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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Simplified Analytical Model for Flexural Response of Fiber Reinforced Plastic Decks
Kim, Young-Bin ; Lee, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 65~74
An analytical model was developed to investigate the flexural behavior of a pultruded fiber-reinforced plastic deck of rectangular unit module. The model is based on first-order shea. deformable plate theory (FSDT), and capable of predicting deflection of the deck of arbitrary laminate stacking sequences. To formulate tile problem, two-dimensional plate finite element method is employed. Numerical results are obtained for FRP decks under uniformly-distributed loading, addressing the effects of fiber angle and span-to-height ratio. It is found that the present analytical model is accurate and efficient for solving flexural behavior of FRP decks. Also, as the height of FRP deck plate is higher, the necessity of higher order Shear deformable plate theory(HSDT) is announced, not the FSDT in the plate analysis theory.
Conceptual Structural Design Method in Integrated Design System for Tall Buildings
Song, Hwa-Cheol ; Cho, Yong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 75~82
The conceptual structural design consists of selecting structural material and form of the building, producing a preliminary dimensional layout. The information such as height of the building use, typical live load, wind velocity, design acceleration, maximum lateral deflection, span, story height is a important factor in conceptual design phase. In this case, the knowledge solutions for past similar problems cam be used in the process of defining and finding a solution to the design problems. In this paper, the conceptual structural design method using case-based reasoning which is intended to assist engineers in the conceptual phase of the structural design of tall buildings is introduced. Inductive retrieval method and nearest-neighbor retrieval method are used for selecting structural system and similar design case, respectively.
An Experience on the Topology Optimization of Simply Supported Deep Beam Structure with Multi-Load Cases
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Park, Gyeong-Im ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 83~89
This paper provides the results of the investigation on the optimum topology of simply supported deep beam structures with multi-point load cases. In this study, the strain energy to be minimized is considered as the objective function and the initial volume of structures is used as the constraint function. The resizing algorithm based on the optimality criteria is adopted to update the hole size existing inside the material. In this study, the sensitivities of topology optimization parameters to the optimum topology of the deep bean structures is investigated and also the effect of filtering process on the optimum topology is thoroughly tested. From numerical tests, the optimum topology of the deep beam is closely related with the optimization parameters used in the iteration and the filtering process play important role in order to find the optimum topology of the deep beam.
Direct Control of Displacement Using Displacement and Resistance Force Contribution Factor
Kim, Young-Min ; Kim, Chee-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 91~100
The paper presents a direct method for the diplacement control and stiffness redesign using displacement and response force contribution factors. At first, these two kinds of factors are derived and the relationship between them is examined. An equation to evaluate the change of displacement according to the change of each member stiffness is proposed. For the statically determinate structures, the proposed equation gives the exact solution with no approximation. But it has some error in case of statically indeterminate structures because the redistribution of response forces is neglected in the equation. However, the equation may be very useful even for statically indeterminate structures because it provides the relationship between the member stiffness and the global displacement. The proposed method is expected to be useful for the displacement control of large space or hi-rise building structures where the stiffness design governs the design result.
An analytic study on the bond stress between concrete and steel tube in CFT tublar column
Kang, Joo-Won ; Park, Sung-Moo ; Kim, Youn-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 101~107
An analytic study on the bond stress between steel tube and concrete in concrete filled steel(CFT) tublar column is presented in this paper. Recently buildings need members which are enhanced durability and ductility. Concrete filled tublar column system is proposed as alternative plan. In this paper, ABAQUS/Standard Version 5.8 which is identified as usefulness for finite element analysis and has various element library is used. The variables in this study are the location and type of shear-connector. The modeling ell contact problem practiced by Contact Pair and Contact Pressure method. In the step of physical bond, it is practiced by Change friction option. After yielding of models, analytic results is less than that of experimental results.
A Study on the Reinforcement Performance of Carbon Fiber Plate(CFP) for Demaged Reinforced Concrete Beam
Kim, Cheol-Hwan ; Ham, Young-Duck ; Kim, Ku-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 109~115
The experimental work was performed to investigate the effect influenced to the hystresis and the flexural strength improvement of RC beam using carbon fiber plates. Major parameters of this experimental program were the section size of carbon fiber plates and the damage level of RC beam before reinforcement. Particularly, the damage level of beam is for the cases damaged by overloads. The damage level is for 30%, 60%, and 100% of flexural strength, and no damaged beams were also tested for comparison with the damaged one. from the test results, it showed that the beams reinforced by carbon fiber plates had the higher strength and lower deformation capacity than the general beams and that it had the same ductility ratio of the general beams.
The Optimization of Truss Structures with Genetic Algorithms
Wu, Houxiao ; Luan, Xiaodong ; Mu, Zaigen ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 117~122
This paper investigated the optimum design of truss structures based on Genetic Algorithms (GA's). With GA's characteristic of running side by side, the overall optimization and feasible operation, the optimum design model of truss structures was established. Elite models were used to assure that the best units of the previous generation had access to the evolution of current generation. Using of non-uniformity mutation brought the obvious mutation at earlier stage and stable mutation in the later stage; this benefited the convergence of units to the best result. In addition, to avoid GA's drawback of converging to local optimization easily, by the limit value of each variable was changed respectively and the genetic operation was performed two times, so the program could work more efficiently and obtained more precise results. Finally, by simulating evolution process of nature biology of a kind self-organize, self-organize, artificial intelligence, this paper established continuous structural optimization model for ten bars cantilever truss, and obtained satisfactory result of optimum design. This paper further explained that structural optimization is practicable with GA's, and provided the theoretic basis for the GA's optimum design of structural engineering.
Structural Behavior Characteristics and Efficiency Evaluation of Outrigger System using Stiffness-Based Optimal Design Technique
Kim, Ho-Soo ; Lee, Han-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 123~130
This study presents an effective stiffness-based optimal technique to control quantitatively lateral drift and evaluate the structural behavior characteristics and efficiency for tall outrigger system subject to lateral loads. To this end, displacement sensitivity depending on behavior characteristics of outrigger system is established and approximation concept that preserves the generality of the mathematical programming and can efficiently solve large scale problems is introduced. Specifically, under the 'constant-shape' assumption, resizing technique of member is developed. Four types of 50 story frameworks are presented to illustrate the features of the quantitative lateral drift control technique proposed in this study.