness, aesthetics and structural efficiency. Design concepts of footbridge design are investigated. There are functional concepts, aesthetical concepts like geometry, symbolism, lighting, and movement, and technical concepts. Futhermore, adaptation examples of these structural concepts for pedestrian bridges are presented.