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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Oct 1983
Selecting the target year
Study on the Increase of Egg Weight and Early Selection based on Part Record in Layer
Park, Y.H. ; Ohh, B. K. ;
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 75~81
The records on 787 white Leghorn hens from two different strains, A and K were wed in this study to find out the pattern of increase in egg weight with age and the optimum age of early selection for maximizing the genetic gain. The pattern of increase in egg weight with age in two lines which was expressed on graph showed that the amount of increase was larger in the early part of the laying year and it decreased gradually. Regression equations suggested that egg weight increased linearly with age at the rate of 0.46 gram per week for line A and 0.83 gram for line K. And in the regression analyses of each period mean egg weight on annual mean egg weight, the coefficients of EW 30 that is mean egg weight from 29 weeks of age to 32 weeks of age were 0.86 for line A, 0.88 for line K, and those were the highest figures among the all regression coefficients of each mean egg weight on annual mean egg weight. In estimating the relative selection efficiency of each period mean egg weight on annual mean egg weight in EW 46, selection on EW 34 for line A and on EW 30 for line K was the most efficient for improving egg weight. These results suggested that one periods from 29 weeks of age to 36 weeks of age could be used for the best predictable time for improving annual mean egg weight.
Estimation of the Combining Abilities of Abdominal Eat Deposition of Broiler
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 83~89
Sixteen crosses from two strains of White Cornish and White Plymouth Rock were reared seperately on floors and abdominal fat was measured every two weeks interval from two weeks to twelve weeks of age. The abdominal fat weights surgically removed were slightly heavier in female than male. Estimates of general combining ability variances of body weight showed significant at all weeks of age in both sexes but those of abdominal fat weight were significant at 2, 8, 10 and 12 weeks of age in female and 2, 6 and 12 weeks of age in male. In percentage of abdominal fat to body weight, the significant differences were observed at 10 and 12 weeks of age only in female. The specific combining ability variances were significant at 4, 6, 10 and 12 weeks of age in female and 4, 8 and 12 weeks of age in male in body weight. In abdominal fat weight, there were significant differences at 4, 8, 10 and 12 weeks of age in female but no significant differences in male. The specific combining ability variances of percentage of abdominal fat to body weight showed significant differences at 4 and 8 weeks of age in female but no significant difference in male.
A Study on Optimum Insemination Interval in Aged Egg-Type Fowl
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 91~96
Present study was carried out to find out an optimum interval for artificial insemination in aged and poor laying hens, Brown colored, hundred and twenty commercial laying hens at about 530 days old and 20 S. C. W. Leghorn males at 580 days old were adopted Egg production rate during the experiment was 61.6% and number of eggs examined was 2,283. The intervals for the insemination were 2, 4 and 6 days for experimental groups T-1, T-2 and T-3, respectively. Eggs were collected on every 6th day and examined for fertility by candling after 5 days of incubation. Average fertility rates for T-1, T-2 and T-3 groups appeared 87.5, 81.1, and 65.1%, respectively. The fertility of T-3 group was significantly lower than those of T-1 and T-2 groups(P＜0.05). The highest fertility rate was obtained on the second day after the insemination for all groups, i. e. 90.7, 84.0 and 71.7% for T-1, T-2 and T-3, respectively. Thereafter, a tendency of gradual decline in fertility was observed. This study suggests that the optimum interval for artificial insemination in aged hens is 2 days. The fertility tended to be improved by repeated injection. For the 2-day interval group, the highest rate (98.2%) was obtained on the 6th insemination.
Studies on Possible Utilization of Citrus Peel as a Feed Ingredient for Broilers I. Feeding Value of Dried Citrus Peel
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 97~101
A study was conducted to investigate possibility of utilizing dried citrus peel (DCP) as an ingridient of broiler diets. Fresh citrus peels were collected from a citrus processing plant, and were sun-dried and ground. Both chemical analyses and a feeding trial were carried out. DCP was analyzed for proximate nutrients, amino acids and some minerals. In the feeding trial, a total of 192 day-old female broiler chicks of Manor strain was divided into 16 groups of 12 birds each. Each group was fed one of the 4 different levels(0, 2, 4 and 6%) of DCP replacing an equivalent amount of wheat bran in the diet with 4 replications for 6 weeks. Body weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency of broilers fed different levels of DCP showed no significant differences among treatments. Immediately after termination of the feeding trial, cach bird was examined for shank color using Roche's Egg Yolk Color Fan. Shank color index of birds increased consistently (P＜0.05) as the level of DCP fed increased, indicating that DCP can be used as a source of pigments. It was concluded from the results that DCP could be used up to 6% in place of wheat bran in broiler diets without adverse effects.
