Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Nov 1986
Volume 13, Issue 1 - May 1986
Selecting the target year
Study on the Chromosome Size, Number and Shape by the Centromeric Index, Arm Ratio and Relative Length in Single Comb White Leghorns
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 167~172
Chromosome size, number and shape were studied by the centromeric index, the arm ratio and the relative length of chromosome. The chromosomes of 50 early chick embryos which were derived from a pure line of Single Comb White Leghorns were examined. Using a colchicine, hypotonic treatment, fixation and air-drying technique, the clear prometaphase figures were obtained from the whole embryo. The results of the present investigation of chromosome pairs were as follows, 1. Pair 1 and 2; metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes which could be clearly distinguished from each other by size. 2. Pair 3 and 4: acrocentric chromosomes of similar length but the 4th pair had a distinct short arm which was not present in the 3rd. 3, Pair 5; metacentric sex chromosomes, 2 chromosome had relative 5th length but the W chromosome had slightly shorter length than 7th pair of chromosomes. 4. Pair 6; acrocentric chromosomes similar in shape to pair 3 but of little more than half the size. 5, Pair 7 and 8; acrocentric chrocentric but the 7th pairs had a definite short arm. 6. Pair 9; similar length to the 7, 8 pairs but had a medially placed centromere. 7. microchromosomes of 30 pairs ; nearly all acrocentric chromosomes which appeared as paired dots. The total number of diploid was appeared to 72-78. But a number of observations presented the total diploid number in 78 (58%). The inconstancy in number observed in this study was presumably due to the minute size of the microchromosomes. Thus, the modal numbers for the diploid chromosome was at least 78.
Genetic Analyses of Egg Mass during Laying Period
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 173~178
Data on egg production, egg weight and egg mass were obtained from a sample of the Synthetic White Leghorn population which was raised at Poultry Breeding Farm, Seoul National University. Egg mass was not measured directly, but was calculated from the egg numbers and the average egg weight for same period. Phenotypic means, components of variance and covariance, heritabilities and genetic correlations were computed. Egg mass was estimated to be a lowly heritable trait (0.204-0.270). High heritability estimates were found for age at sexual maturity and egg weight. Genetic correlation estimates were high and positive between egg mass and egg number(combined estimates 0.711). Egg mass and egg weight were moderately correlated genetically (0.431). Genetic correlation estimates was -0.280 between egg number and age at sexual maturity, but was 0.524 between egg weight and age at sexual maturity. Results show that selection for total egg mass based on record from a single period will not be satisfactory unless the single period chosen is one in the latter part of the laying year.
Studies on the Hereditary Characters and Some Economical Traits of Korean Native Ogol Fowl II. Fertility, Hatchability, Egg Production and Body Weight
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 179~186
A total of 749 Korean native Ogol fowl[Natural Monument No, 265] and 45,340 Ogol eggs were used to investigate the various performances of Ogol, I. e., fertility, hatchability, viability, body weight, and rate of egg production. The studying periods was from May, 1985 to Sept., 1986. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. The mean rates of fertility and hatchability were 82.2
S.E.) and 79.0
1.91%, respectively. 2. The mean rates of fertility and hatchability during brooding, growing and laying periods were 90.5
2.28% and 80.6
3.06%, respectively. 3. Average body weight at hatch, at ages of 18, 24, 44 and 72 weeks were 31.5, 0.43, 1209.3
40.56 and 2096.7
40.83g, respectively. 4. The age of the first egg was 166.5
1.69 days old. Egg weights at first egg, at ages of 44 and 72 weeks were 35.7
0.47 and 502
0.44g, respectively. The numbers of egg production age to of 44 and 72 weeks were 69.5
3.10 and 129.3
5.56 eggs, respectively. 5. Between body weights and age at the first egg showed lower negative correlation. Body weights at ages of 24, 44 and 72 weeks showed highly positive correlation with egg weight, but a significant negative correlation with the number if egg production to ages of 44 and 72 weeks. The age at first egg was positively correlated with egg weight at first egg, but that was negatively correlated with the number of egg production to ages of 44 and 72 weeks.
The Effects of Hatching Time on Body Weights and Body Measurements in Female Lines of Meat Type Breeders
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 187~195
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of hatching time on body weights and body measurements in White Plymouth Rock selected for female lines of broiler parents stock, Thirty cockerels were mated to 300 hens and the hatching eggs produced by each hen were pedigreed for sire and dam. The total of 975 chickens were classified into 14 groups by hatching time and their body weights and body measurements were recorded every 2 weeks. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The body weight at 4,6 and 8 weeks of age, and the length of keel and shank were decreased as hatching times were delayed. Correlation coefficient between hatching tine and body weights or body measurements was negative. 2. Chickens from strain D were hatched 7.4 hours later in male and 7.2 hours in female than chickens from strain C and the growth rate of strain C was superior to that of. strain D.
