Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Spatial Structures
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Estimation using PZT for Vibration of Plates
Kim, Ie-Sung ; Park, Kang-Geun ; Kim, Wha-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 35~41
Various monitoring sensors have been used for the monitoring, damage and vibration prediction of structures. They have been used for sensing damage in a variety of materials and structures such as piezoelectric materials (PZT) and electric strain gauges. But, many experiments of vibration were not performed. The PZT changes physical force if load cell to electrical signal due to deformation of structure. The voltage change of piezoelectric sensors for plates are used for vibration prediction. In this study, a fundamental study for vibration prediction using piezoelectric sensors are discussed in plates.
Comparison of the Natural Period Obtained by Eigenvalue Analysis and Ambient Vibration Measurement in Bearing-Wall Type Apartment
Yoon, Sung-Won ; Jeong, Sug-Chang ; Lim, In-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 43~50
This paper is concerned with the natural periods of ambient vibration and eigenvalue analysis. Ambient vibration tests were conducted to four bearing-wall reinforced concrete buildings ranging from twelve to nineteen stories. The performance of modeling in eigenvalue analysis was investigated using consideration of rigidity out of the plane in the slab and the non-structural bearing wall. Measured natural period was also compared with the value by the KBC2005. Natural period of the short direction in eigenvalue analysis is well fitted with the measured one. In the other hand, Natural period of the long direction in eigenvalue analysis is slightly more overestimated than the measured one. Natural period of the long direction in eigenvalue analysis was found to be enhanced by considering the effect of the stiffness out of the plane of the slab and non-structural wall in the structural modeling.
An Improvement Scheme of Process Quality in The Korean Building Projects
Lee, Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 51~57
The object of this study is to examine the managerial characteristics of the Korean building projects. The study in this paperproposes to investigate the factors that affect process quality not only in the construction phase but also in all three phases (design, construction, and operation) of the whole life cycle of a building project. A questionnaire survey is conducted to investigate the differences in the perceptions of graduate students, professors, designers and practitioners with regard to process quality in building projects. Analyzing these factors helps in revising and improving the Korean existing quality control system and programs. The findings indicate that cooperation of designer's professionals, level of management leadership in promoting quality, ability to operate the facility within design limits are important factors. Theparticipation percentage of "quality" treated in any course/seminar shows only 45%. It is recommended that college programs include courses that treat the administrative aspects involved in the building project and that continuing education programs rover quality training.
Application of MR Damper for Vibration Control of Floor Slab
Kim, Gee-Cheol ; Kwak, Chul-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 59~67
A conventional passive TMD is only effective when it is tuned properly. In many practical applications, inevitable off-tuning of a TMD occurs because the mass in a building floor could change by moving furnishings, people gathering, etc. when TMDs are offtuned, TMDs their effectiveness is sharply reduced. Moreover, the off-tuned nTMDs can excessively amplify the vibration levels of the primary structures. This paper discusses the application of a new class of MR damper, for the reduction of floor vibrations due to machine and human movements. The STMD introduced uses a MR damper called to semi-active damper to achieve reduction in the floor vibration. Here, the STMD and the groundhook algorithm are applied to a single degree of freedom system representative of building floors. The performance or the STMD is compared to that or the equivalent passive TMD. In addition, the effects of off-tuning due to variations in the mass of the floor system. Comparison of the results demonstrates the efficiency and robustness or STMD with respect to equivalent TMD.
An Experimental Study on the Behaviours of Hollow CFT Column Subjected to Axial Load
Kim, Cheol-Hwan ; Kim, Jong-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 69~76
Concrete Filled Steel Tube (CFT) system is advantageous because it increases the load-carrying capacity without increasing the size of column. However CFT system has many benefits, it is not applied to field generally because of its heavyweight and difficulty of concrete filling method. As a solution to these problems, we proposed concrete filled steel tube column with hollow made by factory-manufactured PC method. The hollow concrete filled steel tube system is expected to obtain the high strength and high capacity of deformation despite it is a lightweight. This study deals with mechanical properties, strength and deformation, of hollow concrete filled steel tube subjected to axial load. 9 specimens were tested to examine mechanical properties closely, and the following results were obtained: All specimens basically showed higher initial rigidity and maximum strength with increased concrete filling rate. And most specimens showed almost linear behavior until around 80% of maximum strength regardless of filling rate, it is estimated that the elastic range is up to a half of the maximum strength which is the yield strength level.
