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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Poultry Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Poultry Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Hereditary Characters and Some Economical Traits of Korean Native Ogol Fowl IV. Body Growth and Meat Production Ability
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 1~19
A study was carried out to investigate meat production ability of Korean native Ogol fowl (Natural Monument No, 265). The aims of this study were to provide basal data necessary for preserve of purebred and improvement of meat production ability of this breed. A total 300 chickens were used in this study. All the chickens were ad libitum fed broiler starter during period from 0 to 4 weeks of age and broiler finisher during period from 5 to 16 weeks of age. The investigated items are as follows; body weight; growth rate: weight of edible end inedible parts; and body shape components. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. Average body weight in male, female, and unsexed, of native Ogol fowls were
at 8 weeks of age, and
g at 10 weeks of age, respectively. 2. The growth rates, unsexed, during periods 2~4, 4~6, 6~8 and 8~10 weeks of age were 166, 106, 41 and 40%, respectively. 3. The growth pattern of total edible parts in both sexes were highly significant by weeks. Total weight of edible parts in male and female were
g at 8 weeks of age,
g at 10 weeks of age. Percentage of total edible parts, unsexed, were 60~63% of body weight during periods from 8 to 10 weeks of age. 4. Edible giblet, unsexed, at age of 8 and 10 weeks were 4~6% of body weight. 5. Percentage of body weight of inedible part were on the decreased by weeks. The amount of blood blooded, feather plucked, inedible viscera and total inedible parts, unsexed, at 8 weeks of age were 4, 7, 12 and 31% of live body weight, respectively. 6. Except breast angle and shank diameter, the other body shape components significantly grew from 2 to 10 weeks of age. Different between male and female at 8 weeks of age were significant in breast girth, keel length, drumstick girth and shank diameter. 7. In both sexes, highly significant differences were found in the correlation coefficients between live body weight and several other body shape component, i. e., breast girth, drumstick girth, and edible part.
Studies on the Distribution Characteristics of Body Fat and the Estimation of Genetic Variation of Fat Amount in Broiler Type Chicken
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 21~29
This study was conducted to obtain more detailed information on the characteristics of body fat distribution, genetic variation and correlation of fat amount at different location in broiler type chicken. A total of 429 offsprings, produced by mating 13 sires with 52 dams of WPR, were used for this study. All experimental analyses were made on dressed carcasses of 8 weeks of age. The average live body weight was 1,856g in male and 1,483g in female, the proportions of each part to live body weight were higher in male group except skin and abdominal fat pad. The total body fat was more in male (40.76g), but fat rate of total body, skin, and abdomen to live body weight were significantly higher in female group. The fat percentages in each body location were significantly higher in the fatty group and in each sex. The rates of abdominal fat to total body fat were increased by fattening, while subcutaneous fat percentages were lowered. There were high correlations between body weight and fat deposit in each location. The genetic correlation coefficients of body weight to fat percentages of skinned carcass, skin, abdomen, and total body fat to live body weight were negative in both sexes, but those to total body fat, eviscerated carcass fat, and skin fat were positive. In conclusion, the fat weight and fat percentage in individual chickens became higher by fattening however, genetic correlation between live body weight and percentages total body fat to live body weight were so low(negative) that decreasing body fat could be possible without decreasing body weight.
Effects of Zeolite Levels on the Performance of Broilers
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 31~38
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of Zeolite levels on the performance of broilers. 360 starting chicken of Arbor Acre were selected for this study. Chickens were fed 4 levels (0.2.4 and 6％) of Zeolite in the basal ration for 7 weeks. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The body weight gain was highest in the 2％ supplement of Zeolite, but more than 4％ supplement resulted in lower body weight gain (P<0.05). 2. No significant differences were found in the feed intake among the treatments. 3. Feed conversion had no significant differences, among treatments but 6％ Zeolite group was slightly higher than the others. 4. The viabilities were not significantly differences among the experimental groups. 5. Moisture in excreta was tend to be decreased significantly as Zeolite levels were increased (p<0.01) 6. Carcass yield and abdominal fat deposition were not different significantly over all experimental groups. 7. Highest income was attained by 2％ supplement of Zeolite, but 6％ group was reduced significantly (P<0.05).