A Study on the Nutritive Value of Rapeseed Meals for Broilers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 103~111
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the nutritive values of the varieties of rapeseed meal (Canola, Yudal and Yeongsan). Canola and Yeongsan contained more sulphur-amino acid than soybean meal and the metabolizable energy values were 1821 Kcal in Canola, 1586 Kcal in Yudal and 1683 Kcal in Yeongsan. There were no significant differences in body weight gains among the diets of substitute 10% of Canola, 5% of Yudal and Yeongsan for soybean meal and control broiler diet. The weight of thyroid glands increased by increasing the ratio of rapeseed meal in the diets. Based on the results of this study, it might be concluded that Conola meal, Yudal and Yeongsan rapeseed meal can be used up to 10%, 5% and 5% in broiler diets, respectively.
Epizootiological Investigation on Infectious Laryngotracheitis in Commercial Chicken Flocks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 113~121
In an effort to understand epizootiological aspects of infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT), a total of 56 chicken flocks in six farms comprised of 35 broiler breeder, 13 commercial layer and 6 layer breeder flocks. were investigated. The farms experienced ILT during the period of one year from June, 1982. In most farms the birds were vaccinated against ILT just before or after the disease outbreak. In two of the farms in which ILT broke out in winter, it was possible to contain the disease in only one or two fleets without transmitting it to the remaining 5 to 7 flocks in the farms by adopting strict isolation procedures for the affected flocks. In regarding inter- flock spreading speed, it took an average of 6 days for flocks rearing on floor and 11 days for those in cages. Among the flecks in rearing cages. transmission among laying flocks was much faster. taking an average of 8 days, compared to non-laying flocks of 17 days, suggesting spreading of the disease by means of egg trays or egg collection process. Peak mortality was observed between 5 and 10 days after from the time of appearance of first dead birds from the disease and the period of mortality, with an average of 18 days, was not influenced by rearing systems, breeds and age of birds. Mortalities in the affected flocks ranged from lo/e to 19.8%, with an average of 6.5 %, and was also not influenced by the above variables except significantly lower mortality in immature broiler breeder flocks (2.9%) compared to immature layer (11.8%) and mature broiler breeder flocks (6.9%). In one breeder farm in which all the birds were kept on floor and ILT broke out in summer, mortality in male birds in all seven flocks of 37 weeks of age or older was as high as twice of that in female birds in the same flocks. This trend was not observed in one 31 weeks old flock and was reversed in another 14 weeks old flock in the farm.
Study on the Visceral Organs, Head and Body Weight in Day-Old Chicks of Quail and Silky Fowl
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 10, issue 2, 1983, Pages 123~128
Fifty of one day-old chicks of silky fowl were hatched at Dept. of Animal Science, Gyeongsang National University and fifty of one day-old chicks of quails were hatched at Gim Hae, Gyung Nam. This experiment was investigated at 24 hours after incubation. Twee items investigated in this experiment were the live weights, the weights of head, eye-ball, brain, heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and yolk sac. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1, Average weights of body, head, eye-ball brain, heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach, small intestine, large intesine and yolk sac of the quail chicks and standard errors were 6.54
0. 002g, 0.46
0.004g, and 0.28
0.0l6g, respectively. 2. Average weights of body, head, eye-ball, brain, heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and yolk sac of the silky fowl chicks and standard errors were 26.60
0.031g, and 2.65
0.297g, respectively. 3. The relative ratios of the organ weight versus body weight in guails were compared with those of the commercial chicks (Hibro, Hubbard, and Hisex) and silky fowls. It was noted that the relative weights of the brain and eye ball with respect to body weight were larger in case of quails (Table 3). The weights of heart, liver, lung, kidney, stomach and small intestine in silky fowl were smaller than those of commercial chicks and quail chicks. Other items were similar in weight to commercial chicks ana quail chicks.