Analysis of Cold-Formed Steel Beams Considering Local Buckling and Lateral Buckling
Jeon, Jae-Man ; Lee, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 77~86
The stress analysis of cold-formed channel section steel beams under transverse load is presented. The local buckling as well as the lateral buckling effects are included in the analysis. The analytical model is developed based on the thin-walled beam theory, and a one-dimensional finite element model is formulated to solve the analytical model. Numerical results are compared with AISI code. It shows that the proposed model is appropriate for predicting of stress as well as deflection of the cold-formed channel section beam.
Elasto-plastic Analysis of Circular Cylindrical Shell under Horizontal Load by Rigid-bodies Spring Model
Park, Kang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 87~92
This paper is a study on the experiment and elasto-plastic discrete limit analysis of reinforced concrete circular cylindrical shell by the rigid-bodies spring model. In the rigid bodies-spring model, each collapsed part or piece of structures at the limiting state of loading is assumed to behave like rigid bodies. The present author propose new discrete elements for elasto-plastic analysis of cylindrical shell structures, that is, a rectangular-shaped cylindrical element and a rhombus-shaped cylindrical element for the improvement and expansion of this rigid-bodies spring model. In this study, it is proposed how this rigid element-bodies spring model can be applied to the elasto-plastic discrete limit analysis of cylindrical shell structures. Some numerical results of elasto-plastic discrete limit analysis and experimental results such as the curve of load-displacement and the yielding and fracturing pattern of circular cylindrical shell under horizontal load are shown.
Vibration Analysis for the Living Room Slab of Apartment
Kim, Yong-Tae ; Park, Kang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 93~101
Recently the floor vibration of apartment is often beginning to make its appearance of the environmental dispute, the standard floor system of housing are suggested for the settlement of this issue by government. For the slab vibration analysis on the laminated floor system of apartment, it is required the effectively analytical method of the floor system considering laminated theory. In this paper, more effective modeling methods of laminated floor slab are proposed for the method of accurate rigidity evaluation. By using the advanced modeling method, the more accurate vibration response can be obtained and can accurately evaluate the rigidity of living room floor system of apartment with different laminated materials.
Quantitative Lateral Drift Control of RC Tall Frameworks using Dynamic Displacement Sensitivity Analysis
Lee, Han-Joo ; Kim, Ho-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 103~110
This study presents a technique to control quantitatively lateral drift of RC tall frameworks subject to lateral loads. To this end, lateral drift constraints are established by introducing approximation concept that preserves the generality of the mathematical programming and can efficiently solve large scale problems. Also the relationships of sectional properties are established to reduce the number of design variables and resizing technique of member is developed under the 'constant-shape' assumption. Specifically, the methodology of dynamic displacement sensitivity analysis is developed to formulate the approximated lateral displacement constraints. Three types of 10 and 50 story RC framework models are considered to illustrate the features of dynamic stiffness-based optimal design technique proposed in this study.
Composition Method and Character for Beam String Structure in Structural Planning
Lee, Ju-Na ; Park, Sun-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 111~121
Beam String Structure is a structure system that is composed with beam, strut and string, and the structural capacity of this structure system is enhanced by introducing prestress force in string and controling the stress and deformation of beam. Researching on the established studies and examples, character and composition methods of Beam String Structure was investigated. At the result, It was examined that the design elements of the system are shape and rise of beam, sag of string, plan arrangement and the composition and number of strut, in addition, detailed composition methods of the design elements were represented. Also, it was showed that the method to form the individual mechanism against additional load can be employed in order to reduce stress of Beam String Structure under the heavy additional load.
Deformation Capacity of Endplate-type Beam-to-Column Connection with New Type Mechanical Fasteners
Lee, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 123~130
This study propose cutting body portion-high strength mechanical fasteners to improve deformation capacity of High strength bolts, which are the mechanical fasteners used for End-plate connections. And, we report that loading test results of steel beam-to-column connection using high deformation capacity-high strength bolts in accordance with SAC2000 loading program. As a result, the initial stiffness and the maximum strength of the connection using high deformation capacity-high strength bolts, are approximately the same in comparison with those of the end-plate connection using the existing high strength bolts. But the deformation capacity of the connection is more than twice as much as those.
Plastic Design Method for Steel Skeletal Structure based on the Least Norm Stress Field
Lee, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures, volume 6, issue 3, 2006, Pages 131~137
This study presents a new stress analysis method to be substituted for the elastic analysis in such a plastic design procedure. This method is accompanied by an efficient mathematical tool which can be easily handled by personal computer. The method also easily accepts arbitrary strategies by the designer for selection member size.