Studies on Heat Sensitivity of Egg Albumen I. Effects of Heating Time and Temperature, pH and NaCl Concentration on Heat Sensitivity of Egg Albumen
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 39~44
This study was undertaken to find out the effect of heating time and temperature, pH and NaCl concentration on heat sensitivity of egg albumen during heat treatment. Sharp increase of the turbidity and rapid decrease of the foaming power were observed when egg albumen was heated at above
. Egg albumen became opaque when it was heated at
for above 13 minutes or at
for above 5 minutes. The turbidity was markedly increased at below pH 7 and the foaming power was largely decreased at around pH 4.0 by the heat treatment (
, 5 min). The foam stability was slightly decreased at alkaline pH range by the heat treatment (60t, 5 min). The addition of NaCl up to 0.3M decreased the turbidity. There was no effect of NaCl addition on the foaming power, but the foam stability was decreased by the addition of NaCl at above 0.2M before and after the heat treatment (
, 5 min).
Studies on the Processing of Seasoned Product Containing Egg Yolk.
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 45~51
This experiment was conducted to determine yolk addition level for manufacturing the seasoned yolk Products. They were Prepared with 0, 10, 20, 40% yolk content in conduction with fish meat faste and spices. Yolk mixture was cooked at
for 1 hour and then dried with hot air at 5511 for 5 hours. The texture of non-dried seasoned product added with 10% yolk was remarkably increased as compared with any other treatment. For the drying process of seasoned yolk product, the more addition of egg yolk to the mure resulted in a slight difficulties on drying. As yolk level increased in dried seasoned product (egg jerky), moisture and fat content increased whereas protein and total amino acid content decreased. Most of amino acid except leucine, isoleucine and phenylalanine decreased by increasing level of egg ye The Predominant amino acids were glutamic acid, aspartic acid and lysine but only small amount of proline was detected in each treatment. Results of experiment indicated that yolk could be used up 20% level in view of physicochemical and sensory quality in seasoned products.
A Case Study on Quasi-Economic Integration in the Cheju Broiler Industry.
Korean Journal of Poultry Science, volume 15, issue 1, 1988, Pages 53~60
The purpose of this presentation is to review the situation of the Cheju broiler industry peculiarized with the integrated production and marketing system to some degree, which is not prevailed in the whole broiler industry in Korea, so as to study the case of the Cheju industry from the viewpoint of an economic integration. The economic integration in the broiler industry is grouped into three patterns： non-integration, quasi-integration and complete integration, which generally exist under the different type of market competition. The quasi-integration tends to be formed at all phases where the complete integration is not fully implemented, but the non-integration has begun to change its nature into partially integrated structure. The Cheju broiler industry is characterized by the geographical location of isolated market so that factor supplies and broiler products are marketed in the different conditions from those of mainland Korea, somewhat in an oligopolistic pattern. It was since early 1980's that the industry successfully had three dressing plants merged into one by virtue of entire growers ownership, which opened an era of an integrated industry centered on the function of dressing birds. The case of Cheju broiler industry today is to be referred to as a typical quasi-integration which is coordinated the function between growing and dressing birds directly and extended the functional cooperation to distribution of products indirectly, while factor supplies are traded independently. As a result of a quasi-integration, the growers are able to receive a fixed price set by the dressing plant of growers that has the power to adjust the supply of and demand for broilers produced and consumed in the Island. There are some problems, however, in the integration of the Cheju broiler industry, stemming mainly from the process of the structure change, ： 1) the difficulty of controlling the production of broilers, 2) continuing pressure on the integration by non-integrated sectors, 3) the challenge on the stabilized broiler market from the mainland, 4) limited effectiveness of consumer education activities, and 5) lack of leadership for the industry development through integration. It is projected that the partially integrated Cheju broiler industry will be continually developed toward the direction of a complete integration in due course, as the currently independent supply sectors are to be backward integrated. The case of the Cheju broiler integration, therefore, could be used as a reference for making the whole broiler industry in Korea develop toward the integrated structure in the future.