Effects of the Feeding Methods on Body Growth and Sexual Maturity in Broiler Breeder Males
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 197~208
This experiment was conducted to find out the effects of the six different feeding methods on the development of body weight, testis, comb and pituitary gland, and the sexual maturity of White Plymouth Rock cockerels. From hatching to 22 weeks of age, the weights of whole body, testis, comb and pituitary gland, and the histological changes of testis and the semen characteristics were checked every other week. The results obtained in this expeniment were as follows: 1. The growth rates of the self-feeding groups were faster than those of the limited feeding groups (70 percent of the self-feeding) by about 2 weeks. The weights of testis and comb showed the most marked increase at 20 weeks of age in the self-feeding groups and at 22 weeks of age in the limited feeding groups, respectively. 2. The weights of pituitary gland from hatching to 22 weeks of age at all observation weeks were not recognised significantly among the compared groups except 4, 14 and 16 weeks of age. 3. Correlations between week of age, body weight, testis, comb and pituitary gland, in the course of 22 weeks, were highly significant. 4. The diameters of lumina and tubules in the seminiferous tubules increased very slowly until 10 weeks of age. They showed the most marked increase at 12 weeks of age in the self-feeding groups and at 14 weeks of age in the limited feeding groups, and then continuously increased until 32 weeks of. age. 5. Primary spermatocytes appeared at first at 8 weeks in the all treatment groups, Secondary spermatocytes appeared at first at 10 weeks in the self-feeding groups and at 12 weeks in the limited feeding groups. At 14 weeks of age spermatids and spermatozoa were found at first in the self-feeding groups but spermatids were found in the limited feeding groups. 6. Age of the first ejaculation was between 14 and 16 weeks of age in the all treatment groups. The Average semen. volume and sperm concentration ranged from 0.1-0.2
/ ejaculate and 5.6-9.8
at the age of the first ejaculation but 0.30-0.35
/ ejaculate and 22.4-42.7
8/ sperm int at the 20 weeks of age in the all treatment groups.
A Study on the Effects of Dietary Fat Sources on the Plasma and Liver Cholesterol Levels in Young Chicks
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 209~219
This study was designed to investigate the effects of various sources of dietary fats on the blood and liver cholesterol(CHOL) levels in young Single Comb White Leghorn male chicks, In experiment 1, corn oil, palm gil, tallow and fish oil were added individually at a level of 4% to semipurified type diets composed of isolated soyprotein and glucose as major components. The diets were fed ad libitum for a period of 15 days. In experiment 2, various fats such as corn oil, soybean oil, repeseed oil, palm oil, tallow, fish oil and hydrogenated fish oil(HFO) were added individually at a level of 11.4% to practical type diets primarily based on corn and soybean meal. Control diet contained 3% of corn oil. All these diets were formulated to contain equivalent amount of nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals on a basis of unit kcal of metabolizable energy. The third Experiment was to compare the effects of different levels of calorie/protein(C/P ratio) of diets on the performances and various biological parameters in the chicks. Control diet was the same as in experiment 2. Another diet was added with 11.14% corn oil(C/P ratio=146) and the other diet with 10% corn oil(C/P ratio=164), The diets in experiment 2 and 3 were fed ad libitum for 26 days. In the first experiment, the chicks fed the diet containing vegetable oils tended to grow faster and show better feed efficiency without significance than those fed diets added with animal fats. However, this tendency was not observed in the experiment 2. Birds consumed the diets added with fish oil appeared to have heavier liver weight and higher liver CHOL than the others(p〈0.05), No significant differences in the levels of blood CHOL and triacylglycerol(TG) were observed among the chicks of various dietary groups(Exp. 1). Weights of liver or heart were significantly heavier in the chicks consumed the diets added with HFO or fish oil, respectively(Exp. 2). However, chicks ingested diet containing fish oil appeared to have significantly lower plasma CHOL. No significant differences were observed in the levels of liver CHOL and plasma TG among the dietary groups. Birds consumed the diet with a wider C/P ratio resulted in higher liver TG levels in experiment 3(p〈0.05). Although no statistical differences were observed among the various dietary groups, chicks fed the diet with a wider C/P ratio tended to show higher levels of plasma CHOL, TG, liver CHOL and total liver lipids compared to those of the control group.
Effects of Ammoniation or Supplementation of BHT, CTC, and Probiotics to Moldy Corn on the Performance of Broiler Chickens
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1986, Pages 221~226
In order to study the effect of feeding moldy corn in the feed and to compare the efficacy of several antidotical treatments, a feeding trial was conducted using broiler chickens. Ground yet low corn was adjusted to contain 20% moisture and then incubated at 35
for 20 days. The number of fungi increased from 11
/g to 42 10
7/g on incubation but aflatoxins (B
) were not detected by TLC test. Moldy corn was included in the experimental diets at the level of 7% with various treatments. Thirty six hatched male broiler chickens were divided into 6 groups and each group was placed for 4 weeks on one of the following treatments: Fresh corn, Moldy corn, Ammoniated (1.5%) moldy corn, Moldy corn＋BHT (0.1%), Moldy corn CTC (100ppm) and Moldy corn＋Probiotics. Weight gains of the birds fed Ammoniated moldy corn diet, Moldy corn＋Probiotics dist and Moldy corn＋CTC diet were greater by 6.1%. 7.6% and 3.9% respectively than those fed Moldy corn diet. The feed efficiencies of Moldy corn＋Probiotics diet and Moldy corn＋CTC diet were better than those of Moldy corn diet. Dry matter contents of the livers of the birds fed Ammoniated moldy corn diet, Moldy corn＋BHT diet and Moldy corn diet were lower than those of other treatments. Proteion contents of the livers of the birds fed Moldy corn diet, Moldy corn ＋CTC diet and Moldy corn＋BHT diet were lower than those of other treatments. Moldy corn tended to increase fat content of the livers.